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e-Government: Reforming the Public Administration to Accelerate Development The Mozambican Experience by Salomão J. Manhiça Chairman, INCM (Postal & Telecom Regulator) Director, ICT Policy Implementation Technical Unit International Conference e-Government: Supporting Democracy, Accelerating Development Rome, Italy, 13 May 2004
Agenda * Agenda • Mozambique in a nutshell • Laying the ground for socio-economic development in Mozambique • Public Sector Reform: a new opportunity for a credible Public Administration • e-Government: a catalytic engine for Public Sector Reform and socio-economic development • How to achieve our goals? • Challenges and Opportunities • Conclusion
Mozambique in a nutshell Geographical Localization: Southern Africa Neighbouring Countries: Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa and Swaziland Area: 799. 380 km 2 Population (2002) • • • Total: Urban: Rural: 18, 082, 523 habitants 29% 71% Illiteracy Rate (2000) • • • National: Urban: Rural: 60. 5% 29. 5% 70. 5% People living below poverty line: 60% Life Expectancy: 45. 5 years GDP: US$2. 5 billion in 2000 GDP per Capita: US$171 in 1997 and US$ 230 in 2000 HDI Ranking: Sources: 170 of 174 Countries INE (Instituto Nacional de Estatística) and UNDP Human Development Report 2002
PARPA: Laying the ground for socioeconomic development • In 2001 a comprehensive and integrated Action Plan for the Reduction of Absolute Poverty (PARPA) was approved. That’s Mozambique’s first Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) • Our PARPA is based on: – Prior Government plans, including the Lines of Action for the Eradication of Absolute Poverty (1999); – PARPA 2000 -2004 (Interim PRSP); – Government Programme 2000 -2004; and – Sectoral and inter-sectoral plans, policies and strategies developed by different State institutions The PARPA is well in tune with the Millennium Development Goals and the NEPAD Plan of Action
PARPA’s main areas PARPA has defined six priorities areas for action, with the aim to promote human development and create a favourable environment for rapid, inclusive and broad-based growth; – Education - Achieve universal primary education, while rapidly expanding secondary education, informal education, and vocational training; – Health - Expansion of, and improvement in, the coverage of primary health care; – Agriculture and rural development - increase income-generating opportunities in agriculture, especially for the family sector; – Basic infrastructure - Improvements in the road network , provision of water, energy and telecommunications is fundamental ; – Good governance - Improvements in the quality of State institutions is very important for the provision of public services benefiting the poor ; and – Macro-economic and financial management policies
Public Sector Reform: a new opportunity for a credible Public Administration Moving away from the old paradigm of a Public Administration centred on itself, the Govt. has adopted a wide-ranging Public Sector Reform, aiming at • Putting citizens and businesses at the centre; • Streamlining service delivery and making public service more efficient and effective; • Combating corruption and promoting accountability; • In one word: making good governance a reality, not just a slogan!
ICTs as an enabler for Public Sector Reform and socio-economic development • In 1998, the Govt of Mozambique established an ICT Policy Commission chaired by the Prime Minister and comprised by Govt Ministers and representatives of private sector, civil society and academia • The ICT Policy Commission drafted an ICT Policy (adopted in 2000) and its Implementation Strategy (adopted in 2002), both of which constitute not only Mozambique’s roadmap to the Information Society but also a decisive tool for Public Sector Reform and socio-economic development
Priority Areas of the ICT Policy and Strategy The ICT Policy Implementation Strategy sports a tightly integrated approach in such a way as to generate a creative dynamics amongst all stakeholders: Govt, private sector, academic & research institutions, civil society, and donors Dynamics Human Capacity • • National competencies • • Valued Professionals Infrastructure Modern & high performing • Human Capacity Qualified ICT Technicians • E-Government • Policy & Regulation Infrastructure • Policy & Regulation • ICTs Enterprise • • Financing & Credits Market Access Efficiency Demand Stimulus • • Content and Applications e-Govern -ment Provinces Transparency & Inclusion Solid Legal Framework Institutional Capacity Content & Applications • • • Enterprise Efficacy and Efciciency Reduction of Operational Costs Reduction of Red Tape & Corruption More Accountability • Relevance & Usefulness Language Affordability Application Development
ICT Pilot Project Sampler Human Capacity q School. Net q ICT Curricula & Certification q MOZ ICT Institute Policy & Regulation q Telecommunications Sector Reform q Capacity Building of the Regulator Infrastructure q National Transmission Network q Provincial Digital Resource Centres q Telecentres q Digital Agencies Content/Applications q ICT Knowledge Base E-Government q Government Network q Computerized Land Registry q Civil Service Info. Sys q Civil ID System q Financial Management q One-Stop Counter q Country Gateway q Sci. Tech Network q Distance Education q HIV/AIDS Info. Sys
ICT for Development Programme UNDP-supported initiative aimed at addressing internal digital divide and promote development through the use of ICTs: • M HA NE BA • • IN • Provincial Digital Resource Centres Computer training for 2500 Public Servants Universal e-mail VSAT Units TETE
National Transmission Network Nation’s. Capital Provincial Capitals Towns Submarine Fibre Optic Inland Fibre Optic hertziane Digital
Mozambique Information and Communication Technologies Institute (MICTI) Nurture Address the dire need for skilled personnel in Mozambique and in the region entrepreneurial skills providing employment and wealth generation opportunities Research and Learning Institute Science and Technology Park Business Incubator Participation of international and domestic organizations that will provide expert input, seed knowledge and innovation capacities.
How to achieve our ambitious goals? • Public-Private Partnership or cooperation among all stakeholders is essential: Government, public and private sector, academia, non-governmental organizations, the donor community, all are expected to work together in very concrete programs and projects to achieve tangible results • Mozambique is ready and has called upon all partners to join hands with the Govt. to make our dreams come true! • IT companies are welcome to establish themselves in a very favourable environment, with good incentives, thanks to the liberalisation of the telecommunications sector!
Partnerships at work • UNDP – ICT 4 D Programme • Government of Italy/Development Gateway Foundation (e-Government, Gov. NET, Land Registry) • info. Dev/World Bank (Country Development Gateway) • IDRC, Kellog Foundation (Telecentres) • IDRC, World Bank, Netherlands, ICEIDA (School. Net) • FDC (Internet for EP 2 schools) • TDM (Digital Agencies, infrastructure) • USAID (GAIT-Growth through Accelerated Investment and Trade)
Major Challenges • • Insufficiency of ICT skills base Weakness of ICT and telecom infrastructure Lack of financial resources For some leaders and policymakers link between ICT and Development is not yet obvious • Partnerships with private sector, civil society and donor community not yet at desired level • Policy and Regulatory environment not yet at desirable level
Major Opportunities • Good will at very top of the political leadership • An ICT Policy already in place • An ICT Policy Implementation Strategy in place (with programmes, projects, benchmarks, and performance indicators) • Coordination mechanism with stakeholders • ICT recognised as a cross-cutting issue and a development tool by the international community; and • E-Government recognized as an indispensable component of ICT Policies and Strategies (Palermo Conference 2002, WSIS 2003) We Africans missed the Agricultural Revolution We missed the Industrial Revolution as well We cannot afford to miss the Information Revolution nor the opportunities it offers for good governance through e-Government!
What are we going to do today & tomorrow? Hard work, make ICTS to work for reforming Public Administration and achieve the objectives of good governance: efficiency, cost-effectiveness, transparency, accountability and zero tolerance for corruption! THANK YOU VERY MUCH Salomao. Manhica@infopol. gov. mz www. infopol. gov. mz
Critical Success Factors • • • A clear vision, shared and communicated Achievable targets Investment & political support Partnerships [PPP] Enabling infrastructure to bridge the digital divide Common branding and marketing Access availability and affordability Awareness of the Access Channels Availability of Funding Skilled resources to maintain Gateway