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ERASMUS PLUS KA 1 “Mario Rapisardi” Paternò
ARTICLE A-AN ARTICLE THE PLURALS TO BE TO HAVE PRESENT SIMPLE +/-/? PRES. CONTINUOUS PAST SIMPLE PAST CONTINUOUS FUTURE TENSES The months of the year The days of the week Seasons Colours The human body Cardinal and ordinal nos. Time and dates Festivals signs
Good morning Good afternoon Good evening Hello…… Good bye Good night(WHEN WE ARE LEAVING) I must go now. I must be off. See you. HOW ARE YOU? HOW ARE THINGS? HOW’S THE FAMILY?
We use it to talk about things in general We use DO/DOES to make questions negative sentences To say how often things happen I promise. . I apologise…. I suggest. . I advise… (agree, refuse, Insist…. ) I always do smt (I do it every time)
I am You are He she it is we are You are They are I work You works He she it works We work You work They work
NEVER RARELY SOMETIMES OFTEN USUALLY ALWAYS LONG TERM SITUATIONS ROUTINE ACTIVITIES FEELINGS AND OPINIONS FACTS PPS+ADV+VERB. . TO BE +ADV…
We use the Pr. Cont. (progr. )for things happening at the time of speaking. The action is not complete. I’m always doing smth I’m always losing things. (I lose things very often, perhaps too often, or more often than normal)
Like, love, hate, want, BUT some verbs such as LIKE and KNOW are I know and I like No continuous form… need, prefer Know, realise, suppose, mean, understand Believe, remember Beong, fit, contain, consist, seem See, hear, smell, taste
LOOK - FEEL YOU CAN USE PR. SIMPLE OR PR. CONT. FOR ACTIVITIES HAPPENING NOW TEMPORARY SITUATIONS AND ACTIVITIES PRESENT TRENDS FIXED FUTURE ARRANGEMENTS
We use it for finished actions and situations in the past -ed for reg. verbs Paradigm for irr. verbs In questions and negative DIDN’T +INF DID YOU GO OUT LAST NIGHT? YES, I WENT TO THE CINEMA.
DO Gymnastics Paragliding Boxing Cycling Athletics Surfing Running Swimming Climbing Skiing Jogging
PLAY SPORTS Basket ARCHERY ball Ice hockey Volley ball Foot ball Squash Tennis Golf baseball BADMINTON SNOOKER CANOEING ANGLING/FISHING KAYAKING CURLING FENCING HUNTING/SKEET/ SHOOTING
1 Tower of London 2 Westminster Abbey 3 Stonehenge 4 Canterbury Cathedral 5 Giant's Causeway 6 Welsh Castles 7 Edinburgh 8 Bath 9 Liverpool 10 Hadrian's Wall
For thousands of years of history and soaring architecture, explore the great cathedrals of Durham and Canterburyand the largest monastic ruin in Britain, Fountains Abbey. To follow in the footsteps of Roman invaders, a trip to. Hadrian's Wall is a must, and if you're interested in our industrial heritage don't miss Derwent Valley Mills , Saltaire, Ironbridge or the Cornwall and West Devon mining Landscape from where mining technologies spread across the world. And if you want to explore one of the world's biggest mysteries, head to Stonehenge , the most famous megalithic (literally meaning ‘big stone’) monument in the world. Dating back an amazing 50, 000 years, it’s drawn visitors for literally millennia. Visit the city of Bath , famous for its associations with Jane Austen, to see its ancient Roman Baths, the elegant Pulteney Bridge, gorgeous Georgian architecture and Bath Abbey. Not far from here is the birthplace of Winston Churchill, Blenheim Palace near Oxford. It's a perfectly preserved 18 th-century stately home set in a 2, 100 -acre park landscaped by 'Capability' Brown.
England's capital has some of the most iconic sites in the world, many of which are protected by World Heritage status. Step back in time at William the Conqueror's imposing Tower of London and see the Crown Jewels. Discover Westminster Abbey , the burial place of scores of great Britons from Charles Darwin to Charles Dickens and discover Maritime Greenwich , home of Christopher Wren's baroque masterpiece, the Old Royal Naval College and the Cutty Sark - the world's last surviving tea clipper ship. And if all that history proves a little exhausting, head west and recharge your batteries at Kew Gardens , home to 300 acres of enchanting greenery, ancient trees, palm houses and even a treetop walkway.
Further north, Liverpool is recognised as a ‘supreme example’ of a British port at the time of Britain’s greatest global influence and it's here where you can see the towering Liver Building, the Albert Dock and take a ferry across the Mersey river. Elsewhere, The Dorset and East Devon Coast, also known as The Jurassic Coast was the first ever site to be inscribed as a 'natural' World Heritage Site. It spans 95 miles of dramatic coastline that's exposed to provide an almost continuous geological 'walk through time' spanning 185 million years of the Earth's history.
Scotland Any trip to Scotland would have to include a trip to Edinburgh , the Scottish capital. The Old Town, topped by the castle, oozes history and a stroll along its cobbled streets and dark alleyways is a walk through time. The Georgian New Town is equally evocative with its graceful crescents, squares and terraces. West of Edinburgh you'll find New Lanark , a small and beautifully restored 18 th-century cotton mill village set in the gorgeous Scottish countryside. Further north is Orkney , a group of islands in Northeast Scotland home to prehistoric monuments that predate the Egyptian pyramids. St Kilda , in Scotland's famous Outer Hebrides is one of only 24 locations in the world to be awarded World Heritage Status for both natural and cultural significance. Uninhabited since 1930, St Kilda bears the evidence of more than 2, 000 years of human occupation and is the most important seabird breeding station in north-west Europe.
Wales In a land of castles , Harlech, Conwy, Caernarfon and Beaumaris stand out for their sheer scale and sophistication. Well-preserved, atmospheric and enormous they represent the pinnacle of medieval military architecture. More recent, but no less impressive, is Britain’s newest World Heritage Site, the longest and highest aqueduct in Britain. Towering 126 ft above the River Dee, the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct is a 200 -year-old engineering marvel. It looks fantastic from a distance but walking or travelling by canal boat over the top is truly exhilarating. Not far from Cardiff is Blaenavon , an area shaped by the coal and iron industries. It highlights the importance of South Wales in the world's production of coal and iron in the 19 th century.
The Giant's Causeway lies at the foot of the basalt cliffs along the rugged Antrim coast of Northern Ireland. This intriguing rock formation is made up of some 40, 000 massive black basalt columns sticking out of the sea and has been shrouded in myth and legend for centuries.
Checking In. Welcome to Do Re Mi! How may I help you? We have a reservation for a double room for one week. Can I have your name, please? My name is Josephson. That's J-O-S-E-P-H-S-ON. Could you sign your name here, Mr. Josephson? This is your keycard. You will be in Room 1313. Have a nice stay! 2) Your Room. Hey, this room is really nice! And big, too. Come over to the window and look at the view. Wow! Look at the waves. I can't wait to go for a walk along the beach. Let's go out and enjoy the sun and sea now. We can unpack our suitcases later. That's a great idea. Grab a towel and some sunscreen and let's go! 3) Tipping. Let's see, we tipped the taxi driver 15% on the way to the hotel. . . He was very helpful, so it was worth it. And we tipped 12% at the restaurant. . . The service was good, but not great. Now how much should we tip the maid for cleaning our room? I think a dollar a day is good enough. Only a dollar? I think two would be better.
COULD I BOOK A TABLE FOR TWO, PLEASE? CAN I SEE THE MENU. I’LL HAVE A PIZZA, PLEASE. CAN YOU PASS THE SALT, PLEASE? WHAT DO YOU RECOMMEND? THIS IS DELICIOUS/GREAT/EX CELLENT. WOULD YOU LIKE SOME MORE? IT WAS DELICIOUS, BUT I’VE HAD ENOUGH.
We often make reference to landmarks when we give directions to help the other person. These can be places in a town, such as cinema, bank, bus stop, etc. They can also be parts of the road system. Here are some common terms: taxi rank = a place where taxis queue for passengers level crossing = where the road and railway meet. There are barriers that go up and down to signal when a train is coming underpass = a walkway that goes under a busy road so pedestrians can get to the other side safely overpass / flyover = a road that goes over another road (or railway) zebra crossing = black and white markings in the road for pedestrians to cross the road (the markings look like a zebra's stripes) pedestrian crossing = a place in the road where pedestrians can cross. Often there are traffic lights. tunnel = a road under (or through) mountains crossroads = where two roads cross each other junction = where one road meets another, and you can either go left or right fork in the road = where the road divides, and you decide to go left or right turning = a road off to your left or right main road = a big road where there is lots of traffic lane = a small road, or a part of a road (the left-hand lane / the right-hand lane; the bus lane)
Is there a taxi stand/ metro station/ underground station (UK) / subway station (US) near here? Where can I buy a ticket? What platform is the train to…? What time is the train to…? Does this bus go to …? WHERE DO I BUY THE TICKETS?
A ticket A half price ticket A reduce rate A single ticket A return ticket A season ticket A railcard (First) class Standard class To punch Useful phrases: The train is arriving at platform 2 The train to (city) calls at … When is the next/last train for …? A single / return to (city) please. Do I have to change trains? timetable/schedule public holidays
A HOW CAN I HELP? WHAT’S THE MATTER? DOES IT HURT? WHERE DOES IT HURT? I’M SICK. B I FEEL ILL/SICK/HOT. I’VE BEEN SICK. MY LEG HURTS. I HAVE A BITE/ A BRUISE/ A COLD/ A COUGH/A RASH/SUNBURN. IT HURTS HERE.
Where can I find. . ? Where can I buy…. . ? I’d like to buy…. I’m just looking. Does it have a guarantee? It’s broken. DO YOU ACCEPT…. ? A bank, a bakery, a supermarket. CREDIT CARDS, TRAVELLERS’, CHEQUES
BELT A PAIR OF BOOTS CLOTHES COAT DRESS JACKET A PAIR OF JEANS HAT SHIRT CAN I TRY IT ON? SKIRT SHORTS A PAIR OF SHOES SWEATER SWIMSUIT TIE T-SHIRT UNDERWEAR MY SIZE IS……
Future plans, intentions, and decisions Future actions we feel certain about because of what we can see now I’m going to change my job. It’s going to rain very soon. Look out! That car is going to hit you!!!
Fixed future arrangements They’re arriving at 10 a. m. tomorrow. He isn’t coming to the meeting next week. What time are you leaving?
Future situations and actions The Decisions I’ll and offers made at the time of speaking situation will be worse in future. email you the results tomorrow. I’ll do it. offers Shall I order a taxi for you?
We use it when we talk about timetables, programmes etc…( for public transport, cinema. . ) My train leaves at 9 o’clock. We use to talk about people if their plans are fixed like a timetable. I start my new job on Monday.
The present perfect (smth has happened)is a present tense. it always tells us about the situation now. TOM HAS LOST HIS KEY. USE it for: For new or recent happenings. I’VE REPAIRED THE TV. IT’S WORKING NOW.
HELP! FIRE! WATCH OUT! GO AWAY! THIEF! LEAVE ME ALONE! CALL ………THE POLICE. WHERE’S THE POLICE STATION? THANK YOU
ESPERTO ESTERNO: STELLA PAFUMI EGIDIO PAGANO ROSARIO SCALIA MICHELE BIANCA MARIA RUSSO CATERINA BRESSI ALDO CARROCCIO GIUSEPPINA COSTA ELISABETTA EBERLE BARBARA FIORITO GIUSEPPE LAVENIA DONATELLA MAUGERI SANTA GIUSEPPINA RASA’ GIUSEPPE TOMASELLO ANTONINO SINATRA CINZIA INTERLICCHIA DANIELA MAUGERI