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Earth Science Data and Information System (ESDIS) Project Update Karen. Michael@nasa. gov, EOSDIS System Earth Science Data and Information System (ESDIS) Project Update Karen. [email protected] gov, EOSDIS System Manager AMSR Science Team Meeting Sept 16 -17, 2015 Huntsville, AL

ESDIS Project 2 ESDIS Project 2

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Science Investigator-led Processing Systems Measurements of Pollution in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Science Investigator-led Processing Systems Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) Atmosphere Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) MODIS Adaptive Processing System (MODAPS) Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (ATMS) & Cross-track Infrared Sounder (Cr. IS) Sounder Ocean Data Processing System (OCDPS) Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) Land Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Ozone Mapping Suite (VIIRS) Profiler Suite Ocean (OMPS) Ozone Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for EOS 2 (AMSR-E/2) SIPSs perform forward processing of standard products, and reprocess data to incorporate algorithm improvements. www. nasa. gov 3

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Discipline-oriented Data Centers ASF SDC SAR Products, Sea Ice, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Discipline-oriented Data Centers ASF SDC SAR Products, Sea Ice, Polar Processes, Geophysics SEDAC Human Interactions, Land Use, Environmental Sustainability, Geospatial Data LP DAAC Surface Reflectance, Land Cover, Vegetation Indices GES DISC Global Precipitation, Solar Irradiance, Atmospheric Composition and Dynamics, Global Modeling NSIDC DAAC Snow and Ice, Cryosphere, Climate Interactions, Sea Ice PO. DAAC CDDIS Gravity, Sea Surface Temperature, Ocean Winds, Topography, Circulation & Currents Space Geodesy, Solid Earth La. RC ASDC GHRC DAAC Hydrologic Cycle, Severe Weather Interactions, Lightning, Atmospheric Convection Radiation Budget, Clouds, Aerosols, Tropospheric Chemistry OBPG Ocean Biology, Sea Surface Temperature MODAPS/ LAADS MODIS Level-1 and Atmosphere Data Products ORNL DAAC Biogeochemical Dynamics, Ecological Data, Environmental Processes www. nasa. gov 4

Earth Science & Data Systems Applications • C. Dobson Socioeconomic Data & Applications Center Earth Science & Data Systems Applications • C. Dobson Socioeconomic Data & Applications Center 03/23/2015 Astrophysics NASA Headquarters Science Mission Directorate (SMD) J. Grunsfeld SAR Systems • C. Dobson Applied Science Heliophysics L. Friedl J. Kaye S. Neeck (Acting) Program Scientists Flight Projects Atmospheric Dynamics • R. Kakar 420 T. Mc. Carthy Appl. Eng. & Technology Planetary Science 440 600 Sciences & Exploration Near Real-time Applications • D. Green LANCE • K. Jucks Data and Information System (ESDIS) Project D. Lowe Physical Oceanography • E. Lindstrom Physical Oceanography DAAC • E. Kasischke ORNL DAAC • H. Maring Data Center Operations Science Operations Management J. Behnke Drew Kittel Terrestrial Ecology GSFC Earth Sciences DISC Atmospheric Radiation Atmospheric Sciences Data Center L 1 and Atmos. Data • TBD Astrophysics . . . Global Hydrology Resource Center Upper Atmosphere Research Earth Science 423 430 500 Crustal Dynamics DIS • C. Dobson Program Executive for Earth Science Data Systems Earth Science D. Mitchell Land Processes DAAC Earth Surface and Interior . . . 400 . . . • W. Turner K. Murphy . . . ASF SAR Data Center Land Processes Program Executive for Operating Missions C. Yuhas Flight Programs Planetary Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) C. Scolese Program Scientist for EOSDIS L. Tsaoussi Research Earth Science M. Freilich Application Scientists Ocean Biology & Biogeochemistry • P. Bontempi Ocean Biology DAAC Cryosphere Science L 1 Atmosphere Archive & Distribution System • T. Wagner National Snow and Ice Data Center 5

EOSDIS New Missions List Missions Sentinel 1 A (ESA) CATS on ISS SMAP DSCOVR EOSDIS New Missions List Missions Sentinel 1 A (ESA) CATS on ISS SMAP DSCOVR (Triana) SAGE III on ISS LIS on ISS CYGNSS (EV-M) OCO-3 on ISS SAOCOM (CONAE) GRACE FO ICESat-2 ECOSTRESS (ISS) TSIS on ISS SWOT Launch(ed) Date DAAC Apr 3, 2014 Jan 30, 2015 Jan 31, 2015 Feb 13, 2016 Feb 2016 Oct 28, 2016 Dec 2016 Late 2016 Jul 8, 2017 July 27, 2017 Aug 2017 Dec 2019 ASF ASDC ASF / NSIDC ASDC GHRC PO. DAAC GES DISC ASF PO. DAAC NSIDC LP DAAC GES DISC PO. DAAC Green - launch and in-orbit Black – planned launches 6

EOSDIS Key Metrics EOSDIS Metrics FY 2014 (Oct 1, 2013 to Sept 30, 2014) EOSDIS Key Metrics EOSDIS Metrics FY 2014 (Oct 1, 2013 to Sept 30, 2014) NSIDC Unique Data Products 8, 292 471 Distinct Users of EOSDIS Data and Services 2. 0 M 406 K Average Daily Archive Growth 6. 4 TB/day 43 GB/day Total Archive Volume 9. 1 PB 121 TB End User Distribution Products 1, 028 M 67. 7 M 27. 9 TB/day 0. 47 TB/day End User Average Daily Distribution Volume EOSDIS Science Data Volume Progression EOSDIS Science Data Products Distribution FY 00 through FY 14 7

AMSR-E Distribution FY 11 -FY 15 8 AMSR-E Distribution FY 11 -FY 15 8

AMSR-E Distribution Metrics by Country 2014 & 2015 9 AMSR-E Distribution Metrics by Country 2014 & 2015 9

EOSDIS Evolution: Earthdata Website Version 3 of the Earthdata website (https: //earthdata. nasa. gov/) EOSDIS Evolution: Earthdata Website Version 3 of the Earthdata website (https: //earthdata. nasa. gov/) debuted on May 28, 2015. • The new Earthdata website was designed to give the user community a substantially improved experience for discovering and searching for Earth science data and information. • Earthdata Search Client (EDSC) - https: //search. earthdata. nasa. gov / • It addresses the need for a more coherent and comprehensive web presence for NASA’s Earth Science Data Systems Program and better represents EOSDIS investments, capabilities, and the key role of the DAACs for the user community. 10

LANCE – A Component of EOSDIS The Land Atmosphere Near-real time Capability for EOS LANCE – A Component of EOSDIS The Land Atmosphere Near-real time Capability for EOS (LANCE) is a component of EOSDIS that generates and distributes near real-time (NRT) products from the following instruments: • Terra: MODIS • Aqua: MODIS, AIRS • Aura: OMI, MLS • AMSR-E (Aqua) – ended 2011 • AMSR 2 (GCOM-W 1) – added 2015 • MISR (Terra) – being added 2015 • SNPP: VIIRS, OMPS - future LANCE Objectives: • To leverage science processing expertise to create high quality NRT products • To provide data to applications community with a maximum latency of 3 hours from observation (The standard, science-quality products are typically available with a latency of 20 -48 hours) • To provide data products with high reliability using redundant systems • To provide an umbrella environment with uniform high level requirements to better serve user needs (Consistency, Collaboration, Coordination) 11

LANCE System Architecture 12 LANCE System Architecture 12

LANCE NRT Latency 13 LANCE NRT Latency 13

LANCE NRT Products Instrument (satellite) Product Categories Average Latency AIRS (Aqua) Radiances, Temperature and LANCE NRT Products Instrument (satellite) Product Categories Average Latency AIRS (Aqua) Radiances, Temperature and Moisture Profiles, Clouds and Trace Gases 75 – 140 minutes AMSR 2 (GCOM W-1) Global Total Precipitation, Global Rainfall, Total Precipitable Water (TPW), Ocean Wind Speed (OWS), Columnar Cloud Liquid Water (CLW) over ocean, and Columnar Water Vapor (CWV) over ocean, Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) Planned: Sea Ice Concentration, Soil Moisture, Brightness Temperature (Tb) 75 – 165 minutes MLS (Aura) Ozone, Temperature, Carbon Monoxide, Water Vapor, Nitric Acid, Nitrous Oxide, Sulfur Dioxide 75 – 140 minutes MODIS (Aqua & Terra) Radiances, Cloud/Aerosols, Water Vapor, Fire, Snow Cover, Sea Ice, Land Surface Reflectance, Land Surface Temperature 60 - 125 minutes OMI (Aura) Ozone, Sulfur Dioxide, Aerosols, Cloud Top Pressure 100 - 165 minutes AIRS - Atmospheric Infrared Sounder AMSR 2 – Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2 MLS - Microwave Limb Sounder MODIS - Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer OMI - Ozone Monitoring Instrument 14

EOSDIS Evolution: Worldview and Global Browse Imagery Services GIBS / Worldview Goal: To transform EOSDIS Evolution: Worldview and Global Browse Imagery Services GIBS / Worldview Goal: To transform how users interact with and discover NASA Earth data; make it visual Approach: Open-Access Servers – The Global Imagery Browse Services (GIBS) provide open access to full resolution imagery derived from NASA products to any mapping client and script https: //earthdata. nasa. gov/gibs Client – Worldview is an open source, browserbased client to interactively explore GIBS (and SEDAC) imagery and download the underlying data https: //worldview. earthdata. nasa. gov 15

Global Imagery Browse Services (GIBS) Products Spectral Range Temporal Range 250 m IR-Visible 2012 Global Imagery Browse Services (GIBS) Products Spectral Range Temporal Range 250 m IR-Visible 2012 -present (2000 -present planned) AIRS 13. 5 km IR 2012 -present (2002 -present planned) OMI 12 km UV-Vis 2012 -present (2004 -present planned) MLS 5 km Microwave 2012 -present (2004 -present planned) AMSR-E 5 km Microwave 2002 -2011 AMSR 2 5 km Microwave 2015 -present SMAP, GMI, SSM/I Under Development Max Spatial Resolution (per pixel) MODIS x 2 Current Instrument Misc VIIRS 375 m IR-Visible 2012 -present ASTER 30 m IR-Visible 2000 -present Landsat WELD 30 m IR-Visible 1985 -2010 MOPITT, MISR, TRMM, etc Misc 16

NASA’s SNPP SDS Architecture (Pre-Block 2. 0 architecture) 17 NASA’s SNPP SDS Architecture (Pre-Block 2. 0 architecture) 17

Future Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership Plans for NASA SDS • On June 19, the Future Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership Plans for NASA SDS • On June 19, the ESDIS Project received NOAA’s Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) Program approval for the NASA Science Data System to receive sensor mission data from the JPSS Stored Mission Data Hub (JSH) instead of receiving Raw Data Records from the Integrated Data Processing Segment (IDPS). • The JSH data will be acquired by EDOS, which will provide Level 0 data sets to the NASA’s SNPP SIPS. • This interface change will be implemented after JPSS takes delivery of their Block 2. 0 system (early 2016). • NASA will be producing and distributing it’s own products from all SNPP instruments and potentially future JPSS missions including NRT • Science Investigator-led Processing Systems (SIPS), Science Teams and DAAC’s have recently been selected for the following disciplines: Land, Ocean, Atmosphere, Ozone, Sounder 18

NASA’s SNPP SDS Architecture (Proposed Block 2. 0) 19 NASA’s SNPP SDS Architecture (Proposed Block 2. 0) 19

Acronyms AIRS AMSR ASDC ASF ATMS bb. FTP CERES CMR Cr. IS CTGNSS DAAC Acronyms AIRS AMSR ASDC ASF ATMS bb. FTP CERES CMR Cr. IS CTGNSS DAAC DSCOVR ECHO EDOS EOSDIS ESIP FTPS GB GCMD GCOM GES DISC GHRC GIBS GMAO GPM GRACE-FO Grid. FTP HTTP ICESat IDPS Atmospheric Infrared Sounder Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer Atmospheric Science Data Center Alaska Satellite Facility Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder Ba. Bar File Transfer Protocol Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System Common Metadata Repository Cross-track Infrared Sounder Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System Distributed Active Archive Center Deep Space Climate Observatory EOS Clearing House EOS Data and Operations System Earth Observing Center Earth Observation System Data and Information System Earth Science Information Partners File Transfer Protocol Secure Gigabyte Global Change Master Directory Global Change Observation Mission – 1 st Water Satellite in Series GSFC Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center Global Hydrology Resource Center Global Imagery Browse Services Global Modeling and Assimilation Office Global Precipitation Measurement Gravity Recovery And Climate Experiment – Follow-on Grid File Transfer Protocol Hypertext Transfer Protocol Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite-2 Interface Data Processing Segment ISS JAXA JPL JPSS KML LANCE MISR MLS MODIS MSFC NARA NASA NOAA NRT NSIDC OCO OGC OMI OMPS ORR PPS SAGE SCP SFTP SIPS SMAP SNPP TWMS USGS VIIRS WAN WMS WMTS International Space Station Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Jet Propulsion Laboratory Joint Polar Satellite System Keyhole Markup Language Local Area Network Land Atmosphere Near real-time Capability for EOS Multi-angle Imaging Spectro. Radiometer Microwave Limb Sounder Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer Marshall Space Flight Center National Archives and Records Administration National Aeronautics and Space Administration National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Near Real-Time National Snow and Ice Data Center Distributed Active Archive Center Global Modeling and Assimilation Office Open Geospatial Consortium Ozone Monitoring Instrument Ozone Mapper/Profiler Suite Operational Readiness Review Precipitation Processing System Stratospheric Aerosol Gas Experiment Secure Copy Secure Shell File Transfer Protocol Science Investigator-led Processing System Soil Moisture Active Passive Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership Tile Web Map Service United States Geological Survey Visible Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite Wide Area Network Web Map Service Web Map Tile Service

EOSDIS Evolution: Common Metadata Repository What is the Common Metadata Repository (CMR)? • CMR EOSDIS Evolution: Common Metadata Repository What is the Common Metadata Repository (CMR)? • CMR will be the authoritative management system for all EOSDIS metadata holdings. • CMR is a common middleware replacement for the ECHO backend and GCMD’s backend. The GCMD frontend, however, will not change and users of GCMD should see no impact. Benefits of CMR: • Sub-second search • CMR is designed to handle metadata at the Concept level beyond just Collections and Granules to Visualizations, Parameters, Documentation, Services, and more. • CMR is designed around an evolvable Unified Metadata Model (UMM). • CMR is designed to handle hundreds of millions of metadata records; making them available through high performance, standards compliant, temporal, spatial, and faceted search. • CMR incorporates both human and machine metadata assessment features that work to ensure the highest quality metadata possible. 21

Big Earth Data Initiative (BEDI) Background: • In 2013, the White House Office of Big Earth Data Initiative (BEDI) Background: • In 2013, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) kicked off the Big Earth Data Initiative (BEDI) as a multi-agency (NASA, NOAA, USGS) effort to make the collection of Earth Observation (EO) data more readily available and useful to users. • The data directly supports 12 Societal Benefit Areas (SBAs). • Funding provided to NASA FY 14, FY 15 BEDI Objectives: • Discovery – Make finding of datasets simpler • Accessibility - Make datasets readily available to users • Usability – Provide services to use datasets Task objectives for DAACs: • Provide metadata to EOSDIS Common Metadata Repository (CMR) • Maintain persistent identifiers for data collections via Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) • Make data available online via OPe. NDAP or some other useful service • Make imagery available in Worldview via GIBS • Report metrics 22