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February 4, 2009 Jerusalem Return to Galilee 1 February 4, 2009 Jerusalem Return to Galilee 1

? Returning to Galilee? From Jerusalem • A few months into His public life ? Returning to Galilee? From Jerusalem • A few months into His public life • Was in Jerusalem for “A” Feast where He healed on the Sabbath day • Severely criticized by the Jews for working… Note Old Law: Ex 31: 14 14 'You shall keep the Sabbath, therefore, for it is holy to you. Everyone who profanes it shall surely be put to death; for whoever does any work on it, that person shall be cut off from among his people. 15 'Work shall be done for six days, but the seventh is the Sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD. Whoever does any work on the Sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death. cf. Jer. 17: 19 -27; Neh. 13: 15 -19 • Disciples plucked (husked) grain on the Sabbath (Mat. 12: 1 -8; Mk. 2: 23 -28; Luke 6: 1 -5) February 4, 2009 Jerusalem Return to Galilee 2

February 4, 2009 Jerusalem Return to Galilee 3 February 4, 2009 Jerusalem Return to Galilee 3

Luke 6: 1 -5 Disciples Plucking Grain 1 Now it happened on the second Luke 6: 1 -5 Disciples Plucking Grain 1 Now it happened on the second Sabbath after the first that He went through the grain fields. And His disciples plucked the heads of grain and ate them, rubbing them in their hands. 2 And some of the Pharisees said to them, "Why are you doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath? “ 3 But Jesus answering them said, "Have you not even read this, what David did when he was hungry, he and those who were with him: 4 "how he went into the house of God, took and ate the showbread, and also gave some to those with him, which is not lawful for any but the priests to eat? “ 5 And He said to them, "The Son of Man is also Lord of the Sabbath. “ February 4, 2009 Jerusalem Return to Galilee 4

Jews: “Work” Problems on the Sabbath Law • No Work • No travel more Jews: “Work” Problems on the Sabbath Law • No Work • No travel more than 2, 000 cubits (~. 6 of a mile or 1 k) (Inferred: Ex. 16: 29 Manna, Num. 35: 5; Josh. 3: 4) Opinion of the Jews: • Jesus healed and the Jews considered it “work” • Disciples picked grain and husked it – work Jewish Tradition Says Jews could not: • Pick lint off clothes • Carry a needle in one’s clothes • Wear, carry a crutch or wooden leg • Wear a broach February 4, 2009 Jerusalem Return to Galilee 5

Jesus: Recorded Healings on the Sabbath • Healing Demoniac in Synagogue (Mk. 1: 21 Jesus: Recorded Healings on the Sabbath • Healing Demoniac in Synagogue (Mk. 1: 21 -28; Luke 4: 31 -37) • Cripple man at the Pool of Bethesda (John 5: 1 -47) • Man w/Withered Hand in Synagogue 14; Mk. 3: 1 -6; Luke 6: 6 -11) (Mat. 12: 9 - • Man Born Blind, Spittle, Pool of Siloam (Jn. 9: 1 -38) • Infirmed Woman in Parea, (Luke 13: 10 -13 • Man w/dropsy, house of a Pharisee (Luke 14: 1 -14) February 4, 2009 Jerusalem Return to Galilee 6

Sabbath Day Problems for the Jews • John 7: 22 -23 22 Sabbath Day Problems for the Jews • John 7: 22 -23 22 "Moses therefore gave you circumcision (not that it is from Moses, but from the fathers), and you circumcise a man on the Sabbath. 23 "If a man receives circumcision on the Sabbath, so that the law of Moses should not be broken, are you angry with Me because I made a man completely well on the Sabbath? • Lu 13: 15 The Lord then answered him and said, "Hypocrite! Does not each one of you on the Sabbath loose his ox or donkey from the stall, and lead it away to water it? • Lu 14: 5 5 Then He answered them, saying, "Which of you, having a donkey or an ox that has fallen into a pit, will not immediately pull him out on the Sabbath day? " February 4, 2009 Jerusalem Return to Galilee 7

Disciples and Grain in the Fields • It was lawful to Pick/Eat Grain (Deut. Disciples and Grain in the Fields • It was lawful to Pick/Eat Grain (Deut. 23: 25) • Sabbath “harvesting” was prohibited (Ex. 4: 21) • What did the “revered” David do? (1 Sam. 21: 1 -6) Ate replaced Tabernacle bread, (Note: Jesus did not say it was okay) • Within the intent of the Law to do Good (Isa. 58: 6 -7; Lk. 6: 6 -11, 13: 10 -17, 14: 1 -6) • Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath (Mk. 2: 28, et al) (the expression used 81 times by Jesus) February 4, 2009 Jerusalem Return to Galilee 8

Lessons From “Grain” Event • Be careful, Traditions can – Disallow and be right Lessons From “Grain” Event • Be careful, Traditions can – Disallow and be right or wrong – Allow and be right or wrong right • Let the word of God rule, using logic and common sense • Traditions can be born of scripture or of men: – 2 Thess. 2: 15 Therefore, brethren, stand fast, and hold the traditions which ye have been taught, whether by word, or our epistle. – Col. 2: 8 Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ. – Mark 7: 9 And he said unto them, Full well ye reject the commandment of God, that ye may keep your own tradition. February 4, 2009 Jerusalem Return to Galilee 9

Judgment or Scriptural Issues? • Function of the Bible in 1 st century? Today? Judgment or Scriptural Issues? • Function of the Bible in 1 st century? Today? • Bible Hermeneutic? : DC, AE, N I • Embracing denominations as faithful churches • Distinctive nature of the church • Distinctive nature of the gospel • Accepting Webster’s definition of baptism • Instruments of music in worship • “Praise teams” to aid in the singing • Hand clapping and hand waving in worship • Separate children’s church or teen church • Role of Women in leadership or public worship February 4, 2009 Jerusalem Return to Galilee 10

Judgment or Scriptural Issues? • Drama or using puppets in corporate worship • A Judgment or Scriptural Issues? • Drama or using puppets in corporate worship • A “contemporary” and a “traditional” worship • Observing special religious holidays • Worship and Lord’s Supper on Saturday • “House churches” on Sun. or Wed. P. M. • Church discipline, e. g. , withdrawing fellowship • Baptism forgives past unscriptural divorces • Bible miracles/direct operation of the H. S. today • Social drinking vs. getting drunk • Authority of elders • Worship more A“man” centered (entertaining) February 4, 2009 Jerusalem Return to Galilee 11

Following Jesus Will lead to heaven; was not & will not be popular – Following Jesus Will lead to heaven; was not & will not be popular – He did not have the expected background – Followed the Scriptures – Forgave sins – Disciples: Not wash hands, plucked grain on S. – Associated with “wrong” people (S. woman at well, Levi, house of Simon) – Forgave a woman taken in adultery – Disappointed the Sign Seekers – Gave “faith” credit to the un-popular (Gentiles) – Made Himself equal with God February 4, 2009 Jerusalem Return to Galilee 12

Healing the Man with the Withered Hand • • • Mat. 12: 10 -14; Healing the Man with the Withered Hand • • • Mat. 12: 10 -14; Mark 3: 1 -6; Luke 6: 6 -11 Pharisees looking to trap Him, asked is it lawful… Jesus knew their thoughts Jesus: can we do good or evil; save life or destroy it? Which should be done on the Sabbath? If the sheep falls in the pit can you get it out? Could/would not answer - Jesus became angry Jesus healed the man in their midst Pharisees were furious, plotted His death February 4, 2009 Jerusalem Return to Galilee 13

Mark 3: 1 -6 Healing the Man with Withered Hand 1 And He entered Mark 3: 1 -6 Healing the Man with Withered Hand 1 And He entered the synagogue again, and a man was there who had a withered hand. 2 So they watched Him closely, whether He would heal him on the Sabbath, so that they might accuse Him. 3 And He said to the man who had the withered hand, "Step forward. “ 4 Then He said to them, "Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do evil, to save life or to kill? " But they kept silent. 5 And when He had looked around at them with anger, being grieved by the hardness of their hearts, He said to the man, "Stretch out your hand. " And he stretched it out, and his hand was restored as whole as the other. 6 Then the Pharisees went out and immediately plotted with the Herodians against Him, how they might destroy February Jerusalem Return to Galilee 14 Him. 4, 2009

Jesus Became Angry; Mark 3: 5 • Because their hearts were hardened, Jesus became Jesus Became Angry; Mark 3: 5 • Because their hearts were hardened, Jesus became angry • We are taught not to become angry – Titus 1: 7 Be not soon angry (elders) – Eph. 4: 26 Be angry – sin not; let not the sun… – Eph. 4: 31 Let all … *anger… be put away… – Col. 3: 8 …put off all *anger… • Yet Jesus was *angry and did not sin * Same Greek word February 4, 2009 Jerusalem Return to Galilee 15

Popularity Increases Matt. 4: 24 Syria Matt. 4: 25 Galilee Mk. 3: 7 Judea Popularity Increases Matt. 4: 24 Syria Matt. 4: 25 Galilee Mk. 3: 7 Judea Decapolis Perea Idumea Cities Tyre Sidon John 3: Samaria February 4, 2009 Jerusalem Return to Galilee 16

Choosing the Apostles John 1: 35 ff Next Day Mark 1: 29 Two disciples Choosing the Apostles John 1: 35 ff Next Day Mark 1: 29 Two disciples of John the baptizer Andrew, and possibly John Peter (led by his brother Andrew) Philip who finds Nathanael Peter, Andrew, James, John (Healed Peter’s M-I-L) ? Several days/weeks intervened before all 12 February 4, 2009 Jerusalem Return to Galilee 17

Mat. 10: 2 -4 Peter Andrew James John Mark 3: 16 -18 Peter James Mat. 10: 2 -4 Peter Andrew James John Mark 3: 16 -18 Peter James John Andrew Luke 6: 14 -18 Peter Andrew James John Acts 1: 13 Peter James John Andrew Philip Bartholomew Thomas Matthew Philip Bartholomew Matthew Thomas Philip Thomas Bartholomew Matthew James Thaddeus Simon Judas James Simon Thaddeus February 4, 2009 Jerusalem Return to Galilee 18