Distribution of the World Population The Population Dynamics

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Distribution of the World Population The Population Dynamics Distribution of the World Population The Population Dynamics

© 2005 Population Reference Bureau A. D. 2000 A. D. 11000 B. C. 2000 B. C.© 2005 Population Reference Bureau A. D. 2000 A. D. 11000 B. C. 2000 B. C. 3000 B. C. 4000 B. C. 5000 B. C. 6000 B. C. 7000 B. C. 1+ million years 8 7 6 5 2 14 3 Old Stone Age New Stone Age Bronze Age Iron Age Middle Ages. Modern Age Black Death — The Plague 910 1112 A. D. 3000 A. D. 4000 A. D. 50001800 195019752000 2100 Future. Billions Source: Population Reference Bureau; and United Nations, World Population Projections to 2100 (1998). World Population Growth Through History

© 2005 Population Reference Bureau © 2005 Population Reference Bureau

Number of years to add each billion (year) A l l o f H uma nNumber of years to add each billion (year) A l l o f H uma n H i s t o ry (1800) 123 (1930) 33 (1960) 15 (1975) 12 (1987) 12 (1999) 13 (2012) 16 (2028) 26 (2054) Ninth. Eighth. Seven th Sixth Fifth. Four th Third. Second. First Billion Sources: First and second billion: Population Reference Bureau. Third through ninth billion: United Nations, World Population in 2300 (medium scenario), 2003. Wo rl d P o pul a ti o n G ro w th, i n B i l l i o ns

© 2005 Population Reference Bureau. Millions. Annual Increase in World Population Source: United Nations,  World© 2005 Population Reference Bureau. Millions. Annual Increase in World Population Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision , 2005.

T re nds i n P o pul a ti o n G ro w thT re nds i n P o pul a ti o n G ro w th Wo rl dw i de. Population Increase and Growth Rate, Five-Year Periods 79 87 8279777573 69 0102030405060708090 1980 — 1985 — 1990 — 1995 — 2000 — 2005 — 2010 — 2015 — 2020 00. 20. 40. 60. 811. 21. 41. 61. 82 Net population added per year Annual population growt h rate M illions Percent increase per year Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2002 Revision (medium scenario), 2003.

© 2005 Population Reference Bureau. Billions Less Developed Regions More Developed Regions Source: United Nations, © 2005 Population Reference Bureau. Billions Less Developed Regions More Developed Regions Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision (medium scenario), 2005. Growth in More, Less Developed Countries

Population number in 2009 (in million) 1 331 1 171 307 243 191 181 162 153Population number in 2009 (in million) 1 331 1 171 307 243 191 181 162 153 142 128 110 02004006008001 0001 2001 400 China India USA Indonesia Brazil Pakistan Bangladesh Nigeria Russia Japan Mexico

Regions  1750  1800  1850  1900  1 950  2009  2050Regions 1750 1800 1850 1900 1 950 2009 2050 2150 Number (in 000, 000) WORLD 791 978 1262 1650 2521 6071 6829 8919 9746 Africa 106 107 111 133 221 796 999 1 803 2 308 Asia 502 635 809 947 1 402 3 680 4 117 5 222 5 561 Europe and Russia 163 203 276 408 547 728 726 632 517 Latin America 16 24 38 74 167 520 580 768 912 North America 2 7 26 82 172 316 341 448 398 Australia and Oceania 2 2 2 6 13 31 32 46 51 In % WORLD 100, 0 100, 0 100, 0 Africa 13, 4 10, 9 8, 8 8, 1 8, 8 13, 1 13, 5 20, 2 23, 7 Asia 63, 5 64, 9 64, 1 57, 4 55, 6 60, 7 58, 6 57, 1 Europe and Russia 20, 6 20, 8 21, 9 24, 7 21, 7 12, 0 11, 5 7, 1 5, 3 Latin America 2, 0 2, 5 3, 0 4, 5 6, 6 8, 6 9, 4 North America 0, 3 0, 7 2, 1 5, 0 6, 8 5, 2 5, 0 4, 1 Australia and Oceania 0, 3 0, 2 0, 4 0, 5 0, 5 Changes and projections by continents

Total change Total change

World population by continents in 1750 -2005 () World population by continents in 1750 -2005 (%)

Percentage distribution of population by continents in 2005 Percentage distribution of population by continents in

World population by continents in 2005 -2050 () World population by continents in 2005 -2050 (%)

The demographic crisis in Russia The demographic crisis in Russia

© 2005 Population Reference Bureau. Europe is the only world region projected to decline in population© 2005 Population Reference Bureau. Europe is the only world region projected to decline in population by 2050. Millions

© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Source: Population Reference Bureau,  2005 World Population Data Sheet. Projected© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Source: Population Reference Bureau, 2005 World Population Data Sheet. Projected Population Change, by Country Percent Population Change, 2005 —

Source: EUROSTAT Source: EUROSTAT

The distribution of World Population The limits of demic spread of population: a) relief b) temperatureThe distribution of World Population The limits of demic spread of population: a) relief b) temperature c) water supply d) productive soil e) (geological) natural resources

Country area (in million square km) Country area (in million square km)

Highest density (per square km) in 2009 Highest density (per square km) in

Highest density (excluding mini-states) in 2009 (per square km) Highest density (excluding mini-states) in 2009 (per square km)

Population density in 2006 (per square km) Population density in 2006 (per square km)

Population density (areas) Population density (areas)

Urban Population Percent 29 15 17 53 47 37 37 76 55 42 7485 5461 82Urban Population Percent 29 15 17 53 47 37 37 76 55 42 7485 5461 82 World Africa Asia Latin America/ Caribbean More Developed Regions 1950 2000 2030 (Project ed) Source: United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision (medium scenario), 2004. T re nds i n U rba ni za ti o n, by R e gi o n

Millions Source: United Nations,  World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision (medium scenario), 2004. 1950 Millions Source: United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision (medium scenario), 2004. 1950 2000 2015 (P r o j e c t e d)L a rge s t C i ti e s , Wo rl dw i de 8 1112 1718 34 21 23 36 London. Toky o Ne w Y ork Sao Paulo Me x ico City Toky o. Delhi. Mum bai (Bom bay ) Toky o

© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Urbanization in Central America Population Living in Urban Areas Percent Source:© 2006 Population Reference Bureau Urbanization in Central America Population Living in Urban Areas Percent Source: United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision (medium scenario), 2004.

L. P.  Miasta  1950  1980  2005  2010  1  TokioL. P. Miasta 1950 1980 2005 2010 1 Tokio 6, 9 21, 8 26, 4 35, 3 35, 9 2 Bombaj (Mumbai) 2, 9 8, 7 16, 1 19, 0 20, 5 3 Kalkuta (Kolkata) 4, 4 9, 0 13, 1 14, 3 15, 5 4 Szanghaj 5, 3 11, 7 12, 9 12, 7 12, 4 5 Dhaka 0, 4 3, 3 12, 5 12, 6 15, 2 6 Delhi 1, 4 5, 6 12, 4 15, 3 18, 2 7 Dżakarta 1, 5 5, 9 11, 0 13, 2 15, 5 8 Osaka 4, 2 10, 0 11, 3 9 Pekin 3, 9 9, 0 10, 8 10, 9 10 Karaczi 1, 1 5, 0 10, 0 11, 8 13, 8 11 Manila 1, 5 5, 9 9, 9 10, 7 11, 6 12 Seul 1, 0 8, 3 9, 9 9, 6 9, 4 13 Tianjin 2, 4 7, 3 9, 2 9, 3 9, 5 14 Stambuł 1, 1 4, 4 8, 9 9, 7 10 , 6 Źródło: opracowanie własne na podstawie: World Urbanization Prospects. The 200 3 Revision, United Nations, New York, 200 3 Main metropolitan areas (agglomerations) in Asia

Level of urbanization (in )) Level of urbanization (in %)%)

Level of urbanization (in )) Bangladesh India Nepal Level of urbanization (in %)%) Bangladesh India Nepal

Urbanization in 2006 () 9, 0 - 33, 0 33, 1 - 48, 0 48, 1Urbanization in 2006 (%) 9, 0 — 33, 0 33, 1 — 48, 0 48, 1 — 62, 0 62, 1 — 79, 0 79, 1 — 100,

Highest and lowest urbanization rates () Highest and lowest urbanization rates (%)

Highest city agglomerations in mln (2006) Highest city agglomerations in mln (2006)