Скачать презентацию Department of Housing PRESENTATION TO THE SELECT COMMITTEE Скачать презентацию Department of Housing PRESENTATION TO THE SELECT COMMITTEE

c02ba9748f5e33c49cb9d01fa704c217.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 35

Department of Housing PRESENTATION TO THE SELECT COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC SERVICES ON CHAPTER 9: Department of Housing PRESENTATION TO THE SELECT COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC SERVICES ON CHAPTER 9: HOUSING TRENDS IN INTERGOVERNMENTAL FINANCES: 2000/01 TO 2006/07 05 October 2004

Index 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Introduction Policy Framework Policy developments Index 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Introduction Policy Framework Policy developments Housing Conditional Grants Service delivery and expenditure trends Challenges facing Housing The new housing plan – key elements Conclusion

Introduction • The report deals mainly with policy and trends relating to two housing Introduction • The report deals mainly with policy and trends relating to two housing conditional grants namely – Housing Subsidy Grant – Human Settlement Redevelopment Grant • Acknowledge achievements, shortcomings and challenges • Deals with service delivery and spending trends concentrating on the period since 2000

Policy Framework • Our overall policy framework is determined by the White Paper on Policy Framework • Our overall policy framework is determined by the White Paper on a new Housing Policy and Strategy for South Africa, 1994

Policy Framework continued • Institutional arrangements – Constitution makes housing a concurrent schedule 4 Policy Framework continued • Institutional arrangements – Constitution makes housing a concurrent schedule 4 A function between National and Provincial government – No explicit role for local government – Housing Act defines the National and Provincial roles – Provides for accreditation of local government – Provides for assignment of housing administration to local government that are accredited

Policy Frameworks continued • Institutional arrangements – National government is responsible for establishing and Policy Frameworks continued • Institutional arrangements – National government is responsible for establishing and maintaining a sustainable national housing development process through • • Developing of policy and strategy Sets goals for delivery Monitoring and evaluation of housing sector performance Establishment of national funding framework for housing development, and • Allocation of the funds to provincial government

Policy Frameworks continued • Provincial government promote, coordinate, implement housing development programmes within the Policy Frameworks continued • Provincial government promote, coordinate, implement housing development programmes within the national policy framework – May develop provincial housing policy which must be consistent with national policy – Administer housing subsidy and projects approval processes – Monitor implementation of projects by local governments

Policy Developments • Housing environment since 1994 white paper – More than 1, 6 Policy Developments • Housing environment since 1994 white paper – More than 1, 6 m houses have been built or under construction and 2, 4 m subsidies approved – Early focus was on quantity at the expense of quality housing to address housing needs and backlogs – Focus was on development of policies and legislative instruments – Introduction of the Housing subsidy scheme consisting of seven subsidy instruments – Special subsidy dispensation for the disabled – Procurement regime compliant to constitution

Policy Developments continued • Recent policy developments – Housing Finance - Contributions required from Policy Developments continued • Recent policy developments – Housing Finance - Contributions required from Government, the financial sector, and ultimate beneficiaries – Extension of the NHBRC Housing Warranty Scheme to all subsidy instruments – Increased emphasis on monitoring of policy impact, expenditure and delivery – More emphasis on oversight of housing institutions – Promoting of alternative and traditional/indigenous building technologies – Social Housing policy to promote development and maintenance of sustainable Social Housing Institutions

Housing Conditional grants • Housing administers two conditional grants: • Housing Subsidy grant: finances Housing Conditional grants • Housing administers two conditional grants: • Housing Subsidy grant: finances housing development under the national housing programme • Human Settlement Redevelopment Grant: funds projects which are meant to improve the quality of urban environment by addressing the legacy of dysfunctionalities caused by Apartheid settlements

Housing Subsidy Grant • Past performance – By March 2004 – more than 1, Housing Subsidy Grant • Past performance – By March 2004 – more than 1, 6 m houses have been built or under construction and 2, 4 m subsidies approved – Subsidies approved in the last 4 years average 305 000 p. a. allowing for lead times to improve spending trends – Housing units delivered in the last 4 years average 182 782 p. a. and expected to accelerate as projects reach full implementation stage. – Approvals include projects to be implemented in future

Housing Subsidy Grant (cont. ) • To date the programme has achieved a 51 Housing Subsidy Grant (cont. ) • To date the programme has achieved a 51 % to 49 % split in allocation between female and male headed households • Between 1994 and March 2004 programme has made an investment and creation of assets of R 27, 6 bn by into low income communities

Allocation • Provincial allocations are currently made according to a formula determined by Min. Allocation • Provincial allocations are currently made according to a formula determined by Min. Mec and approved by Cabinet • The formula provides for weighting in order of priority of the elements as defined below • A = HN(50%) + HH (30%) + P (20%), where –A – HN – HH = = = indicator) – P = Allocation Housing Need Households earning less than R 3 500 per month (affordability Population

Allocation • Housing need used in the formula is defined on a weighted formula Allocation • Housing need used in the formula is defined on a weighted formula that takes into account the following : – HN – – – HN HL SE SBY TC FR = HL(1. 25) + SE(1. 2) + SBY(1. 0) + TC( 1. 0) +FR(0. 5) WHERE = Housing Need = Homeless People = Shacks Elsewhere = Shacks In Backyards = Tents and Caravans = Flat/rooms on shared property

Spending trends Housing subsidy conditional grant expenditure, 2000/01 to 2006/07 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 Spending trends Housing subsidy conditional grant expenditure, 2000/01 to 2006/07 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 R million Actual 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 Medium Term Estimate Eastern Cape 470 305 465 793 599 569 604 Free State 218 252 191 465 386 391 414 Gauteng 610 560 1, 147 968 1, 117 1, 314 1, 392 Kwa. Zulu-Natal 560 665 755 912 748 783 830 Limpopo 272 387 413 426 370 390 413 Mpumalanga 153 309 246 355 296 315 333 Northern Cape 58 65 50 104 89 78 83 North West 262 259 322 402 421 458 486 Western Cape 341 329 348 282 446 447 474 Total 2, 944 3, 131 3, 937 4, 707 4, 472 4, 745 5, 029

Spending trends Spending trends

Spending trends Spending trends

Spending trends Spending trends

Spending trends Spending trends

Delevery trends Housing subsidies by province and category of subsidy, 1994 to 2004 Eastern Delevery trends Housing subsidies by province and category of subsidy, 1994 to 2004 Eastern Cape 201, 051 27, 653 9, 305 5, 710 1, 050 0 244, 769 79, 920 15, 364 8, 127 1, 300 2, 459 516 107, 686 Gauteng 709, 352 52, 639 84, 161 19, 105 563 162, 282 1, 028, 102 Kwa. Zulu-Natal 234, 574 14, 353 28, 477 21, 197 10, 248 0 308, 849 Limpopo 91, 425 4, 348 3, 252 0 61, 606 353 160, 984 Mpumalanga 85, 615 16, 362 46, 046 5, 450 1, 476 885 155, 834 Northern Cape 37, 631 7, 688 384 1, 000 0 0 46, 703 North West 118, 624 8, 419 7, 326 1, 154 17, 492 1, 273 154, 288 Western Cape 157, 984 10, 998 48, 343 6, 998 0 4, 866 229, 189 1, 716, 176 157, 824 235, 421 61, 914 94, 894 170, 175 2, 436, 404 Free State Total Individual Consolidation Institutional Hostel Redevelopment Project Linked Rural Total

Delivery trends Houses completed or under construction, 1994 to 2004 1994/95 1998/99 1999/2000/2001/2002/2003/2004 Eastern Delivery trends Houses completed or under construction, 1994 to 2004 1994/95 1998/99 1999/2000/2001/2002/2003/2004 Eastern Cape 63, 393 20, 345 34, 021 10, 816 58, 662 27, 119 214, 356 Free State 48, 434 7, 177 16, 088 7, 005 9, 155 16, 746 104, 605 Gauteng 185, 333 45, 384 38, 547 46, 723 24, 344 49, 034 389, 365 Kwa. Zulu-Natal 149, 126 28, 997 28, 547 14, 379 24, 485 33, 668 279, 202 Limpopo 49, 750 12, 401 20, 996 16, 667 14, 953 15, 810 130, 577 Mpumalanga 47, 595 4, 808 16, 457 14, 584 21, 649 21, 232 126, 325 Northern Cape 13, 821 2, 600 4, 148 2, 588 6, 056 3, 787 33, 000 North West 60, 631 12, 944 14, 109 13, 885 23, 784 10, 484 135, 837 Western Cape 103, 730 26, 916 17, 730 16, 634 20, 500 15, 735 201, 245 TOTAL 721, 813 161, 572 190, 643 143, 281 203, 588 193, 615 1, 614, 512 Number Total

Human Settlement Redevelopment Grant • The human settlement redevelopment grant (HSRD) funds projects aimed Human Settlement Redevelopment Grant • The human settlement redevelopment grant (HSRD) funds projects aimed at improving the quality of the environment and correcting dysfunctionalities in urban communities, by: – Identifying and addressing the nature and underlying reasons for the dysfunctionalities; – Providing a source of funding to correct dysfunctionalities and serving as a catalyst to gear other funding and resources; – Co-ordinating sources of development funding to ensure co-ordinated development; and – Adding value to projects that can be funded through other processes and programmes.

Spending trends Human settlement and redevelopment grants expenditure, 2000/01 to 2006/07 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 Spending trends Human settlement and redevelopment grants expenditure, 2000/01 to 2006/07 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 R thousand Actual Eastern Cape 482 - 10, 007 10, 200 11, 660 14, 697 15, 579 Free State 1, 200 - 1, 569 1, 904 9, 010 10, 079 10, 684 Gauteng 2, 019 2, 102 38, 198 23, 258 22, 260 33, 900 35, 934 Kwa. Zulu-Natal 650 3, 203 19, 611 15, 534 27, 560 20, 220 21, 433 Limpopo 7, 783 9, 269 140 12, 212 11, 660 10, 055 10, 658 Mpumalanga 449 - 350 9, 359 7, 420 8, 120 8, 607 Northern Cape 1, 000 - 1, 467 3, 180 2, 021 2, 142 North West 100 7, 758 13, 720 2, 543 8, 480 11, 831 12, 541 Western Cape 5, 203 1, 860 5, 804 10, 379 14, 310 11, 549 12, 243 Total 18, 886 25, 192 89, 399 86, 856 115, 540 122, 472 129, 821 Medium Term Estimate

Current challenges • Current challenges facing the housing programme – Lack of private sector Current challenges • Current challenges facing the housing programme – Lack of private sector investment and resource constraints – Moving towards medium density housing as a priority and integrated development – Creating higher quality housing and living environments – Reducing dependency and promoting a culture of savings – Need for interventions to deal with emergency situations resulting from natural disasters and other incidents - Grootboom case.

Current challenges cont. – Growth in number and size of informal settlements – Building Current challenges cont. – Growth in number and size of informal settlements – Building capacity of all spheres of government to meet challenges of accelerated quality housing delivery especially local government – Accelerating transformation of the apartheid settlement patterns and dysfunctionalities caused by that system – Fraud, corruption and mal administration

Key issues emanating from report • Some positive – Recognition of the alignment of Key issues emanating from report • Some positive – Recognition of the alignment of key strategic shifts with the rights based approached namely • Housing policy emphasis on coordination and policy alignment • Improving of quality of end product and urban environment • Increasing the delivery rate, and • increased impact of the People Housing Process – Recognition that the housing policy minimum norms and standards for permanent residential structures generally exceed suggested international norms

Key issues emanating from report • Some negatives – Raises concerns about lack of Key issues emanating from report • Some negatives – Raises concerns about lack of emphasis to ensure participation of citizens and civil society in housing related discussion making process – Other shortcomings are raised relating to • Insufficient delivery to meet backlog of adequate housing • Lack of integrated development leading to unsustainable settlement • insufficient programme to deal with specific housing needs – Absence of a rapid national land release programme – Absence of an informal settlement upgrading programme suitable for needs of the poor.

Policy response • Recently Housing has developed a comprehensive plan which addresses the issues Policy response • Recently Housing has developed a comprehensive plan which addresses the issues that have been identified as challenges and the negative areas identified in the report – It provides of stakeholders and provides for a broad range of choices to beneficiaries – Deals with whole communities at a time – Informal Settlement upgrading programme and Emergency Housing programme – Introduces a phased development approach

Policy response – Provides for the fast tracking of the development of the housing Policy response – Provides for the fast tracking of the development of the housing Chapter of the IDPs – Provides for increased Capacity at all levels of government and enhances monitoring and evaluation processes – Provides for the harnessing of private sector recourses and creates a conducive environment for increased participation in the programme

Thank You Thank You