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EMB 145 Oral Questions Flight Manual Part 1 Rev. 84 Select “Slide Show” Use EMB 145 Oral Questions Flight Manual Part 1 Rev. 84 Select “Slide Show” Use the space bar on your computer to advance the presentation and challenge your systems knowledge This is a tool to assist in study of FM Part 1, but does not constitute a replacement for reading the actual manual, nor does it contain ALL information contained therein. The actual FM Part 1 is subject to changes and updates. Air Line Pilots Association, International

What are three priorities for the operation of American Eagle Airlines? Air Line Pilots What are three priorities for the operation of American Eagle Airlines? Air Line Pilots Association, International

1) 2) 3) Safety Passenger comfort and convenience On-time departure and arrival Air Line 1) 2) 3) Safety Passenger comfort and convenience On-time departure and arrival Air Line Pilots Association, International

What equipment and manuals are required to be carried by pilots? Air Line Pilots What equipment and manuals are required to be carried by pilots? Air Line Pilots Association, International

-AE ID -Cockpit Key -AOM Vol. 1 (F/O) -FM Part 1 (Capt) -Jepps M-Z/ -AE ID -Cockpit Key -AOM Vol. 1 (F/O) -FM Part 1 (Capt) -Jepps M-Z/ High Enroute (F/O) -Jepps A-L/ Low Enroute (Capt) -Normal Checklist Air Line Pilots Association, International

How should a crewmember determine the most current revision for a manual? Air Line How should a crewmember determine the most current revision for a manual? Air Line Pilots Association, International

Jetnet or Crew Check In (CCI) Air Line Pilots Association, International Jetnet or Crew Check In (CCI) Air Line Pilots Association, International

When is the Captain in command of the crew and the aircraft? Air Line When is the Captain in command of the crew and the aircraft? Air Line Pilots Association, International

The Captain is in command of the crew from report time until the flight The Captain is in command of the crew from report time until the flight terminates. The Captain is in command of the aircraft from engine start to engine stop. Air Line Pilots Association, International

When is the normal report time for crewmembers operating a flight or reporting for When is the normal report time for crewmembers operating a flight or reporting for deadheading? Air Line Pilots Association, International

45 minutes. 30 minutes if deadheading. Air Line Pilots Association, International 45 minutes. 30 minutes if deadheading. Air Line Pilots Association, International

Can a Captain cancel a flight? Air Line Pilots Association, International Can a Captain cancel a flight? Air Line Pilots Association, International

No. A Captain my defer a flight until conditions are suitable to continue. Authority No. A Captain my defer a flight until conditions are suitable to continue. Authority to cancel a flight rests with dispatch. Air Line Pilots Association, International

What must the Captain and Dispatcher agree upon before the flight is dispatched? Air What must the Captain and Dispatcher agree upon before the flight is dispatched? Air Line Pilots Association, International

►Fuel ►Alternates ►Route ►Safe Conditions Air Line Pilots Association, International ►Fuel ►Alternates ►Route ►Safe Conditions Air Line Pilots Association, International

What is the responsibility of a First Officer? Air Line Pilots Association, International What is the responsibility of a First Officer? Air Line Pilots Association, International

Assist and advise the Captain of all information that comes to his attention that Assist and advise the Captain of all information that comes to his attention that could possibly affect the flight and to note deviations or irregularities. Air Line Pilots Association, International

What certificates and documents must a crewmember have in his or her possession when What certificates and documents must a crewmember have in his or her possession when on duty? Air Line Pilots Association, International

Captains: – ATP Certificate with Type Rating – First Class Medical First Officers: – Captains: – ATP Certificate with Type Rating – First Class Medical First Officers: – Commercial Certificate with AMEL, Instrument, SIC Rating – Second Class Medical All Pilots: – Passport – FCC Radiotelephone Operator Permit if during international flights Air Line Pilots Association, International

What is the minimum currency for takeoffs and landings? Air Line Pilots Association, International What is the minimum currency for takeoffs and landings? Air Line Pilots Association, International

A crewmember must have made three takeoffs and landings in the same type aircraft A crewmember must have made three takeoffs and landings in the same type aircraft in the previous 90 days. Air Line Pilots Association, International

How can a crew legally operate into a SARA airport (Special Airport Route Authorization)? How can a crew legally operate into a SARA airport (Special Airport Route Authorization)? Air Line Pilots Association, International

 • If the ceiling is greater than 1000 ft above the MEA, MOCA • If the ceiling is greater than 1000 ft above the MEA, MOCA or Initial Approach Altitude and the visibility is greater than 3 miles • If either crew has made a takeoff and a landing there in the last 12 months • If the Captain has been familiarized via an approved pictorial presentation Air Line Pilots Association, International

If a SIC has less than 100 hours of flight time in the aircraft, If a SIC has less than 100 hours of flight time in the aircraft, what conditions would require the PIC to make the takeoff or landing? Air Line Pilots Association, International

 • Visibility below 3/4 mile or 4000 RVR • Runways with water, snow • Visibility below 3/4 mile or 4000 RVR • Runways with water, snow or slush • Runways with braking action less than good • Crosswinds in excess of 15 knots • Windshear • PIC discretion Air Line Pilots Association, International

When does “sterile cockpit” apply? Air Line Pilots Association, International When does “sterile cockpit” apply? Air Line Pilots Association, International

►Taxi ►Takeoff ►Below 10, 000 MSL, except cruise ►The last 1, 000 feet of ►Taxi ►Takeoff ►Below 10, 000 MSL, except cruise ►The last 1, 000 feet of altitude ►Holding ►Landing Air Line Pilots Association, International

What are the maximum number of hours that can be flown in : A. What are the maximum number of hours that can be flown in : A. a year? B. a month? C. a 7 day period? D. between rest periods? Air Line Pilots Association, International

A. 1000 B. 100 C. 3 0 D. 8 Air Line Pilots Association, International A. 1000 B. 100 C. 3 0 D. 8 Air Line Pilots Association, International

What is required to be out and available during FMS/GPS navigation? Air Line Pilots What is required to be out and available during FMS/GPS navigation? Air Line Pilots Association, International

Navigational charts appropriate to the phase of flight Air Line Pilots Association, International Navigational charts appropriate to the phase of flight Air Line Pilots Association, International

When reviewing the AML, how many days of history are required to be checked? When reviewing the AML, how many days of history are required to be checked? Air Line Pilots Association, International

At least four. Air Line Pilots Association, International At least four. Air Line Pilots Association, International

How often must a VOR check be made in order to conduct IFR flight? How often must a VOR check be made in order to conduct IFR flight? Air Line Pilots Association, International

30 days. Air Line Pilots Association, International 30 days. Air Line Pilots Association, International

If a maintenance discrepancy arises after gate departure but before takeoff, what actions must If a maintenance discrepancy arises after gate departure but before takeoff, what actions must be taken? Air Line Pilots Association, International

An AML entry must be made, MOC must be contacted, and flight crew placarding An AML entry must be made, MOC must be contacted, and flight crew placarding procedures must be performed, if applicable. Air Line Pilots Association, International

If there is any doubt concerning wingtip clearance when maneuvering the aircraft in the If there is any doubt concerning wingtip clearance when maneuvering the aircraft in the gate area, what must be done? Air Line Pilots Association, International

The aircraft must be stopped until all doubt is removed, i. e. extra wingwalkers, The aircraft must be stopped until all doubt is removed, i. e. extra wingwalkers, etc. Air Line Pilots Association, International

Where can a list of all approved airports be found? Air Line Pilots Association, Where can a list of all approved airports be found? Air Line Pilots Association, International

FM Part 2 – Ops Specs C 070 Air Line Pilots Association, International FM Part 2 – Ops Specs C 070 Air Line Pilots Association, International

What is the maximum time that passengers may be confined to the aircraft during What is the maximum time that passengers may be confined to the aircraft during an extended ground delay? Air Line Pilots Association, International

3 hours. Air Line Pilots Association, International 3 hours. Air Line Pilots Association, International

Can American Eagle Airlines operate flights more than 50 nm from shore? Air Line Can American Eagle Airlines operate flights more than 50 nm from shore? Air Line Pilots Association, International

No. Air Line Pilots Association, International No. Air Line Pilots Association, International

When operating at an airport without an operating control tower, what must be obtained When operating at an airport without an operating control tower, what must be obtained before landing? Air Line Pilots Association, International

An airport advisory. Air Line Pilots Association, International An airport advisory. Air Line Pilots Association, International

If ATC issues a clearance with a void time, when would search and rescue If ATC issues a clearance with a void time, when would search and rescue operations begin if no radio contact is made? Air Line Pilots Association, International

30 minutes after the void time. Air Line Pilots Association, International 30 minutes after the void time. Air Line Pilots Association, International

When can an Eagle flight cancel IFR? Air Line Pilots Association, International When can an Eagle flight cancel IFR? Air Line Pilots Association, International

In VFR conditions within 10 nm or; In radar and radio contact within Class In VFR conditions within 10 nm or; In radar and radio contact within Class B or C airspace. Air Line Pilots Association, International

What are domestic fuel flight planning requirements? Air Line Pilots Association, International What are domestic fuel flight planning requirements? Air Line Pilots Association, International

Fuel to fly to the destination… Fuel to fly to the most distant alternate… Fuel to fly to the destination… Fuel to fly to the most distant alternate… Fuel to fly for 45 minutes in normal cruise… Air Line Pilots Association, International

If the “conditional language” exemption is used due to weather forecasts, what must be If the “conditional language” exemption is used due to weather forecasts, what must be added to the dispatch release? Air Line Pilots Association, International

An additional alternate. Air Line Pilots Association, International An additional alternate. Air Line Pilots Association, International

When is a takeoff alternate required? Air Line Pilots Association, International When is a takeoff alternate required? Air Line Pilots Association, International

When the weather at the departure airport is below landing minimums for the appropriate When the weather at the departure airport is below landing minimums for the appropriate runways to be used. Air Line Pilots Association, International

Within how many miles must a suitable takeoff alternate airport be found if required? Within how many miles must a suitable takeoff alternate airport be found if required? Air Line Pilots Association, International

Embraer – 270 nm Canadair – 290 nm Air Line Pilots Association, International Embraer – 270 nm Canadair – 290 nm Air Line Pilots Association, International

When is an alternate airport required? Air Line Pilots Association, International When is an alternate airport required? Air Line Pilots Association, International

1 hour prior or after ETA; less than 2000 ft ceiling; 3 miles visibility; 1 hour prior or after ETA; less than 2000 ft ceiling; 3 miles visibility; Or; Accumulation of precip may exceed limits Braking action is “nil” Crosswinds exceed 25 knots Air Line Pilots Association, International

What rule is used to determine the suitability of an alternate airport? Air Line What rule is used to determine the suitability of an alternate airport? Air Line Pilots Association, International

The “one navaid, two navaid” rule. Air Line Pilots Association, International The “one navaid, two navaid” rule. Air Line Pilots Association, International

What is the ceiling and visibility minimums for an alternate airport served by one What is the ceiling and visibility minimums for an alternate airport served by one navaid? Air Line Pilots Association, International

 • Ceiling must be MDA or DH plus 400 feet • Visibility must • Ceiling must be MDA or DH plus 400 feet • Visibility must be lowest visibility plus 1 mile Air Line Pilots Association, International

What is the ceiling and visibility minimums for an alternate airport served by two What is the ceiling and visibility minimums for an alternate airport served by two navaids? Air Line Pilots Association, International

 • Ceiling must be highest MDA or DH plus 200 feet • Visibility • Ceiling must be highest MDA or DH plus 200 feet • Visibility must be lowest visibility plus 1/2 mile Air Line Pilots Association, International

When is an additional alternate required? When is an additional alternate required?

When the destination and the first alternate are considered marginal. Air Line Pilots Association, When the destination and the first alternate are considered marginal. Air Line Pilots Association, International

What is considered to be “marginal”? Air Line Pilots Association, International What is considered to be “marginal”? Air Line Pilots Association, International

Destination < 1000’ ceiling and 3 miles visibility First Alternate < 600’ ceiling and Destination < 1000’ ceiling and 3 miles visibility First Alternate < 600’ ceiling and 2 miles visibility Air Line Pilots Association, International

Will EWBS automatically adjust for antiice or tailwinds when determining MTOW? Air Line Pilots Will EWBS automatically adjust for antiice or tailwinds when determining MTOW? Air Line Pilots Association, International

No. This must be communicated to station operations personnel. Air Line Pilots Association, International No. This must be communicated to station operations personnel. Air Line Pilots Association, International

What is required if MANUAL is noted next to the cargo value on the What is required if MANUAL is noted next to the cargo value on the EWBS? Air Line Pilots Association, International

The Captain must verify the cargo load information recorded on the cargo worksheet matches The Captain must verify the cargo load information recorded on the cargo worksheet matches the cargo load information entered into the final EWBS. Air Line Pilots Association, International

Does the passenger seating have to exactly match the EWBS? Air Line Pilots Association, Does the passenger seating have to exactly match the EWBS? Air Line Pilots Association, International

Each passenger seating zone can vary by two passengers, unless the aircraft is in Each passenger seating zone can vary by two passengers, unless the aircraft is in a forward or aft caution zone. Air Line Pilots Association, International

How many ground agents are required for pushout or taxi operations? Air Line Pilots How many ground agents are required for pushout or taxi operations? Air Line Pilots Association, International

Two. Three are required if interphone communication is not available Air Line Pilots Association, Two. Three are required if interphone communication is not available Air Line Pilots Association, International

Who is required to reference the airport diagram during taxi? Air Line Pilots Association, Who is required to reference the airport diagram during taxi? Air Line Pilots Association, International

The Captain and First Officer. Air Line Pilots Association, International The Captain and First Officer. Air Line Pilots Association, International

What is the lowest possible RVR authorized for takeoff? Air Line Pilots Association, International What is the lowest possible RVR authorized for takeoff? Air Line Pilots Association, International

600 RVR. Air Line Pilots Association, International 600 RVR. Air Line Pilots Association, International

What is the maximum tailwind component authorized for takeoff? Air Line Pilots Association, International What is the maximum tailwind component authorized for takeoff? Air Line Pilots Association, International

10 knots. Air Line Pilots Association, International 10 knots. Air Line Pilots Association, International

What is the ATC wake turbulence separation minimums behind a heavy or a super What is the ATC wake turbulence separation minimums behind a heavy or a super aircraft? Air Line Pilots Association, International

Heavy: 2 minutes/5 miles Super: 3 minutes/8 miles Air Line Pilots Association, International Heavy: 2 minutes/5 miles Super: 3 minutes/8 miles Air Line Pilots Association, International

If a pilot must leave their station above FL 250, what must be done? If a pilot must leave their station above FL 250, what must be done? Air Line Pilots Association, International

The remaining pilot must don and use their oxygen mask. Air Line Pilots Association, The remaining pilot must don and use their oxygen mask. Air Line Pilots Association, International

What is the maximum airspeed within 4 nm and 2500 ft of the primary What is the maximum airspeed within 4 nm and 2500 ft of the primary airport of a class C or D airspace? Air Line Pilots Association, International

200 knots. Air Line Pilots Association, International 200 knots. Air Line Pilots Association, International

What is the maximum holding speed between 6000 ft and 14, 000 ft? Air What is the maximum holding speed between 6000 ft and 14, 000 ft? Air Line Pilots Association, International

230 knots. Air Line Pilots Association, International 230 knots. Air Line Pilots Association, International

What should a pilot use to verify waypoints loaded in the FMS flight plan? What should a pilot use to verify waypoints loaded in the FMS flight plan? Air Line Pilots Association, International

The appropriate navigation charts. Air Line Pilots Association, International The appropriate navigation charts. Air Line Pilots Association, International

Do pilots need to tune approach navaids even when flying a visual approach? Air Do pilots need to tune approach navaids even when flying a visual approach? Air Line Pilots Association, International

Yes. All available navaids will be tuned regardless of weather conditions. Air Line Pilots Yes. All available navaids will be tuned regardless of weather conditions. Air Line Pilots Association, International

What is pattern altitude at an uncontrolled airport? Air Line Pilots Association, International What is pattern altitude at an uncontrolled airport? Air Line Pilots Association, International

1500 ft. Air Line Pilots Association, International 1500 ft. Air Line Pilots Association, International

Is American Eagle approved for “Special Aircrew, Aircraft Authorized Required” minimums? Air Line Pilots Is American Eagle approved for “Special Aircrew, Aircraft Authorized Required” minimums? Air Line Pilots Association, International

Yes. Air Line Pilots Association, International Yes. Air Line Pilots Association, International

What conditions must be met to fly to “Special Aircrew, Aircraft Authorization Required” minimums? What conditions must be met to fly to “Special Aircrew, Aircraft Authorization Required” minimums? Air Line Pilots Association, International

The autopilot and flight director must be used to decision height or missed approach. The autopilot and flight director must be used to decision height or missed approach. Air Line Pilots Association, International

What is the lowest possible RVR authorized for landing? Air Line Pilots Association, International What is the lowest possible RVR authorized for landing? Air Line Pilots Association, International

1800 RVR. Air Line Pilots Association, International 1800 RVR. Air Line Pilots Association, International

What approach category are American Eagle aircraft considered? Air Line Pilots Association, International What approach category are American Eagle aircraft considered? Air Line Pilots Association, International

Category C, unless higher approach speeds require Category D. Air Line Pilots Association, International Category C, unless higher approach speeds require Category D. Air Line Pilots Association, International

What are disqualifiers to Land And Hold Short Operations (LAHSO)? Air Line Pilots Association, What are disqualifiers to Land And Hold Short Operations (LAHSO)? Air Line Pilots Association, International

 • • • Wet or contaminated runway Short runway (<6000 ft at SL) • • • Wet or contaminated runway Short runway (<6000 ft at SL) Less than 1000’ and 3 miles Windshear Tailwind MEL of brakes, antiskid, spoilers or thrust reversers Air Line Pilots Association, International

How many ground agents are required for taxi in and parking? Air Line Pilots How many ground agents are required for taxi in and parking? Air Line Pilots Association, International

Two, unless a Docking Guidance System is used. Air Line Pilots Association, International Two, unless a Docking Guidance System is used. Air Line Pilots Association, International

What is the proper call sign for American Eagle flights? Air Line Pilots Association, What is the proper call sign for American Eagle flights? Air Line Pilots Association, International

“EAGLE FLIGHT ####” Air Line Pilots Association, International “EAGLE FLIGHT ####” Air Line Pilots Association, International

Is landing with braking action “NIL” authorized? Air Line Pilots Association, International Is landing with braking action “NIL” authorized? Air Line Pilots Association, International

No, unless there is no safer option. Air Line Pilots Association, International No, unless there is no safer option. Air Line Pilots Association, International

When is a Pre-Takeoff Contamination Check required? Air Line Pilots Association, International When is a Pre-Takeoff Contamination Check required? Air Line Pilots Association, International

If the holdover time has been exceeded or there is any doubt as to If the holdover time has been exceeded or there is any doubt as to the condition of the aircraft. Air Line Pilots Association, International

Can oxygen be administered to passengers? Air Line Pilots Association, International Can oxygen be administered to passengers? Air Line Pilots Association, International

Yes, if conditions require it. Air Line Pilots Association, International Yes, if conditions require it. Air Line Pilots Association, International

Can intoxicated passengers be boarded? Air Line Pilots Association, International Can intoxicated passengers be boarded? Air Line Pilots Association, International

No. Air Line Pilots Association, International No. Air Line Pilots Association, International

What three kinds of hazardous materials can be carried? Air Line Pilots Association, International What three kinds of hazardous materials can be carried? Air Line Pilots Association, International

►Aircraft batteries shipped as COMAT ►Carbon dioxide – dry ice ►Biological substances Air Line ►Aircraft batteries shipped as COMAT ►Carbon dioxide – dry ice ►Biological substances Air Line Pilots Association, International

What is the “TESTS” information that a flight attendant would need in an emergency? What is the “TESTS” information that a flight attendant would need in an emergency? Air Line Pilots Association, International

►(T) Type of emergency ►(E) Evacuation and exits not to be used ►(S) Signal ►(T) Type of emergency ►(E) Evacuation and exits not to be used ►(S) Signal to be used to evacuate ►(T) Time available ►(S) Seating of passengers Air Line Pilots Association, International

What are the American Eagle minimums for a circling approach? Air Line Pilots Association, What are the American Eagle minimums for a circling approach? Air Line Pilots Association, International

 • 1000 ft cieling • 3 miles visibility Air Line Pilots Association, International • 1000 ft cieling • 3 miles visibility Air Line Pilots Association, International