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Electrical Energy Research Center Expo Shanghai Brazilian Forum Background II: “Brazil: Clean and Renewable Electrical Energy Research Center Expo Shanghai Brazilian Forum Background II: “Brazil: Clean and Renewable Energy” Technologies for the Sustainable Development of the Brazilian Power Sector Shanghai, China, 06 -July-2010 Albert C. G. Melo DIRECTOR-GENERAL Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

CEPEL – The Brazilian Electric Energy Research Center ð ð ð Eletrobras´ R&D Center CEPEL – The Brazilian Electric Energy Research Center ð ð ð Eletrobras´ R&D Center Not for profit organization, founded in 1974 Largest Brazilian Electric Energy R&D Center Largest High Voltage and High Power Labs in Latin America More than 500 employees Technical Support for ð Eletrobras System ð Government (Mines and Energy Ministry, Science and Tech. Ministry) ð Electric Sector Entities (National System Operator-ONS, Wholesale Energy Market-CCEE, Expansion Planning Company-EPE and Regulatory Agency- ANEEL) ð Utilities and Industry Fundão Island Site Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel Adrianópolis Site June 2010

Brazilian Transmission System Continental Dimension 4 000 km BRAZIL Electrical Energy Research Center - Brazilian Transmission System Continental Dimension 4 000 km BRAZIL Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel 4 000 km EUROPE June 2010

Hydroelectric Interdependence Several plants from different owners in the same Basin Energy Optimization and Hydroelectric Interdependence Several plants from different owners in the same Basin Energy Optimization and Centralized Dispatch Savings =~ US$ 2, 5 billions (source: ONS) Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

Energy Optimization and Environment – – – – – Generation Expansion Planning Energetic Operation Energy Optimization and Environment – – – – – Generation Expansion Planning Energetic Operation Planning and Programming Hydro Basins Inventory Environmental Assessment – Integrated, Viability and Processes Stochastic Optimization Load Forecasting Hydro Resources and Multiple Uses for Water Economic and Financial Analysis Tariffs Parallel Processing Techniques Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

Electric Networks – Transmission and Distribution Systems Planning – Static and Dynamic Systems Analysis Electric Networks – Transmission and Distribution Systems Planning – Static and Dynamic Systems Analysis – Reliability – New G&T Technologies Impacts on Electric Systems – Electric Systems Models and Algorithms – Harmonics – Control Systems – Power Quality Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

Systems Automation – – – – SCADA Systems Distribution Automation Protection Real Time Applications Systems Automation – – – – SCADA Systems Distribution Automation Protection Real Time Applications Data Communication Oscillography and Signal Processing Fault Location WEB Technologies for Information Interchanges – Computer Architectures Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

Lines and Stations • • • • Transmission and Distribution Equipment Technology New Technologies Lines and Stations • • • • Transmission and Distribution Equipment Technology New Technologies for Long Distance Transmission Installations Refurbishment Electromagnetic Transients Electromagnetic Fields Calculation Foundations, Mechanical Vibration Insulation and Dielectrics Supportability Rural Electrification Equipment Technology Electric Equipment, Arches and Discharge Modeling Overcurrent Thermal and Dynamic Effects Environment Impacts on Electric Systems Grounding and Electromagnetic Compatibility Equipment Diagnostics Rotating Electric Machines Electric Metering and Loss Reduction Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

Special Technologies – – – Alternative Energy Sources Use of AES on Remote Systems Special Technologies – – – Alternative Energy Sources Use of AES on Remote Systems Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Generation Final Use Equipment Technology and Energy Efficiency Technical Support to Governmental Programs (PROCEL, LUZ PARA TODOS, PROINFA, RELUZ) Electric, Magnetic and Physical-Chemical Materials Characteristics Corrosion Metallurgy Materials Aging and Degradation Lighting Heat Transfer Superconductivity Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

Laboratories è 30 LABORATORIES 12 IN ADRIANÓPOLIS SITE 18 IN FUNDÃO ISLAND SITE èMAIN Laboratories è 30 LABORATORIES 12 IN ADRIANÓPOLIS SITE 18 IN FUNDÃO ISLAND SITE èMAIN ACTIVITIES è AREAS HIGH VOLTAGE HIGH POWER MATERIALS ENERGY EFFICIENCY CALIBRATION NETWORK SIMULATION R&D PROJECTS SUPPORT EQUIPMENT AND MATERIALS TESTS SPECIAL TESTS DEVELOPMENT OF NEW TECHNIQUES ENERGY EFFICIENCY CERTIFICATION Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

CEPEL Labs and Brazilian Industry Approval Technical Evolution of Electric Equipments Electrical Energy Research CEPEL Labs and Brazilian Industry Approval Technical Evolution of Electric Equipments Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel Circuit Breakers Transformers Cubicles June 2010

Support to Expansion Planning • CEPEL supplies methodologies and software to support the Brazilian Support to Expansion Planning • CEPEL supplies methodologies and software to support the Brazilian Power System Planning • Use of CEPEL’s software and participation of CEPEL’s researchers for the development of expansion plans PDEE 2006 -2015, PDE 2007 -2016, PDE 2008 -2017 and PNE 2030 • CEPEL included in the Power Sector Monitoring Committee -CMSE • Executive Secretary of the Permanent Commission for the Analysis of Methodologies and Software in the Electric Power Sector - CPAMP Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

Some Examples of Projects and Innovations of CEPEL • Computer Models Package for Electro-energetic Some Examples of Projects and Innovations of CEPEL • Computer Models Package for Electro-energetic Operation and Expansion Planning • • Natural Resources Optimization Energetic Matrix Diversification Carbon Emission Minimization Energy Supply Reliability Tariff Reduction National Energetic Security No Similar Products in Brazil or Abroad Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

CEPEL´s Chain of Optimization Models for the Generation Expansion and Operational Planning of the CEPEL´s Chain of Optimization Models for the Generation Expansion and Operational Planning of the Brazilian System Horizons and Time Steps 20 -30 Years, annual steps to 1 Week, hourly steps Official Programs Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

Need of Validation and Official Approval NEWAVE Program is used for the following Electric Need of Validation and Official Approval NEWAVE Program is used for the following Electric Sector Activities – – Expansion Planning; Operation Planning and Programming; Energy Commercialization; Definition and Calculation of the Physical Gurantee and Assured Energy of Generation Enterprises; and – Elaboration of Guidelines for Electric Power Auction Bids. Main Reason why CNPE and MME created CPAMP Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

MELP Application Example – National Energy Overlook - 2030 Existing Interconnections Candidate Interconnections XI MELP Application Example – National Energy Overlook - 2030 Existing Interconnections Candidate Interconnections XI N NE MA Market SE/ CO IT S Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

MELP Application Example – PNE-2030 Generation Expansion – Scenario 1 (Market B 1 with MELP Application Example – PNE-2030 Generation Expansion – Scenario 1 (Market B 1 with additional conservation) Installed Capacity (GW) 2005 Hydro 68, 1 TOTAL (*) 90, 7 (*) including imports 2030 156, 3 223, 4 2005 Expansion 2015 -2030 Total Hidrelétricas 2030 Alternatives Small Hydro Wind Sugarcane biomass (cogeneration) Urban residues Source: EPE/MME Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

Hydro Basins Inventory Manual - Revision 2007 Social and Environmental Aspects considered since the Hydro Basins Inventory Manual - Revision 2007 Social and Environmental Aspects considered since the first planning process Inventory Studies Objective: balance between energy generation and social and environmental impacts (positive and negative) and multiple uses of water Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

Screen for Preliminary Multi-objective Analysis Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010 Screen for Preliminary Multi-objective Analysis Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

Some Examples of Projects and Products of CEPEL • Computer Models Package for Power Some Examples of Projects and Products of CEPEL • Computer Models Package for Power System Operation and Transmission Expansion Planning • Brazil is the only developing country that has a state-of-the-art software package for power systems transmission expansion and operational planning suitable to face the challenges posed by the large interconnected electric grid Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

Computer Models Package for Power System Operation and Transmission Expansion Planning ANAREDE Network Analysis Computer Models Package for Power System Operation and Transmission Expansion Planning ANAREDE Network Analysis NH 2 FLUPOT Probabilistic Simulation and Reliability Optimal Loadflow BINARY Plot. Cepel Form. Cepel FILES SAPRE Data Plotting Report Generation Database and MMI ASCII FILES ANATEM Pac. Dyn Electromechanical Transients Small-signal Stability Analysis ANAFAS ANAQUALI Short Circuits and Power Quality Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel PLANTAC Transmission Planning June 2010

Madeira Transmission Support: Hybrid, Continuous and Alternate Transmission Line Project Optimization: High Performance Transmission Madeira Transmission Support: Hybrid, Continuous and Alternate Transmission Line Project Optimization: High Performance Transmission Lines System Studies: Power Flow Dynamics Short-Circuit Harmonics Transmission Line Projects Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

Some Examples of Projects and Innovations of CEPEL • SAGE – Open System for Some Examples of Projects and Innovations of CEPEL • SAGE – Open System for Energy Management (Scada/EMS) • Electric Security in Real-Time • based on National Technology Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

SAGE Project Initial Motivation Former Generations of Control Centers Closed systems, strongly dependent on SAGE Project Initial Motivation Former Generations of Control Centers Closed systems, strongly dependent on the manufacturer Hardware & Software Low modularity – difficulties to integrate new functions and own applications Highly specialized maintenance team Life time: 5 -7 years SAGE -> State of the art Technology Portability – Modularity - Interconnectivity EVERGREEN Concept – Continuous Update for EMS Capacity and Resources Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

SAGE in Brasil (2009) Associate Operator Petrobras Intesa Rio Amazonas Energia Utility CERAN TBE SAGE in Brasil (2009) Associate Operator Petrobras Intesa Rio Amazonas Energia Utility CERAN TBE Transmission NTE Independent Producer More than 350 systems installed in Brazil ECTE Elektro Norte Fluminense Enercam BAESA Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

Some Examples of Projects and Innovations of CEPEL • LPNE – New Concepts for Some Examples of Projects and Innovations of CEPEL • LPNE – New Concepts for Optimization Designing of Transmission Lines • • Higher Transmission Capacity Maximizing the Use of Transmission Corridors Reduced Environmental Impacts More than 4, 000 km of Transmission Lines in Operation Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

LPNE PROJECT Transmission Line Optimization Developed Technology Summary ELECTRIC PROJECT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT LPNE PROJECT Transmission Line Optimization Developed Technology Summary ELECTRIC PROJECT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT GROUNDING Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel TOWERS AND FOUNDATIONS June 2010

LPNE PROJECT Transmission Line Optimization Typical Results from Studies Electrical Energy Research Center - LPNE PROJECT Transmission Line Optimization Typical Results from Studies Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

LPNE PROJECT Transmission Line Optimization Laboratories Structure CHESF 500 k. V expanded bundle visual LPNE PROJECT Transmission Line Optimization Laboratories Structure CHESF 500 k. V expanded bundle visual corona CHESF CEPEL’s test at 500 k. V CHESF 500 k. V expanded bundle Laboratory testing at CEPEL’s High Voltage 230 k. V HSIL CHESF Line Prototype. CEPEL’s testing at Laboratory HSIL (EXB) Banabuiú-Fortaleza at CEPEL’s High Voltage Laboratory CHESF - Line: High Voltage Laboratory 2 x 230 k. V Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

LPNE PROJECT Actual Lines LPNE-FEX 500 k. V P. Dutra – Fortaleza - 740 LPNE PROJECT Actual Lines LPNE-FEX 500 k. V P. Dutra – Fortaleza - 740 km Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

Long Distance Transmission – LONGDIST Theoretical and Experimental R&D Project – Original values: • Long Distance Transmission – LONGDIST Theoretical and Experimental R&D Project – Original values: • ELETROBRAS R$ 41. 150. 000, 00 • CTENERG/FINEP R$ 15. 000, 00 • CEPEL (HH) R$ 5. 600. 000, 00 – Duration: 3 years – Laboratories Capacity • AC: up to 1. 100 k. V • DC: up to +/- 800 k. V – Investment: 5% of a 500 k. V long line cost Helping the Development of the Amazon Hydropower in a sustainable way Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

Cepel’s Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Projects – Metallic Bipolar Plates for PEMFC – Modeling Cepel’s Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Projects – Metallic Bipolar Plates for PEMFC – Modeling of Residential Stationary PEMFC Cogeneration System – Ethanol Reforming for Hydrogen Production – Economic Feasibility of Electricity Supply for Off-Grid Residences in Remote Areas – Components for SOFC Fuel Cell Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

Brazilian Wind Atlas (Cepel, 2001) wind potential Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June Brazilian Wind Atlas (Cepel, 2001) wind potential Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

New Brazilian Dynamic Wind Atlas – Project under development by CEPEL under contract with New Brazilian Dynamic Wind Atlas – Project under development by CEPEL under contract with the Ministry of Science and Technology; – Platform: ETA mesoscale model and GIS system; – High quality input data (Roughness, Orography, etc. ); – Horizontal resolution: 1 km x 1 km for the best sites in Brazil; – Wind data height: 80, 100 and 150 m. – Forecast reports for the best areas in Brazil; – Maps: GIS tools for web. Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

Evaluation of Brazil’s solar energy resources Brazilian Solar Atlas – Surface Data Base (UFPE, Evaluation of Brazil’s solar energy resources Brazilian Solar Atlas – Surface Data Base (UFPE, 2001) Brazilian Atlas of Solar Energy – (INPE, 2006) Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

Solar Energy in Brazil – Photovoltaic • Costs are still high • Opportunity for Solar Energy in Brazil – Photovoltaic • Costs are still high • Opportunity for stand-alone systems for isolated areas • Governmental working group is currently conceiving a solar photovoltaic program • Brazil is the greatest world silicon exporter, but has no photovoltaic components manufacturer – Solar thermal – low temperature (water heating) • Consolidated industry (more than 15 manufactures) • Significant market share (replaces electric showers) – Solar thermal – high temperature (CSP) • Costs are still high • There is room for applications at specific regions, such as the Northeast Region • Studies are under way to support the development of the basic project of a solar thermal power plant in the Northeast Region Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

Final Remarks ð The Brazilian energy policy aims at to assure at least the Final Remarks ð The Brazilian energy policy aims at to assure at least the current level of participation of renewable energy in our Energy and Electricity Matrices, while considering its sustainable development, reasonable prices, energy efficiency and security as well as access to all population ð Diversification of our electricity matrix is desirable. However we have to consider (and foster) the stage of development of new renewables and associated costs ð Hydropower will still have a major role in our system over the next decades ð Brazil intends to develop its supply resources, including those in the Amazonian Region, but in a very strict sustainable way, i. e. , taking into account the social, environmental and economic dimensions Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010

Thank you ! dg@cepel. br Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010 Thank you ! [email protected] br Electrical Energy Research Center - Cepel June 2010