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ENGINEERS’ ROLE IN IMPLEMENTATION OF WASTE PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT, ACT, 2009 Yeshey Penjor, Head, ENGINEERS’ ROLE IN IMPLEMENTATION OF WASTE PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT, ACT, 2009 Yeshey Penjor, Head, Environment Services Division National Environment Commission Email: [email protected] gov. bt Tel. : 02 -323384 OR 17702634 (mobile) Thimphu 27 August 2010

Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan Article 5 1. Every Bhutanese is a trustee Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan Article 5 1. Every Bhutanese is a trustee of the Kingdom’s natural resources and environment for the benefit of the present and future generations and it is the fundamental duty of every citizen to contribute to the protection of the natural environment, conservation of the rich biodiversity of Bhutan and prevention of all forms of ecological degradation including noise, visual and physical pollution through the adoption and support of environment friendly practices and policies.

Bhutan’s developmental philosophy Gross National Happiness (GNH) Sustainable Development Economic development Environment Conservation Culture Bhutan’s developmental philosophy Gross National Happiness (GNH) Sustainable Development Economic development Environment Conservation Culture and spiritual conservation Good governance Middle path Greed Control/self content

Climate change! Whose right in the month of April? (2010) Climate change! Whose right in the month of April? (2010)

Land degradation Where will we live? Land degradation Where will we live?

Wastes and water pollution Is it a proper way? Is it safe? Wastes and water pollution Is it a proper way? Is it safe?

Management : Complex Physical categorization: challenges Solid, liquid, gaseous Impacts categorization: Hazardous, non-hazardous Sources Management : Complex Physical categorization: challenges Solid, liquid, gaseous Impacts categorization: Hazardous, non-hazardous Sources categorization: Municipal, Agriculture, Industrial, Medical, E-waste

POLICY INSTRUMENTS o The National Environment Strategy (The Middle Path) -1998 o The Environment POLICY INSTRUMENTS o The National Environment Strategy (The Middle Path) -1998 o The Environment Assessment Act, 2000 o Regulation for the Environmental Clearance of Projects, 2002 o The National Environment Protection Act (NEPA), 2007 o Waste Prevention and Management Act, 2009 o Water Act of Bhutan (Lower House of the Parliament has passed)

Implementing agencies as per the Waste Prevention and Management Act, 2009 Mo. WHS and Implementing agencies as per the Waste Prevention and Management Act, 2009 Mo. WHS and City Corporations Throms and Thromdes. DT and GT supported by Dzongkhag, Dungkhag and Gewog Adms. Department of Industry Ministry of Health Ministry of Agriculture Department of Information Technology Drug Regulatory Authority Dratshang Lhentshog Armed Forces Ministry of Education Civil societies and Media Road Safety and Transport Authority Department of Trade Royal Bhutan Police Department of Revenue and Customs

PRACTICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT Simple process of solid waste management Segregation at source Green waste PRACTICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT Simple process of solid waste management Segregation at source Green waste Composting Remaining commingled wastes Paper Segregation at Transfer station In-country recycling Glass, Metal, etc. Scrap dealing Landfill (Residual)

WASTE MANAGEMENT STEPS REQUIRING ENGINEERING SYSTEMS Waste generation Storage Civil Engineering Civil and Mechanical WASTE MANAGEMENT STEPS REQUIRING ENGINEERING SYSTEMS Waste generation Storage Civil Engineering Civil and Mechanical Collection Transfer and transport Civil, Mechanical, Electromechanical Mechanical Processing and recovery Disposal Civil, Mechanical, Electromechanical

PAPER WASTE MANAGEMENT End products of recycled paper wastes Masks : Saving tree cuts PAPER WASTE MANAGEMENT End products of recycled paper wastes Masks : Saving tree cuts and managing paper waste Stationeries like envelopes

Ultimate goal – GNH Efficient Waste Management leads to: • 60% forest cover for Ultimate goal – GNH Efficient Waste Management leads to: • 60% forest cover for all times • Agriculture productivity and diversity – food self sufficiency • Clean and sufficient Water • Eco-Industries • Lesser land erosions in mining • Efficient public transport system • Lesser Natural Disaster Management • Reduction of Unemployment / poverty

Thank You Tashi Delek! www. nec. gov. bt Thank You Tashi Delek! www. nec. gov. bt