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Environmental Strategy EECCA region Sascha Gabizon Women in Europe for a Common Future WECF Environmental Strategy EECCA region Sascha Gabizon Women in Europe for a Common Future WECF Tbilisi 20 -21 October 2004 Some discussion points 1

Environmental Strategy n n n Environmental Strategy WSSD Partnership between East and Western countries Environmental Strategy n n n Environmental Strategy WSSD Partnership between East and Western countries Aim: set targets, monitoring, allocate resources to improve environmental management Instruments: standards, monitoring, EIA, legislation, enforcement… Take decision based on facts “a recommendation without data is only a good opinion” Important link with the Aarhus convention, access to environmental information and justice and public participation 2

Financing key issue n n n 90% of funds spend on environmental management from Financing key issue n n n 90% of funds spend on environmental management from national budget (exceptions Georgia, Armenia. . ) EU Environmental ministries have comparable low budgets EU countries Promote financing by private sector, partnerships; higher standards of European companies Lots of money coming from others (EU Euro. Aid, WB, EBRD) could be spend with higher environmental benefit; examples 100 water projects Romania, EBRD support privatization water sector… These sources of financing are now counted as ‘partnership’ funds 3

How to get better results Role of NGOs is essential! n n n NGO How to get better results Role of NGOs is essential! n n n NGO should help set priorities Always recall - focus on prevention now! Assure public participation in monitoring, environmental impact assessments (EIA) Legal support to defend poor, powerless Watch dogs, is Government living up to its promises 4

How to get better results 2. Different NGOs can have different roles: n n How to get better results 2. Different NGOs can have different roles: n n NGOs which mobilize consumers, media, lobby NGOs that participate in development legislation NGOs that cooperate with companies in PPPs NGOs that show alternatives through demonstration projects (take the lead, bring the money) 5

How to get better results 3. Possible Actions: n n Propose priority indicators Make How to get better results 3. Possible Actions: n n Propose priority indicators Make sure that not only measured what can be afforded - take preventive action now where possible u u n n n Dioxin test up to 10. 000 USD Laboratories unable to give reliable data on pesticides in water Assure that in the Environmental Impact Assessment public participation is really broadened Take lead in partnerships Independent case studies: good and bad examples Set criteria for PPPs Do indicative tests to see if government data is reliable 6

Partnerships - summary n n n n n Launched at WSSD Earth Summit Focus Partnerships - summary n n n n n Launched at WSSD Earth Summit Focus on Mobilizing Private Sector Funds Task Force Environmental Strategy identified 300 partnerships in EECCA countries Most initiated by Governments Funding from World Bank, EBRD, EU Tacis, Individual donor governments Many old cooperation ‘re-baptised’ as Partnership NGOs participate involved in 12% Private Sector involved in 2% BUT, most technical assistance 7

Partnerships; making them fair and sustainable is a challenge n n n n Partners Partnerships; making them fair and sustainable is a challenge n n n n Partners should be equal (ones with money decide? ) Partnerships should be multi-sectorial, include e. g. NGOs, universities, local authorities Partnerships should not be green-wash or market-creation for industry Partnerships not an excuse for government inaction Not a cover for privatization of public services Partnerships often not the right instrument for the set aims (MDGs) Partnerships often don’t include new environmental friendly companies, too small 8

Partnerships - positive From my experience Some examples of Positive partnerships n Codes of Partnerships - positive From my experience Some examples of Positive partnerships n Codes of Conduct Flowers n Odessa Local Authority - NGO MAMA-86 water meters and IWRM n Organic farming and promotion Unser Land Germany n Romania eco-sanitation TUHH, NGOs, LAs (all NGO-based, not initiative of governments) 9

Codes of Conduct Reducing negative effects flower industry n Cooperation with trade unions and Codes of Conduct Reducing negative effects flower industry n Cooperation with trade unions and NGOs in flower producing countries (Kenya, Colombia, Ecuador. . ) and importing countries (Netherlands, Germany, UK) n Negotiate with flower industry to improve environmental and social protection by agreeing to a voluntary code of conduct among all companies n Campaign among consumers to not buy ‘bloody flowers’ Facts of the industry: n The flower industry in Kenya supplies 40% of the flowers imported to Europe and employs 50, 000 people, 90% women. n Most of the firms are British or Dutch owned and have foreign managers. It 10

Creating markets for healthy organic products “Unser Land” partnership n n n Partnership between Creating markets for healthy organic products “Unser Land” partnership n n n Partnership between farmers, NGOs, churches, local authorities, supermarkets, schools and restaurants in region around Munich, Germany Produce 40 organic local products from 180 farmers: wheat, vegetables, meat, fruits… 200 bakeries and 8 butchers buy and sell directly Agreements with 530 supermarkets, 10 restaurants 1500 volunteers, 55 parttime paid jobs 11

74000 water meters, mobilize by saving money n n n n n Leaking pipes 74000 water meters, mobilize by saving money n n n n n Leaking pipes in streets and houses make that up to 80% of water is lost on way to tab MAMA-86 and university did research on water losses inside houses Market research of available local meters Cooperated with LA to change rules Showed in a pilot project how to install water meters TV and radio covered project widely Result: in one year 74, 000 water meters The city of Odessa saved 20% of its water Next steps, water source protection 12

Water partnerships; Romania polluted water in villages n n n 7 mio people in Water partnerships; Romania polluted water in villages n n n 7 mio people in rural Romania drink water from wells in their garden Villages have no sewage systems and no waste management Drinking water is heavily polluted by: u u u n n Human excrements Pesticides Waste dumping No reliable info about pollution of water Even best laboratory can’t give reliable pesticide data 13

Private sector supplies water? n n n Business (WBCSD) says private sector is needed Private sector supplies water? n n n Business (WBCSD) says private sector is needed to invest 15 billion euro in water and sanitation Business says water prices need to be increased and governments need to protect company ownership For many people water too expensive If there is polluted water for free, will take polluted water misjudgement that PPPs can provide safe water for the poor 14

Solutions; Preventive and affordable actions Preventive Actions: n n n Eliminate main source of Solutions; Preventive and affordable actions Preventive Actions: n n n Eliminate main source of nitrates, affordable technology u 6 Eco-sanitation toilets built Developing organic farming with importers from Germany and the Netherlands Partners: University Technology Hamburg, Local Authority, School, Dispensary, National and local NGOs, Water filter producers Germany 15

Burning plastic (PVC) waste in home ovens an municipal incinerators dioxins - make it Burning plastic (PVC) waste in home ovens an municipal incinerators dioxins - make it a priority, preventive action 16

Thank you For more information: WECF www. wecf. org wecf@wecf. org 17 Thank you For more information: WECF www. wecf. org [email protected] org 17

Women in Europe for a Common Future n n n Responsibility of industrialized countries Women in Europe for a Common Future n n n Responsibility of industrialized countries e. g. climate change effecting the poor most Solidarity - support women’s environmental organisations Build women’s capacity for effective participation in (environmental) policy making Develop solutions according to women’s vision - demonstration projects 60 member organisations in 30 countries 18