Скачать презентацию Exchange Rate Basics How currency exchange impacts prices Скачать презентацию Exchange Rate Basics How currency exchange impacts prices

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Exchange Rate Basics: How currency exchange impacts prices Exchange Rate Basics: How currency exchange impacts prices

Background n Exchange rates are used to value one currency in relation to another Background n Exchange rates are used to value one currency in relation to another currency. This module focuses on understanding the meaning of exchange rates and how changes in the rates impact prices in general.

Overview Currency exchange is traded on world financial markets – similar to stocks and Overview Currency exchange is traded on world financial markets – similar to stocks and bonds. Trillions of dollars of currency changes hands every day on the currency markets.

Overview A number of websites show the values in the market, a few of Overview A number of websites show the values in the market, a few of which are shown here: n n n n http: //online. wsj. com/mdc/public/page/mdc_currencies. html? m od=mdc_topnav_2_3000 http: //www. ft. com/markets/currencies http: //moneycentral. msn. com/investor/market/Exchange. Rates. a spx http: //finance. yahoo. com/currency? u www. x-rates. com www. oanda. com www. exchange-rates. org

Overview International economics and various markets are highly sophisticated and no activity occurs in Overview International economics and various markets are highly sophisticated and no activity occurs in isolation. With this in mind, let us look at currency valuations as if the item could be isolated and independent from other elements in world economies.

Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. S. $ 1 0. 1424 7. 022 2 0. 1422 7. 032 3 0. 142 7. 042 4 0. 1431 6. 988 5 0. 1429 6. 998 6 0. 1418 7. 052 7 0. 1414 7. 072 8 0. 141 7. 092 9 0. 1434 6. 974 10 0. 1432 6. 983 11 0. 1425 7. 018 12 0. 1441 6. 940 13 0. 1456 6. 868 14 0. 1479 6. 761 15 0. 1494 6. 693 In week 1, it tool 7. 022 Kronas to buy 1 U. S. dollar. In week 15, it tool 6. 693 Kronas to buy 1 U. S. dollar. Looking at the difference between week 1 and week 15, we can see that the value of the U. S. dollar relative to the Sweden Krona has _____. declined

Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. S. $ 1 0. 1424 7. 022 2 0. 1422 7. 032 3 0. 142 7. 042 4 0. 1431 6. 988 5 0. 1429 6. 998 6 0. 1418 7. 052 7 0. 1414 7. 072 8 0. 141 7. 092 9 0. 1434 6. 974 10 0. 1432 6. 983 11 0. 1425 7. 018 12 0. 1441 6. 940 13 0. 1456 6. 868 14 0. 1479 6. 761 15 0. 1494 6. 693 With a declining U. S. dollar… Everything else being the same, consumers in the United States would likely pay more for products from Sweden. Example: If a cell phone importer was paying 600 Krona per phone imported, in week one, it would cost $______to import. 600÷ 7. 022=85. 45

Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. S. $ 1 0. 1424 7. 022 2 0. 1422 7. 032 3 0. 142 7. 042 4 0. 1431 6. 988 5 0. 1429 6. 998 6 0. 1418 7. 052 7 0. 1414 7. 072 8 0. 141 7. 092 9 0. 1434 6. 974 10 0. 1432 6. 983 11 0. 1425 7. 018 12 0. 1441 6. 940 13 0. 1456 6. 868 14 0. 1479 6. 761 15 0. 1494 6. 693 With a declining U. S. dollar… Everything else being the same, consumers in the United States would likely pay more for products from Sweden. Example: If a cell phone importer was paying 600 Krona per phone imported, in week 15, it would cost $____ to import. 600÷ 6. 693=89. 65

Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. S. $ 1 0. 1424 7. 022 2 0. 1422 7. 032 3 0. 142 7. 042 4 0. 1431 6. 988 5 0. 1429 6. 998 6 0. 1418 7. 052 7 0. 1414 7. 072 8 0. 141 7. 092 9 0. 1434 6. 974 10 0. 1432 6. 983 11 0. 1425 7. 018 12 0. 1441 6. 940 13 0. 1456 6. 868 14 0. 1479 6. 761 15 0. 1494 6. 693 Week 1 = $85. 45 Week 15 = $89. 65 Which week would U. S. consumers buy more? ? ? Week 1! Therefore, all else being equal, U. S. consumers benefit from a stronger dollar when buying imports.

Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. S. $ 1 0. 1424 7. 022 2 0. 1422 7. 032 3 0. 142 7. 042 4 0. 1431 6. 988 5 0. 1429 6. 998 6 0. 1418 7. 052 7 0. 1414 7. 072 8 0. 141 7. 092 9 0. 1434 6. 974 10 0. 1432 6. 983 11 0. 1425 7. 018 12 0. 1441 6. 940 13 0. 1456 6. 868 14 0. 1479 6. 761 15 0. 1494 6. 693 If it is week six and one U. S. dollar equals 7. 052 Krona, how many U. S. dollars could you receive if you had 3, 000 Krona? ? 3000÷ 7. 052=$425. 41

Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. S. $ 1 0. 1424 7. 022 2 0. 1422 7. 032 3 0. 142 7. 042 4 0. 1431 6. 988 5 0. 1429 6. 998 6 0. 1418 7. 052 7 0. 1414 7. 072 8 0. 141 7. 092 9 0. 1434 6. 974 10 0. 1432 6. 983 11 0. 1425 7. 018 12 0. 1441 6. 940 13 0. 1456 6. 868 14 0. 1479 6. 761 15 0. 1494 6. 693 If one U. S. dollar was worth 6. 974 Krona in week 9 and 7. 018 Krona in week 11, has the value of the U. S. dollar increased or decreased? The value of the dollar has INCREASED. One can now buy MORE Krona with EACH U. S. dollar.

Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. S. $ 1 0. 1424 7. 022 2 0. 1422 7. 032 3 0. 142 7. 042 4 0. 1431 6. 988 5 0. 1429 6. 998 6 0. 1418 7. 052 7 0. 1414 7. 072 8 0. 141 7. 092 9 0. 1434 6. 974 10 0. 1432 6. 983 11 0. 1425 7. 018 12 0. 1441 6. 940 13 0. 1456 6. 868 14 0. 1479 6. 761 15 0. 1494 6. 693 Determine the percentage change in the value of the Krona in per U. S. dollar from week 9 to week 11. 6. 974 -7. 018=-0. 044÷ 6. 974=-0. 0063× 100=-. 63%

Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. S. $ 1 0. 1424 7. 022 2 0. 1422 7. 032 3 0. 142 7. 042 4 0. 1431 6. 988 5 0. 1429 6. 998 6 0. 1418 7. 052 7 0. 1414 7. 072 8 0. 141 7. 092 9 0. 1434 6. 974 10 0. 1432 6. 983 11 0. 1425 7. 018 12 0. 1441 6. 940 13 0. 1456 6. 868 14 0. 1479 6. 761 15 0. 1494 6. 693 We can graph the exchange rate over time by placing the Krona per U. S. dollar on the vertical axis and the weeks on the horizontal axis.

Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. S. $ 1 0. 1424 7. 022 2 0. 1422 7. 032 3 0. 142 7. 042 4 0. 1431 6. 988 5 0. 1429 6. 998 6 0. 1418 7. 052 7 0. 1414 7. 072 8 0. 141 7. 092 9 0. 1434 6. 974 10 0. 1432 6. 983 11 0. 1425 7. 018 12 0. 1441 6. 940 13 0. 1456 6. 868 14 0. 1479 6. 761 15 0. 1494 6. 693 What is the average value of Krona per U. S. dollar over the entire 15 weeks? Add all weekly values: 7. 022+7. 032+… 6. 693= 104. 536 Divide the total by # of weeks: 104. 536÷ 15=6. 969

Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. S. $ 1 0. 1424 7. 022 2 0. 1422 7. 032 3 0. 142 7. 042 4 0. 1431 6. 988 5 0. 1429 6. 998 6 0. 1418 7. 052 7 0. 1414 7. 072 8 0. 141 7. 092 9 0. 1434 6. 974 10 0. 1432 6. 983 11 0. 1425 7. 018 12 0. 1441 6. 940 13 0. 1456 6. 868 14 0. 1479 6. 761 15 0. 1494 6. 693 When would it be best to import goods from Sweden?

Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. S. $ 1 0. 1424 7. 022 2 0. 1422 7. 032 3 0. 142 7. 042 4 0. 1431 6. 988 5 0. 1429 6. 998 6 0. 1418 7. 052 7 0. 1414 7. 072 8 0. 141 7. 092 9 0. 1434 6. 974 10 0. 1432 6. 983 11 0. 1425 7. 018 12 0. 1441 6. 940 13 0. 1456 6. 868 14 0. 1479 6. 761 15 0. 1494 6. 693 When would it be best to import goods from Sweden? Week 8!

Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. S. $ 1 0. 1424 7. 022 2 0. 1422 7. 032 3 0. 142 7. 042 4 0. 1431 6. 988 5 0. 1429 6. 998 6 0. 1418 7. 052 7 0. 1414 7. 072 8 0. 141 7. 092 9 0. 1434 6. 974 10 0. 1432 6. 983 11 0. 1425 7. 018 12 0. 1441 6. 940 13 0. 1456 6. 868 14 0. 1479 6. 761 15 0. 1494 6. 693 When would it be best to export goods to Sweden?

Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. Sweden Krona and U. S. Dollar Krona Week In U. S. $ Per U. S. $ 1 0. 1424 7. 022 2 0. 1422 7. 032 3 0. 142 7. 042 4 0. 1431 6. 988 5 0. 1429 6. 998 6 0. 1418 7. 052 7 0. 1414 7. 072 8 0. 141 7. 092 9 0. 1434 6. 974 10 0. 1432 6. 983 11 0. 1425 7. 018 12 0. 1441 6. 940 13 0. 1456 6. 868 14 0. 1479 6. 761 15 0. 1494 6. 693 When would it be best to export goods to Sweden? Week 15!

Which currency? n Would you rather have 100 Canadian Dollars or 500 Hong Kong Which currency? n Would you rather have 100 Canadian Dollars or 500 Hong Kong Dollars? It depends!!

Nominal values must be adjusted to “real” converted values. 100 Canadian dollars would be Nominal values must be adjusted to “real” converted values. 100 Canadian dollars would be worth $99. 63 U. S. 100÷ 1. 0037=99. 63 500 Hong Kong dollars would be worth $______ U. S. 500÷ 7. 8072=64. 04

How does it all add up? n n Remember – this is one small How does it all add up? n n Remember – this is one small piece to the overall global trade puzzle. Other pieces include inflation, subsidization, tariffs, barriers, politics, supply and demand, type of advantage, etc.

Do prices change daily? n n No. The example shows a phone would cost Do prices change daily? n n No. The example shows a phone would cost more from one week to the next. Realistically - importers, retailers, brokers, etc. take exchange rate risks as part of their business environment.

Conclusion n n Foreign Currency Exchange is ONE factor that determines prices of goods Conclusion n n Foreign Currency Exchange is ONE factor that determines prices of goods you buy, the ability of U. S. manufacturers to export, and so forth. Next time you buy something made outside the United States – you’ll no currency valuations impacted the cost!