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Digital Library developments supporting e. Research Dr Liz Lyon, Director UKOLN, University of Bath, Digital Library developments supporting e. Research Dr Liz Lyon, Director UKOLN, University of Bath, UK British Library, November 2004 UKOLN is supported by: www. bath. ac. uk www. ukoln. ac. uk a centre of expertise in digital information management British Library, November 2004

Overview 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Background and context Digital curation Scholarly communications e. Overview 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Background and context Digital curation Scholarly communications e. Bank UK Project Linking research data and learning British Library, November 2004

1. Background and context British Library, November 2004 3 1. Background and context British Library, November 2004 3

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About UKOLN • “a centre of expertise in digital information management” • Funding – About UKOLN • “a centre of expertise in digital information management” • Funding – Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) + Museums, Libraries & Archives Council (MLA) – Portfolio of R&D projects • 27 staff • Inform the library, information, education and cultural heritage communities – – – Policy and advisory role at national level Build innovative Web-based systems & services Research and development Dissemination: http: //www. ukoln. ac. uk/ e-journal Ariadne Events: ECDL 2004 British Library, November 2004

Infrastructure + IIE • Supporting cross-sectoral engagement – Common Information Environment Group (CIE) • Infrastructure + IIE • Supporting cross-sectoral engagement – Common Information Environment Group (CIE) • Building shared services for the IIE – – – Informing strategic development Demonstrators and prototypes IE Service Registry IE Metadata Schemas Registry A common framework? • Embedding open standards – Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI) UK Affiliate Managing Agent – W 3 C representative – OAI Technical Committee – NISO Meta. Search • Reviewing approaches to Resource Discovery • Digital repositories study British Library, November 2004

e. Learning activities • Collaborating with CETIS – – Technical Framework to support e-Learning e. Learning activities • Collaborating with CETIS – – Technical Framework to support e-Learning (ELF) Contributing to UK LOM Core profile Shaping an approach to Persistent Identifiers Distributed e. Learning Advisory Board • Partnership with RDN / LTSN – Enable greater records sharing – RDN / LTSN LOM application profile – Shared vocabularies • • Advising Jorum+ learning object repository team Facilitating interoperability with digital libraries (IMS) Developing e. Learning tools (Group. Log Project) Supporting the FE community – Regional Support Centres workshops: RSC Wales, RSC SE events in November British Library, November 2004

e. Research activities • Facilitating knowledge transfer – Digital library, computer science and disciplinary e. Research activities • Facilitating knowledge transfer – Digital library, computer science and disciplinary communities – Ne. SC / UKOLN workshops • Developing Virtual Research Environment (VRE) concepts • Supporting the arts & humanities – AHRB expert group • Digital Curation Centre partner • Changing nature of scholarly communications • Research and development projects – e. Prints UK – e. Bank UK British Library, November 2004

2. Digital Curation British Library, November 2004 9 2. Digital Curation British Library, November 2004 9

Obsolete media Images by Philip Hunter, UKOLN British Library, November 2004 10 Obsolete media Images by Philip Hunter, UKOLN British Library, November 2004 10

DCC Web site www. dcc. ac. uk British Library, November 2004 11 DCC Web site www. dcc. ac. uk British Library, November 2004 11

Consortium partners • Management & Co-ordination – Director Designate Chris Rusbridge (University of Glasgow) Consortium partners • Management & Co-ordination – Director Designate Chris Rusbridge (University of Glasgow) – Director (Phase One): Peter Burnhill with Phase One Project Co-ordinator: Robin Rice (both from EDINA & Data Library, University of Edinburgh) • Community Support & Outreach – Led by Dr Liz Lyon (UKOLN, University of Bath) • Service Definition & Delivery – Led by Professor Seamus Ross (HATII [ERPANET], University of Glasgow) • Development – Led by Dr David Giaretta (Astronomical Software & Services, CCLRC) • Research – Led by Professor Peter Buneman (Informatics, University of Edinburgh) British Library, November 2004 12

Organisation to Engage & Collaborate curation organisations eg DPC communities of practice: users community Organisation to Engage & Collaborate curation organisations eg DPC communities of practice: users community support & outreach Collaborative Associates Network of Data Organisations service definition & delivery management & admin support research collaborators development co-ordination testbeds & tools Industry standards bodies British Library, November 2004

Draft Home page of new DCC e. Journal Launch January 2005 British Library, November Draft Home page of new DCC e. Journal Launch January 2005 British Library, November 2004 14

1 st DCC International Conference Planning so far: • Location - Bath UK • 1 st DCC International Conference Planning so far: • Location - Bath UK • September 2005 (tbc) • 2 -day event • Invited speakers • Peer-reviewed research papers British Library, November 2004 15

User requirements analysis Commissioned study by Leona Carpenter Desk-based research, focus groups, interviews. Taxonomy User requirements analysis Commissioned study by Leona Carpenter Desk-based research, focus groups, interviews. Taxonomy of “Users” R&D issues: Annotation services, Ontology development, Automating metadata creation, Tools and toolkits, Data Format Description Language, Identifiers, Registries, Economic and cost-benefits studies Advisory services : “Ask-a-Curator”, FAQs, reports, briefings, awareness -raising materials, best practice guidance, Storage media, “Like Erpanet”, advise Government, Research Councils, funding bodies Professional development: Short courses, conferences, seminars, workshops, secondments to DCC and to working repository services Outreach: Leadership for the future, case studies, sharing solutions, collaboration with other partners, international peers, industry links British Library, November 2004 16

Associates Network Goals Develop understanding, share best practice, advance research, promote recognition, develop consensus Associates Network Goals Develop understanding, share best practice, advance research, promote recognition, develop consensus Membership HEIs, FEIs, national bodies, industry partners, funders, research groups, individuals…… Benefits Early access to R&D outputs, advisory services, training, input to definition and design, community participation Discussion Forum www. dcc. ac. uk British Library, November 2004 Please join us! 17

Service definition & delivery • Advisory services • Provide on-demand responses to queries—from legal Service definition & delivery • Advisory services • Provide on-demand responses to queries—from legal to technical guidance HELPDESK • Information Services – – Senior Scientist and Administrator Briefing Documents Community developed DIGITAL CURATION MANUAL Database of FAQs Checklist for Compliance with best practices and standards • Training services – Residential skills development courses for practitioners and researchers • Repository services – Build catalogue of tools • Audit & Certification services – Development of Certification Procedures – Develop self-certification mechanisms British Library, November 2004

Development – initial plans • Approach to Digital Curation “White Paper” – OAIS reference Development – initial plans • Approach to Digital Curation “White Paper” – OAIS reference model • Registries/Repositories – offering a repository of tools and technical information, a focal point for digital curators – metadata standards • Testbeds – for testing and evaluating tools, methods, standards and policies in realistic settings • Certification – standards – work with hardware and software manufacturers to certify hardware and software components British Library, November 2004

The Research Agenda • Data integration and publishing – Slowly coming to market. Publishing The Research Agenda • Data integration and publishing – Slowly coming to market. Publishing in community formats is a new twist • Annotation – Everybody agrees this is important. No-one understands it. • Metadata extraction – Semantic or otherwise, it’s a key part of annotation • Archiving and Appraisal – What do we do about databases – they change! • Legal issues – Can we at least help to clarify what is going on? • Provenance and data quality – Again, we don’t fully understand it. • Organisational dynamics of repositories • Economic analyses of curation • Ontologies, performance, registries, structure evolution… British Library, November 2004

Working with Others • • • Digital Preservation Coalition Digital Library Federation The National Working with Others • • • Digital Preservation Coalition Digital Library Federation The National Archives Global Grid Forum NARA Library of Congress Research Library Group JISC community E-Science Community Associates Network …and many more Leadership for the Future British Library, November 2004

3. Scholarly communications British Library, November 2004 22 3. Scholarly communications British Library, November 2004 22

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 “It is envisaged that the sharing of primary data would prevent unnecessary repetition “It is envisaged that the sharing of primary data would prevent unnecessary repetition of experiments and enable scientists to build directly on each others’ work, creating greater efficiencies and productivity in the research process. ” British Library, November 2004 25

 “The Government believes that the data underpinning the results of publicly-funded research should “The Government believes that the data underpinning the results of publicly-funded research should be made available as widely and as rapidly as possible, along with the results themselves”. British Library, November 2004 26

Presentation services: subject, media-specific, data, commercial portals Searching , harvesting, embedding Resource Data creation Presentation services: subject, media-specific, data, commercial portals Searching , harvesting, embedding Resource Data creation / discovery, linking, capture / embedding gathering: laboratory Data analysis, Aggregator experiments, transformation, services: national, Grids, fieldwork, commercial surveys, media mining, modelling The scholarly knowledge cycle. Liz Lyon, e. Bank. UK article. Ariadne, July 2003. Harvesting metadata Research & e-Science workflows Validation Deposit / selfarchiving Repositories : institutional, e-prints, subject, data, learning objects Validation Publication Linking Data curation: databases & databanks Peer-reviewed publications: journals, conference proceedings British Library, November 2004 27

Presentation services: subject, media-specific, data, commercial portals Data creation / capture / gathering: laboratory Presentation services: subject, media-specific, data, commercial portals Data creation / capture / gathering: laboratory experiments, Grids, fieldwork, surveys, media Resource discovery, linking, embedding Data analysis, transformation, mining, modelling Searching , harvesting, embedding Aggregator services: national, commercial Harvesting metadata Research & e-Science workflows Validation Deposit / selfarchiving Repositories : institutional, e-prints, subject, data, learning objects Validation Publication Linking Data curation: databases & databanks Peer-reviewed publications: journals, conference proceedings British Library, November 2004 28

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Presentation services: subject, media-specific, data, commercial portals Searching , harvesting, embedding Aggregator services: national, Presentation services: subject, media-specific, data, commercial portals Searching , harvesting, embedding Aggregator services: national, commercial Resource discovery, linking, embedding Learning object creation, re-use Harvesting metadata Learning & Teaching workflows Repositories : institutional, e-prints, subject, data, learning objects Validation Deposit / selfarchiving Peer-reviewed publications: journals, conference proceedings British Library, November 2004 Institutional presentation services: portals, Learning Management Systems, u/g, p/g courses, modules Resource discovery, linking, embedding Validation Quality assurance bodies 31

Presentation services: subject, media-specific, data, commercial portals Data creation / capture / gathering: laboratory Presentation services: subject, media-specific, data, commercial portals Data creation / capture / gathering: laboratory experiments, Grids, fieldwork, surveys, media Resource discovery, linking, embedding Data analysis, transformation, mining, modelling Searching , harvesting, embedding Aggregator services: national, commercial Resource discovery, linking, embedding Learning object creation, re-use Harvesting metadata Research & e-Science workflows Validation Deposit / selfarchiving Learning & Teaching workflows Repositories : institutional, e-prints, subject, data, learning objects Validation Deposit / selfarchiving Publication Resource discovery, linking, embedding Linking Data curation: databases & databanks Institutional presentation services: portals, Learning Management Systems, u/g, p/g courses, modules Peer-reviewed publications: journals, conference proceedings British Library, November 2004 Validation Quality assurance bodies 32

Presentation services: subject, media-specific, data, commercial portals Data creation / capture / gathering: laboratory Presentation services: subject, media-specific, data, commercial portals Data creation / capture / gathering: laboratory experiments, Grids, fieldwork, surveys, media Resource discovery, linking, embedding Data analysis, transformation, mining, modelling Searching , harvesting, embedding Aggregator services: e. Bank UK Resource discovery, linking, embedding Learning object creation, re-use Harvesting metadata Research & e-Science workflows Validation Deposit / selfarchiving Learning & Teaching workflows Repositories : institutional, e-prints, subject, data, learning objects Validation Deposit / selfarchiving Publication Resource discovery, linking, embedding Linking Data curation: databases & databanks Institutional presentation services: portals, Learning Management Systems, u/g, p/g courses, modules Peer-reviewed publications: journals, conference proceedings British Library, November 2004 Validation Quality assurance bodies 33

4. The e. Bank UK Project British Library, November 2004 34 4. The e. Bank UK Project British Library, November 2004 34

e. Bank UK: linking research data to learning • JISC-funded for 1 year from e. Bank UK: linking research data to learning • JISC-funded for 1 year from September 2003 (Phase 1) • Phase 2 funding secured • UKOLN at the University of Bath (lead), University of Southampton, University of Manchester • e-Science testbed Combechem – – Grid-enabled combinatorial chemistry Crystallography, laser and surface chemistry Development of an e-Lab using pervasive computing technology National Crystallography Service • Resource Discovery Network PSIgate physical sciences portal • http: //www. ukoln. ac. uk/projects/ebank-uk/ British Library, November 2004

Comb-e-Chem Project Video Simulation Diffractometer Properties Analysis Structures Database X-Ray e-Lab Properties e-Lab Grid Comb-e-Chem Project Video Simulation Diffractometer Properties Analysis Structures Database X-Ray e-Lab Properties e-Lab Grid Middleware British Library, November 2004

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First steps: establishing common ground… • Understand the data creation process • Terminology and First steps: establishing common ground… • Understand the data creation process • Terminology and definitions – – – Data Metadata Datafile Dataset Data holding • Different views – Digital library researchers, computer scientists, chemists – Generic vs specific – Modeller vs practitioner • Aim for a common ontology • Modelling the domain • Creating a metadata schema British Library, November 2004

Some metadata issues • Using simple and qualified Dublin Core • Additional chemical information Some metadata issues • Using simple and qualified Dublin Core • Additional chemical information in schema for harvesting e. g. empirical formula • Schema contains International Chemical Identifier (In. Ch. I) • Links to all datasets associated with an experiment • Links to individual datasets within an experiment • Links to eprints (and other published literature) derived from the data • Using vocabularies specific to crystallography • Will substitute when standards emerge British Library, November 2004

Project results so far…. . • Version 2. 0 e. Bank metadata schema • Project results so far…. . • Version 2. 0 e. Bank metadata schema • Pilot institutional e-data repository for harvesting raw, derived, results data (enhanced e. Prints. org software) • Exports records as ebank_dc and oai_dc • Pilot e. Bank UK aggregator service • Demonstrator with PSIgate physical sciences portal – embedding e. Bank UK • Consultation Workshop outcomes – Cost-benefit issues for researchers? – RAE impact? – Disciplinary differences (A&H, social sciences)? • Supporting studies on (1) Provenance (2) Data models and schema British Library, November 2004

The digital repository ecrystals. chem. soton. ac. uk Acknowledgement: Simon Coles British Library, November The digital repository ecrystals. chem. soton. ac. uk Acknowledgement: Simon Coles British Library, November 2004 41

Linking to publications Acknowledgement: Simon Coles British Library, November 2004 42 Linking to publications Acknowledgement: Simon Coles British Library, November 2004 42

e. Bank embedded in a science portal Acknowledgement: Simon Coles British Library, November 2004 e. Bank embedded in a science portal Acknowledgement: Simon Coles British Library, November 2004 43

5. Linking research data and learning British Library, November 2004 44 5. Linking research data and learning British Library, November 2004 44

e. Bank Phase 2: linking to learning • Embedding in e-Learning processes • Evaluating e. Bank Phase 2: linking to learning • Embedding in e-Learning processes • Evaluating the pedagogical benefits – MChem course – Chemical informatics course British Library, November 2004 45

Future planning…. generic models & metadata schema • Phase 2 starts 1 st February Future planning…. generic models & metadata schema • Phase 2 starts 1 st February 2005 • Validation against other schema – CLRC Scientific Metadata Model Vs 2 • Complex digital objects • Investigate packaging options – METS – MPEG 21 DIDL – ? ? • Metadata enhancement - subject keyword additions to datasets based on knowledge of keywords in related publications British Library, November 2004

…. Identifiers and linking • Investigate identifiers e. g. International Chemical Identifier (In. Ch. …. Identifiers and linking • Investigate identifiers e. g. International Chemical Identifier (In. Ch. I code) – Access to scientific (climate) data using DOIs (German National Library of Science & Technology) • Explore context sensitive linking: find me – – – Datasets by this person Journal articles by this person Datasets related to this subject Journal articles on this subject Learning objects by this person Learning objects on this subject British Library, November 2004

Embedding • Into the crystallographic research and publishing communities • Into the Chemistry workflow Embedding • Into the crystallographic research and publishing communities • Into the Chemistry workflow – SMART TEA Digital Lab Book e synthesis Lab – Other analytical techniques in chemistry • Into e-Learning workflows – MChem course – Undergraduate Chemical Informatics courses • Pedagogic evaluation British Library, November 2004

Service expansion into other chemistry areas: new datasets & new processes Feasibility study of Service expansion into other chemistry areas: new datasets & new processes Feasibility study of other physical sciences British Library, November 2004

Presentation services: subject, media-specific, data, commercial portals Data creation / capture / gathering: laboratory Presentation services: subject, media-specific, data, commercial portals Data creation / capture / gathering: laboratory experiments, Grids, fieldwork, surveys, media Resource discovery, linking, embedding Data analysis, transformation, mining, modelling Searching , harvesting, embedding Aggregator services: e. Bank UK Resource discovery, linking, embedding Learning object creation, re-use Harvesting metadata Research & e-Science workflows Validation Deposit / selfarchiving Learning & Teaching workflows Repositories : institutional, e-prints, subject, data, learning objects Validation Deposit / selfarchiving Publication Resource discovery, linking, embedding Linking Data curation: databases & databanks Institutional presentation services: portals, Learning Management Systems, u/g, p/g courses, modules Peer-reviewed publications: journals, conference proceedings British Library, November 2004 Validation Quality assurance bodies 50

Potential longer term impact 1. Track data and information flows in e-research and scholarly Potential longer term impact 1. Track data and information flows in e-research and scholarly communications – knowledge audit? ? 2. Validate the accuracy and authenticity of derived works – ideas audit? ? 3. Facilitate explicit referencing and acknowledgment of original contributors – intellectual integrity? ? 4. Raise standards associated with publication of research outputs – academic publishing rigour? ? 5. Implement open access to and dissemination of data and information – enhance the research process? ? 6. Give students links to original data underpinning published works – enrich the learning process? ? British Library, November 2004

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Thank you. UKOLN receives funding from the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) and the Thank you. UKOLN receives funding from the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) and the Museums, Libraries & Archives Council (MLA) and is based at the University of Bath. British Library, November 2004 53