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FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Institutional approach to promote innovation Harald Egner 23 rd April 2010 © Fraunhofer FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Institutional approach to promote innovation Harald Egner 23 rd April 2010 © Fraunhofer

 • • Fraunhofer Introduction Alignment of funding models (Fh. G/UK) Human resources Cooperation • • Fraunhofer Introduction Alignment of funding models (Fh. G/UK) Human resources Cooperation activities UK © Fraunhofer

The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft undertakes applied research of direct utility to private and public enterprise and The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft undertakes applied research of direct utility to private and public enterprise and of wide benefit to society. Our Customers: n Industry n Service sector n Public administration © Fraunhofer

Guiding Principles of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Mission The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft promotes and undertakes applied research in Guiding Principles of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Mission The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft promotes and undertakes applied research in an international context, of direct utility to private and public enterprise and of wide benefit to society as a whole. By developing technological innovations and novel systems solutions for their customers, the Fraunhofer Institutes help to reinforce the competitive strength of the economy in their region, throughout Germany and in Europe. Their research activities are aimed at promoting the economic development of our industrial society, with particular regard for social welfare and environmental compatibility. As an employer, the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft offers a platform that enables its staff to develop the necessary professional and personal skills that will enable them to assume positions of responsibility within their Institute, in industry and in other scientific domains. © Fraunhofer

The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft in Germany Rostock Itzehoe Lübeck Bremerhaven Bremen Hannover n 59 Institutes n The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft in Germany Rostock Itzehoe Lübeck Bremerhaven Bremen Hannover n 59 Institutes n 17 000 employees Potsdam Braunschweig Magdeburg Cottbus Oberhausen Dortmund Duisburg Schmallenberg St. Augustin Aachen Euskirchen Wachtberg Darmstadt St. Ingbert Halle Schkopau Dresden Jena Chemnitz Ilmenau Würzburg Kaiserslautern Leipzig Erlangen Fürth Nürnberg Saarbrücken Karlsruhe Pfinztal Ettlingen Stuttgart Freising Freiburg Kandern Efringen. Kirchen © Fraunhofer Berlin Teltow München Holzkirchen

Demands on a Fraunhofer Institute Scientific competence proved by the recognition of the scientific Demands on a Fraunhofer Institute Scientific competence proved by the recognition of the scientific community Market success and entrepreneurial competence proved by contracts with industry and government © Fraunhofer Well-balanced financial mix of different independent sources Professional networking with other Fraunhofer Institutes and externals

The Profile of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft n 59 Institutes n 17 000 employees 7 Groups: The Profile of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft n 59 Institutes n 17 000 employees 7 Groups: n Information and Communication Technology n Life Sciences n Microelectronics n Light & Surfaces n Production n Materials and Components - MATERIALS n Defense and Security © Fraunhofer

Fraunhofer Alliances n Adaptronics n Optic Surfaces n Advancer n Photokatalysis n Ambient Assisted Fraunhofer Alliances n Adaptronics n Optic Surfaces n Advancer n Photokatalysis n Ambient Assisted Living n Polymer Surfaces n Building Innovation n Cleaning Technology n Digital Cinema n Simulation n e. Government n Water Systems (Sys. Wasser) n Traffic and Transportation n Energy n Food Chain Management n Grid Computing n Nanotechnology © Fraunhofer n Additive Manufacturing n Vision

Development of the Fraunhofer Institutes since 1949 8 GMD Institutes of the eastern German Development of the Fraunhofer Institutes since 1949 8 GMD Institutes of the eastern German Länder Contract Research with own Institutes without own Institutes Zentrale/P 2/Stand: 02 -2008 © Fraunhofer Establishment of the “Fraunhofer Model“

Key Activity Contract Research (million euros) 1 291 1 164 1 068 1 339 Key Activity Contract Research (million euros) 1 291 1 164 1 068 1 339 129 million € Other Revenues 63 million € Revenues EU-Projects 1 032 320 million € Revenues Public Projects (Federal, German Länder) 407 million € Revenues Contract Financing (Industry) 420 million € Institutional Funding (preliminary) © Fraunhofer

Key Activity Contract Research (million euros) 1 291 1 164 1 068 1 339 Key Activity Contract Research (million euros) 1 291 1 164 1 068 1 339 129 million € Other Revenues 63 million € Revenues EU-Projects 1 032 Public Project Funding 320 million € Revenues Public Projects (Federal, German Länder) 407 million € Revenues Contract Financing (Industry) Contract Research (Industry revenue) 420 million € Institutional Funding Performance related Institutional Funding (preliminary) © Fraunhofer

Allocation of Institutional Funding Target Figures in 2009: 244. 9 million € Performance related Allocation of Institutional Funding Target Figures in 2009: 244. 9 million € Performance related allocation criteria for institutional funding Institutional funding for a Fraunhofer Institute G 1: Fixed amount G 4 = 15% of EU revenues G 2: Budget of Institute % 40 10% G 3 = 10% respectively 40% of industry revenues 10% G 3: Percentage of industry revenues G 2 = 12% of budget G 4: Percentage of EU revenues G 1 = fixed amount 0, 6 Mio € 25 © Fraunhofer 55 % Revenue Industry

Fraunhofer Institute - Dual Institute Model Academia, university (more) basic research Human Resources Academic Fraunhofer Institute - Dual Institute Model Academia, university (more) basic research Human Resources Academic career - Ph. D - Lecturing University Institute © Fraunhofer Contract Research (Industry) Public funded Projects Institutional Funding Fraunhofer Institute Rules incentives

The German Research Landscape *overall budget in billion euros Characteristics of Research Applied Research The German Research Landscape *overall budget in billion euros Characteristics of Research Applied Research Fundamental Research Fraunhofer* 1, 43 Federal/ German Länder Institutes 0, 9 MPG* 1, 442 WGL* 1, 122 HGF* 2, 42 Industry (internal and external expenditures) 55, 41 Ai. F ~ 0, 25 Universities 9, 2 Funding predominent institutional predominant private 1 HGF WGL Ai. F MPG Hermann von Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Wissenschaftsgemeinschaft Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Arbeitsgemeinschaft industrieller Forschungsvereinigungen Max-Planck-Gesellschaft © Fraunhofer estimation Wissenschaftsstatistik 2008, Stifterverband 2 2007 3 2008 Source: Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft, Destatis

 • • Fraunhofer Introduction Alignment of funding models (Fh. G/UK) Human resources Cooperation • • Fraunhofer Introduction Alignment of funding models (Fh. G/UK) Human resources Cooperation activities UK © Fraunhofer

Technology Readiness Level Technology Assessment & Proving Pre. Production Implementation TRL 9 8 7 Technology Readiness Level Technology Assessment & Proving Pre. Production Implementation TRL 9 8 7 6 5 Pre-production l Process optimised for capability and rate using production standard equipment 4 3 2 1 © Fraunhofer Production Implementation l Fully production capable process qualified on full range of parts over extended period Technology Assessment and proving l Process Validated in Lab using development equipment

Alignment of Funding Models UK Funding Bodies TRL / UK EPSRC 1 2 TSB Alignment of Funding Models UK Funding Bodies TRL / UK EPSRC 1 2 TSB 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Fraunhofer Funding Mechanism Institutional Funding (3 – 5 years to market) © Fraunhofer Project Funding (2 - 3 years to market) Industrial Contracts (industry buying knowledge, applications 0. 5 – 1 year)

Fraunhofer Funding Model translated into TRL money to make knowledge 1 knowledge to make Fraunhofer Funding Model translated into TRL money to make knowledge 1 knowledge to make money 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Fraunhofer Funding Mechanism Institutional Funding (3 – 5 years to market) © Fraunhofer Project Funding (2 - 3 years to market) Industrial Contracts (industry buying knowledge, applications 0. 5 – 1 year)

Creating competitive advantage for companies Creating Competitive Advantage for Companies TRL / UK 1 Creating competitive advantage for companies Creating Competitive Advantage for Companies TRL / UK 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Fraunhofer Funding Mechanism Institutional Funding (3 – 5 years to market) © Fraunhofer Project Funding (2 - 3 years to market) Industrial Contracts (industry buying knowledge, applications 0. 5 – 1 year) Value for Money Short term solutions Delivery

Integrated Fraunhofer Model TRL / UK Fraunhofer Funding Mechanism 1 2 3 4 5 Integrated Fraunhofer Model TRL / UK Fraunhofer Funding Mechanism 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Uni Fraunhofer Institute Department inside institute Working group inside department © Fraunhofer 8 9

Development of technology area over time TRL / UK -2 years 1 Uni +2 Development of technology area over time TRL / UK -2 years 1 Uni +2 years time © Fraunhofer Uni 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Market driven use of institutional funding TRL / UK -2 years 1 2 3 Market driven use of institutional funding TRL / UK -2 years 1 2 3 4 Uni 5 6 7 8 9 Creating performance related institutional funding annual effect +2 years time Investing institutional funding in industrial needs / markets typically 3 -5 year effect © Fraunhofer

Product Life Cycle of technology area revenue Turning So. A; becoming available through commercial Product Life Cycle of technology area revenue Turning So. A; becoming available through commercial providers (companies, consultants) Industrial Relevance for institute © Fraunhofer time

Need for Innovation/Business Continuity revenue time © Fraunhofer Need for Innovation/Business Continuity revenue time © Fraunhofer

Summary of Fraunhofer principals n High autonomy of institutes n Integrated approach / responsibility Summary of Fraunhofer principals n High autonomy of institutes n Integrated approach / responsibility TRL 2/3 to 8/9 n Performance related institutional funding inside Fraunhofer and inside institutes n Market driven investment of institutional funding on business unit level risk mitigation n Companies buying knowledge to achieve competitive advantage n Fraunhofer brand n „Spring board“ to high level career in industry © Fraunhofer

 • • Fraunhofer Introduction Alignment of funding models (Fh. G/UK) Human resources Cooperation • • Fraunhofer Introduction Alignment of funding models (Fh. G/UK) Human resources Cooperation activities UK © Fraunhofer

Joseph von Fraunhofer Discovery of “Fraunhofer Lines“ in the sun spectrum New methods of Joseph von Fraunhofer Discovery of “Fraunhofer Lines“ in the sun spectrum New methods of lens processing Head of Royal Glass Factory © Fraunhofer The Fraunhofer. Gesellschaft Researcher Inventor Entrepreneur e. g. : Innovation Award 2004 of the German Federal President for Electric Biochip Technology e. g. : 2 patent applications each working day e. g. : ~ € 450 million revenues from industry (about 4000 contracts) p. a.

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Human Resources 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Regular Staff 8 200 8 390 Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Human Resources 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Regular Staff 8 200 8 390 8 950 9 850 11 280 of which are limited contracts 2 780 2 990 3 480 4 230 5 220 Support Staff 4 200 4 380 4 680 5 190 5 600 12 400 12 770 13 630 15 040 16 880 Total As at December 31 of that year, including part-time jobs © Fraunhofer

The top employers chosen by German students Universum Student Survey 2009 Natural Scientists 1. The top employers chosen by German students Universum Student Survey 2009 Natural Scientists 1. Max-Planck-Gesellschaft 2. Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft 3. Bayer 4. BASF 5. Roche 6. DLR 7. Novartis 8. Merck 9. Bayer Schering Pharma 10. BMW 11. Siemens 12. Boehringer Ingelheim IT Specialists 1. Google 2. IBM 3. SAP 4. Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft 5. Microsoft 6. Apple 7. Porsche 8. Siemens 9. Audi 10. Max-Planck-Gesellschaft 11. BMW 12. Intel Quelle: Universum Communications, Stand Mai 2009 © Fraunhofer Engineers 1. Audi 2. Porsche 3. BMW 4. Siemens 5. Daimler 6. EADS 7. Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft 8. Robert Bosch 9. Lufthansa Technik 10. Volkswagen 11. DLR 12. Thyssen. Krupp

In the employer ranking Fraunhofer comes in second Universum Student Survey 2009 23 points In the employer ranking Fraunhofer comes in second Universum Student Survey 2009 23 points 20 points 19 points 17 points 14 points Quelle: Universum Communications, Stand Mai 2009 © Fraunhofer

„Spring board“ to high level career n Integrated approach along TRL levels n High „Spring board“ to high level career n Integrated approach along TRL levels n High throughput – opportunities for promotion n Academic and professional career in parallel n Market driven investment into new ideas n Understanding needs of companies to achieve / maintain competitive advantage n Multidisciplinary and cross-sector approaches n Building high quality networks n Brand © Fraunhofer

 • • Fraunhofer Introduction Alignment of funding models (Fh. G/UK) Human resources Cooperation • • Fraunhofer Introduction Alignment of funding models (Fh. G/UK) Human resources Cooperation activities UK © Fraunhofer

Levels of Cooperation - Fraunhofer institute / UK Cooperation level n Joint research projects Levels of Cooperation - Fraunhofer institute / UK Cooperation level n Joint research projects (FP 7, EUREKA, bi-national) n Joint research agenda (institute level) n Joint research programme (DE / UK) Institutionalised Cooperation (Centre) n Starting as joint Research Group (3 – 5 years) n Setting up formalised institution n Further steps depending on success over 3 -5 years © Fraunhofer

Institutionalised Fraunhofer Cooperation Fraunhofer DE Academia, university Human Resources Academic career - Ph. D Institutionalised Fraunhofer Cooperation Fraunhofer DE Academia, university Human Resources Academic career - Ph. D Public funded Projects - Lecturing UK © Fraunhofer Institutional Funding University Institute Institution UK Rules, incentives (more) basic research Contract Research (Industry) Public funded Projects Institutional Funding Fh. I / DE Formal Agreement

Thank you very much for your patience harald. egner@ipa. fraunhofer. de © Fraunhofer Thank you very much for your patience harald. [email protected] fraunhofer. de © Fraunhofer