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DRBoa. ST 巨量開放資料與互聯網防備災架構 Disaster Resilience through Big Open Data and Smart Things PI: 何建明 DRBoa. ST 巨量開放資料與互聯網防備災架構 Disaster Resilience through Big Open Data and Smart Things PI: 何建明 (Jan-Ming Ho) 中央研究院資訊科學研究所及資訊科技創新研 究中心 Presenter: 張韻詩 (Jane W. S. Liu) 中央研究院資訊科學研究所及資訊科技創新研究 中心

DRBoa. ST 巨量開放資料與互聯網防備災架構 Disaster Resilience through Big Open Data and Smart Things Objectives: To DRBoa. ST 巨量開放資料與互聯網防備災架構 Disaster Resilience through Big Open Data and Smart Things Objectives: To develop the sciences & technologies that § Make emergency management decision support infrastructure disaster resilient, § Enhance disaster preparedness of living environment, § Improve the state of the practice of disaster response. Will build on the foundation established by Project Open. ISDM (Open Info. Sys. for Disaster Management)

Sub-Project Names Principle and Co-Principle Investigators Main Project : DRBoast PI: 何 建明 (Jan-Ming Sub-Project Names Principle and Co-Principle Investigators Main Project : DRBoast PI: 何 建明 (Jan-Ming Ho), IIS and CITI, Academia Sinica Co-PI: 張韻詩 (Jane W. S. Liu), IIS and CITI, Academia Sinica Sub-project 1: SIDi. RC Strategies and Information for Disaster Resilient Communities PI: 林 峰田 (Feng-Tyan Lin), Urban Planning, NCKU Co-PI’s: 周學政 (Hseuh-Cheng Chou), Geography, NTNU 林漢良 (Han-Liang Lin), Urban Planning, NCKU Sub-Project 2: RTEIC Real-Time Earthquake Information Cloud for Disaster Preparedness and Response PI: 李 建成 (Jian-Cheng Lee), IES, Academia Sinica Co-PI: 梁文宗 (Wen-Tzong Liang), IES, Academia Sinica Sub-Project 3: Di. SRC Disaster Scenario and Record Capture – Authoring Technologies PI: 許 聞廉 (Wen-Lian Hsu), IIS, Academia Sinica Co-PI’s: 林富士 (Fu-Shih Lin), IHP, Academia Sinica 李香潔 (Hsiang-Chieh Lee), Socia & Economic System, , NCDR Sub-Project 4: ADi. PLE Active, Disaster Prepared Smart Living Environment PI: 郭 大維 (Tei-Wei Kuo), CITI, Academia Sinica Co-PI’s: 朱宗賢 (Edward T. -H. Chu), CSIE, Yun. Tech 張韻詩 (Jane W. S. Liu), IIS and CITI, Academia Sinica Sub-Project 5: CSAI Crowdsourcing Situation Awareness Information - Foundation PI: 邵 家健 (John Kar-Kin Zao), CS, NCTU Sub-Project 6: DRCom Disaster Resilient Communication - A Named Data and Software Defined Framework PI: 施 吉昇 (Chi-Sheng Shih), CSIE, NTU Co-PI’s: 林靖茹 (Ching-Ju Lin), CITI, Acadmia Sinica 張韻詩 (Jane W. S. Liu), IIS and CITI, Academia Sinica Sub-Project 7: TEPP Trustworthy Emergency Privacy Protection with Quantifiable Privacy Loss PI: 王 柏堯 (Bow-Yaw Wang), IIS, Academia Sinica Co-PI: 邵家健 (John Kar-Kin Zao), CS, NCTU 陳郁方 (Yu-Fang Chen), IIS, Academia Sinica Co: PI’s: 朱宗賢 (Edward T. -H. Chu), CSIE, Yun. Tech 張韻詩 (Jane W. S. Liu), IIS and CITI, Academia Sinica

About DRBoa. ST Sub-Projects CSAI: Crowdsourcing Situation Awareness Information TEPP: Trustworthy Emergency Privacy Protection About DRBoa. ST Sub-Projects CSAI: Crowdsourcing Situation Awareness Information TEPP: Trustworthy Emergency Privacy Protection SIDRC: Strategies and Information of Disaster Resilient Communities ADi. PLE: Active, Disaster Prepared Smart Environment DRCom: Disaster Resilient Communication: A Named Data and Software Defined Framework Information and Communication Technologies Earth, Earthquake & Climate Sciences Di. SRC: Disaster Scenario & Record Capture RTEIC: Real-Time Earthquake Information Cloud Information Science and Human Computing History, Linguistics, Socioeconomics, Land Use and Urban Planning

Proposed DRBoa. ST Project Team n Urban Planning, NCKU p p n p 李建成 Proposed DRBoa. ST Project Team n Urban Planning, NCKU p p n p 李建成 (Jian-Cheng Lee) 梁文宗 (Wen-Tzong Liang) IHP, Academia Sinica p n n n 林富士 (Fu-Shih Lin) Socio-Economic Systems, NCDR p 李香潔 (Hsiang-Chieh Lee) 邵家健 (John Kan-Kin Zao) CSIE, NYUST p n 施吉昇 (Chi-Sheng Shih) Computer Science, NCTU p IES, Academia Sinica p n 周學政 (Hseuh-Cheng Chou) CSIE, NTU p Geography, NTNU & NCDR p n 林峰田 (Feng-Tyan Lin) 林漢良 (Han-Liang Lin) n 朱宗賢 (Edward T. -H. Chu) IIS & CITI, Academia Sinica p p p p 何建明 許聞廉 郭大維 林靖茹 王柏堯 陳郁方 張韻詩 (Jan-Ming Ho) (Wen-Lian Hsu) (Tei-Wei Kuo) (Ching-Ju Lin) (Bow-Yaw Wang) (Yu-Fang Chen) (Jane W. S. Liu)

Prototypes from Open. ISDM Project Prototypes from Open. ISDM Project

SIDRC: Strategies and Information for Disaster Resilient Communities, RTEIC: Real-Time Earthquake Information Cloud, and SIDRC: Strategies and Information for Disaster Resilient Communities, RTEIC: Real-Time Earthquake Information Cloud, and CSAI: Crowdsourcing Situation Awareness Information § Will strengthen the contents and capabilities of individual prototype information repositories and support systems; § Enable synergistic use of component systems as a virtual preparedness and response decision support cloud for multiple types of disasters and compound disasters; § Carry out case studies based on real-life scenarios to demonstrate future capabilities to q Generate timely and accurate early warnings, q Warn users in location-, context- and user-specific ways, q Rally ubiquitous devices and mobile APP to response.

Examples of Proposed Work § By SIDi. RC Sub-Project: q Expand the pilot study Examples of Proposed Work § By SIDi. RC Sub-Project: q Expand the pilot study on narrative approach to compiling and validating information on disaster risks of disaster prone communities q Develop community-specific preparedness and response strategies for sample communities § By RTEIC Sub-Project: q Improve the capability of TESIS to generate timely, reliable, location-specific warnings q Crowdsource observations and assessments from trained volunteers § By CSAI Sub-Project: q Develop support tools for crowdsourcing situation awareness information in general q Release tools as open source software § By SIDi. RC, RTEIC, and CSAI in collaboration q Develop a virtual community-specific disaster information cloud prototype q Carry out case studies

Disaster Scenario and Record Capture Authoring System Server Input from crowd and recorders Output Disaster Scenario and Record Capture Authoring System Server Input from crowd and recorders Output for human readers RDF RDF Machine readable output Analysis, simulation and animation tools Capabilities include Other recorders Recorder with mobile capture tool § Storage for cached maps and support information to enable stand alone use § Automatic capture of event time and geo-coordinates § Event/condition analysis § Real-time Inconsistency detection

Proposed Work of Sub-Project Di. SRC (Disaster Scenario and Record Capture) § Design and Proposed Work of Sub-Project Di. SRC (Disaster Scenario and Record Capture) § Design and development: Anticipated result is a proof-of -concept system of disaster scenario capture and historical record authoring tools, including q Scenario capture tool on common mobile platforms q Authoring system for merging data and information from multiple capture tools and social reports § Approaches: will q Exploit related IT and authoring technologies q Leverage existing components (e. g. , VGIS) q Make use of existing tools (e. g. , CROSS) § Evaluation and validation: Capture methods and support tools will be evaluated in terms of q Usability, performance and effectiveness q Result qualities from end-users’ perspective

ADi. PLE (Active Disaster Prepared Living Environment) ADi. PLE (Active Disaster Prepared Living Environment)

ADi. PLE: Motivation Scenario Alert xmlns: … Sender: Central Weather Bureau Status: Actual Msg. ADi. PLE: Motivation Scenario Alert xmlns: … Sender: Central Weather Bureau Status: Actual Msg. Type: Alert Scope: Public Info Category: Geo Event: Earthquake Urgency: Immediate Severity: Strong Certainty: Observed Description: A strong earthquake measuring 7. 8 occurred in … Parameters: Magnitude, depth, … Areas: Polygons specifying affected areas Resources: … … Other EAS and CMAS Effectiveness is limited due to § Non-specificity of alerts § Limitation in human reaction time to take advantage

ADi. PLE: Future Scenario Alert xmlns: … Sender: Central Weather Bureau Status: Actual Msg. ADi. PLE: Future Scenario Alert xmlns: … Sender: Central Weather Bureau Status: Actual Msg. Type: Alert Scope: Public Earthquake, Info Stay Category: Geo calm, Event: Earthquake to Move Urgency: Immediate checkout Severity: Strong Certainty: Observedarea counter Description: A strong earthquake measuring 7. 8 occurred in … Parameters: Magnitude, depth, … Areas: Polygons specifying affected areas Resources: … … Active use of alerts

General Structure and Major Components Modem Alert message buffer Signature validation XML parser § General Structure and Major Components Modem Alert message buffer Signature validation XML parser § Standard interfaces for processing & responding to standard-based alarms CAP Message Processor Affected areas Location filter Device location Alert type & information Resources Alert records Rule processor Activation parameters and rules Rule engine Local data Device interfaces § Standard-based alarm delivery and message exchanges as parts of DM infrastructure Configuration files Device Controller § Dependable, low-cost, customizable smart devices for enhanced disaster readiness “Cyber-physical elements of enhanced disaster prepared smart environment, ” by Liu, Chu and Shih, in IEEE Computer “Ubiquitous smart devices and applications for disaster preparedness, ” by Liao, et al, in Proceedings of UFirst, UIC 2012

Building Information Model Cloud Maintenance records Local sensor data Spatial and layout data i. Building Information Model Cloud Maintenance records Local sensor data Spatial and layout data i. Gad i. Ga. D: Intelligent guard against disasters Structure data

Proposed Work of Sub-Project ADi. PLE (Active Disaster Prepared Living Environment) § High-level objective: Proposed Work of Sub-Project ADi. PLE (Active Disaster Prepared Living Environment) § High-level objective: Enabling pervasive deployment and use of i. Ga. Ds (smart devices and mobile APP for disaster preparedness) in 5 -10 years § Work on i. Ga. Ds and Internet of things in general q Architecture and components for configurability q Energy consumption management for mobile i. Ga. Ds q Responsive alerts delivery to i. Ga. Ds and people § Work on Interfaces and standards, including interfaces With information sources (e. g. , BIM, store layouts, building management information system, etc. ) p With sensors, actuators, location devices/services, etc. § Work on enablement, including dependability, dual use applications, and missing standards p

Multi-failure survivability Random failures Correlated (disaster) failures Modeling disaster failures Combating disaster failures Connectivity Multi-failure survivability Random failures Correlated (disaster) failures Modeling disaster failures Combating disaster failures Connectivity assessment Transport service recovery Full restoration Dynamic data delivery Issues on Disaster Resilient Networks and Transport Services addressed by OIGY (Open Information Gateway) Physical connectivity recovery Backup connectivity Connectivity repairs Degraded service provision

TRIPS: Trustful Real-time Information Pub/sub Services OIGY Open Information Gateway HAPPY: Heterogeneous And Plug-n. TRIPS: Trustful Real-time Information Pub/sub Services OIGY Open Information Gateway HAPPY: Heterogeneous And Plug-n. Pla. Y networks

Delayed or failed delivery Connectivity Assessment Access points required HAPPY Real-Time Pub/Sub Services Backup Delayed or failed delivery Connectivity Assessment Access points required HAPPY Real-Time Pub/Sub Services Backup nodes available Network Recovery TRIPS Service recovered Service Recovery Service brokers required

Proposed Work of Sub-Project DRCom (Disaster Resilient Communication) § Objective: To develop a NDN-SDN Proposed Work of Sub-Project DRCom (Disaster Resilient Communication) § Objective: To develop a NDN-SDN framework for building disaster resilient communication networks § Rationales: To exploit research/development opportunities: q NDN (Named Data Networking), forwarding data on content basis, naturally supports prioritized delivery. q SDN (Software Defined Networking), separating control plane from data plane, naturally supports virtualization. q NDN-SDN based network systems will be designed to support multi-level Qo. S requirements during disasters. § Anticipated results: To produce deployable technology: q Innovation in approaching disaster resilience from a communication systems perspective q Software components including disaster resilience Qo. S specification, prioritized forwarding, NDN-SDN interfaces q Proof-of-concept NDN-SDN based network system

NDN-SDN Based Network System Concept Application NDNSearch and supported rescue team end-user view Affected NDN-SDN Based Network System Concept Application NDNSearch and supported rescue team end-user view Affected people Authorities Responder Coordination Msgs Control Plane Data Plane Victim safety reports SDN Controller NDN server Command-control & information msgs SDN Controller NDN server Heterogeneous Plug-and-Play Networks NDN server

Information Access During Emergencies n Break-the-glass (BTG) extensions: q q n Works well for Information Access During Emergencies n Break-the-glass (BTG) extensions: q q n Works well for emergency access to health information system May not be responsive during mega disasters TIBS (Trustworthy information brokerage service) p p Proactive loading of information on points of service (POS) Information release based on traceability and accountability Scenario analysis POS Handle requests & enforce release policies SOPs & DSA workflows Sources Information requirements Filtered information Release and accountability causes Filters

TIBS Use Scenario … DSA and SOP Workflows Typhoon Earthquake scenarios Request-for-Information (what, when, TIBS Use Scenario … DSA and SOP Workflows Typhoon Earthquake scenarios Request-for-Information (what, when, purposes, criticalities, etc. ) Government sources Non-government sources RTIBS Point of Point R & A ofof Point R&A RRelease & &A Services & A R accountability Services enforcement Services processes Filtered data and release and accountability clauses PTIBS

Information Accountability For protection of privacy according to laws and regulations ------------- Who got Information Accountability For protection of privacy according to laws and regulations ------------- Who got what data? Appropriate usage?

HTTPA (Accountable HTTP) Web. ID Verification Agent Smart Client Data transfer Logs trails Web. HTTPA (Accountable HTTP) Web. ID Verification Agent Smart Client Data transfer Logs trails Web. ID Web Server Logs Provenance tracker Network (DHT) HTTPA Log Data provider specifies usage restrictions based on consumer’s credential p Data consumer selects restrictions to abide p Provenance tracker logs the agreement and logs provenance trails p Verification agent is responsible for authenticate the parties p

Proposed Work of Sub-Project TEPP (Trustworthy Emergency Privacy Protection) § High-level objective: To determine Proposed Work of Sub-Project TEPP (Trustworthy Emergency Privacy Protection) § High-level objective: To determine the limitation in privacy protection of accountability-based emergency information brokerage services § Scope of work p p p Design and prototype light-weight alternatives to Accountable HTTP Design and assess means to enable and/or improve traceability and for detection of conspiratorial usages (e. g. , traceable blurring, random marker, correlated noise injection) Theoretical foundation of privacy protection methods with quantifiable privacy loss

Proposed Annual Budget (in thousand NTD) Main Project 1000 SIDi. RC: Strategies and Information Proposed Annual Budget (in thousand NTD) Main Project 1000 SIDi. RC: Strategies and Information for Disaster Resilient Communities 750 RTEIC: Real-Time Earthquake Information Cloud for Disaster Preparedness and Response 750 Di. SRC: Disaster Scenario and Record Capture – Authoring Technologies 1000 ADi. PLE: Active, Disaster Prepared Smart Living Environment 1000 CSAI: Crowdsourcing Situation Awareness Information – Foundation and Tools DRCom: Disaster Resilient Communication – Named-Data and Software-Defined Framework TEPP: Trustworthy Emergency Privacy Protection Total 750 1000 750 7000

Thank You! Thank You!

A Framework for Building Open ISDM Jan-Ming Ho (IIS), Ching-Teng Hsiao (CITI), Der-Tsai Lee A Framework for Building Open ISDM Jan-Ming Ho (IIS), Ching-Teng Hsiao (CITI), Der-Tsai Lee (IIS) and Jane W. S. Liu (IIS & CITI) Application Component Disaster Information System for Resilient Communities IT Component Virtual Repository Feng-Tyan Lin (NCKU) Hsueh-Cheng Chou (NCDR) Han-Liang Lin (NCKU) Ching-Teng Hsiao (CITI), Pen-Chung Yew (U of Minn) David Hung-Chang Du (U. of Minn) Climate Extremes and Weather Disasters Data Repository Flow Control and Fusion of Symbiotic Information Shaw-Chen Liu (RCEC); Chia Chou (RCEC) Shih-Chun Lung (RCEC) & Mong-Ming Lu (CWB) John K. Zao (NCTU), Sheng-Wei Chen (IIS) Jane W. S. Liu (IIS) & Edward T. -H. Chu (NYUST) Crustal Deformation and Faulting Behavior Databases Jian-Cheng Lee (IES), Long-Chen Kuo (IES) Wen-Tzong Liang (IES) & Nai-Chi Hsiao (CWB) Open Information Gateway Chi-Sheng Shih (NTU), Ling-Jyl Chen (IIS) Phone Lin (NTU), Kwei-Jay Lin (UCI) Ching-Ju Lin (CITI) & Wei-Ho Chung (CITI)

A Framework for Building Open ISDM Jan-Ming Ho (IIS), Ching-Teng Hsiao (CITI), Der-Tsai Lee A Framework for Building Open ISDM Jan-Ming Ho (IIS), Ching-Teng Hsiao (CITI), Der-Tsai Lee (IIS) and Jane W. S. Liu (IIS & CITI) Application Component § To develop repositories of Disaster Information System for Resilient Communities Feng-Tyan Lin (NCKU) Hsueh-Cheng Chou (NCDR) Han-Liang Lin (NCKU) Climate Extremes and Weather Disasters Data Repository Shaw-Chen Liu (RCEC); Chia Chou (RCEC) Shih-Chun Lung (RCEC) & Mong-Ming Lu (CWB) Crustal Deformation and Faulting Behavior Databases Jian-Cheng Lee (IES), Long-Chen Kuo (IES) Wen-Tzong Liang (IES) & Nai-Chi Hsiao (CWB) Experiences & knowledge on disaster susceptibility & vulnerability of disasterprone regions collected from local communities q Climate extremes and weather disaster risk data q Crustal deformation and faulting behavior data To exploit the available data in research on disaster risk assessment and reduction q §

A Framework for Building Open ISDM Jan-Ming Ho (IIS), Ching-Teng Hsiao (CITI), Der-Tsai Lee A Framework for Building Open ISDM Jan-Ming Ho (IIS), Ching-Teng Hsiao (CITI), Der-Tsai Lee (IIS) and Jane W. S. Liu (IIS & CITI) To develop innovative ICT: § Virtual repository for creating incrementally linked data as needed and supporting their use at run-time § Trustworthy emergency information broker service § Fusion of information from things and people § Resilient and dynamic open information gateway § Ubiquitous intelligent things for disaster preparedness IT Component Virtual Repository Ching-Teng Hsiao (CITI), Pen-Chung Yew (U of Minn) David Hung-Chang Du (U. of Minn) Flow Control and Fusion of Symbiotic Information John K. Zao (NCTU), Sheng-Wei Chen (IIS) Jane W. S. Liu (IIS) & Edward T. -H. Chu (NYUST) Open Information Gateway Chi-Sheng Shih (NTU), Ling-Jyl Chen (IIS) Phone Lin (NTU), Kwei-Jay Lin (UCI) Ching-Ju Lin (CITI) & Wei-Ho Chung (CITI)

Crustal Deformation & Faulting Behavior DB Earthquake detection & alert Interface services CDEF DB Crustal Deformation & Faulting Behavior DB Earthquake detection & alert Interface services CDEF DB Risk assessment & management Interface services Metadata management Real-time, automated earthquake source inversion Information sources Access control, format conversion & interoperability services Position time series Network strain CWBSN BATS QCN Palert Network velocity Taiwan GPS lab Raw GPS data Other seismic datasets Real-time seismic data streams

Weather Disaster Risk Database Disaster Risk Assessment for weather disasters Interface services Risk Management Weather Disaster Risk Database Disaster Risk Assessment for weather disasters Interface services Risk Management for Mitigation & Adaptation Interface services Filter, fusion and visualization tools for weather disaster risk assessment & other scientific studies WDR DB Population & Vulnerability Database (PV DB) Climate Extreme & Weather Disaster Database (CEWD DB) Access control services Data Sources Survey data Meteorological and pollution data GIS data

CROSS (CROwdsourcing Support system for disaster Surveillance) Participants Assignments & Exploration paths Locations and CROSS (CROwdsourcing Support system for disaster Surveillance) Participants Assignments & Exploration paths Locations and data Command Center

OIGY (Open Information Gateway) Connectivity Repair § Mobile cellular base stations provide coverage for OIGY (Open Information Gateway) Connectivity Repair § Mobile cellular base stations provide coverage for large areas temporarily. § Last-mile mesh networks & gateway routers extends the coverage area and relays data through mobile cellular base stations to and from the Internet Mobile base stations Gateway router Last-mile mesh