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Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns Combined (Los pronombres de complemento directo e indirecto usados Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns Combined (Los pronombres de complemento directo e indirecto usados juntos) Traje el bronceador. ¿Me lo puedes aplicar?

What is a Direct Object Pronoun? • The Direct Object answers the question WHO What is a Direct Object Pronoun? • The Direct Object answers the question WHO or WHAT after the verb. • When we identify the Direct Object we can replace it with a pronoun. • The pronoun can be placed in the following locations: 1. Before the conjugated verb 2. Attached to an infinitive verb 3. Attached to the progressive form

WHAT IS A DIRECT OBJECT? The direct object tells us What the verb affects. WHAT IS A DIRECT OBJECT? The direct object tells us What the verb affects. ¿Qué? For example, in the sentence: “He gives the book. ” What does he give? The direct object is BOOK.

Direct Object Pronouns in Spanish me te lo, la nos os los, las How Direct Object Pronouns in Spanish me te lo, la nos os los, las How do they work? 1. Identify the Indirect Object of the sentence. 2. Choose what pronoun to use 3. Eliminate the I. D. O. and replace with the pronoun. Roberto hace. Roberto la una pizza. la

What is an Indirect Object Pronoun? • • • The Indirect Object answers the What is an Indirect Object Pronoun? • • • The Indirect Object answers the question TO WHOM or TO WHAT. When we identify the Indirect Object we can replace it with a pronoun. The pronoun can be placed in the following locations: 1. Before the conjugated verb 2. Attached to an infinitive verb 3. Attached to the progressive form 4. IF there is a direct and an indirect object pronoun – is GOES BEFORE the direct object pronoun

WHAT IS An INDIRECT OBJECT? The direct object tells us TO What or To WHAT IS An INDIRECT OBJECT? The direct object tells us TO What or To WHOM does the object go. ¿A Qué/A Quién? For example, in the sentence: “He gives the book to Maria. ” To What does he give the book? The indirect object is Maria.

Indirect Object Pronouns in Spanish me te le nos os les How do they Indirect Object Pronouns in Spanish me te le nos os les How do they work? 1. Identify the Indirect Object of the sentence. 2. Choose what pronoun to use 3. Eliminate the I. D. O. and replace with the pronoun. Roberto hace una pizza. . Roberto nos hace para nosotros una nos

Two Columns – DO & IO Escriba la palabra correcta en cada columna – Two Columns – DO & IO Escriba la palabra correcta en cada columna – DO y IO. • I give a lecture to the kids. • We give the bill to Laura. • You have to tell the price to us. • Raul gave Eva the flowers. • Señor Rudis showed us the power point. • Mom serves enchiladas to her guests. • Ricky Martin gave the CD to my friends.

Let’s label some sentences. . . Label the SUBJECT, VERB, DIRECT OBJECT, and INDIRECT Let’s label some sentences. . . Label the SUBJECT, VERB, DIRECT OBJECT, and INDIRECT OBJECT. Johnny gives his dog a bone. Johnny gives a bone to his dog SUBJECT VERB I. D. O. Johnny gives his dog to the SP SUBJECT VERB I sing often. SUBJECT VERB D. O. I. D. O. SOME SENTENCES HAVE NO INDIRECT OBJECT!

You try these… Mis amigos dan dinero a mis padres. SUBJECT VERB D. O. You try these… Mis amigos dan dinero a mis padres. SUBJECT VERB D. O. I. D. O. El perro de Leonardo juega béisbol SUBJECT VERB D. O. I. D. O. conmigo. (with me Su profesor de español enseña mucha gramatica a los alumnos. D. O. I. D. O. SUBJECT VERB Nosotros hacemos, para las chicas bellas, un SUBJECT I. D. O. pastel. VERB

Double Object Pronouns DOP y IOP Double Object Pronouns DOP y IOP

Spanish direct and indirect object pronouns may be used together in the same sentence Spanish direct and indirect object pronouns may be used together in the same sentence just as in English. As with most all pronoun use, the objective is to reduce the length, complexity, or redundancy of the language. IOP Julián, ¿me traes la película? Julián, will you bring me the movie? DOP Te la traigo en un momento. I’ll bring it to you in a moment. As with all object pronouns, double object pronouns are placed before a conjugated verb, and the indirect object pronoun (IOP) precedes the direct object pronoun (DOP).

We also may place the pronouns after an infinitive or gerund, but both pronouns We also may place the pronouns after an infinitive or gerund, but both pronouns must remain adjacent to each other, that is, both pronouns must come either in front of the conjugated verb or after the infinitive or gerund. Julián, ¿me traes la película? Te la voy a traer en un momento. Voy a traértela en un momento. Te la estoy trayendo ahora mismo. Estoy trayéndotela ahora mismo. Notice that when the pronouns are placed after the infinitive or gerund, they are closed up to each other and to the verb. Note also the written accents that must be added.

se lo, se la, se los, se las I threw the ball to you. se lo, se la, se los, se las I threw the ball to you. it to you. Yo te lo el. balón. tiré You threw the ball to me. it to me. Le and les must change to se before lo, la, los, or las. Tú me tiraste el. balón. lo I threw the ball to him. it to him. Yo se lo el. balón. le tiré You can’t “le lo” in Spanish! The context of the situation or the previous statement or question will clarify the meaning of se. Notice the following slide.

se lo, se la, se los, se las ¿Le prestas el dinero a Lupita? se lo, se la, se los, se las ¿Le prestas el dinero a Lupita? Will you lend Lupita the money? No, no se lo presto. Es mucho dinero. No, I won’t lend it to her. It’s a lot of money. Queremos comprarles los juguetes a los niños, ¿no? We want to buy the toys for the children, right? Sí, vamos a comprárselos mañana. Yes, we’ll buy them for them tomorrow.

The combinations of object pronouns in Spanish are as follows: me lo, me la The combinations of object pronouns in Spanish are as follows: me lo, me la me los, me las te lo, te la te los, te las se lo, se la se los, se las nos lo, nos la nos los, nos las os lo, os la os los, os las se lo, se la se los, se las

Práctica Práctica

 • He gives it (m) to me. Él me lo da. • They • He gives it (m) to me. Él me lo da. • They give it (f) to me. Ellos me la dan. • We give them (f) to you (inf). Nosotros te las damos. • I tell it (f) to you (form/plural). Yo se la digo. • They give it (m) to you(m/sing). Ellos se la dan.

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