Скачать презентацию Feelings on the Tip of the Tongue Taste Скачать презентацию Feelings on the Tip of the Tongue Taste

9f1f171b8f1173e6090b28d5cd10365f.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 37

Feelings on the Tip of the Tongue: Taste, Emotion, and the Organization of Behavior Feelings on the Tip of the Tongue: Taste, Emotion, and the Organization of Behavior

Trivia Tidbits • “I am a(n) __________” • Top three terms of endearment • Trivia Tidbits • “I am a(n) __________” • Top three terms of endearment • Causes of anorexia

Objectives • Share my research interests • “Pitch” topical integration Objectives • Share my research interests • “Pitch” topical integration

Overview • Evolution: Eating as an adaptive problem • Emotion: Taste as marker • Overview • Evolution: Eating as an adaptive problem • Emotion: Taste as marker • Behavior: Taste as systems organizer • Eating in context: Global implications

Evolution says… • Eat good stuff • Don’t eat bad stuff • The omnivore’s Evolution says… • Eat good stuff • Don’t eat bad stuff • The omnivore’s dilemma • Mouth as gate, taste as gatekeeper

Elaborations of Taste Darwin (1972/1965): “The laughter of the gods is described by Homer Elaborations of Taste Darwin (1972/1965): “The laughter of the gods is described by Homer as ‘the exuberance of their celestial joy after their daily banquet’ … Disgust is a sensation rather more distinct in its nature, and refers to something revolting, primarily in relation to the sense of taste… and secondarily to anything which causes a similar feeling” (p. 196).

Paul Rozin (1996) “Towards a psychology of food and eating: From motivation to module Paul Rozin (1996) “Towards a psychology of food and eating: From motivation to module to model to marker, morality, meaning, and metaphor”

Trivia Tidbit Time • Terms of endearment related to eating? Trivia Tidbit Time • Terms of endearment related to eating?

Taste & Metaphor • That was so sweet of you! • Chris has a Taste & Metaphor • That was so sweet of you! • Chris has a saccharine personality. • The incident left a bad taste in my mouth. • Pat was a bitter person.

Taste as Emotion Marker Does taste predict emotionality? Dess & Edelheit (1998) • Mild Taste as Emotion Marker Does taste predict emotionality? Dess & Edelheit (1998) • Mild stress vs. control • Rate saccharin and tone • Temperament measures

Meet Your Genes • Touch paper briefly to tip of tongue. Any taste? • Meet Your Genes • Touch paper briefly to tip of tongue. Any taste? • If not, put paper on the tongue for several seconds. Any taste? • Supertasters, non-tasters

“Taster” Status Predicts: Less: • Sweet, fat preference • Vegetable intake • Dental caries “Taster” Status Predicts: Less: • Sweet, fat preference • Vegetable intake • Dental caries • Body fat • Smoking • Alcohol drinking • Family alcoholism • Cardiovascular disease More: • Intense sweetness • Apprehensiveness • Depression

Curiouser and Curiouser… • 25 genes for bitter receptors • expression depends on experience Curiouser and Curiouser… • 25 genes for bitter receptors • expression depends on experience

We are not alone: Occidental Low- and High-Saccharin Consuming Rats Hi. S rat Lo. We are not alone: Occidental Low- and High-Saccharin Consuming Rats Hi. S rat Lo. S rat

Preference for Alcohol-Paired Flavors Dess, O’Neill, & Chapman (2006) Preference for Alcohol-Paired Flavors Dess, O’Neill, & Chapman (2006)

Cocaine Self-Administration Hi. S rats Lo. S rats TRAINING DAYS Carroll, Morgan, Lynch, Campbell, Cocaine Self-Administration Hi. S rats Lo. S rats TRAINING DAYS Carroll, Morgan, Lynch, Campbell, & Dess (2002)

Back to the original question: -- Do Lo. S and Hi. S differ in Back to the original question: -- Do Lo. S and Hi. S differ in emotionality?

BOO!!! Acoustic Startle, or “Jumpiness” BOO!!! Acoustic Startle, or “Jumpiness”

Dess et al. (2000) Dess et al. (2000)

Taste as Systems Organizer • Spatiotemporal organization • Social organization Taste as Systems Organizer • Spatiotemporal organization • Social organization

Eating on the Run • Deprivation-induced hyperactivity • Activity anorexia Eating on the Run • Deprivation-induced hyperactivity • Activity anorexia

Scarce food Diet 1 Diet 2 Diet 3 Scarce food Diet 1 Diet 2 Diet 3

Trivia Tidbit Time • Causes of anorexia Trivia Tidbit Time • Causes of anorexia

Meal Patterning Nighttime Meals Lo. S rats initiate more meals at night Lo. S Meal Patterning Nighttime Meals Lo. S rats initiate more meals at night Lo. S Hi. S

“It seems to me that our three most basic needs, for food and security “It seems to me that our three most basic needs, for food and security and love, are so mixed and mingled and entwined that we cannot straightly think of one without the others. So it happens that when I write of hunger, I am really writing about love. ” - M. F. K. Fisher, noted food writer, 1990, p. 353

Trivia Tidbit Time • “I am a(n) _______” Trivia Tidbit Time • “I am a(n) _______”

Sugar in Your Coffee? I do not know if coffee and sugar are essential Sugar in Your Coffee? I do not know if coffee and sugar are essential to the happiness of Europe, but I know well that these two products have accounted for the unhappiness of two great regions of the world: America has been depopulated so as to have land on which to plant them; Africa has been depopulated so as to have the people to cultivate them. -- Bernadin de Saint Pierre (1773)

Bitter Enemies: Can We Sweeten the Deal? SHARING PEACE BY BREAKING BREAD Today is Bitter Enemies: Can We Sweeten the Deal? SHARING PEACE BY BREAKING BREAD Today is Sept. 11. It is a day when many of us may relive the horror and fear that descended upon this country a year ago, reflect on the changes that the attacks have brought and hope that all of this can end soon. Tonight, three different faith communities - Milledge Avenue Baptist Church, Congregation Children of Israel and Al-Huda Islamic Center -- will gather together in the spirit of unity, honoring the past and their building friendships with the great equalizer: food.

Teaching Eating • • Everyone eats Accessible, visceral Complicates “simple to complex” It takes Teaching Eating • • Everyone eats Accessible, visceral Complicates “simple to complex” It takes a village

Student Colleagues • • • Kimberly Black Steve Chang Natassa Damaskou Heather Furner Carrie Student Colleagues • • • Kimberly Black Steve Chang Natassa Damaskou Heather Furner Carrie Liston Natalya Lvoff Liz Pelayo Joy Sebe Jill Arnal Jocelyn Richard Stephanie Freidburg-Strauss Courtney Kennel • • • Evan Stiles Elena Busto Vincent Chen Rita Molestina Larissa Gibson Mitzi Gonzales Cheryl Prigodich Cameryn Garrett Jenny Alonzo Patricia O’Neill Alison Williams Sara Hahn

Faculty Colleagues • • Dale Chapman Dennis Vander. Weele Roberta Pollock Tom Minor, UCLA Faculty Colleagues • • Dale Chapman Dennis Vander. Weele Roberta Pollock Tom Minor, UCLA Mike Fanselow, UCLA Ken Green, CSULB Stephen Kiefer, KSU Marilyn Carroll, U Minnesota

And… Thanks to the terrific APA staff and to YOU for your important work And… Thanks to the terrific APA staff and to YOU for your important work in schools and for this opportunity to share!