- Количество слайдов: 65
Exodus © John Stevenson, 2012
Genesis Begins with all of humanity in view Exodus Begins with all the Israelites in view Eventually focuses on one man―Abraham one man―Moses and his family Abraham has two Moses has two siblings: Nahor & siblings: Aaron & Haran Miriam Abraham called to Moses forced to leave and travel to a foreign land
Old Testament EXODUS New Testament CROSS
Exodus from Egypt: 10 Plagues Giving of the Law: 10 Commandments Building the Tabernacle: 10 Items The Presence of the Lord “I Am”
The World of the Exodus
Egypt • The Nile River
Egypt • The Nile River • The New Kingdom Period Goshen
The Early Career of Moses • Birth & Infancy
The Early Career of Moses • Birth & Infancy • Education (Acts 7: 22) • The Decision of Moses (Acts 7: 23; Hebrews 11: 24 -26) • Murder (Exodus 2: 11 -12; Acts 7: 25) • Flight to Midian
Exodus 7: 2 -3 “You shall speak all that I command you, and your brother Aaron shall speak to Pharaoh that he let the sons of Israel go out of his land. 3 But I will harden Pharaoh's heart that I may multiply My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt.
The First Plague The Nile turned to Blood • The Centrality of the Nile • The Magicians (7: 22) • A Lifeline of Blood
The Second Plague Frogs • A Picture of Multiplication • A Picture of Uncleanliness • The Repetition of the Magicians
The Third Plague Gnats • A Picture of Multiplication • The Failure of the Magicians The magicians tried with their secret arts to bring forth gnats, but they could not; so there were gnats on man and beast. (Exodus 8: 18)
The Fourth Plague Insects • Another Picture of Multiplication • A distinction between Goshen and Egypt But on that day I will set apart the land of Goshen, where My people are living, so that no swarms of insects will be there, in order that you may know that I, the LORD, am in the midst of the land. 23 I will put a division between My people and your people. Tomorrow this sign will occur. (Exodus 8: 22 -23)
The Fifth Plague Cattle • Symbols of Deity • A Judgment against the Economy
The Sixth Plague Boils • A Judgment upon Man and Beast • The Impotency of the Magicians The magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils, for the boils were on the magicians as well as on all the Egyptians. (Exodus 9: 11).
The Seventh Plague Hail • The Climate of Egypt • A Judgment from Heaven • A way of escape The one among the servants of Pharaoh who feared the word of the LORD made his servants and his livestock flee into the houses; 21 but he who paid no regard to the word of the LORD left his servants and his livestock in the field. (Exodus 9: 20 -21)
The Eighth Plague Locusts • Devastation against the Crops • A Picture of God’s Judgment
Exodus 10: 13 So Moses stretched out his staff over the land of Egypt, and the LORD directed an east wind on the land all that day and all s that night; and when it was morning, the east wind brought the locusts.
Exodus 10: 19 So the LORD shifted the wind to a very strong west wind which took up the locusts and drove them into the Red Sea; not one locust was left in all the territory of Egypt.
Pharaoh’s attempts to Negotiate • Pharaoh makes several offers: – Sacrifice to God here in Egypt (8: 25). – Don’t go very far away (8: 28). – Only the men can go (10: 10 -11). – Don’t take your flocks or herds (10: 24). • Pharaoh’s repeated capitulations are not a sign of true repentance. He only wishes to avoid judgment apart from any real change. • Pharaoh wants to remain lord.
The Ninth Plague Darkness • An Unnatural Event • A Picture of Spiritual Darkness • The Darkness of the Cross So Moses stretched out his hand toward the sky, and there was thick darkness in all the land of Egypt for three days. 23 They did not see one another, nor did anyone rise from his place for three days, but all the sons of Israel had light in their dwellings. (Exodus 10: 22 -23)
The Tenth Plague Death of the Firstborn • A Universal Plague • A Way of Salvation
For Christ our Passover also has been sacrificed (1 Corinthians 5: 7) In what ways does Jesus fulfill the idea of the Passover?
Requirements for the Passover Lamb • • One lamb for each household (12: 3) Unblemished (12: 4) Male (12: 4) One year old (12: 4)
Exodus 12: 6 You shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month, then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel is to kill it at twilight.
Exodus 12: 7 Moreover, they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses in which they eat it.
Exodus 13: 17 Now when Pharaoh had let the people go, God did not lead them by the way of the land of the Philistines, even though it was near; for God said, “The people might change their minds when they see war, and return to Egypt. ”
Exodus 13: 18 Hence God led the people around by the way of the wilderness to the Red Sea; and the sons of Israel went up in martial array from the land of Egypt. @Ws“Yam Suph” ~y:
Exodus 13: 21 -22 The LORD was going before them in a pillar of cloud by day to lead them on the way, and in a pillar of fire by night to give them light, that they might travel by day and by night. 22 He did not take away the pillar of cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people.
Exodus 14: 1 -3 Now the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 2 “Tell the sons of Israel to turn back and camp before Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea; you shall camp in front of Baal-zephon, opposite it, by the sea. 3 For Pharaoh will say of the sons of Israel, ‘They are wandering aimlessly in the land; the wilderness has shut them in. ’”
Succoth ● ● Etham For Pharaoh will say of the sons of Israel, ‘They are wandering aimlessly in the land; the wilderness has shut them in. ’” (Exodus 14: 3)
…he took six hundred select chariots, and all the other chariots of Egypt with officers over all of them (Exodus 14: 7)
Exodus 14: 21 -22 Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD swept the sea back by a strong east wind all night and turned the sea into dry land, so the waters were divided. 22 The sons of Israel went through the midst of the sea on the dry land, and the waters were like a wall to them on their right hand on their left.
Exodus 19: 3 -4 Moses went up to God, and the LORD called to him from the mountain, saying, “Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob and tell the sons of Israel: 4 ‘You yourselves have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles' wings, and brought you to Myself. ’”
Exodus 19: 5 -6 “Now then, if you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be My own possession among all the peoples, for all the earth is Mine; 6 and you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation. ” These are the words that you shall speak to the sons of Israel.
GOD The King The Prophet The Priest
The Ten Commandments • They are singular (“thou” instead of “ye”) • They can be divided into two groups – Those directed toward God – Those directed toward men
The first four The last six commandments Deals with Israel’s Deals with men’s relationship with the relationship with one Lord. another. Reasons given for No reasons needed. each command. Completely unique to These laws are this constitution. No common to most of other society in the ancient cultures of ancient world had that day. similar laws.
The Ten Commandments • They are singular (“thou” instead of “ye”) • They can be divided into two groups – Those directed toward God – Those directed toward men • The Stipulations that follow serve as further interpretation of the Ten Commandments
Instructions for the Tabernacle
God meets Moses, then Israel exits from Egypt (1 -13) Israel rebels (14 -18) Covenant Laws & Commands (19 -24) Tabernacle built and God enters (35 -40) Israel rebels (32 -34) Commands for building the Tabernacle (25 -31)
The cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle (Exodus 40: 34)