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Data Centre Power Trends UKNOF 4 – 19 th May 2006 Marcus Hopwood Internet Data Centre Power Trends UKNOF 4 – 19 th May 2006 Marcus Hopwood Internet Facilitators Ltd

The bad news l l l Demand is up Price is up Oversupply is The bad news l l l Demand is up Price is up Oversupply is running out

The good news l l l Hardware manufacturers (finally) realise power is an issue The good news l l l Hardware manufacturers (finally) realise power is an issue Energy policy high on government’s agenda IFL opening a new data centre

Demand is up 3/15/2018 Demand is up 3/15/2018

Demand is up l Average power per rack increasing l l l Higher power Demand is up l Average power per rack increasing l l l Higher power servers Higher density deployments High usage increasing faster l Blade servers

Power usage in IFL data centres Air cooling limit? Power usage in IFL data centres Air cooling limit?

Typical customer usage Typical customer usage

Power challenges l Available supply l l l Limits on supply from grid Delay Power challenges l Available supply l l l Limits on supply from grid Delay on increasing supply Cooling the data centre l l Chilled air has maximum capacity Increasing use of water cooled racks

Price is up 3/15/2018 Price is up 3/15/2018

DTI energy price review DTI energy price review

Supply problems l l Electricity prices rising much faster than RPI Volatility in electricity Supply problems l l Electricity prices rising much faster than RPI Volatility in electricity supply marketplace High cost of new supplies Long lead time for new supplies

Real cost of electricity Power at rack 10 A 2. 3 k. W Losses Real cost of electricity Power at rack 10 A 2. 3 k. W Losses (UPS etc) 1 A 0. 23 k. W Cooling 3. 6 A 0. 828 k. W Total 14. 6 A 3. 358 k. W

Real cost of electricity 4 p 10 A Rack 6 p 8 p £ Real cost of electricity 4 p 10 A Rack 6 p 8 p £ 1176 £ 1765 £ 2353

Oversupply is running out 3/15/2018 Oversupply is running out 3/15/2018

Oversupply running out l l l London data centres filling up IFL in Manchester Oversupply running out l l l London data centres filling up IFL in Manchester full since October 2005 Telecity in Manchester full

Hardware manufacturers respond 3/15/2018 Hardware manufacturers respond 3/15/2018

HP “Server and data center power management: Our work proposed temperature -aware scheduling, hardware-software HP “Server and data center power management: Our work proposed temperature -aware scheduling, hardware-software coordination to enforce power budgets, and new blade designs for lower power. Our optimizations are individually successful in reducing system power by 20 -50%. ”

IBM “The need for more performance from computer equipment in data centers has driven IBM “The need for more performance from computer equipment in data centers has driven the power consumed to levels that are straining thermal management in the centers. ”

Sun Microsystems Sun Microsystems

AMD AMD

Intel “Silicon and Platform Innovation—New materials, manufacturing techniques, and architectural approaches (such as multicore Intel “Silicon and Platform Innovation—New materials, manufacturing techniques, and architectural approaches (such as multicore processors) will deliver substantial improvements in performance per watt over the next few years. This will enable ongoing increases in datacenter compute density, without driving up power and thermal requirements. ”

Government energy policy 3/15/2018 Government energy policy 3/15/2018

Why are electricity prices so high? l l l Generating capacity shortfall of 7 Why are electricity prices so high? l l l Generating capacity shortfall of 7 -16 GW by 2015 Equivalent to about 20% of current capacity Uncertainty about security of supply

Government agenda l l Energy review due by end of July Nuclear power “back Government agenda l l Energy review due by end of July Nuclear power “back on the agenda with a vengeance” (Tony Blair, 16 th May 2006)

Possible price review l l l OFGEM consulted the market regarding price review Initial Possible price review l l l OFGEM consulted the market regarding price review Initial decision that review not justified (but not ruled out) Commitment to work with business to resolve issue

New data centre 3/15/2018 New data centre 3/15/2018

Reynolds House l l Additional 13, 000 sq ft (gross) 2 MW power 200 Reynolds House l l Additional 13, 000 sq ft (gross) 2 MW power 200 watts / sq ft Average 15 – 20 Amps / rack (3. 5 – 4. 5 k. W)

Marcus Hopwood Internet Facilitators Ltd marcus@internetf. co. uk 0161 275 1101 3/15/2018 Marcus Hopwood Internet Facilitators Ltd [email protected] co. uk 0161 275 1101 3/15/2018