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Damage Control Rapid Plotting 1 Damage Control Rapid Plotting 1

Enabling Objectives 1 Select statements which describe the purpose of DC diagrams, status boards Enabling Objectives 1 Select statements which describe the purpose of DC diagrams, status boards and logs 2 Record casualties on isometric DC diagrams 3 Given a DC scenario record damage control messages 4 Match damage control symbols to the situation they represent 2

Failure to Communicate Crew interviews and analysis of plots and handwritten messages after casualties Failure to Communicate Crew interviews and analysis of plots and handwritten messages after casualties on USS Samuel B. Roberts, USS Stark and USS Cole revealed: – Improper use of complex triangle symbology – Damage control decision makers had limited knowledge of sequential actions to combat casualties – Minimal crew training on symbology – Improper display of information on message blanks 3

 • Challenge: Reduce the complexity of triangle symbology • Solution: Rapid Plotting Symbology, • Challenge: Reduce the complexity of triangle symbology • Solution: Rapid Plotting Symbology, DCAMS 4

Initiatives to Improve DC Plotting • Rapid plotting symbology • Rapid plotting message blanks Initiatives to Improve DC Plotting • Rapid plotting symbology • Rapid plotting message blanks • DC casualty checklists • DCAMS (Damage Control Action Management Software) • Shipboard flag training kits 5

Rapid Plotting Symbology • Replace triangle symbology • Simplifies plotting • Improves display of Rapid Plotting Symbology • Replace triangle symbology • Simplifies plotting • Improves display of symbology on DC plates • Will appear in revision of NSTM 079, vol. 2, Practical Damage Control 6

Damage Control Rapid Plotting • Universal symbology standard of circle and slashes combined with Damage Control Rapid Plotting • Universal symbology standard of circle and slashes combined with simplified plotting requirements. – The circle and slash system eliminates the requirement to have several flags on the side of the triangle. – Simplified plotting requirements are accomplished with check sheets. 7

Damage Control Rapid Plotting • Check sheets similar to the Main Space Fire Doctrine Damage Control Rapid Plotting • Check sheets similar to the Main Space Fire Doctrine will replace the “cluttered” plotting details that obscure the big picture of the ships condition with noise. – Check sheets are designed to provide guidance through the casualty process, track and document details and events. – Check sheets eliminate the requirement to plot things such as mechanical and electrical isolation. – Checklist examples can be found at www. dcfp. navy. mil as DC Tricks of the Trade #007 in the Library 8

Rapid Plotting Symbology Three symbols represent key events in a casualty. Example for Class Rapid Plotting Symbology Three symbols represent key events in a casualty. Example for Class Alpha fire: Casualty Reported A Casualty Engaged A No Casualty (Fire is out. ) A 9

Rapid Plotting Symbology Example for ruptured piping: Casualty Reported System R FM Casualty Engaged Rapid Plotting Symbology Example for ruptured piping: Casualty Reported System R FM Casualty Engaged R No Casualty (Rupture is repaired or bypassed. ) R 10

NSTM 079 & DCAMS 5. 02 Casualty Icons Fire (unspecified) Smoke (unknown) Hole in NSTM 079 & DCAMS 5. 02 Casualty Icons Fire (unspecified) Smoke (unknown) Hole in Deck - Below Reported, Engaged, No Black Smoke Hole in Deck - Over Reported, Engaged, No Fire (Class B) White Smoke Hole in Bulkhead Reported, Engaged, No Fire (Class C) Flooding Fragmentation Reported, Engaged, No Heat Transfer Debris Reported, Engaged, No Fire (Class A) Reported, Engaged, No Fire (Class D) Reported, Engaged, No 11

NSTM 079 & DCAMS 5. 02 Casualty Icons Rupture AFFF Rupture-Potable Water Reported, Engaged, NSTM 079 & DCAMS 5. 02 Casualty Icons Rupture AFFF Rupture-Potable Water Reported, Engaged, No Rupture - Fire Main Rupture - Chill Water Rupture - Steam Reported, Engaged, No Rupture- Fuel Oil Rupture- Electrical Cooling Water Rupture- Salt Water Reported, Engaged, No Rupture- JP 5 Rupture- Hydraulic Oil Reported, Engaged, No Rupture-Lube Oil Rupture-Pressurized Air Reported, Engaged, No 12

NSTM 079 & DCAMS 5. 02 Casualty Icons Point of Impact Communications Lost Chemical NSTM 079 & DCAMS 5. 02 Casualty Icons Point of Impact Communications Lost Chemical Hazard Reported, Engaged, No Structural Damage Mechanical Failure Biohazard Reported, Engaged, No Electrical Power Lost Mechanical Damage Radiation Hazard Reported, Engaged, No Electrical Damage HAZMAT/Toxic Spill Reported, Engaged, No Casualty Power Lost Unexploded Ordnance Reported, Engaged, No 13

Damage Control Checklist …Decision Aids …Request Action …Enhanced Communications 14 Damage Control Checklist …Decision Aids …Request Action …Enhanced Communications 14

Shipboard Flag Training Kits • Damage Control Training Teams / Afloat Training Groups use Shipboard Flag Training Kits • Damage Control Training Teams / Afloat Training Groups use the standardized kits to nonverbally initiate and conduct damage control drills. • Flags have Rapid Plotting Symbology printed on them to alert Investigators and other shipboard personnel to specific casualties. • Provides crew with continuous exposure to Rapid Plotting Symbology. 15

Rapid Plotting Message Blanks • Rapid plotting message blanks and DC plates will be Rapid Plotting Message Blanks • Rapid plotting message blanks and DC plates will be used as a backup if Automated Damage Control Software or wireless communications fail. • Rapid plotting message blanks use three symbols instead of the six symbols employed with the triangle system. 16

Mechanics of plotting Casualties Three primary reports are recorded on the DC plates 2 Mechanics of plotting Casualties Three primary reports are recorded on the DC plates 2 &3 that represent the key events in the casualty: Casualty reported A Casualty Engaged A No Casualty A 17

Mechanics of plotting (cont) • Message blank – Time and sequential number – Who Mechanics of plotting (cont) • Message blank – Time and sequential number – Who it is from and to whom it is going – Compartment number, frame number, remarks etc. . – Damage must be pinpointed (Port/Stbd, Deck/ Ovhd, Fwd/Aft) – Fire/smoke/flooding boundary reports shall have primary and secondary boundaries listed 18

Mechanics of plotting (cont) – Installed system messages require the following • System (Halon, Mechanics of plotting (cont) – Installed system messages require the following • System (Halon, AFFF, APC, Bilge Spr, CMWD) • Time activated/released, secured • Group number (if required) – Ruptured piping messages shall contain • Cut-out valve(s) used • System if known • Affected system(s) 19

Five Sections of the Rapid Plotting Message Blank TIME 1. Originator / Time NUMBER Five Sections of the Rapid Plotting Message Blank TIME 1. Originator / Time NUMBER FROM TO FM – INV - SL DCRS 2 2. Casualty Space / Remarks DCRS 3 DCRS 5 DCC COMPT. #/NAME 3. Casualty Symbology FRAME REMARKS: OVHD FWD S T B D P O R T 4. Specific Location of Damage AFT DECK BOUNDARIES S P P S 5. Boundaries FB - SB - FLB - CB 20

Rapid Plotting Message Blank TIME NUMBER FROM Rapid plotting message blanks must be tailored Rapid Plotting Message Blank TIME NUMBER FROM Rapid plotting message blanks must be tailored in section 1 to your specific ship TO FM – INV - SL DCRS 2 DCRS 3 DCRS 5 DCC COMPT. #/NAME FRAME REMARKS: OVHD FWD S T B D P O R T AFT DECK BOUNDARIES S P P S FB - SB - FLB - CB 21

Reverse Side of Message Blank 22 Reverse Side of Message Blank 22

TIME R FM FROM Addressing the Message 1 1627 First message of the set TIME R FM FROM Addressing the Message 1 1627 First message of the set NUMBER TO Sent at 1627 FM – INV - SL DCRS 2 DCRS 3 DCRS 5 DCC 2 -58 -2 -Q COMPT. #/NAME FRAME REMARKS: 60 TIME FROM 1627 NUMBER FM= Fire Marshal INV=Investigator SL= On Scene Leader OVHD 1 TO FM – INV - SL DCRS 2 FWD DCRS 3 DCRS 5 S T B D P O R T DCC From the Fire Marshal AFT DECK BOUNDARIES To DCRS 5 S P P S FB - SB - FLB - CB 23

Addressing Others Other Teams / Locations First message of the set Sent at 1627 Addressing Others Other Teams / Locations First message of the set Sent at 1627 • Bridge • Medical / Triage TIME • CCA 1627 FROM TO FM – INV - SL • Air staging area DCRS 2 DCRS 3 • Hangar DCRS 5 • Weather deck • Secondary Conn 1 Triage • Decon stations • Secondary DCC NUMBER DCC From Triage area FM= Fire Marshal INV=Investigator SL= On Scene Leader To DCRS 5 24

Casualty Space / Frame / Remarks TIME R FM FROM 1627 1 NUMBER TO Casualty Space / Frame / Remarks TIME R FM FROM 1627 1 NUMBER TO Compt. # / Name FM – INV - SL DCRS 2 DCRS 3 2 -58 -2 -Q COMPT. #/NAME FRAME REMARKS: 60 60 FRAME DCRS 5 DCC 2 -58 -2 -Q REMARKS: At Frame 60 In space 2 -58 -2 -Q OVHD FWD Casualty Space / Remarks Section S T B D P O R T AFT DECK BOUNDARIES S P P S FB - SB - FLB - CB 25

Casualty Symbology R FM TIME Reported R FROM 1627 TO FM – INV - Casualty Symbology R FM TIME Reported R FROM 1627 TO FM – INV - SL FM DCRS 2 DCRS 3 DCRS 5 DCC 2 -58 -2 -Q COMPT. #/NAME FRAME Engaged 1 NUMBER REMARKS: 60 OVHD FWD No Casualty S T B D P O R T AFT A note area is located below each report box. DECK BOUNDARIES S P P S FB - SB - FLB - CB 26

Note Area S BLACK Write amplifying information in the Note Area. Acceptable information includes, Note Area S BLACK Write amplifying information in the Note Area. Acceptable information includes, but is not limited to: • Smoke : List color of smoke • Fire extinguishing system: List system type, time manned, time activated / secured • Flooding: List depth (in feet and inches), dewatering equipment used, if water is clean or contaminated • Firefighting water: List depth (in feet and inches) and dewatering equipment used or recommended • Progressive flooding: List depth of water (in feet and inches) and dewatering equipment used or recommended, approximate rate of water entering • Ruptured piping system: List system type, cut out valve numbers, sys effected • Structural damage: List type of damage and recommended shoring used • Jammed fitting: List fitting number and type 27

Note Area (cont) H 10 IN Hole: List size of hole (in feet and Note Area (cont) H 10 IN Hole: List size of hole (in feet and inches) • Communications lost: List circuit(s) • Electrical damage: List equipment or system • Mechanical failure: List equipment or system • Personnel casualty: List person’s name and billet (if known) • Weapon casualty: List weapon type • Toxic gas: List hazard (if known) • Chemical contamination: List agent (if known) and location • Biological contamination: List agent (if known) and location • Radiological contamination: List intensity (if known) and location 28

TIME R FM FROM 1627 1 NUMBER Leak is in the overhead. TO OVHD TIME R FM FROM 1627 1 NUMBER Leak is in the overhead. TO OVHD FM – INV - SL FWD DCRS 2 DCRS 3 DCRS 5 DCC 2 -58 -2 -Q COMPT. #/NAME FRAME REMARKS: 60 P O R T S T B D OVHD FWD DECK S T B D P O R T AFT DECK BOUNDARIES S P P AFT S Leak is on the port side of the space in the overhead. FB - SB - FLB - CB 29

Mechanics of plotting Boundaries Three primary reports are recorded on the DC plates 2&3 Mechanics of plotting Boundaries Three primary reports are recorded on the DC plates 2&3 that represent the two key events in setting Boundaries: Boundaries Ordered Boundaries Set FB FB 30

Mechanics of plotting Boundaries FB - Fire Boundary: Primary and secondary around fire. SB Mechanics of plotting Boundaries FB - Fire Boundary: Primary and secondary around fire. SB - Smoke Boundary: Smoke Primary and secondary around smoke. FLB - Flooding Boundary: Primary and secondary around Flooding. CB - Casualty Boundary: : Primary and secondary around multi casualty area. Example: A missile strikes the ship aft, casualty boundaries are set around the area. 31

Boundaries Flooding Boundary Set BOUNDARIES FB - SB - FLB - CB FB - Boundaries Flooding Boundary Set BOUNDARIES FB - SB - FLB - CB FB - Fire Boundary SB - Smoke Boundary FLB - Flooding Boundary CB - Casualty Boundary S P P S 7 7 6 5 8 8 4 4 S e c o n d a r y A F T P r i m a r y A F T S e c o n d a r y F W D Boundaries Ordered indicated by dash P r i m a r y F W D FB - SB - FLB - CB Boundaries Set indicated by circle FB - SB - FLB - CB 32

Boundaries TIME 1635 6 NUMBER FROM Flooding Boundary Set TO FM – INV - Boundaries TIME 1635 6 NUMBER FROM Flooding Boundary Set TO FM – INV - SL DCRS 2 DCRS 3 DCRS 5 DCC 2 -58 -2 -Q COMPT. #/NAME FRAME REMARKS: 60 BOUNDARIES FB - SB - FLB - CB OVHD FWD FB - Fire Boundary SB - Smoke Boundary FLB - Flooding Boundary CB - Casualty Boundary S T B D P O R T AFT DECK BOUNDARIES FB - SB - FLB - CB S 7 7 P 6 8 P 5 8 S 4 4 Boundaries section S P P S 7 7 6 5 8 8 4 4 S e c o n d a r y A F T P r i m a r y A F T S e c o n d a r y F W D 33 P r i m a r y F W D

Manual Plotting Methods 1. Box Method B FB 1726 2. Line Method 7 6 Manual Plotting Methods 1. Box Method B FB 1726 2. Line Method 7 6 5 4 7 8 8 4 B 1726 3. Column Method FB 7 6 5 4 7 8 8 4 B 1726 FB 7 6 5 4 7 8 8 4 34

Box Method B 1610 1 2 -60 -0 -E 82 60 38 WTS QAWTD Box Method B 1610 1 2 -60 -0 -E 82 60 38 WTS QAWTD 2 -71 -2 2 -65 -1 2 -54 -2 S 2 -60 -0 -E WTS 2 -49 -0 B 1610 QAWTD 2 -75 -1 S Black 1614 S P 1614 P S 2 Black 2 -60 -0 -E FWD EMERGENCY DIESEL 2 -60 -0 -E S P P S 35

Line Method B 1610 1 2 -60 -0 -E 82 60 38 WTS QAWTD Line Method B 1610 1 2 -60 -0 -E 82 60 38 WTS QAWTD 2 -71 -2 2 -65 -1 2 -54 -2 S WTS 2 -49 -0 S P 1614 P S 2 Black QAWTD B S 1610 2 -75 -1 2 -60 -0 -E Black 1614 FWD EMERGENCY DIESEL 2 -60 -0 -E S P P S 36

Column Method B 1610 1 2 -60 -0 -E 82 60 38 B 1610 Column Method B 1610 1 2 -60 -0 -E 82 60 38 B 1610 WTS QAWTD 2 -71 -2 2 -65 -1 2 -54 -2 S Black 1614 S WTS 2 -49 -0 S P 1614 P S 2 Black QAWTD 2 -75 -1 2 -60 -0 -E FWD EMERGENCY DIESEL 2 -60 -0 -E S P P S 37

The following seven slides display message writing examples for: • Fire • Flooding (2) The following seven slides display message writing examples for: • Fire • Flooding (2) • Ruptured Piping • Structural Damage (2) • Chemical Attack 38

Fire TIME 1623 9 NUMBER FROM TO FM – INV - SL DCRS 2 Fire TIME 1623 9 NUMBER FROM TO FM – INV - SL DCRS 2 DCRS 3 DCRS 5 DCC COMPT. #/NAME 2 -210 -2 -A FRAME REMARKS: OVHD FWD A S T B D P O R T AFT DECK BOUNDARIES S P P S FB - SB - FLB - CB 39

Flooding TIME FL 1623 1 NUMBER FROM TO FM – INV - SL 5 Flooding TIME FL 1623 1 NUMBER FROM TO FM – INV - SL 5 FT 6 IN DCRS 2 DCRS 3 DCRS 5 DCC COMPT. #/NAME FRAME REMARKS: 2 -210 -2 -A Clean SW OVHD FWD S T B D P O R T AFT DECK BOUNDARIES S P P S FB - SB - FLB - CB 40

Flooding TIME 1632 2 NUMBER FROM TO FM – INV - SL DCRS 2 Flooding TIME 1632 2 NUMBER FROM TO FM – INV - SL DCRS 2 DCRS 3 DCRS 5 DCC COMPT. #/NAME FL 2 -210 -2 -A FRAME REMARKS: OVHD 2 FT 4 IN FWD ESP S T B D P O R T AFT DECK BOUNDARIES S P P S FB - SB - FLB - CB 41

Ruptured Piping TIME 1623 3 NUMBER FROM TO FM – INV - SL DCRS Ruptured Piping TIME 1623 3 NUMBER FROM TO FM – INV - SL DCRS 2 DCRS 3 DCRS 5 DCC COMPT. #/NAME R FRAME REMARKS: 2 -210 -2 -A COV 2 -218 -2 OVHD FM FWD S T B D P O R T AFT DECK BOUNDARIES S P P S FB - SB - FLB - CB 42

Structural Damage STR TIME 1623 1 NUMBER FROM TO FM – INV - SL Structural Damage STR TIME 1623 1 NUMBER FROM TO FM – INV - SL SAG DCRS 2 DCRS 3 DCRS 5 DCC COMPT. #/NAME 226 FRAME 2 -210 -2 -A REMARKS: OVHD FWD S T B D P O R T AFT DECK BOUNDARIES S P P S FB - SB - FLB - CB 43

Structural Damage TIME 1623 2 NUMBER FROM TO FM – INV - SL DCRS Structural Damage TIME 1623 2 NUMBER FROM TO FM – INV - SL DCRS 2 DCRS 3 DCRS 5 DCC COMPT. #/NAME STR 231 FRAME REMARKS: 2 -210 -2 -A Steel Shoring I type OVHD Sag FWD S T B D P O R T AFT DECK BOUNDARIES S P P S FB - SB - FLB - CB 44

Chemical Attack TIME CHM 1623 1 NUMBER FROM TO FM – INV - SL Chemical Attack TIME CHM 1623 1 NUMBER FROM TO FM – INV - SL Nerve M-9 DCRS 2 DCRS 3 DCRS 5 DCC 162 COMPT. #/NAME FRAME REMARKS: weather deck MWB davit OVHD FWD S T B D P O R T AFT DECK BOUNDARIES S P P S FB - SB - FLB - CB 45

Summary • • • Simple in concept User Friendly Supported by shipboard flag training Summary • • • Simple in concept User Friendly Supported by shipboard flag training kit. Provides a clear “Big Picture” Support transition from paper to standard e-Damage Control, DCAMS software, Laptops in DCRS, PDA’s at the scene and wireless data. 46