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Diathesis Alternations and NP Semantics

Acknowledgements 2

Abstract 3

1. Examples and issues. 4

5

Examples and issues, continued. 6

Diatheses and referential differences 7

Intensional verbs and referential status 8

Genitive of Negation and Referential Status 9

The Issues 10

Not only diathesis alternations … 11

Filip: Verbal affixes, diathesis shift, and quantificational effects 12

Filip: Verbal affixes, diathesis shift, and quantificational effects, continued. 13

(5) a. b. Maloval hesla-acc (na sténu). PO-maloval sténu-acc hesly-instr. 14

Lines of investigation 15

Debates about semantics of diathesis alternations 16

(6) a. b. Ann sold the car to NP 0 V NP 2 to Ann sold Beth the car NP 0 V NP 1 NP 2 Beth NP 1 17

(6) a. b. Ann sold the car to NP 0 V NP 2 to Ann sold Beth the car NP 0 V NP 1 NP 2 Beth NP 1 18

19

Still to come: 20

Referential Status in formal semantics 21

Generalized Quantifiers 22

NP interpretations: Montague 23

Indefinites 24

25

Semantic explanation – Milsark, Barwise and Cooper, Keenan 26

Examples 27

Existential = Symmetric 28

Weak and Strong Determiners 29

Property-type NP interpretations 30

Property-type interpretations 31

Fundamental properties of intensional contexts 32

Fundamental properties of intensional contexts, continued 33

Zimmermann’s account 34

Zimmermann’s account, continued 35

(2) a. On ždet podrugu -acc ‘He’s waiting for his girlfriend. ’ b. On ždet otveta -gen. ‘He’s waiting for an answer. ’ 36

What about Genitive of Negation? 37

Russian Genitive of Negation, continued. 38

Kinds of reduced referentiality 39

Genitive as a mark of reduced referentiality 40

Are Gen Neg NPs property-denoting? 41

Parallels between Gen Neg and Subjunctive 42

Problems for property-type analysis 43

Possible non-uniform analysis 44