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Dr P. Raymond BEGG A. O. B. D. Sc. , L. D. S. (Melb. Dr P. Raymond BEGG A. O. B. D. Sc. , L. D. S. (Melb. ), D. D. Sc. , F. R. A. C. D. S. , F. I. C. D. , 13 th October, 1898 - 18 th January, 1983 Wayne J. Sampson School of Dentistry, The University of Adelaide

l what is orthodontics? overview - aesthetics l what is orthodontics? overview - aesthetics

l what is orthodontics? overview - it often involves fixed appliances (braces) Begg ribbon l what is orthodontics? overview - it often involves fixed appliances (braces) Begg ribbon arch brackets Tip-Edge

D. B. pre-treatment D. B. pre-treatment

D. B. pre-treatment D. B. pre-treatment

D. B. Dr Begg’s appliance placed D. B. 5 months into treatment D. B. Dr Begg’s appliance placed D. B. 5 months into treatment

D. B. Bands off D. B. Bands off

D. B. Bands off …. the magic of Dr Begg’s appliance! D. B. Bands off …. the magic of Dr Begg’s appliance!

Dr Begg’s Biographical Notes l born in a tent on the goldfields of Coolgardie, Dr Begg’s Biographical Notes l born in a tent on the goldfields of Coolgardie, Western Australia, 13 th October, 1898 l father, Percy William Begg was an accountant and business manager l mother, Fannie Elizabeth (nee Jacob) l both parents were English and “Tick” was the eldest of three surviving children l his paternal grandfather was an Orient line sea captain, first Lloyds Surveyor in Adelaide and co-founded the South Australian Stevedoring Company at Port Adelaide l although christened Raymond Percy he later signed his name as Percy Raymond

Biographical Notes l 1909 – 1912 Pulteney Grammar School l 1913 - 1917 St. Biographical Notes l 1909 – 1912 Pulteney Grammar School l 1913 - 1917 St. Peter’s Collegiate College - excelled at sport (high jump record for 15 years) Adelaide Oval

Sixteenth Inter-Collegiate 1913 Dr Begg Howard Florey - of penicillin fame Sixteenth Inter-Collegiate 1913 Dr Begg Howard Florey - of penicillin fame

Biographical Notes l when 20, he worked as a jackeroo on Boonoke sheep and Biographical Notes l when 20, he worked as a jackeroo on Boonoke sheep and cattle station, Southern Riverina NSW - a gap year? TB? l B. D. Sc. and L. D. S. , Melbourne 1923 - was supposed to study medicine - no dental course yet in Adelaide; therefore, Melbourne - a strong desire to study orthodontics - a cousin, Dr Stanley Wilkinson and a nurse l studied with Edward H. Angle at the Angle School of Orthodontia, Pasadena, California, from March 1924 to October 1925

Melbourne Dental Hospital 1923 Melbourne Dental Hospital 1923

Edward Angle and Anna Hopkins Angle Edward Angle and Anna Hopkins Angle

Angle Society of Orthodontists 3 rd May, 1925 Angle Society of Orthodontists 3 rd May, 1925

Camping in the California hills Camping in the California hills

Biographical Notes l Edward H. Angle, Fred Ishii, and edgewise l Spencer Atkinson and Biographical Notes l Edward H. Angle, Fred Ishii, and edgewise l Spencer Atkinson and mesial migration Spencer Atkinson

A skull showing typical tooth wear in ancient peoples A skull showing typical tooth wear in ancient peoples

…. returning from Angle’s School …. returning from Angle’s School

Biographical Notes l returned to Adelaide in 1925 - appointed lecturer in orthodontia in Biographical Notes l returned to Adelaide in 1925 - appointed lecturer in orthodontia in January, 1926 - commenced private practice - Honorary Dental Surgeon, Adelaide Hospital l treated non-extraction, expansion edgewise for two years l began re-treating with pre-molar extraction in 1928 (platinised, . 020” round gold wire in 1929 ) l married Evelyn (Nellie) Ellen Hamilton on the 26 th April, 1928 at St Andrews Church, Walkerville - Nellie played Linton Cup tennis

Biographical Notes l they had three children - Janet Elizabeth Solly (psychiatrist, Brisbane) - Biographical Notes l they had three children - Janet Elizabeth Solly (psychiatrist, Brisbane) - David Hamilton Begg (managed K. I. property) - Diana Hamilton Coates (married Lt. Gen. John Coates) l DDSc awarded by The University of Adelaide “Some aspects of the Etiology of Irregularity and Malocclusion of the teeth” l the Begg technique was evolving and in the early 1940’s he met Arthur J Wilcock, University of Melbourne, who developed high tensile stainless steel wire

Wilcock’s wire drawing machine Wilcock’s wire drawing machine

Biographical Notes l after the second world war he was involved in running sheep Biographical Notes l after the second world war he was involved in running sheep stations in South Australia - Mount Ive (near Lake Gairdner), Camelback (K. I. )

Biographical Notes l 1954 published “Stone Age Man’s Dentition” l 1956 published treatment with Biographical Notes l 1954 published “Stone Age Man’s Dentition” l 1956 published treatment with the Begg technique - world-wide interest l H. D. Kesling visited Adelaide in 1957 and the long association with TP began l 1960 presented Begg treatment to the American Association of Orthodontists – a sensation! l the technique rapidly developed and the stage system was introduced for teaching l retired from the University of Adelaide as senior lecturer in 1963

Biographical Notes l he had tried titanium wires in 1954 but thought they were Biographical Notes l he had tried titanium wires in 1954 but thought they were “too soft” l continued in private orthodontic practice and travelled to present the Begg appliance and treatment philosophy around the world - Verco Bldg. then Shell House - Alice Springs l Begg Societies were formed in America, Europe, Japan and Australia l the Begg journal published until 1969

Biographical Notes l permanent display established in 1964 at the Smithsonian Institute, Washington D. Biographical Notes l permanent display established in 1964 at the Smithsonian Institute, Washington D. C. l published the Begg Technique text in 1965 - further editions in 1971 and 1977 - Spanish, French, Italian and Japanese l the glory days! Profuse lectures and courses - P. R. Begg, M. R. Sims and G. I. Brown - the Kesling & Rocke Center at La Porte Indiana l received the Albert H. Ketcham award in 1977

Biographical Notes l retired from private practice in 1980 - but registered another patent Biographical Notes l retired from private practice in 1980 - but registered another patent 1 month before he died l created Officer of the Order of Australia in 1981 for services to Humanity l died in Adelaide on the 18 th January, 1983 l permanent memorial established in 1986 at the Adelaide Dental Hospital l Named as one of 200 significant Australians in the bi-centennial celebrations in 1988

Biographical Notes l in 2001, the Begg Technique was listed among the top 100 Biographical Notes l in 2001, the Begg Technique was listed among the top 100 Australian inventions of the 20 th century ( displayed at the Powerhouse Museum) l inducted into the Pierre Fauchard Hall of Fame in 2007 - the first Australian dentist to be honoured l Included in The Advertiser’s list of 150 South Australian heroes in 2008

Adelaide Dental Hospital 1986 Adelaide Dental Hospital 1986

Retirement Dinner 1981 Mrs Begg Dr Begg Retirement Dinner 1981 Mrs Begg Dr Begg

Dr Begg in 1982 Milton Sims Arthur Wilcock Jr. Arthur Wilcock Snr. Dr Begg Dr Begg in 1982 Milton Sims Arthur Wilcock Jr. Arthur Wilcock Snr. Dr Begg

At Dr Begg’s last birthday in 1982 Fraser Gurling Milton Sims Bill Weekes Wayne At Dr Begg’s last birthday in 1982 Fraser Gurling Milton Sims Bill Weekes Wayne Sampson Dr Begg Peter Cheng John Jenner Raj Prasad Ronnie Wong

Dr Begg’s orthodontic practice in Shell House Dr Begg’s orthodontic practice in Shell House

Lt. Gen. John Coates Bill Winspear Diana Coates …. induction to the Pierre Fauchard Lt. Gen. John Coates Bill Winspear Diana Coates …. induction to the Pierre Fauchard Hall of Fame – 1 st June, 2007

Well done and thank you Well done and thank you

Postscript l a nephew, Dr Malcolm Begg, is a rheumatologist - apparently, Dr Begg Postscript l a nephew, Dr Malcolm Begg, is a rheumatologist - apparently, Dr Begg wanted him to be an orthodontist l Malcolm Begg Jr (Collie) is an orthopaedic surgeon l Malcolm Begg’s cousin, Alastair Begg, is a cardiologist All are practicing in Adelaide