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EDLnet project & EDL Foundation Archivi, Knjižnice, Muzeji 11. seminar, Poreč, 21 -23 studeni 2007
Summary • The European Commission action towards a European Digital Library – The EDLnet project – The European Digital Library Foundation • EDLnet program of work and organisation • Work achieved so far
The Vision of the European Commission ‘In the context of our i 2010 - Digital Libraries initiative the European Commission envisages the creation of a European Digital Library: a unique resource to Europe's distributed cultural heritage, ensuring a common access to millions of great paintings, historical writings, ancient manuscripts, diaries of the famous and not so famous, personal photos, and important national documents from Europe's libraries, archives and museums. ’ Horst Forster , Director Digital Content & Cognitive Systems, EUROPE'S CULTURAL AND SCIENTIFIC HERITAGE IN A DIGITAL WORLD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE, BERLIN 2122 FEBRUARY 2007
The Vision of the European Commission Access Digitisation Preservation Across Museums, Archives, Libraries initially – then other data or audio or visual repositories in the cultural heritage arena. A Thematic Network The European Digital Library Centres of Competence
EDLnet - An inter domain network • To establish trust between the institutions – Thematic Network Partner Group – EDL Foundation • To make recommendations for future research to continue to ensure access to the digital heritage of Europe. • Propose practical implementation of the European Digital Library. • The network is open for lifetime of the project to all relevant cultural heritage institutions.
EDLnet - a thematic network for cultural heritage domains • EDLnet Office, in the KB (NL) • Thematic Network Partner Group – Across 4 domains Museums, Libraries, Archives and Audiovisual Archives – Creating the political and technical environments necessary to work effectively together So Therefore: • Determines Organisational Structure for the European Digital Library • Creates a coalition of the willing and consensus on a roadmap • Tackles domain level interoperability issues • Builds prototypes against stakeholder and user requirements
Thematic Partner Network, the Workgroups & the Network Advisory Board WG 1 Human, Political & Intercommunity WG 2. 1 Standards & Interoperability of Standards WG 2. 2 Semantic & Multilingual Interoperability WG 2. 3 Technical Architecture WG 3 Users & Usability Thematic Partner Network EDL Foundation Network Advisory Board
A Foundation for Cross-Domain Governance
Purpose: • to provide cross-domain access to Europe’s cultural heritage. So the Foundation will: • facilitate formal agreement across museums, archives, audio-visual archives and libraries on how to cooperate in the delivery and sustainability of a joint portal. • provide a legal framework for use by the EU for funding purposes and as a springboard for future governance.
Foundation Members can be: a. b. c. d. e. European Associations (legal entities) of Content Holders; National Associations (legal entities) of Content Holders; International Associations (legal entities) for the benefit of a European branch (non legal entity) of this association; relevant individual institutions (legal entities) for one of the Domains, and natural persons for the benefit of a relevant individual institution or association for one of the Domains, which is not a legal entity.
Pan European Association Board of Participants Purpose: European Regional Branch of Intl. Council on EURBICA Executive Board Martine de Archives Boisdeffre • Edwin van Intl. Fed. of Television Archives FIAT to provide cross-domain access to Europe’s cultural Huis Claudia Dillmann Association Cinémathèques Europeennes ACE heritage. Massimo Negri European Museums Forum EMF Elisabeth Conference of European National Librarians CENL So the Foundation will: Niggemann • facilitate formal agreement across museums, archives, Hans Geleijnse Ligue des Bibliothèques Européennes de LIBER audio-visual archives and libraries on how to cooperate Recherche in the delivery and sustainability of a joint portal. Multilingual Inventory of Cultural Heritage in Christophe Dessaux MICHAEL Europe • provide a legal framework for use by the EU for funding Wim van Drimmelen National Library of The Netherlands KB purposes and as a springboard for future governance. ICOM Europe International Council of Museums Europe Consortium of European Research Libraries CERL
Timeline to date • June 29 - Small meeting of major European Associations to discuss concept and first draft of statutes for Foundation • Summer 07 – agreement on Articles for Foundation • September 12 - Founder Meeting and nominations for Executive Committee • November 07– Legal Foundation in place • Statutes to Commission 27 November 07 • Next Board Meeting 28 November 07, Brussels
Projects agreed on to date: – Apenet – Arrow – Athena – EDLlocal – EFG Archives Rights Management Libraries & Publishers Museums Local & Regional Museums, Libraries, Archives Film
Projects in the pipeline Video. Active 2 Naturalis Art & Architecture
EDLnet Work plan 5 Work Packages • WP 1: Human, Political & Intercommunity Interoperability led by ABM Centrum, Sweden (Mats Lindquist) and MLA, UK (Chris Batt & David Dawson) • WP 2: Technical & Semantic Interoperability led by Stefan Gradmann (University of Hamburg, Germany) which formerly led also the EU Interoperability Group & Makx Dekkers with help from Carlo Meghini (ICSTI, Italy) • WP 3: Users and Usability led by Daniel Teruggi, with help from Philippe Poncin from the Institut National d’ Audiovisuel, France • WP 4: Concertation and Dissemination, led by Eremo s. r. l • WP 5: Management and Coordination, led by the Koninklijke Bibliotheek, the host of The European Library who will execute the work together with new project staff within EDLnet Office.
Organisation Map Gottingen British Museum Rijks Univ. Lib. Museum TATE Cervantes Library The harvestible rest Michael Large Independents Beeld en Geluid ABM Centrum Web Service or API European Archive MLA RUNAS Heritage Malta EUBAM MICHAEL EDL Athena EDL Local INA CIMEC ABM utvikling National Portals or Aggregators Naturalis A&A EFG Video Active TEL Apenet Domain Portals
EDL Hybrid Organisation Model in 2 – 3 phases Recommendations: Phase 1 • All content partners encouraged to use an aggregator – national portal (both cross and single domain) or vertical aggregrator or portal to deliver their content to the European Digital Library – Cross domain are portals such as MLA, ABM Centrum – Single domain are German Film Inst, INA – Vertical are The European Library and proposed portals such as European Film Gateway, APEnet • • To undertake further research to establish all the single domain portals in each country and encourage participation in EDLnet and the EDL Data needs to be normalised at a national or Aggregators level
EDL Hybrid Organisation Model in 2 phases Recommendations: Phase 2 • All content partners not belonging to a national or vertical aggregator or portal may submit content using a set of standards and a tool kit to create those standards. Must conform to the minimum terms – need to sell the benefits of standardisation across the sectors • A third phase is also envisaged where EDL actively harvests or crawls interesting content.
Other Recommendations (1) • EDL creates both a single portal and is able to make the information available to other portals or learning environments • Need to deal with as low a level of granularity as is possible therefore need to be able to deal with complex objects • EDL ‘Play’ page – Results screen click to Play page including digital image –full version of the digital image can be displayed next but so can all the peripheral linking, suggestion information.
Other Recommendations (2) • Landing page should be in native language where feasible – so automatic translation • EDLnet editorial – Needs to be automatically generated by the portal – Can also be generated by the expert or trusted user – It should be possible to separate out the user generated content from the institutional.
Other recommendations (3) • All new portals funded by the commission should insist on the standardisation recommendations of EDLnet • Cannot loose sight of Interoperability as the long term goal. Data needs to work with all others in order to produce the results the user is looking for • Architecture should be built on preferred approach • About Digital content but need to consider related records for which there is no digital content – filter at aggregator level in delivering digital content only, but could change this later, so EDL needs to able to deal with catalogue records as well.
Maquette & Prototype • Prove of concepts for a user oriented common interface for search, discovery and use across all domains contents – Results of search are digital objects or surrogates (copyright management) – Multilingual interface + multilingual search features – “Innovative, modern features that are suitable for all visitors” (European Parliament Resolution 27 September 2007) = some realistic vision on where we could be tomorrow • Social web, semantic web, personalisation, collaboration, accessibility • Maquette by January 2008 • Prototype by November 2008. 2 million objects • Selected theme: the CITY – Cities of the future/cities of the past ; migration and diaspora ; urban cool and urban chic ; death, disease and drainage ; archeology and architecture ; utopias and cities of the imagination ; riot and disorder ; palaces and politics.
European Digital Library
Interaction of EDL with providers • • aggregators Object models Metadata Ingestion/Delivery Methods Rights Management Commercial aspects Versioning
Object Models • Objects vs. Representations / Surrogates • Add abstractions (formerly Metadata) – – – – TOC+Index Full text index items Extracts / Aggregations Links to semantic nodes Thumbnails Music / video abstractions: colour histograms, Shape abstractions Signatures
EDLnet Architecture Group Preliminary conclusions