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From Bill to Law How are laws made in Canada? From Bill to Law How are laws made in Canada?

What is a bill? l Bill- A written proposal for a law. Introduced in What is a bill? l Bill- A written proposal for a law. Introduced in Parliament and, if passed, becomes an act. l Act- A written law passed by parliament.

How does a bill become a law? House of Commons l 1) Pre-parliamentary stage How does a bill become a law? House of Commons l 1) Pre-parliamentary stage l 2) First Reading l 3) Second Reading l 4) Committee Stage l 5) Reporting Stage l 6) Third Reading l Senate l 1) Same process as the house l 2) Royal Assent and proclamation l

From a Bill to Law Governor General Senate House of Commons From a Bill to Law Governor General Senate House of Commons

Pre-Parliamentary Stage l l An idea is proposed by a cabinet minister, private member Pre-Parliamentary Stage l l An idea is proposed by a cabinet minister, private member or other source. Cabinet will approves idea. Civil servants investigate and lawyers help to draft the bill. Cabinet and caucus approve the bill.

First Reading l l Bill is introduced into House of Commons. Each MP receives First Reading l l Bill is introduced into House of Commons. Each MP receives a copy of the bill. No vote takes place. Opposition parties begin to discuss what their position on the bill will be.

Second Reading l MP’s debate the bill in the House of Commons. l Following Second Reading l MP’s debate the bill in the House of Commons. l Following the debate, a vote is taken. l If passed, the bill is approved in principle. 2 nd

Committee Stage A legislative committee involving representatives from each party is set up to Committee Stage A legislative committee involving representatives from each party is set up to debate the bill indepth. l Public input is heard. l Amendments are proposed as long as they do not alter the core of the bill. l

Reporting Stage l The committee reports to the House of Commons the amendments that Reporting Stage l The committee reports to the House of Commons the amendments that were proposed to the bill. l Amendments are voted on.

Third Reading l The bill with all of its amendments is read and a Third Reading l The bill with all of its amendments is read and a final vote is held. l This brings an end to the legislative process in the House of Commons. 3 rd

Senate Once the bill passes through the House of Commons the same procedures are Senate Once the bill passes through the House of Commons the same procedures are held in the Senate. l Bills move through the Senate quickly. l

Royal Assent The Governor General recognizes the bill as a law. l The bill Royal Assent The Governor General recognizes the bill as a law. l The bill officially becomes a law after l proclamation.

Types of Bills l Government Bills- Bills introduced by the governing party. l l Types of Bills l Government Bills- Bills introduced by the governing party. l l l Public Bills- Bills which have a large impact on all Private Bills- Bills which deal with private individuals Canadians. or corporations. Private Members Bill- Bills which are introduced by individual MP’s without government support.