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Galileo Program Overview and Status May 2007 Eric Béranger Galileo Program Overview and Status May 2007 Eric Béranger

Astrium Services History & political context of the Galileo program This document is the Astrium Services History & political context of the Galileo program This document is the property of Astrium. It shall not be communicated to third parties without prior written agreement. Its content shall not be disclosed. § Worldwide situation today: § Satellite navigation is dominated by the Global Positioning System (GPS, USA) and to a lesser extent by the GLobal Orbiting NAvigation Satellite System (GLONASS, Russia) § Both available systems are under military control and built predominantly to military specifications, civilian use is not commercialised with an absence of service guarantee and liability regime § China, Japan and India are also seeking to develop their own GNSS § A European vision: 19/12/2006 § The European Commission (EC) has decided in 1998, to develop its own (civil) system, in close cooperation with the European Space Agency (ESA), § Galileo is one of Europe’s most strategic and ambitious project in political, economical, technical and social dimensions Galileo aims at providing a global satellite navigation service for civilian and ‘governmental’ purposes under EU control 2

Astrium Services Geopolitical impacts of Galileo § European countries participation: This document is the Astrium Services Geopolitical impacts of Galileo § European countries participation: This document is the property of Astrium. It shall not be communicated to third parties without prior written agreement. Its content shall not be disclosed. § EC: § ESA: 27 Member States in charge of funding 17 Member States (and in charge of development) § Non-European partners*: uded, agreement U-Israeli § U. S. : will supply roughly 20% of Galileo components § China: agreement signed (19/09/03), potential involvement in the GSA § Israel: signed (13/07/04) § Cooperation agreement signed with Ukraine (1/12/05), South Korea (January 2006) and Morocco (December 2006) and initialled with India. § Discussion under way with Argentina, Norway, Switzerland, Canada, Australia, Brazil and Saudi Arabia. Beyond Europe, Galileo will have a strong world wide impact on security & transport Participation of third countries is catalyst for further co-operation. *source: europa. eu, Memo/06/471, 8 th December 2006 19/12/2006 3

Astrium Services Galileo System & Technical Principle § Satellite navigation pinpoints a location by Astrium Services Galileo System & Technical Principle § Satellite navigation pinpoints a location by measuring the distances to at least four known locations- the Galileo satellites- using small receivers § Galileo will be composed of three distinct segments and complemented by EGNOS: This document is the property of Astrium. It shall not be communicated to third parties without prior written agreement. Its content shall not be disclosed. SPACE SEGMENT § A 30 -satellites constellation over three circular orbits at an altitude of ~ 24 000 km Ø Navigation signal dissemination GROUND SEGMENT § A worldwide network of dedicated ground stations Ø System control & mission operations USER SEGMENT § Handheld or integrated receivers, airborne equipment etc. Ø Positioning, navigation & timing information computation SPACE BASED AUGMENTATION SYSTEMS § European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service (EGNOS): 3 geostationary satellites, a ground segment of 46 components deployed over 22 countries Ø Regional correction data sent to the users via the geostationary satellites As the precursor to Galileo, EGNOS will provide beneficial experience and will help market development 19/12/2006 4

Astrium Services Comparison with existing systems Sat. Nav Systems Galileo GPS GLONASS 2011 1994 Astrium Services Comparison with existing systems Sat. Nav Systems Galileo GPS GLONASS 2011 1994 (GPS III planned for 2012) 1995 Constellation 30 satellites 27 satellites 24 satellites Horizontal Accuracy 4 m (So. L DF) < 13 m 57 -70 m Vertical Accuracy 8 m (So. L DF) < 22 m <70 m This document is the property of Astrium. It shall not be communicated to third parties without prior written agreement. Its content shall not be disclosed. Satellite Operational capability Availability 99. 5% Integrity Risk < 2 x 10 -7 / 150 sec Time To Alert 94% (Russia) 6 sec Continuity Risk NA NA < 8 x 10 -6 / 15 sec § Galileo targets significant benefits to end users, in particular: 19/12/2006 § Improved positioning accuracy § Enhanced availability of navigation signals (more satellites, more signals) § System integrity features, i. e. the ability of the system to supply information on the dependability of the navigation information distributed 5

Astrium Services Galileo services Free of charge, no integrity information, no service guarantee This Astrium Services Galileo services Free of charge, no integrity information, no service guarantee This document is the property of Astrium. It shall not be communicated to third parties without prior written agreement. Its content shall not be disclosed. 2 additional signals, payment of a fee 19/12/2006 This service has to be certified by applying organisations (e. g. Euro. Control for aviation) Under European governmental control, available in times of crisis, accessible to authorised governmental users only global reception and handling of distress messages Through its 5 services, Galileo is envisaged to serve both civil and governmental applications, bridging the gap between public safety, civil security and military markets 6

Astrium Services Galileo Applications Main Market Segments Location Based Services Service OS Related Applications Astrium Services Galileo Applications Main Market Segments Location Based Services Service OS Related Applications Information & navigation services, Emergency Assistance, mobile payments OS / CS Route guidance, fleet management, real-time traffic information, electronic charging, emergency calls, Rail OS / CS Train signaling, traffic and asset management, track construction & survey, passenger comfort Maritime OS / CS Ocean & inland navigation, vessel traffic mgt, harbour operations, search & rescue operations, Professional This document is the property of Astrium. It shall not be communicated to third parties without prior written agreement. Its content shall not be disclosed. Road OS / CS Precision agriculture, oil & gas exploration, fisheries, telecom network synchronization, bank & insurance 7 So. L Assistance to ground operations, take-off, en-route flying and precision approach for increased safety Security 19/12/2006 Aviation PRS Law enforcement, boarder control, peace keeping, surveillance, emergency operations

Astrium Services Phases of the Galileo Program Objective Definition Basic specifications Galileo Mission Requirements Astrium Services Phases of the Galileo Program Objective Definition Basic specifications Galileo Mission Requirements Document Development (GSTB) & Validation (IOV) This document is the property of Astrium. It shall not be communicated to third parties without prior written agreement. Its content shall not be disclosed. Phase Validation of the system design through the Test-Bed phase (2 satellites) followed by In Orbit Validation (4 satellites + associated ground stations) Deployment (FOC) Full deployment of the remaining 26 satellites and the ground infrastructure Operations Operational service provided by a private “concessionaire” for 20 years TIMELINE 2003 1999 2008/9 2012 … 2032 DEFINITION € 100 m DEVELOPMENT & IN-ORBIT VALIDATION (IOV) - € 1. 5 bn DEPLOYMENT € 3. 4 bn OPERATIONS ~ € 220 m/year EC/ESA Galileo Joint Undertaking / GSA ESA Concessionaire (PPP) Timeline and risks need to be carefully managed. Considering the GPS modernisation, a delayed operability would be detrimental to Galileo’s success in the international market for satellite navigation. 19/12/2006 8

Astrium Services Current Status & Next Steps This document is the property of Astrium. Astrium Services Current Status & Next Steps This document is the property of Astrium. It shall not be communicated to third parties without prior written agreement. Its content shall not be disclosed. § Major achievements of the program § § § GIOVE-A was launched from the Baïkonur cosmodrome on 28 December 2005 05/12/2005: Agreement on the location of companies, centres and facilities Nov/2006: Signature of the Shareholder agreement by the 8 members of the Merged Consortium 29/11/2006: Agreement on the core elements of the concession contract (Heads of Terms) 01/01/2007: The GNSS Supervisory Authority (GSA) took over from the Galileo Joint Undertaking (GJU) 28/03/2007: Incorporation of EURO GNSS SAS in Toulouse (former Galileo Operating Company) § Failure in the Concession Contract Negotiations § Difficulties to find an agreement on risk sharing between Public and Private sector § Unclear roles and responsibilities distribution in public governance § Technological complexity underestimated § Retained Scenario § Immediate implementation of EGNOS through a specific concession § 2008 - 2012: Public sector will endorse the continuation of the Galileo project until FOC § 2010 -2030: PPP for the procurement of remaining satellites, if any, and the exploitation, operations and maintenance of the infrastructure § Changes to avoid any other failure 19/12/2006 § Public sector: Restructuring of public governance in the EGNOS & Galileo programs § Private sector: Robust and fair competition to improve efficiency 9