Скачать презентацию EMERGENCY ALERTING POLICY WORKSHOP Haleh Kootval Chief Public Скачать презентацию EMERGENCY ALERTING POLICY WORKSHOP Haleh Kootval Chief Public

893067ae6b2400e64ebb335992952aa3.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 20

EMERGENCY ALERTING POLICY WORKSHOP Haleh Kootval Chief, Public Weather Services WMO Montreal, Canada, 1 EMERGENCY ALERTING POLICY WORKSHOP Haleh Kootval Chief, Public Weather Services WMO Montreal, Canada, 1 -2 May 2012

WMO’s Global Operational Network Global Observing System Global Telecommunication System Global Data Processing And WMO’s Global Operational Network Global Observing System Global Telecommunication System Global Data Processing And Forecasting System: 3 World Meteorological Centres 40 Regional Specialized Centers NMHSs have the crucial alerting function and deliver information and warning services

PWS Dissemination Weather Hazards floods, fire, drought, strong winds, heavy snow etc Services by PWS Dissemination Weather Hazards floods, fire, drought, strong winds, heavy snow etc Services by NMHSs Weather Forecasts, watches, alerts, Warnings Dissemination Methods Websites, TV, Radio, Telephone, RANET Examples of Groups served by NMHSs General Public, isolated communities, Government and civil defence authorities etc.

Public Alerting • The 189 WMO Members have crucial public alerting functions, often based Public Alerting • The 189 WMO Members have crucial public alerting functions, often based in NMHSs • WMO infrastructures for observations, analysis, forecasting, and communications can support global implementation of the CAP standard • WMO supports all-media, all-hazards public alerting worldwide

History of WMO and CAP • WMO Congress in 2007 requested SG to “improve History of WMO and CAP • WMO Congress in 2007 requested SG to “improve the exchange of high priority data and products in support of a virtual all-hazards network” • EC-LX in 2008 requested CBS to follow up on CAP implementation as a matter of urgency • EC-LXI in 2009 requested Secretariat and invited all Members and RAs to work towards implementing CAP • PWS and WIS collaboration • SG letters to PRs • Three workshops held in WMO

The WMO Register of Alerting Authorities • Developed for WMO PWS • Members identify The WMO Register of Alerting Authorities • Developed for WMO PWS • Members identify their officially recognized alerting authorities for all types of hazards • Register has categories of alert messages, plus URL's forecasts and CAP messages • Aggregators of alert messages and others can subscribe to a news feed to stay current with any changes to the register • http: //wwwdb. wmo. int/alerting/authorities. html

Register of Alerting Authorities Register of Alerting Authorities

WMO and CAP • Hydrology: Flood forecasting and warning • Tropical Cyclones • Severe WMO and CAP • Hydrology: Flood forecasting and warning • Tropical Cyclones • Severe Weather Information Centre • SWFDP • Meteoalarm

Use of CAP for flood forecasting • Link providers and users • Bridge between Use of CAP for flood forecasting • Link providers and users • Bridge between hydrologists and disaster managers • Hydrological and meteological alerts disseminated at once • Messages quantify the level of risk • Not yet widely adopted (national standards prevail)

Meteoalarm • Provides a European alert information on line for weather parameters • Harmonized Meteoalarm • Provides a European alert information on line for weather parameters • Harmonized as far as possible • Source: NMHSs • Users: European locals, traveling public • CAP in Meteoalarm?

Meteo. Alarm operational maps for today + tomorrow Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik Meteo. Alarm operational maps for today + tomorrow Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik

WMO Severe Weather Forecasting Demonstration Project (SWFDP) ü Improve Severe Weather Forecasting and warnings WMO Severe Weather Forecasting Demonstration Project (SWFDP) ü Improve Severe Weather Forecasting and warnings lead time ü Improve interaction of NMHSs with users, including media, disaster management and civil protection authorities, and other user communities (e. g. agriculture, fisheries, etc. ) ü Overall improvement in Service Delivery Two components: Forecasting and PWS SWFDP Regional Subprojects ü Southern Africa ü South Pacific Islands ü Southeast Asia ü Eastern Africa ü Bay of Bengal ü Several other regions being considered (Central Asia)

SWFDP Cascading Forecasting Process Global NWP centres provide available NWP and EPS products cut SWFDP Cascading Forecasting Process Global NWP centres provide available NWP and EPS products cut to the project window frame; Regional centres interpret information received from global NWP centres, prepare daily guidance products (out to day-5) for NMCs, run limited-area model to refine products, maintain RSMC Web site, liaise with the participating NMCs; National Met Centres maintain responsibility/authority over national warning services, issue alerts, warnings, liaise with various users Global Centers 13 RSMC Pretoria NMCs Disaster Management Centres

SWFDP and CAP SMS; Weather Radio Systems; Public Web; etc. Radio; TV Specific Communication SWFDP and CAP SMS; Weather Radio Systems; Public Web; etc. Radio; TV Specific Communication Systems Disaster Management and Civil Protection E-mail; etc. Media • Within the framework and activities of SWFDP, CAP fits in the PWS "dissemination" part General Public Weather Services Should become CAP-enabled

Tropical Cyclones Example Tropical Cyclones Example

SWIC: an international TC Warning Tool SWIC: an international TC Warning Tool

Tropical Cyclones and CAP • Two TC bodies (Typhoon Committee and Panel on Tropical Tropical Cyclones and CAP • Two TC bodies (Typhoon Committee and Panel on Tropical Cyclones) have considered CAP a potentially useful way of disseminating warnings to the public and other users. • RSMC/TCWCs may consider the possibility of delivering TC advisories in CAP format as well • Overall support but not implemented

Conclusions Operations • WMO has promoted CAP • WMO systems can carry CAP messages Conclusions Operations • WMO has promoted CAP • WMO systems can carry CAP messages • Very little uptake in the hydrological community • At regional level limited uptake: Still not fully appreciated • Adoption on individual country basis • Promotion needs to be more focused and target specific communities or programme areas

Conclusions Policy • WMO created the Register of Alerting Authorities to support CAP “ Conclusions Policy • WMO created the Register of Alerting Authorities to support CAP “ authoritative” sources of warning • Several editors have been registered • Few have edited their country templates as Alerting Authorities: this needs to be improved • Register essential to safeguard the authoritative sources of warnings • WMO Members to refer to their membership in the Register when asserting their authority for issuing national warnings • Response to the policy questions may help convince others to implement CAP and participate in the Register

Thank you Haleh Kootval hkootval@wmo. in Thank you Haleh Kootval [email protected] in