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CV, Motivation Letter and Recruitment Australia, Canada, United States CV, Motivation Letter and Recruitment Australia, Canada, United States

WHO WE ARE Students consulting agency for work & study experiences abroad WHO WE ARE Students consulting agency for work & study experiences abroad

A comparison between study systems How to organize your work & study experience Students. A comparison between study systems How to organize your work & study experience Students. World services

NEW ZEALAND/AUSTRALIAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM DOCTORAL DEGREE YR 2 1 WORK 2° 2° YEAR MASTERS NEW ZEALAND/AUSTRALIAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM DOCTORAL DEGREE YR 2 1 WORK 2° 2° YEAR MASTERS IN RESEARCH MASTERS IN COURSEWORK 1° MASTERS OR GRADUATE DIPLOMA RESEARCH HONOR’S THESIS INTERNSHIP 1° MASTERS OR GRADUATE DIPLOMA IN COURSEWORK GRADUATE CERTIFICATE YEAR 3 2 1 YEAR 3 2 BACHELOR’S DEGREE 12 YEARS OF EDUCATION

VISA IN AUSTRALIA 1/2 In order to work in Australia while being a student VISA IN AUSTRALIA 1/2 In order to work in Australia while being a student (or recent graduate) in Europe, students can apply for the “Student Visa” which combines studying (even just English as a foreign language) and work. Students are not requested to study for extended periods of time, the majority of the local ESL schools help students being placed in professional and unprofessional jobs alike. This visa covers students from 18 to 31 years of age. The “Working Holiday Visa” doesn’t require European individuals to study; be reminded that professional jobs or internships require an advanced knowledge of English (C 1 equivalent recommended). This visa covers students from 18 to 30 years of age.

VISA IN AUSTRALIA 2/2 Visitor Visa Up to 12 weeks study Not allowed to VISA IN AUSTRALIA 2/2 Visitor Visa Up to 12 weeks study Not allowed to work Working Holiday Visa Aged 18 – 30 Up to 17 weeks study Can work for up to 6 months with one employer. Extension to a 2° year permitted but includes certain pre-requisites Student Visa Must study on a CRICOS (Commonwealth Register of Institutions and Courses for Overseas Students) registered course Must maintain a minimum of 80% attendance on their course Can work part-time (maximum 40 hours every 2 weeks) during term time and full time in holiday periods. Minimum wage exceeds AUS$ 16 per hour OTHER VISAS INCLUDE: SKILLED INDEPEDENT VISA

CANADIAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM ACADEMIC TRACK PROFESSIONAL TRACK EXPERIENCE 3 2 1 DOCTORAL DEGREE WORK CANADIAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM ACADEMIC TRACK PROFESSIONAL TRACK EXPERIENCE 3 2 1 DOCTORAL DEGREE WORK 2 1 CERTIFICATE OR DIPLOMA PROGRAMS MASTER’S DEGREE 4 3 22 2 1 BACHELOR’S DEGREE 11/12 YEARS OF EDUCATION 1 CEGEP (Quebec only) INTERNSHIPS

VISA IN CANADA 1/2 In order to work in Canada while being a student VISA IN CANADA 1/2 In order to work in Canada while being a student (or recent graduate) in Europe, students can apply for the “Student Work Permit” which combines studying (even just English as a foreign language) and work. Students are requested to study first and then work. The work component may be as long as the study option. The majority of the local ESL schools help students being placed at professional and unprofessional positions alike. This visa covers students from 18 to 30 years of age. The “Working Holiday” in Canada doesn’t require European individuals to study (even just English ESL), but professional jobs/internships require an advanced knowledge of English (C 1 equivalent recommended). This visa covers students from 18 to 35 and it covers 1 year in length (work up to 6 months)

VISA IN CANADA 2/2 Tourist Permit Up to 6 months of study (English ESL) VISA IN CANADA 2/2 Tourist Permit Up to 6 months of study (English ESL) Allowed to work (unprofessional jobs) “Student Work Permit” in conjunction with “Study Permit” Aged 18 – 30 Up to 17 weeks study Can work for and study for periods over 6 months (first study, then work) Working Holiday Visa Covers professional (unpaid) and unprofessional (paid) work experiences High level of English required (C 1 equivalent) 18 -35 years of age 1, 000 visas available for Italians every year Minimum wage exceeds CAN$ 9 per hour OTHER VISAS INCLUDE: SKILLED WORK EXPERIENCE

AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM ACADEMIC TRACK PROFESSIONAL TRACK EXPERIENCE 5 4 3 DOCTORAL DEGREE WORK AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM ACADEMIC TRACK PROFESSIONAL TRACK EXPERIENCE 5 4 3 DOCTORAL DEGREE WORK 2 1 CERTIFICATE OR DIPLOMA PROGRAMS MASTER’S DEGREE 4 3 22 2 1 BACHELOR’S DEGREE 12 YEARS OF EDUCATION 1 ASSOCIATE’S DEGREE INTERNSHIPS

UNITED STATES Regulations in the US for non -American students who want to work UNITED STATES Regulations in the US for non -American students who want to work as interns are ruled under the F-1 and J-1 visas F-1 Visa: for individuals who study in the US prior to work J-1 Visa: for individuals and students who study in the US for short periods of time (ESL not included) Minimum wage in the US exceeds US$ 9 per hour

UNITED STATES US Work Visas – Employee Guide There are 5 main ways an UNITED STATES US Work Visas – Employee Guide There are 5 main ways an individual can obtain residency and work authorization in the United States: • Sponsorship by an Employer • Investment • Sponsorship by a close Family Member in the United States • The Diversity Visa Lottery Program • Asylum & Refugee Status

How to organize students WORK & STUDY EXPERIENCE How to organize students WORK & STUDY EXPERIENCE

Three major legs of my journey… Self assessment and information gathering Career Exploration Job Three major legs of my journey… Self assessment and information gathering Career Exploration Job Placement

Self-assessment Where do I want to go? Before embarking on a long voyage, we Self-assessment Where do I want to go? Before embarking on a long voyage, we ask ourselves where we are going, where we will stop and when asked, we usually can give reasons for why we want to take such a trip. On the road to job success, the questions that might help us to reach our final destination could be: “Who am I? ” “Who am I not? ” “What are my strengths? Weaknesses? ” “What do I bring to the employer? ” “How can I use language to convey this? ” How can I answer the ultimate question: “Why should I hire you? ”

GATHERING INFORMATION WHEN YOU HAVE AN IDEA OF THE DIRECTION YOU WANT TO TAKE, GATHERING INFORMATION WHEN YOU HAVE AN IDEA OF THE DIRECTION YOU WANT TO TAKE, BEGIN STEP 1, THE GATHERING INFORMATION STAGE Job ads These are advertisements posted online, in the newspaper, etc to describe what is required in a job. They describe the job and describe the ideal candidate for the job. How can job ads be helpful to me? ü From the descriptions I can add to and eliminate from my interest pool to narrow my search and be selective ü These descriptions can help me to know what pre-requisites I have going in and which ones I will need to acquire if I am truly interested in this field.

GATHERING INFORMATIONAL INTERVIEWS What are they? Interviews in which you interview a person who GATHERING INFORMATIONAL INTERVIEWS What are they? Interviews in which you interview a person who currently works in the job you would some day like to have, potentially your “dream” job, to get more information. Why do an informational interview? ü Employers love to talk about themselves and how they got to be so successful. It is not a formal interview, so there is no pressure on either party. ü However, you learn the insider scoop of how to get to the top, and you peak the interest of the employer who sees how motivated you are.

GATHERING INFORMATION, step 3 Internships ü Paid vs. unpaid = career path specific vs. GATHERING INFORMATION, step 3 Internships ü Paid vs. unpaid = career path specific vs. not. Do you want an internship in your field of interest to build your resume? Just want whatever job to help pay for your expenses? Choose paid. Often these are organized by specific companies and you are placed in the hotel, service and tourism sectors. These opportunities are great to improve your English and learn about the culture surrounding you. These are more difficult to find, but there are organizations that may help you. Payment is at the discretion of the employer and is often little to nothing. At times, you have to pay the employer. Sometimes you are given “busywork“, not a job that helps you in your field, but it looks good on your resume. These require an adequate level of English.

GATHERING INFORMATION, step 3 Professional websites Some professions have societies or associations. Thoroughly look GATHERING INFORMATION, step 3 Professional websites Some professions have societies or associations. Thoroughly look through these pages, not only for jobs, but in order to understand the latest trends and attitudes…it can really impress your future employer and give you an edge! www. asce. org/asce. cfm

YOUR STOPS ALONG THE WAY 1. RESUME 3. INTERVIEW 2. COVER LETTER 4. THANK YOUR STOPS ALONG THE WAY 1. RESUME 3. INTERVIEW 2. COVER LETTER 4. THANK YOU LETTER

WRITING YOUR RESUME… A daunting task? WRITING YOUR RESUME… A daunting task?

What is the purpose of the resume? 1. For the employer: to filter out What is the purpose of the resume? 1. For the employer: to filter out candidates that he would not be interested in and to find the best candidate for the job? 2. For the job seeker: to get noticed in order to win an interview and eventually to get the job. In the employers mind, who is the best candidate for the job? ü The candidate who has the best qualifications and most transferable skills. ü The candidate who best presents him or herself as a whole package, start to finish. ü The candidate whose resume reflects careful consideration of who the employer is, whose resume does not waste the time of the employer, and whose resume reflects seriousness and perfection.

Besides the format, what do I need to take into consideration? RESUME CONTENT ü Besides the format, what do I need to take into consideration? RESUME CONTENT ü What are the job requirements? ü How can I manipulate my skills and experiences to reflect them (without cheating)? ü Who is the company that I am working for? How can I better research the company, its history, the position within the company and the position in general to be better prepared and reflect excellent candidacy on my resume? ü What are my future prospects within the company? ü What objectives can I put on my resume that will reflect that I understand the company and where it is going, or where they might like me to take it? I want every part of my resume to reflect careful consideration of this particular job, the employer, and the job description.

CV FORMAT: Identifying information/contact information Up-to-date and accurate Objective (optional): What position you are CV FORMAT: Identifying information/contact information Up-to-date and accurate Objective (optional): What position you are applying to, what are your employment goals in one or two sentences. Work experience: Where you have worked, starting with most recent, including company name, location, dates worked, positions held, and responsibilities, include transferable skills. Also consider volunteer work, community activities Education: Where you went to school starting with most recent school/degree. Skills: special skills required for the job or skills that you possess. (ability to type, ability to use certain computer programs, ability to speak a certain proficiency of certain languages. Professional certificates, awards, memberships: Special recognitions or associations you possess that are related to the job. References: It is sufficient to say, available upon request, and to bring a list with you to the interview. Career highlights/qualifications (optional): This section is optional and appears after the objective section. It lists, or gives brief description of self , your strengths and/or proven expertise. First Last Name Street Address City, State, Zip Phone (Cell/Home) Email Address To secure/find an entry level/managerial/administrative position as a _______ in a dynamic, growing, company. with most recent) Company #1 (Start City, State Dates Worked Job Title Responsibilities / Achievements College, Location, Dates attended Degree, GPA if high (3. 0 or higher) Awards, Honors Proficient in Microsoft Powerpoint, publisher, Front Page, type 50 WPM, Fluent in French, proficient in Arabic. Rhodes scholar, Fulbright recipient, licensed to practice in state of NY. Available upon request Recent law school graduate with an MBA and strong acumen for business development and franchise management. Skilled negotiator, mediator and advisor.

DETAILS TO REMEMBER ü If handed in hard copy: type of paper - Resume DETAILS TO REMEMBER ü If handed in hard copy: type of paper - Resume paper - with watermark ü Consistency of font in cover letter and resume ü Consistency in tense usage… ”did” vs. adjective ü Accuracy of word choice and avoidance of repetitiveness, action verbs, accomplishment verbs ü Line spacing, character size, character spacing. ü Extra copies of resume: yes Political correctness: ü Birth date: no ü Picture: no ü Lying on resume: NO! ü Information that is too personal: NO ü Have someone edit or proofread? Yes

A List of Action Verbs • accomplished • decided • instructed • remodeled • A List of Action Verbs • accomplished • decided • instructed • remodeled • accounted • decreased • integrated • renegotiated • achieved • defined • interpreted • reorganized • acquired • delegated • interviewed • repaired • acted • delivered • introduced • reported • activated • demonstrated • invented • represented • adapted • described • invested • researched • addressed • designated • investigated • reshaped • administered • designed • involved • resolved • adopted • detected • judged • responded • advanced • determined • launched • restored • advised • developed • lectured • restructured • advocated • devised • led • retrieved • aided • directed • liquidated • reversed • allocated • discharged • lobbied • reviewed • analyzed • discovered • located • revised • anticipated • displayed • maintained • revitalized • applied • distinguished • managed • scheduled • appointed • distributed • manipulated • schooled • appraised • diversified • marketed • screened • approved • documented • measured • secured • arbitrated • doubled • mediated • selected • arranged • drafted • minimized • served • assembled • earned • mobilized • serviced • assessed • edited • moderated • set • assigned • educated • modernized • settled • assisted • effected • modified • set up • attained • eliminated • monitored • shaped • audited • employed • motivated • showed • augmented • enabled • negotiated • simplified • authored • encouraged • observed • sold • automated • enforced • obtained • solidified • averted • engineered • operated • solved • avoided • enlisted • ordered • sorted • balanced • established • organized • specified

YOU’RE ALMOST THERE! Revise and improve the final draft. Does it reflect your organizational YOU’RE ALMOST THERE! Revise and improve the final draft. Does it reflect your organizational abilities? Does it highlight your strengths? Does it present an accurate picture of your self image? Maximize the impact of experiences that may interest employers, minimize the impact of unimportant jobs! Get another opinion. Show your proposed resume to a Career Services Office staff member, to your advisor, to a professor, or to another student. The final product should be something that YOU are comfortable with, however, in terms of organization and emphasis. Check and double check for errors BEFORE PRINTING!!! Proofread, and then ask someone else to proofread your final resume copy. Every year there are students who indicate the wrong year of graduation, who misspell their undergraduate institution, or who even overlook that they have misspelled their name. Double check telephone numbers and zip codes. It is very easy to see what we expect to be on the resume, rather than what is actually there. Even if numerous other people have looked over your resumes, you are ultimately responsible for your resume, and errors will be attributed to you alone. http: //www. lawschool. cornell. edu/careers/students/apply_job/resume/index. cfm#CP_JUMP_2610

RIGHT RIGHT

RIGHT RIGHT

Paulette Jones 6 Barclay Street Arlington, MA 12333 5555 (home) 566. 486. 2222 (cell) Paulette Jones 6 Barclay Street Arlington, MA 12333 5555 (home) 566. 486. 2222 (cell) [email protected] com EDUCATION B. A. , Business Management, January 2004 St. John's University, Smithtown, California WRONG RELATED COURSEWORK Managerial Strategy and Policy, Management Information Systems, Management and the External Environment, Calculus with Business Applications, Organizational Decision Making, Systems Analysis WORK EXPERIENCE The Space Store 2002 – Present • Space planning including home office and home organization. Utilized computer system to sketch diagrams for customers. Plan and allocate space requirements. • Also, part-time Sales Floor Manager. Responsible for assisting other employees with planning problems and troubleshooting. Doug's Pizza Manager • Responsible for team development, communications, sales, profit and cost control management. • Managed store operations and administration including scheduling, reports, inventory, and customer service. 2000 – 2002 Cashier • Responsible for customer service including order-taking and cash register operations. 1996 - 2000 COMPUTER SKILLS Microsoft Word, Excel, Power Point, Access, Minitab, Internet OTHER ACTIVITIES • Member of the Youth Development Association • Peer tutor in Macro Economics and Micro Economics • Member of Association of Management Training

COVER LETTER ü First paragraph: why you are writing? State the specific position you COVER LETTER ü First paragraph: why you are writing? State the specific position you are applying for and where you found out about the job. ü Second paragraph: a brief personal introduction and why you would be good for the position. ü Third paragraph: explain you are enclosing your CV and mention your availability regarding time and location for an interview. ü Finish the letter by thanking the person for his/her time.

COVER LETTER Finish your resume first. Write your cover letter after when you want COVER LETTER Finish your resume first. Write your cover letter after when you want to decide what you didn, t say that needs to be said in addition to your resume. DO! ü Write the letter in formal business style ü Be specific with name and title when possible (if not use: To whom it may concern) ü Reflect your individuality ü Use blue ink to sign your name to show the document is original ü Make your sentences brief DON’T! ü Be overbearing (sell yourself too much) ü be humourous ü be too familiar ü repeat what is in your resume Remember, it is like a funnel to draw the attention of your reader to you. Catch his attention! Consider: What is the job and what kind of tone should your letter have? Customize each resume and cover letter to fit the job.

INTERVIEWS DO ü Smile and give a firm handshake ü Be ready to answer INTERVIEWS DO ü Smile and give a firm handshake ü Be ready to answer the question “Why do you want to work for us? ” ü Take copies of your CV ü Be ready to tell them about your strengths and weaknesses. ü Ask some questions about the company at the end DON’T ü Be late ü Wear casual clothes ü Ask about money (unless specifically asked)

COMMON INTERVIEW QUESTIONS ü How would you describe your work style? ü What do COMMON INTERVIEW QUESTIONS ü How would you describe your work style? ü What do you know about this industry? ü Why do you want to leave your previous job? ü What were your responsibilities in your previous job? ü What would you find most difficult about this job? ü What accomplishments are you most proud of? ü Where do you see yourself in 5 -10 years? ü What 2 -3 things are most important to you in a job? ü But his unexpressed question may always be: “why should I hire you? ”

THANK YOU LETTER ü Send a formal business letter after an interview ü Use THANK YOU LETTER ü Send a formal business letter after an interview ü Use personal names ü Express appreciation for the interview ü Be brief ü Express interest in employment ü Reemphasize your qualifications and skills ü Date and time you’ll follow-up ü Send out in a timely manner

WORK ENVIRONMENT ü Professional – behaviour and dress code (uniforms may be used). ü WORK ENVIRONMENT ü Professional – behaviour and dress code (uniforms may be used). ü Business first approach. ü Punctuality is extremely important. ü Strong work ethic – respect for boss and colleagues. ü Routine – Anglo-Saxons are comfortable with routine and most workplaces follow a basic daily and weekly routine. ü Hours – office hours 9 -5 pm (continuous), shops 9 -5: 30 pm (continuous), Sunday trading is standard, service and hospitality industry varies but can be 24 hrs. ü Lunch is not an important meal so usually a sandwich is eaten quickly while at work or within the standard 1 hour lunch break. ü However, socialisation at work is encouraged and workplaces usually have a very friendly atmosphere. Friday afternoon drinks are standard in most work places (sometimes the boss will even allow everyone to finish early!

EXAMPLES OF PROGRAMS EXAMPLES OF PROGRAMS

AUSTRALIA PROFESSIONAL INTERNSHIPS ü Internships all over Australia in various industries/subjects ü Includes one AUSTRALIA PROFESSIONAL INTERNSHIPS ü Internships all over Australia in various industries/subjects ü Includes one week preparation to the Australian work environment (job search + resume + interview) ü Students receive a reference letter and a work statement from the employer ü Students’ English level will be matched to the working requirements

Internships and work experience AUSTRALIA WORK INTERNSHIPS JOB OPTIONS Study English And Gain Valuable Internships and work experience AUSTRALIA WORK INTERNSHIPS JOB OPTIONS Study English And Gain Valuable Australian Work Experience Through the Work Internship Program, students will build on the English they learn in the classroom by getting real-life communication practice in a professional environment. Internship Coordinators work closely with students to ensure they are placed with a company that fits their goals, interests and personality. The coordinators arrange a placement suitable to the educational background and career interests. At least 2 weeks of study should be considered in one of the following English programs: IELTS, TOEFL Prep Business English Intensive English For Medicine Intensive English For Tourism & Hospitality Students in the Work Internship Program may work in any of the following fields: Marketing & Advertising Event Planning Retail Restaurants General Hospitality Hotel Positions Print Media Broadcast Media Museums & Galleries Office Assistant Environmental Junior Financial Positions Child Care Medical Office Assistant TOURISM & HOSPITALITY INTERNSHIPS Paid experiences may include: hotels, bars, retail shops, farms, mines, children camps.

Australian Internships - Admissions Special Criteria/1 Australian Internships - Admissions Special Criteria/1

Australian Internships - Admissions Special Criteria/2 Australian Internships - Admissions Special Criteria/2

CANADA PROFESSIONAL INTERNSHIPS ü Internships all over Canada in various industries ü Experience work CANADA PROFESSIONAL INTERNSHIPS ü Internships all over Canada in various industries ü Experience work and study at the same time (50/50 ratio) ü Students receive a letter and a certificate at the end of their experience ü Students’ English level will be related to the work requirements

Business Internship Program Internship in Canada The Business Internship Program includes equal amounts of Business Internship Program Internship in Canada The Business Internship Program includes equal amounts of classroom preparation and work experience. By studying and working in Canada, students will develop the language skills they need to function effectively in any English-speaking work environment. Preparation for the Practicum During the first half of the program, language skills are developed through stimulating, communicative activities. The various courses offered in the Business Internship Program are suitable for a broad range of advanced students. Each course is 4 weeks in length. WORK EXPERIENCE The second half of the program is the practicum. Students will practice the skills learned while studying by working for a Canadian company.

CANADA INTERNSHIP FIELDS CANADA INTERNSHIP FIELDS

USA Train USA Program Overview Train USA is a J-1 Exchange Visitor Program providing USA Train USA Program Overview Train USA is a J-1 Exchange Visitor Program providing international students, recent graduates, and working professionals the opportunity to complete career focused internships and structured training programs with U. S. host companies for up to 18 months Placement USA Program Overview Matching students with career-focused internships in the United States. Partner programs work in cooperation with universities and government organizations to offer international students and young professionals career-focused internship placements at established organizations across the United States. Leveraging its nationwide presence, partner programs can help secure paid or unpaid internship placements across a variety of professional industries and fields, ranging from high-tech companies to law firms, non-profit and government organizations.

OPTIONAL PRACTICAL TRAINING USA ü OPT VS CPT ü Curricular Practical Training: Curricular Practical OPTIONAL PRACTICAL TRAINING USA ü OPT VS CPT ü Curricular Practical Training: Curricular Practical Training (CPT) is employment that trains you in your field of study for which students fulfill academic credit or part of their degree requirement. It may be a paid or unpaid internship, cooperative education job, a practicum, or other experience that is related in your field of study. Students interested in doing a CPT must make an appointment to see an advisor by the relevant International Education Center before beginning CPT to find out if they are eligible ü Optional Practical Training: Optional Practical Training (OPT) is work in students’ major area of study as authorized by the Bureau of Immigration and Citizenship Services (BCIS). A student must be enrolled for a full academic year before accessing the OPT benefit. Students interested in doing a OPT must make an appointment to see an advisor in the International Education Center before beginning OPT to find out if they are eligible

Job in the USA Job in the USA

MIGRATION SERVICES CANADA – AUSTRALIA Free assessment of candidates’ eligibility to migrate to Canada MIGRATION SERVICES CANADA – AUSTRALIA Free assessment of candidates’ eligibility to migrate to Canada and Australia under the respective countries set of rules

The road is filled with candidates looking, just like you. How can you set The road is filled with candidates looking, just like you. How can you set yourself apart?

THANK YOU DARIO CONSOLI dario@studentsworld. com STUDENTSWORLD. COM THANK YOU DARIO CONSOLI [email protected] com STUDENTSWORLD. COM