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Daniel 9 and the Seventhy Weeks - Christian Hjortland
Daniel's prayer 13 – “We have messed up” - God wants us to turn from sin. 14 – “We have not obeyed” - God's Works are righteous 15 – “We have sinned” - God's Redemption from Egypt. 16 – “We and our fathers have sinned” - God's Righteousness 17 – God's Sanctuary 18 – “We are not worthy” - God's Great Mercy 19 – God's Forgiveness to His People.
70 Weeks Daniel 9: 20 -23 Mareh – Refers to the appearance of a person in a vision Châzôn – Symbolic vision that contains animals and their actions Daniel 8: 13 -14, 26 -27 Daniel 9: 24 -25 Châthak
The decrees of the book of Ezra 1: Cyrus Ezra 6: Darius Ezra 4, 7: Artaxerxes Ezra 7: 7, 13 What year? th century BC. Fall to fall calendar in the 5 Artaxerxes start of rule: 464 b. c. - After the accesion year. th year was 457. His 7
The decrees of the book of Ezra “If Ezra began Artaxerxes' years according to the Jewish civil year then his first year began in the fall of 464 B. C. . . a king's first regnal year began on the system's new year's day. The period between the moment when a king died and a new king officially came to the throne on his first New Year's day was known as his accession year. In Ezra and Nehemiah we are dealing with regnal years only. ” - William H. Shea, BRI, “When Did the Seventy Weeks of Daniel 9: 24 Begin? ” Other references for this year: Greek Olympiad dates, Ptolemy’s Canon, the Elephantine Papyri, as well as many cuneiform tablets.
The decrees of the book of Ezra “If Ezra began Artaxerxes' years according to the Jewish civil year then his first year began in the fall of 464 B. C. . . a king's first regnal year began on the system's new year's day. The period between the moment when a king died and a new king officially came to the throne on his first New Year's day was known as his accession year. In Ezra and Nehemiah we are dealing with regnal years only. ” - William H. Shea, BRI, “When Did the Seventy Weeks of Daniel 9: 24 Begin? ”
God hears prayers, and shows us his will in the right time
The Coming of Messiah Daniel 9: 25 7 weeks + 62 weeks = 69 weeks 457 BC + 483 years = 27 a. d. What happened in 27 a. d. ? Luke 3: 1 “Augustus. . . rested his last hopes on Tiberius, obtained for his adopted son the censorial and tribunitian powers, and dictated a law, by which the future prince was invested with an authority equal to his own, over the provinces and the armies. ” Edward Gibbon, Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, vol 1. p. 30.
The Coming of Messiah “Two years before Augustus died the Roman Senate voted Tiberius co-ruler of the provinces with his father Augustus. Such an arrangement is called a co-regency ad is similar to the situation when King David put Solomon on the throne with him before his own death (see 1 Kings 1)” - Daniel, William Shea. Augustus died in 14 a. d. . Tiberius started ruling 12 a. d. + 15 years of reign= 27 So what would happen in 27 a. d. ? - Luke 3: 21 -22
The Coming of Messiah “That word, I say, ye know, which was published throughout all Judæa, and began from Galilee, after the baptism which John preached, how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him. ” Acts 10: 37 -38 What is Jesus himself saying after his baptism? Luke 4: 18, 21. Daniel 9: 26 -27
The Coming of Messiah How long time was Jesus in ministry before He died? Luke 13: 32 -33 “And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice, and yielded up His spirit. Then, behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom; and the earth quaked, and the rocks were split. Matthew 27: 50 -51 Jesus' sacrifice through His death was predicted. The Sanctuary service pointed on Him, who is our only hope.
The end of the 70 weeks How can Jesus confirm a covenant in one week, if he died in the middle of the week? “These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not: But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. ” Matthew 10: 5 -6 “Now after that John was put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, And saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel. ” Mark 1: 14 -15
The end of the 70 weeks How was the covenant confirmed? Hebrews 2: 3 Acts 7: 54 -8: 4 What did Jesus say regarding forgiveness? “Jesus saith unto him, I say not unto thee, Until seven times: but, until seventy times seven. ” Matthew 18: 22
The end of the 70 weeks What happened after 34 a. d. ? Matt 21: 43, Acts 22: 20 -21, 13: 45 -46 Who are God's people after 34 a. d. ? “For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise. ” Galatians 3: 26 -29 Romans 2: 29
The end of the 70 weeks What was the result of the rejection of the Jews? Jerusalem was destroyed as prophesied. Could it have been avoided? Matt 24: 15 -16 “And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh. Then let them which are in Judæa flee to the mountains; and let them which are in the midst of it depart out; and let not them that are in the countries enter thereinto. Luke 21: 20 -21
Just like God called the Jews to repent, He calls us to repentance, and to share the good news of Christ.
Summary 1. As a result of Daniel's study of Jeremiah, Daniel prayed for a new covenant experience. 2. In His mercy, God gave 490 years to Israel so they could clean up their mess. This time period was cut off the 2300 year prophecy, started in 457 b. c. , and ended in 34 a. d. when Stephen was stoned. 3. Israel rejected Christ, and was no longer God's People. Jesus died, rose to heaven, sent the Holy Spirit to His true followers who now took the message to the Gentiles.