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Diathesis Alternations and NP Semantics Diathesis Alternations and NP Semantics

Acknowledgements 2 Acknowledgements 2

Abstract 3 Abstract 3

1. Examples and issues. 4 1. Examples and issues. 4

5 5

Examples and issues, continued. 6 Examples and issues, continued. 6

Diatheses and referential differences 7 Diatheses and referential differences 7

Intensional verbs and referential status 8 Intensional verbs and referential status 8

Genitive of Negation and Referential Status 9 Genitive of Negation and Referential Status 9

The Issues 10 The Issues 10

Not only diathesis alternations … 11 Not only diathesis alternations … 11

Filip: Verbal affixes, diathesis shift, and quantificational effects 12 Filip: Verbal affixes, diathesis shift, and quantificational effects 12

Filip: Verbal affixes, diathesis shift, and quantificational effects, continued. 13 Filip: Verbal affixes, diathesis shift, and quantificational effects, continued. 13

(5) a. b. Maloval hesla-acc (na sténu). PO-maloval sténu-acc hesly-instr. 14 (5) a. b. Maloval hesla-acc (na sténu). PO-maloval sténu-acc hesly-instr. 14

Lines of investigation 15 Lines of investigation 15

Debates about semantics of diathesis alternations 16 Debates about semantics of diathesis alternations 16

(6) a. b. Ann sold the car to NP 0 V NP 2 to (6) a. b. Ann sold the car to NP 0 V NP 2 to Ann sold Beth the car NP 0 V NP 1 NP 2 Beth NP 1 17

(6) a. b. Ann sold the car to NP 0 V NP 2 to (6) a. b. Ann sold the car to NP 0 V NP 2 to Ann sold Beth the car NP 0 V NP 1 NP 2 Beth NP 1 18

19 19

Still to come: 20 Still to come: 20

Referential Status in formal semantics 21 Referential Status in formal semantics 21

Generalized Quantifiers 22 Generalized Quantifiers 22

NP interpretations: Montague 23 NP interpretations: Montague 23

Indefinites 24 Indefinites 24

25 25

Semantic explanation – Milsark, Barwise and Cooper, Keenan 26 Semantic explanation – Milsark, Barwise and Cooper, Keenan 26

Examples 27 Examples 27

Existential = Symmetric 28 Existential = Symmetric 28

Weak and Strong Determiners 29 Weak and Strong Determiners 29

Property-type NP interpretations 30 Property-type NP interpretations 30

Property-type interpretations 31 Property-type interpretations 31

Fundamental properties of intensional contexts 32 Fundamental properties of intensional contexts 32

Fundamental properties of intensional contexts, continued 33 Fundamental properties of intensional contexts, continued 33

Zimmermann’s account 34 Zimmermann’s account 34

Zimmermann’s account, continued 35 Zimmermann’s account, continued 35

(2) a. On ždet podrugu -acc ‘He’s waiting for his girlfriend. ’ b. On (2) a. On ždet podrugu -acc ‘He’s waiting for his girlfriend. ’ b. On ždet otveta -gen. ‘He’s waiting for an answer. ’ 36

What about Genitive of Negation? 37 What about Genitive of Negation? 37

Russian Genitive of Negation, continued. 38 Russian Genitive of Negation, continued. 38

Kinds of reduced referentiality 39 Kinds of reduced referentiality 39

Genitive as a mark of reduced referentiality 40 Genitive as a mark of reduced referentiality 40

Are Gen Neg NPs property-denoting? 41 Are Gen Neg NPs property-denoting? 41

Parallels between Gen Neg and Subjunctive 42 Parallels between Gen Neg and Subjunctive 42

Problems for property-type analysis 43 Problems for property-type analysis 43

Possible non-uniform analysis 44 Possible non-uniform analysis 44