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DOCUMENT #: GSC 13 -GTSC 6 -05 FOR: Presentation SOURCE: ITU AGENDA ITEM: GTSC, DOCUMENT #: GSC 13 -GTSC 6 -05 FOR: Presentation SOURCE: ITU AGENDA ITEM: GTSC, 4. 2 CONTACT(S): Herbert Bertine Security / Cybersecurity ITU Herbert Bertine, Chairman ITU-T Study Group 17 Submission Date: July 1, 2008

Strategic Direction Cybersecurity – one of the top priorities of the ITU § § Strategic Direction Cybersecurity – one of the top priorities of the ITU § § § Plenipotentiary Resolution 140 (2006), ITU’s role in implementing the outcomes of the World Summit on the Information Society – The important moderator/facilitator role of ITU in action line C 5 (building confidence and security in the use of ICTs). Plenipotentiary Resolution 149 (2006), Study of definitions and terminology relating to building confidence and security in the use of information and communication technologies WTSA-04 Resolution 50, Cybersecurity – Instructs the Director of TSB to develop a plan to undertake evaluations of ITU-T “existing and evolving Recommendations, and especially signalling and communications protocol Recommendations with respect to their robustness of design and potential for exploitation by malicious parties to interfere destructively with their deployment” WTSA-04 Resolution 51, Combating spam – Instructs the Director of TSB to “prepare urgently a report to the Council on relevant ITU and other international initiatives for countering spam, and to propose possible follow-up actions” - Done WTSA-04 Resolution 52, Countering spam by technical means – Instructs relevant study groups “to develop, as a matter of urgency, technical Recommendations, including required definitions, on countering spam” 2

Highlights of current activities (1) § ITU Global Cybersecurity Agenda (GCA) – – A Highlights of current activities (1) § ITU Global Cybersecurity Agenda (GCA) – – A Framework for international cooperation in cybersecurity ITU response to its role as sole Facilitator for WSIS Action Line C 5 Five key work areas: Legal, Technical, Organisational, Capacity Building, International Cooperation World renowned Group of High-Level Experts (HLEG) working on global strategies • GCA/HLEG met 26 June 2008 to agree upon a set of recommendations on all five work areas for presentation to ITU Secretary-General § ISO/IEC/ITU-T Strategic Advisory Group on Security - Coordinates security work and identifies areas where new standardization initiatives may be warranted. Portal established. Workshops conducted. § Identity Management – – – Effort jump started by Id. M Focus Group which produced 6 substantial reports (265 pages) in 9 months JCA –Id. M and IDM-GSI established – main work is in SGs 17 and 13 First Id. M Recommendation – X. 1250, Requirements for global identity management trust and interoperability - now in approval process 3

Highlights of current activities (2) § Core security (SG 17) – Approved 14 texts Highlights of current activities (2) § Core security (SG 17) – Approved 14 texts in 2007, 17 so far in 2008, 15 more for action in September 2008 • Summaries of Recommendations under development are available at: http: //www. itu. int/dms_pub/itu-t/oth/0 A/0 D/T 0 A 0 D 00000 D 0003 MSWE. doc – Covering frameworks, cybersecurity, countering spam, home networks, mobile, web services, secure applications, ISMS, telebiometrics, etc. – Work underway on additional topics including IPTV, multicast, and USN security; risk management and incident management; traceback – Questionnaire issued to developing countries to ascertain their security needs – Updated security roadmap/database, compendia, manual; strengthened coordination § Security for NGN – Y. 2701, Security Requirements for NGN Release 1 - published – Y. 2702, NGN authentication and authorization requirements – determined 4

Challenges Addressing security to enhance trust and confidence of users in networks, applications and Challenges Addressing security to enhance trust and confidence of users in networks, applications and services § With global cyberspace, what are the security priorities for the ITU with its government / private sector partnership? § Need for top-down strategic direction to complement bottom-up, contribution-driven process § Balance between centralized and distributed efforts on security standards § Legal and regulatory aspects of cybersecurity, spam, identity/privacy § Address full cycle – vulnerabilities, threats and risk analysis; prevention; detection; response and mitigation; forensics; learning § Agree uniform definitions of cybersecurity terms and definitions § Marketplace acceptance of Information Security Management System (ISMS) standards (ISO/IEC 27000 -series and ITU-T X. 1051) – the security equivalent to ISO 9000 -series § Effective cooperation and collaboration across the many bodies doing cybersecurity work § PSO help is needed in keeping security database up-to-date § Informal security experts network – needs commitment There is no “silver bullet” for cybersecurity 5

Next Steps/Actions for ITU-T § All Study Groups have proposed Questions for next study Next Steps/Actions for ITU-T § All Study Groups have proposed Questions for next study period • Most study groups have Questions concerning security • Questions are mainly evolution of existing work program • See Supplemental Information § The World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly (WTSA) in October 2008 will make decisions on the priorities, work program (Questions) and organization of Study Groups, including security / cybersecurity work § Meanwhile, the present work program continues under the current structure – See Supplemental Information • E. g. , Study Groups 17 and 13 will each meet in September to approve additional security Recommendations § A new edition of the ITU-T “Security Manual” is scheduled for October 2008 6

Proposed revision to Resolution § Resolution GSC-12/19, Cybersecurity • Add a new Resolves follows: Proposed revision to Resolution § Resolution GSC-12/19, Cybersecurity • Add a new Resolves follows: 5) supply updated information on their security standards work for inclusion in the ICT Security Standards Roadmap, a database of security standards hosted by the ITU-T at: http: //www. itu. int/ITU-T/studygroups/com 17/ict/index. html 7

Supplemental Information § Security activities • • ITU General Secretariat Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) Supplemental Information § Security activities • • ITU General Secretariat Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) Radiocommunication Sector (ITU-R) Telecommunication Development Sector (ITU-D) § Useful web resources 8

Supplemental Information ITU General Secretariat Corporate Strategy Division 9 Supplemental Information ITU General Secretariat Corporate Strategy Division 9

ITU Global Cybersecurity Agenda A Framework for International Cooperation in Cybersecurity ITU Global Cybersecurity Agenda A Framework for International Cooperation in Cybersecurity

Issues and Challenges • Constant evolution of the nature of cyberthreats • Vulnerabilities in Issues and Challenges • Constant evolution of the nature of cyberthreats • Vulnerabilities in software and hardware applications and services • Low entry barriers for cyber-criminals • Increasing sophistication of cybercrime • Loopholes in current legal frameworks • Absence of appropriate organizational structures • Inadequate cooperation among various stakeholders • Global problem which cannot be solved by any single entity (country or organization) Major challenge is to develop harmonized and comprehensive global strategies at the international level 11

WSIS and Cybersecurity Confidence and security are among the main pillars of the information WSIS and Cybersecurity Confidence and security are among the main pillars of the information society “Strengthening the trust framework, including information security and network security, authentication, privacy and consumer protection, is a prerequisite for the development of the Information Society and for building confidence among users of ICTs. “ WSIS Geneva Declaration of Principles, Para 35 “We reaffirm the necessity to further promote, develop and implement in cooperation with all stakeholders a global culture of cyber-security, as outlined in UNGA Resolution 57/239 and other relevant regional frameworks. ” WSIS Tunis Agenda, Para 39 12

ITU’s Role as WSIS C 5 FACILITATOR At the World Summit on the Information ITU’s Role as WSIS C 5 FACILITATOR At the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), world leaders and governments entrusted ITU to take the leading role in coordinating international efforts on cyber-security, as the sole Facilitator of Action Line C 5, “Building confidence and security in the use of ICTs” The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) provides the global perspective and expertise needed to meet the challenges, with a track record of brokering agreements between public and private interests on a level playing field ever since its inception in 1865. Third Facilitation Meeting 22 -23 May 2008, ITU Headquarters, Geneva http: //www. itu. int/osg/csd/cybersecurity/WSIS/3 rd. Meeting. html 13

A Global Strategy for Action The strategy for a solution must identify those existing A Global Strategy for Action The strategy for a solution must identify those existing national, regional and international initiatives, work with all relevant players to identify priorities and bring partners together with the goal of proposing global solutions to address the global challenges we face today. ITU Global Cybersecurity Agenda (GCA) • A framework for international multi-stakeholder cooperation in cybersecurity • ITU Response to its role as sole Facilitator for WSIS Action Line C 5 • World renowned Group of High Level Experts (HLEG) to develop global strategies • Representing main stakeholder groups working towards the same goals : Developing harmonized global strategies 14

GCA Work Areas GCA rests on five pillars or work areas: 1 2 Legal GCA Work Areas GCA rests on five pillars or work areas: 1 2 Legal Measures Technical and Procedural Measures 3 Organizational Structures 4 Capacity Building 5 International Cooperation 15

High-Level Experts Group (GCA/HLEG) High-Level Expert Group (HLEG) A global multi-stakeholder think-tank made up High-Level Experts Group (GCA/HLEG) High-Level Expert Group (HLEG) A global multi-stakeholder think-tank made up of high-level experts from: • Governments • Industry • Regional and international organizations • Research and academic institutions • Individual experts provided advice on strategies in all five work areas or pillars Elaboration of global strategies for 1 the development of a model cybercrime legislation 2 the creation of appropriate national and regional organizational structures and policies on cybercrime 3 the establishment of security criteria and accreditation schemes for software applications and systems 4 the creation of a global framework for watch, warning and incident response 5 the creation and endorsement of a generic and universal digital identity system 6 the facilitation of human and institutional capacity-building 7 international cooperation, dialogue and coordination 16

GCA/HLEG Members Diversity of Participation Argentina Brazil Cameroon Canada China Egypt Estonia Germany Japan GCA/HLEG Members Diversity of Participation Argentina Brazil Cameroon Canada China Egypt Estonia Germany Japan India Indonesia Italy Malaysia Morocco Portugal Republic of Lithuania Russian Federation Saudi Arabia South Africa Switzerland United States • Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland • Information Security Institute, Australia • Moscow Technical University of Communications, Russian Federation • African Telecommunication Union (ATU) • Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation • Telecommunications (APECTEL) • Commonwealth Telecommunications Organisations (CTO) • Council of Europe • Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) • European Information and Network • Security Agency (ENISA) • International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) • Organisation International de la Francophonie • Society for the Policing of Cyberspace (POLCYB) • UMTS Forum • United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime • Authentrus • BITEK International Inc. • Cybex • Cisco • Garlik • Intel Corporation • Microsoft Corporation • Télam S. E. • Veri. Sign, Inc. • Stein Schjolberg, Chief Judge, Moss Tingrett Court, Norway • Solange Ghernaouti-Helie, HEC-Université de Lausanne, Switzerland • Sy Goodman, Georgia Institute of Technology, United States • Nabil Kisrawi, Chairman of WG-Def, Syrian Republic • Bruce Schneier, Security Technologist, Unites States • Marco Gercke, Professor, Cologne University, Germany 17

GCA/HLEG Leveraging expertise for international consensus 1 On a Global level, from government, international GCA/HLEG Leveraging expertise for international consensus 1 On a Global level, from government, international organizations to industry 2 For a Harmonised approach to build synergies between initiatives 3 Through Comprehensive strategies on all levels GCA/HLEG is building synergies with existing initiatives and working with stakeholders in these five key areas: Legal Measures e. g. Cybercrime legislation (Council of Europe), Moss Tingrett Court Norway, Cybex Technical and Procedural Measures e. g. Software (Microsoft) , hardware (Intel), Networking (CISCO), Security Apps/Services (Verisign), Global Standards and Development (ITU) Organisational Structures e. g. Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams, OECD Capacity Building e. g. United Nations Institution for Training and Research (UNITAR), European Network and Information Security Agency (ENISA) International Cooperation e. g. Interpol, United Nations Office on Drug and Crime (UNODC) 18

HLEG • The HLEG work is an ongoing dynamic process with informationsharing and interaction HLEG • The HLEG work is an ongoing dynamic process with informationsharing and interaction relating to the elaboration of Global Strategies to meet the goals of the GCA and the ITU role as sole facilitator for WSIS Action Line C. 5. • Three meetings held: – First Meeting of the HLEG held on 5 October 2007 – Second Meeting of the HLEG held on 21 May 2008 – Third Meeting of the HLEG held on 26 June 2008 • Chairman's Report: – The results of the work of the HLEG, including recommendations, the views expressed during the meeting and additional information about the previous work of the HLEG are contained in the Chairman’s report which will be available at: http: //www. itu. int/osg/csd/cybersecurity/gca/hleg/meetings/third/index. html 19

GCA Sponsorship Programme – Join us! • This Sponsorship programme – will ensure that GCA Sponsorship Programme – Join us! • This Sponsorship programme – will ensure that all relevant stakeholders are aware of HLEG’s valuable work, will increase also a global understanding about how to work together to implement effective strategies. It will then be up to the stakeholders themselves – within their respective mandates and capabilities – to translate these strategies into concrete actions. • GCA Sponsors will help to promote the goals of this initiative around the world by participating in high-profile business activities including publications, pubic campaigns, an annual conference and other events. In addition to the opportunity to meet with high-level decision makers, Sponsors also stand to enhance their image and credibility with their stakeholders. 20

"The world must take action. It must stand united. This is not a problem any one nation can solve alone" Dr Óscar Arias Sánchez Nobel Peace Laureate, President of the Republic of Costa Rica, Patron of the Global Cybersecurity Agenda. 21

Conclusions Towards a global Cyberpeace… The threats to global cybersecurity demand a global framework! Conclusions Towards a global Cyberpeace… The threats to global cybersecurity demand a global framework! The magnitude of this issue calls for a coordinated global response to ensure that there are no safe havens for cybercriminals. ITU will act as a catalyst and facilitator for these partners to share experience and best practice, so as to step up efforts for a global response to cybercrime. In this way, working together, we can create a cyberspace that is somewhere safe for people to trade, learn and enjoy. Dr Hamadoun I. Touré Secretary-General, ITU 22

For More information on: ITU Global Cybersecurity Agenda & ITU Activities in Cybersecurity: http: For More information on: ITU Global Cybersecurity Agenda & ITU Activities in Cybersecurity: http: //www. itu. int/cybersecurity/ Email: [email protected] int 23

Supplemental Information ITU-T Telecommunication Standardization Sector 24 Supplemental Information ITU-T Telecommunication Standardization Sector 24

ITU-T Security and Cybersecurity Activities § SG 17, Security, Languages and Telecommunication Software Ø ITU-T Security and Cybersecurity Activities § SG 17, Security, Languages and Telecommunication Software Ø Lead Study Group on Telecommunication Security § SG 2, Operational Aspects of Service Provision, Networks and Performance § SG 4, Telecommunication Management § SG 5, Protection Against Electromagnetic Environment Effects § SG 9, Integrated Broadband Cable Networks and Television and Sound Transmission § SG 11, Signalling Requirements and Protocols § SG 13, Next Generation Networks § SG 15, Optical and Other Transport Network Infrastructures § SG 16, Multimedia Terminals, Systems and Applications § SG 19, Mobile Telecommunication Networks 25

ITU-T SG 17 ITU-T Study Group 17 Security, Languages and Telecommunication Software § § ITU-T SG 17 ITU-T Study Group 17 Security, Languages and Telecommunication Software § § § § Q. 4/17, Communications Systems Security Project Q. 5/17, Security Architecture and Framework Q. 6/17, Cyber Security Q. 7/17, Security Management Q. 8/17, Telebiometrics Q. 9/17, Secure Communication Services Q. 17/17, Countering Spam by Technical Means Q. 2/17, Directory Services, Directory Systems and Public-key/Attribute Certificates 26

SG 17 – Q. 4/17: Communications Systems Security Project ITU-T SG 17 Question 4 SG 17 – Q. 4/17: Communications Systems Security Project ITU-T SG 17 Question 4 Communications Systems Security Project • Overall Security Coordination and Vision • Outreach and promotional activities • ICT Security Standards Roadmap • Security Compendium • ITU-T Security manual • Focus Group on Security Baseline For Network Operators 27

SG 17 – Q. 4/17 results achieved • Successful workshop organized at start of SG 17 – Q. 4/17 results achieved • Successful workshop organized at start of Study Period to consider future direction of security standards • Security Standards Roadmap developed – includes security standards from ITU, ISO/IEC, IEEE, IETF, ATIS, ETSI, OASIS, 3 GPP • Security Compendium and Security Manual maintained and updated • Security Baseline for Network Operators developed 28

SG 17 – Q. 4/17 challenges • Overall shortage of participants and contributors • SG 17 – Q. 4/17 challenges • Overall shortage of participants and contributors • Roadmap issues/challenges: – Taxonomy (always a challenge!) – Finding out about new standards and when to post them – Appearance of the database – Need to develop a short guide to the update process 29

SG 17 – Q. 4/17 progress since GSC-12 Security Roadmap • The listing of SG 17 – Q. 4/17 progress since GSC-12 Security Roadmap • The listing of standards has been converted to a searchable database • Further updating is planned to ease navigation • A new section (Part 5) has been added on (non -proprietary) Best Practices 30

SG 17 – Q. 4/17 focus for next study period • Will continue to SG 17 – Q. 4/17 focus for next study period • Will continue to be primary SG contact for security coordination issues • Will maintain and update outreach material – Security Manual – Security Roadmap – Security Compendium • Responsibilities will be limited to coordination and outreach – no Recommendations 31

SG 17 – Q. 5/17: Security Architecture and Framework ITU-T SG 17 Question 5 SG 17 – Q. 5/17: Security Architecture and Framework ITU-T SG 17 Question 5 Security architecture and framework • • • Scope Strategic direction Challenges Major activities and accomplishments Actions for the next study period 32

SG 17 – Q. 5/17 scope X. 1036 X. 1031 X. 1034, X. 1035 SG 17 – Q. 5/17 scope X. 1036 X. 1031 X. 1034, X. 1035 Supplement to X. 800 -X. 849, Guidelines for implementing system and network security Recommendation X. 805 has been a foundation of Q. 5/17 security studies and shaped the scope of its work 33

SG 17 – Q. 5/17 scope (continued) • • • Q. 5/17 has developed SG 17 – Q. 5/17 scope (continued) • • • Q. 5/17 has developed Recommendations that further develop the concepts of X. 805 and provide guidance on their implementation X. 1031, Security architecture aspects of end users and networks in telecommunications - provides guidance on applying the concepts of the X. 805 architecture for distributing the security controls between the telecommunication networks and the end user’s equipment. X. 1034, Guidelines on Extensible Authentication Protocol based Authentication and Key Management in a Data Communication Network and X. 1035, Password. Authenticated Key Exchange Protocol (PAK) - specify protocols and procedures that support functions of the Authentication security dimension. X. 1036, Framework for creation, storage, distribution and enforcement of policies for network security further develops the concept of the security policy described in X. 805. Supplement to X. 800 -X. 849, Guidelines for implementing system and network security provides guidelines for implementing system and network security utilizing the concepts of X. 805 and other security Recommendations and standards. 34

SG 17 – Q. 5/17 strategic direction • • Development of a comprehensive set SG 17 – Q. 5/17 strategic direction • • Development of a comprehensive set of Recommendations for providing standard security solutions for telecommunications in collaboration with other Standards Development Organizations and ITU-T Study Groups. Studies and development of a trusted telecommunication network architecture that integrates advanced security technologies. Maintenance and enhancements of Recommendations in the X. 800 -series and X. 103 x-series. Coordination of studies on NGN security (with Question 15/13) 35

SG 17 – Q. 5/17 challenges • Authentication and key agreement is one of SG 17 – Q. 5/17 challenges • Authentication and key agreement is one of the most complex and challenging security procedures. Question 5/17 has developed Recommendations that contribute to the standards solutions for authentication and key management • X. 1034, Guidelines on Extensible Authentication Protocol based Authentication and Key Management in a Data Communication Network – Establishes a framework for the EAP-based authentication and key management for securing the link layer in an end-to-end data communication network. – Provides guidance on selection of the EAP methods. • X. 1035, Password-Authenticated Key Exchange Protocol (PAK) – Specifies a protocol, which ensures mutual authentication of both parties in the act of establishing a symmetric cryptographic key via Diffie-Hellman exchange. 36

SG 17 – Q. 5/17 major accomplishments • Recommendations developed by Q. 5/17: – SG 17 – Q. 5/17 major accomplishments • Recommendations developed by Q. 5/17: – X. 1031, Security architecture aspects of end users and networks in telecommunications – X. 1034, Guidelines on Extensible Authentication Protocol based Authentication and Key Management in a Data Communication Network – X. 1035, Password-Authenticated Key Exchange Protocol (PAK) – X. 1036, Framework for creation, storage, distribution and enforcement of policies for network security • A Supplement developed by Q. 5/17 – Supplement to X. 800 - X. 849 series Guidelines for implementing system and network security • Other technical documents prepared by Q. 5/17 – In response to the WTSA Resolution 50, Question 5/17 has prepared Guidelines for designing secure protocols using ITU-T Recommendation X. 805. • Major coordination activity conducted by Q. 5/17 – Question 5/17 has coordinated security studies with Question 15 of SG 13, NGN Security ensuring alignment of the standards work in both groups. 37

SG 17 – Q. 5/17 actions for next study period • • • How SG 17 – Q. 5/17 actions for next study period • • • How should a comprehensive, coherent communications security solution be defined? What is the architecture for a comprehensive, coherent communications security solution? What is the framework for applying the security architecture in order to establish a new security solution? What is the framework for applying security architecture in order to assess (and consequently improve) an existing security solution? What are the architectural underpinnings for security? What new Recommendations may be required for providing security solutions in the changing environment? How should architectural standards be structured with respect to existing Recommendations on security? How should architectural standards be structured with respect to the existing advanced security technologies? How should the security framework Recommendations be modified to adapt them to emerging technologies and what new framework Recommendations may be required? How are security services applied to provide security solutions? 38

SG 17 – Q. 6/17: Cyber Security ITU-T SG 17 Question 6 Cyber Security SG 17 – Q. 6/17: Cyber Security ITU-T SG 17 Question 6 Cyber Security • • • Motivation Scope Challenges Highlights of activities Actions for Next Study Period Collaboration with SDOs 39

SG 17 – Q. 6/17 motivation • Network connectivity and ubiquitous access is central SG 17 – Q. 6/17 motivation • Network connectivity and ubiquitous access is central to today’s IT systems • Wide spread access and loose coupling of interconnected IT systems and applications is a primary source of widespread vulnerability • Threats such as: denial of service, theft of financial and personal data, network failures and disruption of voice and data telecommunications are on the rise • Network protocols in use today were developed in an environment of trust • Most new investments and development is dedicated to building new functionality and not on securing that functionality • An understanding of cybersecurity is needed in order to build a foundation of knowledge that can aid in securing the networks of tomorrow 40

SG 17 – Q. 6/17 scope • Definition of Cybersecurity • Security of Telecommunications SG 17 – Q. 6/17 scope • Definition of Cybersecurity • Security of Telecommunications Network Infrastructure • Security Knowledge and Awareness of Telecom Personnel and Users • Security Requirements for Design of New Communications Protocol and Systems • Communications relating to Cybersecurity • Security Processes – Life-cycle Processes relating to Incident and Vulnerability • Security of Identity in Telecommunication Network • Legal/Policy Considerations • IP traceback technologies • Authentication Assurance 41

SG 17 – Q. 6/17 challenges • How should the current Recommendations be further SG 17 – Q. 6/17 challenges • How should the current Recommendations be further enhanced for their wide deployment and usage? • How to harmonize common Id. M data models across the ITU • How to define and use the term Identity within the ITU • How to detect and predict future threats and risks to networks • How to harmonize various Id. M solutions • What are the best strategies to improve Cybersecurity • How to maintain a living list of Id. M terms and definition and use it informally across the ITU 42

SG 17 – Q. 6/17 highlights of activities Completed Recommendations No. Title X. 1205 SG 17 – Q. 6/17 highlights of activities Completed Recommendations No. Title X. 1205 Overview of Cybersecurity X. 1206 A vendor-neutral framework for automatic checking of the presence of vulnerabilities information update X. 1207 Guidelines for Internet Service Providers and Endusers for Addressing the Risk of Spyware and Deceptive Software X. 1250* Requirements for global identity management trust and interoperability X. 1303 Common Alerting Protocol (CAP 1. 1) * Currently in the approval process 43

SG 17 – Q. 6/17 highlights of activities (2) Recommendations under development ITU-T X. SG 17 – Q. 6/17 highlights of activities (2) Recommendations under development ITU-T X. eaa | ISO/IEC xxxx, Information technology – Security techniques – Entity authentication assurance This Recommendation | International Standard provides a framework for entity authentication assurance which is the quantification of the risks that an entity is who or what he/she/it claims to be. In other words, entity authentication assurance is a measure of the confidence or risks associated with the authentication process and mechanisms. ITU-T X. gopw, Guideline on preventing worm spreading in a data communication network This Recommendation describes worm and other malicious codes spreading patterns and scenarios in a data communication network. The Recommendation provides guidelines for protecting users and networks from such malicious codes. 44

SG 17 – Q. 6/17 highlights of activities (3) Recommendations under development ITU-T X. SG 17 – Q. 6/17 highlights of activities (3) Recommendations under development ITU-T X. idif, User Control enhanced digital identity interchange framework This Recommendation defines a framework that covers how global interoperable digital identity interchange can be achieved and how an entity’s privacy is enhanced by providing an entity more control over the process of identity interchange. In addition, the Recommendation defines the general and functional requirements of the framework that should be satisfied. Based on the requirements, a framework is defined with basic functional building blocks for identity interchange and enhancing entity control. ITU-T X. idm-dm, Common identity data model This Recommendation develops a common data model for identity data that can be used to express identity related information among Id. M systems. 45

SG 17 – Q. 6/17 actions for next study period • • • • SG 17 – Q. 6/17 actions for next study period • • • • Enhance current Recommendations to accelerate their adoption Work with SG 2 in Trusted Service Provider Identifier (TSPID) Collaborate with Questions 5, 7, 9, 17/17 and with SG 2 in order to achieve better understanding of various aspects of network security Collaborate with IETF, OASIS, ISO/IEC JTC 1, Liberty Alliance and other standardization bodies on Cybersecurity Work with OASIS on maintaining the OASIS Common Alerting Protocol V 1. 1 (ITU-T Recommendation X. 1303) Study new Cybersecurity issues – How should ISPs deal with botnets, evaluating the output of appropriate bodies when available. Study technical aspects of Traceback techniques Joint work is ISO/JTC 1 SC 27 on Entity Authentication Assurance Progress work with Liberty Alliance on Identity Authntication Frameworks Working with SG 4 and SG 13 on common Id. M Data Models. Developing frameworks for User control enhanced digital identity interchange framework Developing guideline on protection for personally identifiable information in RFID application Developing requirements for security information sharing framework Developing guideline on preventing worm spreading in a data communication network Maintaining the Id. M Lexicon document 46

SG 17 – Q. 6/17 collaboration with other SDOs • • • ISO/IEC JTC SG 17 – Q. 6/17 collaboration with other SDOs • • • ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 27 IEC/TC 25 IETF IEEE Liberty Alliance OASIS W 3 C 3 GPP ETSI/TISPAN 47

SG 17 – Q. 7/17: Security management ITU-T SG 17 Question 7 Security management SG 17 – Q. 7/17: Security management ITU-T SG 17 Question 7 Security management • • • Scope Challenges Highlights of activities Actions for Next Study Period Collaboration with SDOs 48

SG 17 – Q. 7/17 scope For telecommunications organizations, information and the supporting processes, SG 17 – Q. 7/17 scope For telecommunications organizations, information and the supporting processes, facilities, networks and communications medias are all important business assets. In order for telecommunications organizations to appropriately manage these business assets and to correctly continue the business activity, Information Security Management is extremely necessary. The scope of this question is to provide GUIDELINES and BASELINES of Information Security Management to be appropriately applied for telecommunications organizations. Studies related on this issue can be a little bit extended to cover the following items: - information security management guidelines (baseline) information incident management guidelines risk management and risk profiles guidelines assets management guidelines policy management guidelines information security governance etc. 49

SG 17 – Q. 7/17 strategic directions Baseline Information Security Governance Framework X. ismf SG 17 – Q. 7/17 strategic directions Baseline Information Security Governance Framework X. ismf Incident Mang. Compliant BCP Incident Management Systems Security Maintenance Mang. Policy Organizational Security Access Controls Assets Personnel Physical Operational Security Other Managements Event Mang. Policy Mang. Asset Mang. Risk Mang. X. sim: Security Incident Mang. Vulnerability Handling Announcement Other Incident Management Alert Incident Handling X. rmg *** Assets Management Methodology Risk Management & Risk Profiles Based on the proposals from NSMF Practical Implementation Methodologies 50

SG 17 – Q. 7/17 challenges • How should information assets in telecommunications systems SG 17 – Q. 7/17 challenges • How should information assets in telecommunications systems be identified and managed? • How should information security policy for telecommunications systems be identified and managed? • How should specific management issues for telecommunications organizations be identified? • How should information security management system (ISMS) for telecommunications organizations be properly constructed by using the existing standards (ISO/IEC and ITU-T)? • How should measurement of information security management in telecommunications be identified and managed? • How should an information security governance framework be identified and managed? • How should the small and medium telecommunications organizations be managed and applied for security? 51

SG 17 – Q. 7/17 highlights of achievements Recommendations No. Title X. 1051 Information SG 17 – Q. 7/17 highlights of achievements Recommendations No. Title X. 1051 Information security management guideline for telecommunications organizations based on ISO/IEC 27002 X. rmg* Risk management and risk profile guide X. sim* Security incident management guidelines for telecommunications X. ismf* Information Security Management Framework for Telecommunications * Currently under development 52

SG 17 – Q. 7/17 actions for next study period • Review the existing SG 17 – Q. 7/17 actions for next study period • Review the existing management Recommendations/Standards in ITU-T and ISO/IEC management standards as for assets identification and security policy management. • Study and develop a methodology of assets identification and policy management for telecommunications based on the concept of information security management (X. 1051). • Study and develop information security management framework for telecommunications based on the concept of information security management (X. 1051). • Study and develop security management guidelines for small and medium telecommunications based on the concept of information security management (X. 1051). • Study and develop a methodology to construct information security management system (ISMS) for telecommunications organizations based on the existing standards (ISO/IEC and ITU-T). • Study and develop an information security governance framework for telecommunications that encompasses information technology and information security management. 53

SG 17 – Q. 7/17 collaboration with SDOs • • ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 27 SG 17 – Q. 7/17 collaboration with SDOs • • ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 27 ETSI TTC NIST 54

SG 17 – Q. 8/17: Telebiometrics ITU-T SG 17 Question 8 Telebiometrics • • SG 17 – Q. 8/17: Telebiometrics ITU-T SG 17 Question 8 Telebiometrics • • • Scope Strategic Direction Challenges Highlights of activities Actions for Next Study Period Collaboration with SDOs 55

SG 17 – Q. 8/17 scope Digital key / Secure protocol / Authentication infrastructure SG 17 – Q. 8/17 scope Digital key / Secure protocol / Authentication infrastructure / System mechanism / Protection procedure Safety conformity Storage Biometric Sensors Acquisition (capturing) NW NW NW Matching Extraction Score NW Decision NW: Network NW Application Yes/No 56

SG 17 – Q. 8/17 strategic direction Security and Protection for telebiometric application systems SG 17 – Q. 8/17 strategic direction Security and Protection for telebiometric application systems Protection procedures System mechanism among Client/Server/TTP Bio. API interworking protocol Authentication infrastructure Biometric Digital key Safety in interaction with sensors 57

SG 17 – Q. 8/17 challenges • How should security countermeasures be assessed for SG 17 – Q. 8/17 challenges • How should security countermeasures be assessed for particular applications of telebiometrics? • How can identification and authentication of users be improved by the use of interoperable models for safe and secure telebiometric methods? • What mechanisms need to be supported to ensure safe and secure manipulation of biometric data in any application of telebiometrics, e. g. , telemedicine or telehealth? • How should the current Recommendations be further enhanced for their wide deployment and usage? 58

SG 17 – Q. 8/17 highlights of activities Approved Recommendations No. Title X. 1082 SG 17 – Q. 8/17 highlights of activities Approved Recommendations No. Title X. 1082 Telebiometrics related to human physiology X. 1083 Bio. API Interworking Protocol X. 1084 Telebiometrics system mechanism – Part 1: General biometric authentication protocol and system model profiles on telecommunication systems X. 1088 Telebiometrics digital key – A framework for biometric digital key generation and protection X. 1089 Telebiometrics authentication infrastructure 59

SG 17 – Q. 8/17 actions for next study period • • Enhance current SG 17 – Q. 8/17 actions for next study period • • Enhance current Recommendations to accelerate their adoption to various telebiometric applications and populate the telebiometric database. Review the similarities and differences among the existing telebiometrics Recommendations in ITU-T and ISO/IEC standards. Study and develop security requirements and guidelines for any application of telebiometrics. Study and develop requirements for evaluating security, conformance and interoperability with privacy protection techniques for any application of telebiometrics. Study and develop requirements for telebiometric applications in a high functionality network. Study and develop requirements for telebiometric multi-factor authentication techniques based on biometric data protection and biometric encryption. Study and develop requirements for appropriate generic protocols providing safety, security, privacy protection, and consent “for manipulating biometric data” in any application of telebiometrics, e. g. , telemedicine or telehealth. Prepare a manual on telebiometrics. 60

SG 17 – Q. 8/17 collaboration with other SDOs • • • ISO/IEC JTC SG 17 – Q. 8/17 collaboration with other SDOs • • • ISO/IEC JTC 1/SCs 17, 27 and 37 ISO/TC 68 and TC 12 IEC/TC 25 IETF IEEE International Bureau of Weight and Measurement (BIPM) 61

SG 17 – Q. 9/17: Secure communication services ITU-T SG 17 Question 9 Secure SG 17 – Q. 9/17: Secure communication services ITU-T SG 17 Question 9 Secure Communication Services • • • Focus Position of each topic Strategic direction Challenges Major achievements Security work proposed for next study period 62

SG 17 – Q. 9/17 focus § Develop a set of standards of secure SG 17 – Q. 9/17 focus § Develop a set of standards of secure application services, including • • Mobile security Home network security Web Services security Secure application services NID/USN security Under study Multicast security Under study IPTV security Under study 63

SG 17 – Q. 9/17 position of each topic Mobile Home Network Home Gateway SG 17 – Q. 9/17 position of each topic Mobile Home Network Home Gateway Network Mobile Terminal Home network security Mobile security Home Network STB Content Provider USN Application Server Core Open Network IPTV security/Multicast security Ubiquitous Sensor Network USN gateway USN security NID tag NID Application Server NID security NID reader Client Secure application services /Web Services security 64

SG 17 – Q. 9/17 strategic direction § For developing the draft Recommendations on SG 17 – Q. 9/17 strategic direction § For developing the draft Recommendations on IPTV security matters: § Participate the ITU-T IPTV-GSI event (January – December, 2008) to develop them being consistent with relevant Recommendations being developed by other Questions § Propose X. iptvsec-1 (Requirements and architecture for IPTV security matter) for consent by September 2008, to meet urgent market need § Based on X. iptvsec-1, continue to study a set of possible draft Recommendations which complement X. iptvsec-1 technologically § Continue to develop a set of draft Recommendations in domainspecific areas: § Mobile network, Home network, (mobile) Web Services, application services, NID/USN service, IPTV service multicasting service, etc. § Continue to adopt or update the mature standards (i. e. , SAML, XACML) developed by other SDOs, especially by OASIS, in the area of Web Services security § Develop a common text of X. usnsec-1 (Security framework for USN) with ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 6 (as of June 2008) § Keep maintaining liaison activities with 3 GPP, 3 GPP 2, JTC 1/SC 6, 25, 27 to develop the relevant draft Recommendations 65

SG 17 – Q. 9/17 challenges § For the domain-specific draft Recommendations, it needs SG 17 – Q. 9/17 challenges § For the domain-specific draft Recommendations, it needs to strengthen the coordination work with other relevant Questions/SDOs to develop them to be consistent with their work. § During this Study period, Q. 9/17 has been focused on the security framework for various domain-specific networks. However, from now on it should be emphasized to develop the pragmatic draft Recommendations which have significant impact on industry for the domain-specific networks with the collaboration with industries, other relevant SDOs and network/service providers. § For developing the draft Recommendations on IPTV security matters, the various detailed work items should continue to be identified in the future. 66

SG 17 – Q. 9/17 major achievements § Mobile security § X. 1123, General SG 17 – Q. 9/17 major achievements § Mobile security § X. 1123, General security value added service (policy) for mobile data communication, Approved 2007 § X. 1124, Authentication architecture in mobile end-to-end data communication, Approved 2007 § X. 1125, Correlative reacting system in mobile network, Approved 2007 § NID security § X. 1171, Framework for Protection of Personally Identifiable Information in Networked ID Services, Consented 2008 § Home network security § X. 1111, Framework for security technologies for home network, Approved 2007 § X. 1112, Certificate profile for the device in the home network, Approved 2007 § X. 1113, Guideline on user authentication mechanisms for home network service, Approved 2007 § X. homesec-4 Authorization framework for home network, to be consented 2008 § USN security § X. usnsec-1 Requirement and Framework for Ubiquitous Sensor Network, New work item in 2007 67

SG 17 – Q. 9/17 major achievements (2) § Multicast Security § X. mcsec-, SG 17 – Q. 9/17 major achievements (2) § Multicast Security § X. mcsec-, 1 Security Requirement and Framework in Multicast communication, New work item in 2007 § IPTV security § X. iptvsec-1, Functional Requirements and architecture for IPTV security aspects, New work item in 2008 § X. iptvsec-2, Requirement and mechanism for Secure Transcodable Scheme New work item in 2008 § X. iptvsec-3, Key management framework for secure IPTV communications, New work item in 2008 § Web Services security § X. 1143, Security architecture for message security in mobile Web Services, Approved 2007 § Secure applications services § X. 1151, Guideline on strong password authentication protocols, Approved 2007 § X. 1152, Secure end-to-end data communication techniques using Trusted Third Party services, Consented 2008 § X. 1161, Framework for secure peerto-peer communications, Consented 2008 • X. 1162, Security architecture and operations for peer-to-peer network, Consented 2008 68

SG 17 – Q. 9/17 work for next study period § Divide Q. 9/17 SG 17 – Q. 9/17 work for next study period § Divide Q. 9/17 into two Questions: Q. O/17 and Q. P/17, considering the enormous workloads. Q. 9/17 for current Study Period Q. O/17 for Next Study Period Secure Communication Service Security aspects for ubiquitous telecommunication service • • • Mobile Security Home network security NID/USN security Multicast security IPTV security, etc. Q. P/17 for Next Study Period Secure application services • Web Service security • Secure application security • Web Service security • Secure application service, etc. 69

SG 17 – Q. 17/17: Countering spam by technical means ITU-T SG 17 Question SG 17 – Q. 17/17: Countering spam by technical means ITU-T SG 17 Question 17 Countering spam by technical means • • • Scope Strategic direction Challenges Highlights of activities Actions for next study period Collaboration with SDOs 70

SG 17 – Q. 17/17 scope § Develop a set of standards for countering SG 17 – Q. 17/17 scope § Develop a set of standards for countering spam by technical means, including: • General technical strategies and protocols for countering spam • Guidelines, frameworks and protocols for countering email spam, IP multimedia spam, SMS spam and other new types of spam 71

SG 17 – Q. 17/17 strategic direction Technical strategies on countering spam (X. 1231) SG 17 – Q. 17/17 strategic direction Technical strategies on countering spam (X. 1231) SMS spam Filtering System Based on Users’ Rules (X. ssf) Technologies involved in countering email spam (X. 1240) Technical framework for countering email spam (X. 1241) Overall aspects of IP multimedia application spam (X. 1244) Framework Recommendations IP multimedia application area (X. fcsip) Technology Recommendations: Interactive countering spam gateway system (X. tcs-1) etc. Technical means for countering email spam (X. tcs) TBD 72

SG 17 – Q. 17/17 challenges • • • What risks does spam pose SG 17 – Q. 17/17 challenges • • • What risks does spam pose to the telecommunication network? What technical factors associated with the telecommunication network contribute to the difficulty of identifying the sources of spam? How can new technologies lead to opportunities to counter spam and enhance the security of the telecommunication network? Do advanced telecommunication network technologies (for example, SMS, instant messaging, Vo. IP) offer unique opportunities for spam that require unique solutions? What technical work is already being undertaken within the IETF, in other fora, and by private sector entities to address the problem of spam? What telecommunication network standardization work, if any, is needed to effectively counter spam as it relates to the stability and robustness of the telecommunication network? 73

SG 17 – Q. 17/17 highlights of activities Approved Recommendations No. Title X. 1231 SG 17 – Q. 17/17 highlights of activities Approved Recommendations No. Title X. 1231 Technical Strategies on Countering Spam X. 1240 Technologies involved in countering email spam X. 1241 Technical framework for countering email spam X. 1244* Overall aspects of IP multimedia application spam * Currently in approval process 74

SG 17 – Q. 17/17 actions for next study period • • • Act SG 17 – Q. 17/17 actions for next study period • • • Act as the lead group in ITU-T on technical means for countering spam Establish effective cooperation with the relevant ITU Study Groups, other standard bodies and appropriate consortia and fora. Identify and examine the telecommunication network security risks introduced by the constantly changing nature of spam. Develop a comprehensive and up-to-date resource list of the existing technical measures for countering spam in a telecommunication network that are in use or under development. Determine whether new Recommendations or enhancements to existing Recommendations, including methods to combat delivery of spyware, worm, phishing, and other malicious contents via spam and combat compromised networked equipment including botnet delivering spam. Provide regular updates to the Telecommunication Standardization Advisory Group and to the Director of the Telecommunication Standardization Bureau to include in the annual report to Council. 75

SG 17 – Q. 17/17 collaboration with SDOs • Standardization bodies: – IETF – SG 17 – Q. 17/17 collaboration with SDOs • Standardization bodies: – IETF – ISO/IEC JTC 1 • Other bodies: – OECD – MAAWG. 76

SG 17 – Q. 2/17 - X. 500 security aspects ITU-T SG 17 Question SG 17 – Q. 2/17 - X. 500 security aspects ITU-T SG 17 Question 2 Directory Services, Directory Systems and Publickey/Attribute Certificates • X. 509 as basis for other specifications – Certificates – Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI) – Privilege Management Infrastructure (PMI) • Protecting directory information – User authentication – Access control – Data privacy protection 77

SG 17 – Q. 2/17 - X. 509 applicability The X. 509 specification is SG 17 – Q. 2/17 - X. 509 applicability The X. 509 specification is the base for many other specifications: • Secure Socket Layer (SSL) • The IETF Internet X. 509 Public Key Infrastructure (PKIX) activity • The IETF Secure / Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (S/MIME) activity • The ETSI Electronic Signatures and Infrastructures (ESI) activity • Etc. 78

SG 17 – Q. 2/17 - X. 509 applicability (2) The X. 509 specification SG 17 – Q. 2/17 - X. 509 applicability (2) The X. 509 specification is the base for: • • • Secure e-mail Online banking Medical electronic journals Online public service Etc. In short: The whole electronic world 79

SG 17 – Q. 2/17 - Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI) • PKI is an infrastructure SG 17 – Q. 2/17 - Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI) • PKI is an infrastructure for managing certificates. It consists of one or more Certification Authorities for issuing certificates in a secure way following a set of policies. • It includes maintaining information about certificates been revoked. • Directories are major components of the infrastructure. 80

SG 17 – Q. 2/17 - Privilege Management Infrastructure (PMI) • PMI is an SG 17 – Q. 2/17 - Privilege Management Infrastructure (PMI) • PMI is an infrastructure for managing authorization using attribute certificates. It consists of one or more Attribute Authorities for issuing attribute certificates in a secure way. • It includes maintaining information about attribute certificates been revoked. • Directories are major components of the infrastructure. • Recent development - (PMI) has been extended to allow privileges obtained in one domain to be used in an other domain (federation of privileges). 81

SG 17 – Q. 2/17 - Protecting Directory Information Authentication of users • None SG 17 – Q. 2/17 - Protecting Directory Information Authentication of users • None • Name + password • Name + protected password • Strong authentication based on X. 509 82

SG 17 – Q. 2/17 - Protecting Directory Information Access control • Access control SG 17 – Q. 2/17 - Protecting Directory Information Access control • Access control is about right-to-know (Who may do what based on level of authentication) • X. 500 has comprehensive access control features • X. 500 is the only directory specification having these features 83

SG 17 – Q. 2/17 - Protecting Directory Information Data Privacy Protection • Data SG 17 – Q. 2/17 - Protecting Directory Information Data Privacy Protection • Data Privacy Protection is about right-toknow and need-to-know. • Protection against malicious searches • Protection against data trawling • Minority protection 84

SG 17 – Q. 2/17 - New security extension work Password policy, that is SG 17 – Q. 2/17 - New security extension work Password policy, that is rules for administration of password to increase directory security: • • • Password lifetime Maintain password history (avoid reuse) Password quality Password warnings Error signalling Etc. Part of next X. 500 edition (2011 -2012) 85

ITU-T SG 2 ITU-T Study Group 2 Operational aspects of service provision, networks and ITU-T SG 2 ITU-T Study Group 2 Operational aspects of service provision, networks and performance 86

SG 2 – Scope of security study • Operational aspects such as prevention and SG 2 – Scope of security study • Operational aspects such as prevention and detection of: – Fraud – Misuse • Corresponding operational measures • Security requirements 87

SG 2 – Accomplishment • Recommendations: – E. 156 Guidelines for ITU-T action on SG 2 – Accomplishment • Recommendations: – E. 156 Guidelines for ITU-T action on reported misuse of E. 164 number resources – E. 408 Telecommunication networks security requirements – E. 409 Incident organization and security incident handling: Guidelines for telecommunication organizations – Numerous Recommendations on operational aspects of network management 88

ITU-T SG 4 ITU-T Study Group 4 Telecommunication management 89 ITU-T SG 4 ITU-T Study Group 4 Telecommunication management 89

SG 4 – Scope of security study • Security of management plane • Management SG 4 – Scope of security study • Security of management plane • Management of security for telecommunications management • Protocols of securities for management 90

SG 4 – Strategic direction • Establishment of interface Recommendations among security function groups SG 4 – Strategic direction • Establishment of interface Recommendations among security function groups or entities for management of security (Enhancement of M. 3410) • Study on use of Id. M in management plan • Study on the management of Id. M • Continuation of protocol profiling for security management 91

SG 4 – Challenges • Fill the gap in security on management plane and SG 4 – Challenges • Fill the gap in security on management plane and management of its security • Collaboration with ATIS TMOC and ETSI TISPAN on the subject 92

SG 4 – Accomplishment • Consent of Recommendation M. 3410 – Guidelines and Requirements SG 4 – Accomplishment • Consent of Recommendation M. 3410 – Guidelines and Requirements for Security Management Systems to Support Telecommunications Management 93

SG 4 – Next steps • Enhancement of M. 3016 series Recommendations for security SG 4 – Next steps • Enhancement of M. 3016 series Recommendations for security of management plane • Enhancement of M. 3410 Recommendation for management of security for telecommunications management • Enhancement of Q. 811 and Q. 812, management protocol profiles from security subject perspective 94

SG 4 – Questions • What security mechanisms and protocols are required to support SG 4 – Questions • What security mechanisms and protocols are required to support security of management for NGNs? • What management mechanisms and protocols are required to support management of security for NGNs? • What use of Service-Oriented Architecture concepts should be applied in specifying protocol and security Recommendations? • What collaboration inside and outside the ITU-T is needed to develop protocol and security functions? 95

ITU-T SG 5 ITU-T Study Group 5 Protection against electromagnetic environment effects 96 ITU-T SG 5 ITU-T Study Group 5 Protection against electromagnetic environment effects 96

SG 5 – Scope • To provide guidance on the protection of Telecommunications and SG 5 – Scope • To provide guidance on the protection of Telecommunications and Data Centres against disruption of service and/or physical damage due to: – Natural EM phenomena • Lightning, Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) – Interactions with the RF Spectrum • Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) – Man-Made/Malicious Electromagnetic threats • High-altitude EM Pulse (HEMP); • High-Power EM weapons (HPEM); • To provide guidance on the protection of electronic data from interception via EM means 97

SG 5 – Strategic direction • Do not reinvent the wheel – Reference existing SG 5 – Strategic direction • Do not reinvent the wheel – Reference existing K-Series Recommendations wherever possible • Lightning, ESD, EMC – Develop effective liaisons with other International Standardization Organizations to exploit additional expertise • Liaison with IEC TC 77 – Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) – SC 77 C – High Power Transient Phenomena – provided expertise in HEMP and HPEM • Liaison with National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT) of Japan – provided expertise on EM interception of data – Apply existing expertise to the telecommunications and data centre domain 98

SG 5 – Challenges • Knowledge management – Liaisons with other bodies has granted SG 5 – Challenges • Knowledge management – Liaisons with other bodies has granted access to rich veins of existing expertise – This has taken time to assimilate and present within the context of a telecommunications and data centre • EM intercept – Previously officially secret in some regions (i. e. previously known as TEMPEST within the US) 99

SG 5 – Recent accomplishments • A document set is planned • K. sec SG 5 – Recent accomplishments • A document set is planned • K. sec – basic introduction that references the following: – – – K. hemp K. hpem K. leakage K. sec_miti Existing K-series Recommendations on lightning Existing K-series Recommendations on EMC • Steady progress has been made on developing the document set 100

SG 5 – Next steps/actions Development of document set continues with the following timing SG 5 – Next steps/actions Development of document set continues with the following timing Document Title of the Recommendation Timing K. sec Guide for the application of electromagnetic security requirements - Basic Recommendation 2011 K. hemp Application of requirements against HEMP to telecommunication systems 2008 K. hpem Application of requirements against HPEM to telecommunication systems 2008 K. leakage Test method and requirements against information leak through unintentional EM emission 2009 K. secmiti Mitigation methods against EM security threats 2011 101

ITU-T SG 9 ITU-T Study Group 9 Integrated broadband cable networks and television and ITU-T SG 9 ITU-T Study Group 9 Integrated broadband cable networks and television and sound transmission 102

SG 9 – Scope of security work § Security requirements are spread across multiple SG 9 – Scope of security work § Security requirements are spread across multiple questions: – Improve the security of conditional access systems used for television subscription, pay-per-view and similar services distributed to the home by cable television (Q 3) – Security, conditional access, protection against unauthorized copying, protection against unauthorized redistribution requirements to be supported by an universal integrated receiver or set-top box for the reception of cable television and other services (Q 5) – Security requirements and protocols associated with high-speed bidirectional data facilities intended to support, among other payloads, those utilizing Internet Protocols (IP) exploiting the broadband capacity provided by hybrid fiber/Coaxial (HFC) digital cable television systems (Q 8) – Security requirements and protocols for Voice over IP/Video over IP applications in IP-based cable television networks (Q 9) – Extend the security requirements for entertainment video delivery associated with cable network video service onto the home network (Q 10) § Provide all the security requirements for the network elements and services offered by cable operators 103

SG 9 – Strategic direction for security for Cable Networks Network Elements - Link SG 9 – Strategic direction for security for Cable Networks Network Elements - Link privacy for cable modem implementations J. 125 - Third generation Transmission systems – security services J. 222. 3 - IP Cablecom security specification J. 170 - IP Cablecom 2 architecture including security. J. 360 - Security features based on 3 G mobile telecom system as modified for Cable J. 366. 7 - IMS network domain security specification J. 366. 8 - Generic authentication architecture specification J. 366. 9 Home Networking – Devices and Applications - A Residential Gateway to support delivery of cable data services J. 192 - Requirements for next generation set-top boxes J. 193 - High level requirements for DRM Bridge for Cable access Network to home network J. 197 - Next generation set-top box architecture J. 290 - IPTV requirements for secondary distribution J. 700 104

SG 9 – Challenges for cable networks security • Authentication, privacy, access control and SG 9 – Challenges for cable networks security • Authentication, privacy, access control and content protection both on the access network and the bridge to home network are key considerations for multi-media applications/services • Security requirements for network elements in the access networks determine how the applications (voice, video and data) are transmitted securely to authenticated users/subscribers • Security requirements for network elements in the home network such as residential gateway and settop boxes meet the access control for the user 105

SG 9 – Major accomplishments • Approved 2 security requirements Recommendations: • “Link Privacy SG 9 – Major accomplishments • Approved 2 security requirements Recommendations: • “Link Privacy for cable modems” (J. 125) • “Third generation transmission systems” (cable Modem and Cable Modem Termination System, J. 222. 3) • Approved “IPTV requirements for secondary distribution” (J. 700) • Approved the Recommendation on “Component definition and interface specification for next generation set-top box” (J. 293) 106

SG 9 – Security work for next study period Security studies for the next SG 9 – Security work for next study period Security studies for the next study period will be continued in the following questions: • Cable television delivery of digital services and applications that use Internet Protocols (IP) and/or packet-based data • Voice and video applications over cable TV networks • Functional requirements for a universal integrated receiver or set-top box for the reception of cable television and other services • The extension of cable-based services over broadband in Home Networks • Security requirements for IPTV interfaces for secondary distribution (identified in J. 700) 107

ITU-T SG 11 ITU-T Study Group 11 Signalling Requirements and Protocols 108 ITU-T SG 11 ITU-T Study Group 11 Signalling Requirements and Protocols 108

SG 11 – Scope of security work § Each Question of SG 11 has SG 11 – Scope of security work § Each Question of SG 11 has to consider security aspects to develop protocol Recommendations used for network control signalling, based on the general requirements developed by other SGs, such as SG 2, SG 13, SG 17 and SG 19. § Q. 7/11, entitled as “Signalling and control requirements and protocols to support attachment in NGN environments”, has specific requirements for authentication and authorization of users and terminals. 109

SG 11 – Strategic direction • Security consideration has been incorporated within the text SG 11 – Strategic direction • Security consideration has been incorporated within the text for each Question of SG 11. • Various security arrangements are embedded within the protocols defined at various reference points, by reusing existing mechanisms defined by other organization (e. g. , IETF and 3 GPP). • Strengthen the coordination on security issues across SGs, as well as among Questions within SG 11 by proposing a dedicated new Question on security coordination for the next study period. 110

SG 11 – Challenges for secure protocols • Design interface protocols which have various SG 11 – Challenges for secure protocols • Design interface protocols which have various security mechanisms based on Recommendations / specifications developed by SG 17 and other SDOs. • Special attention should be drawn to the interface between legacy telephone networks and emerging NGN. • It would also be necessary to guide actual protocol implementations so that there will be no security holes, for example, by defining implementers’ guides. 111

SG 11 – Recent accomplishments • 24 Recommendations and 6 Supplements have been approved SG 11 – Recent accomplishments • 24 Recommendations and 6 Supplements have been approved so far, regarding NGN protocols with security mechanisms embedded. • The following two Recommendations have been approved at the January 2008 SG 11 meeting in Q. 7/11 in Network attachment control protocol work: – Q. 3201, “EAP-based security signalling protocol architecture. ” Note - EAP: Extensible Authentication Protocol – Q. 3202. 1, “Authentication protocols for interworking among 3 GPP, Wi. Max and WLAN in NGN. ” 112

SG 11 – Security work for next study period New Question on security coordination SG 11 – Security work for next study period New Question on security coordination • What is the content of an appropriate policy for the consideration of protocol security in the work of the Study Group? • What are the means to assure that such a policy is being followed in practice? • What exceptions to the general policy are permissible in the case of specific Recommendations? • What is the impact of security-related work in other groups on the work of protocol security within this Study Group at the policy level? • What are the means by which technical developments in protocol security achieved in other groups may be communicated to interested Questions in this Study Group, and the reverse? 113

ITU-T SG 13 ITU-T Study Group 13 Next Generation Networks 114 ITU-T SG 13 ITU-T Study Group 13 Next Generation Networks 114

SG 13 – Scope of NGN security work in Q. 15 § Conduct NGN SG 13 – Scope of NGN security work in Q. 15 § Conduct NGN Security studies to develop network architectures that: – Provide for maximal network and end-user resources protection – Allow for highly-distributed intelligence end-to-end – Allow for co-existence of multiple networking technologies – Provide for end-to-end security mechanisms – Provide for security solutions that apply over multiple administrative domains – Provide for secure Identity Management – Provide for security solutions for IPTV that are costeffective and have acceptable impact on the performance, quality of service, usability, and scalability § Provide security guidance on NGN security to all Questions of SG 13 and other Study Groups 115

SG 13 – Strategic direction for NGN security Y. 2701 is a base for SG 13 – Strategic direction for NGN security Y. 2701 is a base for development of the detailed Recommendations on NGN Security Y. 2701 Security Requirements for NGN Release 1 Identity Management has evolved into a separate topic of the NGN security work Y. 2701 is built on application of the concepts of X. 805 Y. 2702 NGN Authentication and Authorization Requirements NGN AAA NGN Certificate Management NGN Security Mechanisms to Y. 2201 , NGN requirements NGN Id. M Framework NGN Id. M Use cases NGN Id. M Requirements and Y. 2012, NGN Functional Requirements and Architecture NGN Id. M Mechanisms • Id. M Framework defines the concepts of the Id. M • Id. M Use cases is a base for deriving the Id. M requirements • Id. M Mechanisms provide support for the requirements 116

SG 13 – Challenges for NGN security • Authentication is one of the most SG 13 – Challenges for NGN security • Authentication is one of the most complex and challenging procedures in NGN security. The following study items of SG 13 are focused on various aspects of authentication: – Y. 2702, NGN Authentication and Authorization Requirements – NGN Security Mechanisms – NGN Certificate Management – NGN Authentication Authorization and Accounting – NGN Id. M Requirements – NGN Id. M Mechanisms 117

SG 13 – Major security accomplishments Question 15/13 has: – Achieved determination of the SG 13 – Major security accomplishments Question 15/13 has: – Achieved determination of the draft ITU-T Recommendation Y. 2702, NGN Authentication and Authorization Requirements – Defined the direction for the studies of Identity Management (Id. M) for NGN and started development of four ITU-T Recommendations on Id. M – Provided security expertise to other Questions and Study Groups through active participation in NGN-GSI and Id. M-GSI – Continued productive collaboration with ITU-T SG 17 - Lead Study Group on Telecommunication Security and started joint (with Q. 6/17) development of Recommendation X. idm-dm, Identity Data Model – Initiated a liaison exchange with 3 GPP SA 3 aimed at harmonization of the standards on media security 118

SG 13 – Security work for next study period Security studies for the next SG 13 – Security work for next study period Security studies for the next study period will address: • • • What new Recommendations or guidance to other Study Groups are needed to standardize identification of NGN threats and vulnerabilities? What are the security requirements of NGN to effectively counter these threats? What new Recommendations are necessary to enable comprehensive, end-to-end security in NGN that span across multiple heterogeneous administrative domains? What new Recommendations or guidance are necessary to enable attachment of terminals in a secure fashion, including Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting (AAA) considerations, to NGN? How to define security architecture of Identity Management in NGN? What are security requirements to Identity Management in NGN? What new Recommendations are needed for supporting security requirements of Identity Management in NGN? What new Recommendations are needed for supporting secure interoperability among different Circles of Trusts (Co. T) in NGN? What new NGN Recommendations are needed for supporting security requirements of IPTV? 119

ITU-T SG 15 ITU-T Study Group 15 Optical and Other Transport Network Infrastructures 120 ITU-T SG 15 ITU-T Study Group 15 Optical and Other Transport Network Infrastructures 120

SG 15 - Responsibilities SG 15 is responsible for the development of standards on SG 15 - Responsibilities SG 15 is responsible for the development of standards on optical and other transport network infrastructures, systems, equipment, optical fibres, and their management and the corresponding control plane technologies to enable the evolution toward intelligent transport networks. This encompasses the development of related standards for the customer premises, access, metropolitan and long haul sections of communication networks. This responsibility includes security-related aspects, including encryption, protection and restoration, and security management. 121

SG 15 – Security related work in SG 15 Question Topic and security-related issues SG 15 – Security related work in SG 15 Question Topic and security-related issues 1/15 Coordination of Access Network Transport standards Access Network Transport planning security aspects 2/15 Optical systems for fibre access networks Example: Link level encryption 3/15 General characteristics of optical transport networks OTN planning security aspects 4/15 Transceivers for customer access and in-premises networking systems on metallic conductors Example: Notching out frequency bands used by amateur radio etc. 6/15 Characteristics of optical systems for terrestrial transport networks Safety and reliability requirements 9/15 Transport equipment and network protection/restoration Security requirements for equipment functions and protection switching processes for transport networks 10/15 Optical fibres and cables for the access network to and in buildings and homes Safety and reliability requirements 12/15 Transport network architectures Architecture aspects, including security-related issues 14/15 Management and control of transport systems and equipment Security requirements for managing the transport network/system/equipment and the supporting management communication network and signalling communication network 122

SG 15 – Major security accomplishments The common transport equipment management requirements Recommendation G. SG 15 – Major security accomplishments The common transport equipment management requirements Recommendation G. 7710/Y. 1701 (7/2007) has added M. 3016 Series (2005) as normative reference for management plane security requirements. The requirements in G. 7710/Y. 1701, including the security requirements, continue to be the base for managing technology-specific transport equipment, including Eo. T in G. 8051/Y. 1345 (10/2007) and T-MPLS in G. 8151/Y. 1374 (10/2007). 123

SG 15 – Security work for next study period Will continue to study security SG 15 – Security work for next study period Will continue to study security requirements for managing transport network/system/equipment and their control plane and revise the recommendations are necessary G. 806 (Generic Equipment Functions) will be revised and security requirements will be included. 124

ITU-T SG 16 ITU-T Study Group 16 Multimedia terminals, systems and applications 125 ITU-T SG 16 ITU-T Study Group 16 Multimedia terminals, systems and applications 125

SG 16 – Q. 25/16, Multimedia security in NGN • • Study Group 16 SG 16 – Q. 25/16, Multimedia security in NGN • • Study Group 16 concentrates on multimedia systems. Q. 25/16 focuses on the application-security issues of MM applications in existing and next generation networks Standardizes multimedia security So far Q. 25/16 has been standardizing MM-security for the “ 1 st generation MM/pre-NGN systems”: – H. 323/H. 248 -based systems 126

SG 16 – Evolution of H. 235 Core Security Framework Engineering 1 st Deployment SG 16 – Evolution of H. 235 Core Security Framework Engineering 1 st Deployment Improvement and Additions Consolidation Reorganization H. 235 V 3 Amd 1 + Annex I Annex H H. 235 Annex G H. 235 V 4 H. 235. 0 ~ H. 235. 9 approved H. 235 V 2 H. 235 V 1 approved Initial Draft H. 323 V 1 1996 Security Profiles Annex D Annex E started H. 323 V 2 1997 1998 Annex D Annex F H. 530 consent Annex E approved H. 323 V 4 1999 2000 H. 323 V 5 2001 2002 2003 H. 323 V 6 2004 2005 2006 127

SG 16 – H. 235 V 4 sub-series Recommendations • • Major restructuring of SG 16 – H. 235 V 4 sub-series Recommendations • • Major restructuring of H. 235 v 3 Amd 1 and annexes in stand-alone sub-series Recommendations H. 235. x sub-series specify scenario-specific MMsecurity procedures as H. 235 -profiles for H. 323 • • • Some new parts added Some enhancements and extensions Incorporated corrections • Approved in September 2005 128

SG 16 – H. 323 Security Recommendations (1) • H. 235. 0 “Security framework SG 16 – H. 323 Security Recommendations (1) • H. 235. 0 “Security framework for H-series (H. 323 and other H. 245 -based) multimedia systems” Þ • H. 235. 1 "Baseline Security Profile” Þ • Overview of H. 235. x sub-series and common procedures with baseline text Authentication & integrity for H. 225. 0 signaling using shared secrets H. 235. 2 "Signature Security Profile” Þ Authentication & integrity for H. 225. 0 signaling using X. 509 digital certificates and signatures 129

SG 16 – H. 323 Security Recommendations (2) • H. 235. 3 SG 16 – H. 323 Security Recommendations (2) • H. 235. 3 "Hybrid Security Profile" Þ enhanced • H. 235. 4 "Direct and Selective Routed Call Security" Þ extended Authentication & integrity for H. 225. 0 signaling using an optimized combination of X. 509 digital certificates, signatures and shared secret key management; specification of an optional proxy-based security processor Key management procedures in corporate and interdomain environments to obtain key material for securing H. 225. 0 call signaling in GK directrouted/selective routed scenarios 130

SG 16 – H. 323 Security Recommendations (3) • enhanced Þ • modified H. SG 16 – H. 323 Security Recommendations (3) • enhanced Þ • modified H. 235. 5 "Framework for secure authentication in RAS using weak shared secrets" Secured password (using EKE/SPEKE approach) in combination with Diffie-Hellman key agreement for stronger authentication during H. 225. 0 signaling H. 235. 6 "Voice encryption profile with native H. 235/H. 245 key management" Þ Þ Key management and encryption mechanisms for RTP Amendment 1 (June 2008) added support for cipher key lengths of 192 and 256 bit to AES 131

SG 16 – H. 323 Security Recommendations (4) • H. 235. 7 SG 16 – H. 323 Security Recommendations (4) • H. 235. 7 "Usage of the MIKEY Key Management Protocol for the Secure Real Time Transport Protocol (SRTP) within H. 235" Þ • NEW Usage of the MIKEY key management for SRTP H. 235. 8 "Key Exchange for SRTP using Secure Signalling Channels" Þ SRTP keying parameter transport over secured signaling channels (IPsec, TLS, CMS) H. 235. 9 "Security Gateway Support for H. 323" Þ Discovery of H. 323 Security Gateways (SG = H. 323 NAT/FW ALG) and key management for H. 225. 0 signaling 132

SG 16 – Other MM-SEC results • H. 350. 2 (2003) “H. 350. 2 SG 16 – Other MM-SEC results • H. 350. 2 (2003) “H. 350. 2 Directory Services Architecture for H. 235” Þ • H. 530 (2002) “Symmetric security procedures for H. 323 mobility in H. 510” + Cor. 1 (2003) Þ • An LDAP schema to represent H. 235 elements (PWs, certificates, ID information) Authentication, access control and key management in mobile H. 323 -based corporate networks H. 460. 22 (2007) “Security protocol negotiation” + Cor. 1 (2008) Þ Negotiate security protocols (IPsec or TLS or others) for H. 323 signaling 133

SG 16 – Q. 5/16 (H. 300 NAT/FW traversal) results • H. 460. 18 SG 16 – Q. 5/16 (H. 300 NAT/FW traversal) results • H. 460. 18 (2005) “Traversal of H. 323 signalling across FWs and NATs” Þ • H. 323 protocol enhancements and new client/server proxies to allow H. 323 signalling protocols traverse NATs & FWs; H. 323 endpoints can remain unchanged H. 460. 19 (2005) “NAT & FW traversal procedures for RTP in H. 323 systems” Þ Uses multiplexed RTP media mode and symmetric RTP in conjunction with H. 460. 18 as a short-term solution 134

SG 16 – More Q. 5/16 results • Technical Paper (2005) “Requirements for Network SG 16 – More Q. 5/16 results • Technical Paper (2005) “Requirements for Network Address Translator and Firewall Traversal of H. 323 Multimedia Systems” Þ • Technical Paper (2005) “Firewall and NAT traversal Problems in H. 323 Systems” Þ • Documentation of scenarios and requirements for NAT & FW traversal in H. 323 An analysis of scenarios and various problems encountered by H. 323 around NAT & FW traversal H-Series Supplement 10 (2008) “Proxy-aided NAT/FW Traversal Scheme for H. 323 Multimedia Systems” Þ Describe proxy-aided NAT/firewall traversal mechanism as a NAT traversal solution for H. 323 multimedia systems 135

SG 16 – New security items under current study • MM security aspects of SG 16 – New security items under current study • MM security aspects of Advanced Multimedia Systems (AMS) under Q. 12/16 Þ • Security consideration in the third generation MM system with a decomposed and distributed architecture Security aspects of IPTV system under Q. 13/16 Þ Content protection related metadata 136

SG 16 – Summary • Multimedia systems and applications as being studied by SG SG 16 – Summary • Multimedia systems and applications as being studied by SG 16 face important security challenges: – • • • MM-security and NAT/FW traversal Q. 25/16 and Q. 5/16 are addressing these issues and have provided various Recommendations The work continues in the scope of NGN-Multimedia Security considerations are key part of draft new Question B 7/16 “Advanced functions for H. 300 -series systems and beyond” – Other Questions will also address the topic within their areas of competence 137

ITU-T SG 19 ITU-T Study Group 19 Mobile Telecommunication Networks 138 ITU-T SG 19 ITU-T Study Group 19 Mobile Telecommunication Networks 138

SG 19 – Scope of security work • Scope: IMT-2000 Family Member Networks • SG 19 – Scope of security work • Scope: IMT-2000 Family Member Networks • Broad requirements for security are covered in the following ITU-T Recommendations: – Q. 1701 “Framework for IMT‑ 2000 networks” – Q. 1702 “Long-term vision of network aspects for systems beyond IMT-2000” – Q. 1703 “Service and network capabilities framework of network aspects for systems beyond IMT-2000” 139

SG 19 – Strategic directions • Mainly derived from Q. 1702 and Q. 1703 SG 19 – Strategic directions • Mainly derived from Q. 1702 and Q. 1703 – Q. 1702 indicates the following objectives to provide network security among heterogeneous interconnected networks: • Comprehensive, cross-provider security infrastructure support • Well-defined and conducted routine system risk analysis • Robust system intrusion monitoring and response system to control damage • Low overhead security protocols to accommodate wireless bandwidth limitation • Provide seamless security across heterogeneous access technologies 140

SG 19 – Strategic directions • Mainly derived from Q. 1702 and Q. 1703 SG 19 – Strategic directions • Mainly derived from Q. 1702 and Q. 1703 – Rec. Q. 1703 specifies that at least the following security services should be provided: • Integrity: contents as received are exactly as sent • Confidentiality: user data is kept secret from unintended listeners • Non-repudiation: prevent denying a transmission was initiated • Mutual authentication: assurance that a participant is who he claims to be • Authorization: control user access to various network resources 141

SG 19 – Security challenges • To address security concerns arising due to: – SG 19 – Security challenges • To address security concerns arising due to: – Migration from circuit switching to Packet switching (using IP in wireless networks) – Fixed Mobile Convergence (FMC): access & services across heterogeneous networks (GSM, Wi‑Fi, PSTN, Wi. MAX, etc. ) with the usage of IP • To define a security framework applicable across heterogeneous networks 142

SG 19 – Major security accomplishments • Q. 1707/Y. 2804 (02/2008) “Generic Framework of SG 19 – Major security accomplishments • Q. 1707/Y. 2804 (02/2008) “Generic Framework of Mobility Management for NGNs” – Designed to ensure that MM functions can interwork with the relevant authentication and security protocols. • Q. 1742 -series “IMT‑ 2000 references to ANSI-41 evolved core network with cdma 2000 access” – References to 3 GPP security specifications • • • S. S 0078: Common Security Algorithms S. R 0082: Enhanced Packet Data Air Interface Security S. R 0083: Broadcast-Multicast Service Security Framework S. S 0114: Security Mechanisms using GBA S. S 0110: IP-Based Location Services Security Framework S. R 0086: IMS Security Framework. 143

SG 19 – Major security accomplishments (2) • Q. 1762/Y. 2802 “Fixed-mobile convergence general SG 19 – Major security accomplishments (2) • Q. 1762/Y. 2802 “Fixed-mobile convergence general requirements” – Notes need for uniform authorization mechanism – FMC may contain access-specific or -dependent parts but the procedure for handling these is uniform • Q. 1763 “FMC service using legacy PSTN or ISDN as the fixed access network for mobile network users” – Authentication through a fixed network access provides for same security mechanism as in the mobile network – Refers to 3 GPP TS 33. 102 / ETSI TS 133. 102 which address UMTS 3 G security and security architecture 144

SG 19 – Major security accomplishments (3) • Working Draft Q. FMC-IMS “Fixed mobile SG 19 – Major security accomplishments (3) • Working Draft Q. FMC-IMS “Fixed mobile convergence with a common IMS session control domain” as of 14 May 2008 – Mobile access in mobile networks faces an increased level of security threats compared to stationary access in fixed networks – Nomadic and wireless access in fixed networks utilize the mobile world security framework (TS 33. 203) for IMS access, with the IMS Subscriber Identity Module (ISIM) as a key component – References IMS security (3 GPP TR 33. 978) and authentication mechanisms (ETSI TS 187. 003) 145

SG 19 – Security work for next study period • F/19 : Convergence of SG 19 – Security work for next study period • F/19 : Convergence of existing and evolving IMT and fixed networks – FMC cannot be studied in isolation – Has to take into account the ongoing work on NGN scenarios, services, architecture, mobility, security and Qo. S, and on mobile network technologies outside of ITU-T – Study of specific FMC scenarios and solutions requires a solid understanding of mobile network technologies and close liaison with mobile network SDOs 146

SG 19 – Specific actions member organizations of GSC should take • Aim for SG 19 – Specific actions member organizations of GSC should take • Aim for globally consistent end-user security support – Identify FMC security requirements for uniform authentication and authorization mechanisms (i. e. , authentication and authorization combined) – Network specific requirements for T-SPID 147

Supplemental Information ITU-D Telecommunication Development Sector 148 Supplemental Information ITU-D Telecommunication Development Sector 148

ITU-D Cybersecurity Activities: Two Main Pillars • • ITU-D Study Group 1 Question 22/1: ITU-D Cybersecurity Activities: Two Main Pillars • • ITU-D Study Group 1 Question 22/1: Securing information and communication networks: Best practices for developing a culture of cybersecurity – Developing a Framework for Organizing National Cybersecurity Efforts ITU-D Programme 3 ITU Cybersecurity Work Programme to Assist Developing Countries. Example activities include: – Assistance related to Establishment of National Strategies and Capabilities for Cybersecurity and Critical Information Infrastructure Protection (CIIP) – Assistance related to Establishment of appropriate Cybercrime Legislation and Enforcement Mechanisms – Assistance related to establishment of Watch, Warning and Incident Response (WWIR) Capabilities – Assistance related to Countering Spam and Related Threats, Establishment of an ITU Cybersecurity/CIIP Directory, Contact Database and Who’s Who Publication – Cybersecurity Indicators – Fostering Regional Cooperation Activities 149

Supplemental Information ITU-R Radiocommunication Sector 150 Supplemental Information ITU-R Radiocommunication Sector 150

ITU-R Cybersecurity Activities • Radio spectrum global frequency management is increasingly important for building ITU-R Cybersecurity Activities • Radio spectrum global frequency management is increasingly important for building confidence and security and creating an enabling environment in the use of ICTs. ITU-R plays a central role in facilitating complex intergovernmental negotiations needed to develop legally binding agreements between sovereign states in an increasingly ‘unwired’ world. • ITU-R activities related to cybersecurity – Recommendation ITU-R M. 1457 “Security mechanism incorporated in IMT-2000” – Recommendation ITU-R S. 1711 “Performance enhancements of transmissions control protocol over satellite” – Recommendation ITU-R M. 1645 “Framework and overall objectives of the future development of IMT-2000 and systems beyond IMT-2000” – Recommendation ITU-R M. 1223 “Evaluation of security mechanism for IMT-2000”ITUR – Recommendation ITU-R S. 1250 “Network management architecture for digital satellite systems forming part of SDH transport networks in the fixed-satellite service” – Recommendation ITU-R M. 1078 “Security principles for IMT-2000” 151

Some useful web resources • ITU-T Home page http: //www. itu. int/ITU-T/ • Study Some useful web resources • ITU-T Home page http: //www. itu. int/ITU-T/ • Study Group 17 e-mail: http: //www. itu. int/ITU-T/studygroups/com 17/index. asp tsbsg [email protected] int • LSG on Security http: //www. itu. int/ITU-T/studygroups/com 17/tel-security. html • Security Roadmap http: //www. itu. int/ITU-T/studygroups/com 17/ict/index. html • Security Manual http: //www. itu. int/publ/T-HDB-SEC. 03 -2006/en • Cybersecurity Portal http: //www. itu. int/cybersecurity/ • Cybersecurity Gateway http: //www. itu. int/cybersecurity/gateway/index. html • Recommendations http: //www. itu. int/ITU-T/publications/recs. html • ITU-T Lighthouse http: //www. itu. int/ITU-T/lighthouse/index. phtml • ITU-T Workshops http: //www. itu. int/ITU-T/worksem/index. html 152