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Energy Smart Communities Initiative The Knowledge Sharing Platform Presented to the APEC Energy Working Energy Smart Communities Initiative The Knowledge Sharing Platform Presented to the APEC Energy Working Group May 21, 2014 Dr. Eugenie Birch, Co-Director, Penn IUR Alon Abramson, Project Manager, Penn IUR

Knowledge Sharing Platform Presentation Overview • Origin and Purpose of the Energy Smart Communities Knowledge Sharing Platform Presentation Overview • Origin and Purpose of the Energy Smart Communities Initiative Knowledge Sharing Platform (ESCI-KSP) • ESCI-KSP navigation and knowledge storage structure overview • Update since EWG 46 • 1 st Annual ESCI Best Practices Awards • Content • Website Updates • LCMT Policy Brief • Areas to be supplemented

Knowledge Sharing Platform Origin and Purpose of ESCI-KSP Energy Smart Communities Initiative – Knowledge Knowledge Sharing Platform Origin and Purpose of ESCI-KSP Energy Smart Communities Initiative – Knowledge Sharing Platform (ESCI-KSP) • Background o Concept approved EWG-41, Vancouver (Spring, 2011) o Financial support from Chinese Taipei (late summer, 2011) o Executed by Taiwan Institute for Economic Research and Penn Institute for Urban Research (Fall and Winter, 2011 -2012) o Launched EWG 43, Kuala Lumpur (Winter, 2012) • Purposes o Help APEC economies meet energy intensity reduction goals of 45% by 2030 from 2005 levels through exchange of best practices, research and development of new products, demonstration projects and metrics o foster the growth of communities of practice: networks of individuals with common interests and goals o Provide information to the public about smart transport, buildings, grids, jobs, industry, and low carbon model towns

Knowledge Sharing Platform ESCI Official Logo ESCI-KSP Home Page Main site navigation links APEC Knowledge Sharing Platform ESCI Official Logo ESCI-KSP Home Page Main site navigation links APEC EWG Logo Pillar and task navigation built into header Slideshow informs users of recent events and news and ties in APEC. org brand recognition Featured content ties together all ESCI pillars and gives visitors a ‘snapshot’ of what ESCI is all about

Knowledge Sharing Platform ESCI-KSP Organizational Structure ST-1 ST-2 ST-3 ST-4 Smart Transport Smart Buildings Knowledge Sharing Platform ESCI-KSP Organizational Structure ST-1 ST-2 ST-3 ST-4 Smart Transport Smart Buildings SB-1 SB-2 SB-3 SB 4 SG-1 SG-2 Smart Grids Low Carbon Model Towns Smart Jobs SJ-1 SJ-2 SJ-3 I-1 Industry I-2

Knowledge Sharing Platform ESCI-KSP Task Page Navigate to other tasks from any part of Knowledge Sharing Platform ESCI-KSP Task Page Navigate to other tasks from any part of the site Contact information easily accessible Users can submit their own content Projects are grouped into folders of sub-tasks Featured Interview Recent and upcoming events listing. References listed below

Knowledge Sharing Platform ESCI-KSP Project Page Projects may be case studies, products, policies, etc. Knowledge Sharing Platform ESCI-KSP Project Page Projects may be case studies, products, policies, etc. Projects can be sorted by task, economy, tags, and key words Metrics allow users to easily compare projects Project files and links are shown

Knowledge Sharing Platform Acquiring New Content Registered users can submit new projects Private sector Knowledge Sharing Platform Acquiring New Content Registered users can submit new projects Private sector members are encouraged to contribute and share their publicly available research and innovations

Knowledge Sharing Platform Updates to the Site Login with your social media account New Knowledge Sharing Platform Updates to the Site Login with your social media account New Pillar focused on Industry • I-1: Energy Related Industry • I-2: New Technology/Applications Improved, interactive discussion feature to engage users Users can now update their project submissions.

Knowledge Sharing Platform ESCI Best Practices Awards Program • Established by Council for Economic Knowledge Sharing Platform ESCI Best Practices Awards Program • Established by Council for Economic Planning and Development (CEPD) Taiwan Institute of Economic Research (Chinese Taipei) • Event announcement at EWG 45 in Koh Samui, Thailand - winners announced at EWG 46 in Da Nang, Vietnam Individual Award Project Title APEC Member Gold “Get Downtown"in Ann Arbor United States Silver Solar Cities Program Australia Bronze Car-sharing in Fukuoka, Japan Integrated Award Project Title APEC Member Gold Samui Island Low-Carbon Model Town Thailand Silver Yingge – Waterfront Cultural Town Chinese Taipei Bronze National Library Building Singapore

Knowledge Sharing Platform Pillar Inventory of KSP Content # Economies # of Represented Projects Knowledge Sharing Platform Pillar Inventory of KSP Content # Economies # of Represented Projects Tasks Δ Proj. since EWG 46 # of Δ Pub. since Publications EWG 46 ST 1 LCMT +17 ST 2 Energy Efficient Freight Transport Network 12 17 +10 17 +6 ST 3 Electromobility Survey and Road Map 6 10 - 14 +5 Electric Vehicle Demonstrations 4 30 +10 15 +7 Low-Energy Building Network 16 65 - 18 +11 SB 2 Materials Testing and Rating Centers 2 2 - 4 +2 SB 3 Cool Roof Demonstrations 6 10 - 8 +1 Low Energy Window Demonstrations 2 4 - 4 +1 SG 1 Smart Grid Road Maps 11 26 - 23 +5 SG 2 Smart Grid Test Bed Network 1 18 +1 9 +7 Energy Efficiency Training Curricula 2 4 - 4 +4 SJ 2 Energy Efficiency School Curricula 3 5 - 2 +2 SJ 3 Industry 55 SJ 1 Smart Jobs - SB 4 Smart Grid 121 SB 1 Smart Buildings 12 ST 4 Smart Transportation Energy Efficient Urban Transport Network Sister Schools Program 5 3 - 1 +1 I 1 Energy Related Industry 0 0 - 3 +3 I 2 New Technology Applications 0 0 - 8 +8 7 11 +3 33 +22 LCMT Low Carbon Model Towns

Knowledge Sharing Platform LCMT Policy Brief in Development • Cross-cutting review of Low Carbon Knowledge Sharing Platform LCMT Policy Brief in Development • Cross-cutting review of Low Carbon Town cases in the APEC region • Includes APEC’s Low Carbon Town program, World Bank’s Eco 2 Cities, and OECD’s Compact Cities • Case studies in: • China • Chinese Taipei • Japan • Korea • Thailand

Knowledge Sharing Platform Low-Carbon Town Program Analysis Low Carbon Model Towns (APEC/EWG) - towns Knowledge Sharing Platform Low-Carbon Town Program Analysis Low Carbon Model Towns (APEC/EWG) - towns in the APEC region that have a clear target of CO 2 emissions reduction and comprehensive measures to achieve them for sustainable development. Examples: Yujiapu, China; Koh Samiu, Thailand; Da Nang, Vietnam Eco 2 Cities (World Bank) - create economic opportunities for their citizens in an inclusive, sustainable, and resourceefficient way, while also protecting and nurturing the local ecology and global public goods, such as the environment, for future generations. Examples: Brisbane, Australia; Tianjin, China; Yokohama, Japan; Singapore; Aukland, NZ Compact Cities (OECD) – characterized by dense and proximate development patterns, urban areas linked by public transport systems, and accessibility to local services and jobs Examples: Melbourne, Australia; Vancouver, Canada; Toyama, Japan; Portland, US

Knowledge Sharing Platform Economy Low Carbon Towns Overview Focus (Primary Function) Low Carbon Features Knowledge Sharing Platform Economy Low Carbon Towns Overview Focus (Primary Function) Low Carbon Features Funding/ budgeting Project Management 50000 Smart Transport Smart Building N/A Public/Private Partnership N/A International Governmental Cooperation Town Project Areas Yujiapu 3. 85 km 2 Business/Commerci al (N) Sino. Singapore 31. 23 km 2 Residential (e. g. , New Town) (N) 350000 Smart Transport Smart Building Guangming New District (Shenzen) 156. 1 km 2 Industrial (Re) 800000 Smart Building N/A State/Local Government-led Turpan 8. 8 km 2 Residential (e. g. , New Town) (N) N/A Smart Grid Smart Building N/A State/Local Government-led Yokohama 434 km 2 Business/Commerci al (Re) 3700000 Songdo 6. 25 km 2 Business/Commerci al (Re) 65000 Smart Transport Smart Building N/A Public/Private Partnership Gangneung 17. 5 km 2 Eco-Tourism (Re) 19000 Smart Transport Smart Building N/A State/Local Government-led Chinese Taipei Penghu 126 km 2 Eco-Tourism (Re) 98000 Smart Transport $ 54 M/yr Smart Jobs (FY 11 - FY 15) Thailand Koh Samui 228 km 2 Eco-Tourism (Re) China Japan Korea Population Smart Transport $740 M/yr Smart Building (FY 10 – FY 14) Smart Jobs 53, 200 Smart Transport (+1, 000 Smart Buildings visitors) Smart Grid $860 million State/Local Government-led

Knowledge Sharing Platform Economy Town Yujiapu Low Carbon Town Measures Development Strategy/Motivation Master planning Knowledge Sharing Platform Economy Town Yujiapu Low Carbon Town Measures Development Strategy/Motivation Master planning feat. TOD; Promotion of innovative financing solutions. Smart Transport Smart Buildings Smart Grid high-speed and std. rail + BRT (80% PT aim) All buildings attain green certification Smart grid; renewable energy; area energy plan Master planning feat. TOD; "Eco-districting" rail; segregate motor/nonmotor transit (90% clean transit goal) All buildings attain green certification renewable energy adoption Guangming New District (Shenzen) China Sino-Singapore Tianjin Master planning feat. TOD; Industrial Zones rail + BRT; segregate motor/non-motor transit Pilot green buildings to promote adoption renewable energy adoption All buildings attain green certification Smart grid; renewable energy adoption energy retrofits tiered building energy management system; RE adoption Turpan Japan Yokohama Smart grid demo including strengthen mode green dev. principles connections at transit hubs Green redevelopment/TOD; smart grid; prepare for aging population focus on improved access to existing transit services Songdo multi-mode transit; Master planning; "closedemphasize public transit; loop" dev. Principles bike share high effciency building; integrated design; local material use Gangneung Master planning; focus on Bike infra; alternate fuel/EV ecological preservation infra Carbon-neutral facility program Korea Chinese Taipei Penghu Thailand Koh Samui incineratin; waste stream heat recovery Renewable energy adoption; smart grid pilot AMI installation; promote Master planning; focus on efficient appliances + conversion to EV vehicles 50% RE generation ecological preservation lighting; new pubic buildings green certified RE generation; Master planning; focus on conversion to EV vehicles; Net-zero buildings; green micro-grid ecological preservation improved roadways building program deveopment

Knowledge Sharing Platform Low Carbon Towns Best Practices Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) Tianjin Eco City Knowledge Sharing Platform Low Carbon Towns Best Practices Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) Tianjin Eco City Guangming Yujiapu Turpan Characteristics: • Cited in most master plans • Promotes public transit and non-motorized transit • Encourage dense urban development at transit locations • Sites of multi-use development – commercial + residential • Transit “hubs” can serve for multi-mode transfer: HSR/ light rail / BRT / bike share

Knowledge Sharing Platform Low Carbon Towns Common Best Practices Land Use Planning Gangneung Songdo Knowledge Sharing Platform Low Carbon Towns Common Best Practices Land Use Planning Gangneung Songdo Yujiapu Tianjin Eco City Characteristics: • Cited in most master plans for new towns • Guidelines for location of certain building types - leave actual development to private sector • Allocate areas for preserved green space – ecological services and recreation

Knowledge Sharing Platform Low Carbon Towns Common Best Practices Energy generation and smart grid Knowledge Sharing Platform Low Carbon Towns Common Best Practices Energy generation and smart grid planning Characteristics: • Plans for locating industry-scale renewable energy production and generation goals • Call for demand-side reductions through efficient building programs and efficient grid-tied transport infrastructure (e. g. LED street lighting) • Smart grid concepts such as automated metering, demand response, micro-grid, and energy storage

Knowledge Sharing Platform Low Carbon Towns Metrics and Indicators How do we evaluate the Knowledge Sharing Platform Low Carbon Towns Metrics and Indicators How do we evaluate the effectiveness of Best Practices in reducing energy use and emissions and creating more livable cities? Eco 2 Cities (World Bank): Proactive Planning and Leadership Bottom-up Action and Local Innovations Valuable Top-down Support and Enabling Ecological Development Methods and Tools That Work For the City Action-oriented Network Compact Cities (OECD): population and urban land growth population density on urban land trip distance urban land cover Low Carbon Model Towns (APEC/EWG) Under development trips using public transport proximity to services

Knowledge Sharing Platform Further Development and Thank You • Increase Content Quantity & Quality Knowledge Sharing Platform Further Development and Thank You • Increase Content Quantity & Quality o Periodic review meetings with leaders of 16 ESCI Tasks o Formal curatorial process to ensure accuracy, quality control and ease of usage o Produce policy briefs to summarize compiled case studies to distill common best practices • Strengthen Action Network o Distribute quarterly e-mail bulletin to the ESCI-KSP network and Energy Working Group http: //www. esci-ksp. org Dr. Eugenie Birch Principal Investigator, Co-Director, Penn Institute for Urban Research [email protected] edu Alon Abramson Project Manager, Penn IUR [email protected] edu