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Current Status of ITER I&C System as Integration Begins Will Davis ITER Organisation Disclaimer: Current Status of ITER I&C System as Integration Begins Will Davis ITER Organisation Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect those of the ITER Organization 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for Fusion Research, Tuesday 21 st April 2015 Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India © 2015, ITER Organization IDM UID: XXXXXX Page 1

Contents • • • Introduction to ITER I&C system and its integration Architecture of Contents • • • Introduction to ITER I&C system and its integration Architecture of ITER I&C system Organisation of ITER I&C supply and integration Design maturity of I&C systems Roadmap for integration of plant I&C systems 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for Fusion Research, Tuesday 21 st April 2015 Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India © 2015, ITER Organization IDM UID: XXXXXX Page 2

ITER I&C System The ITER I&C system – making ITER work 10 th IAEA ITER I&C System The ITER I&C system – making ITER work 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for Fusion Research, Tuesday 21 st April 2015 Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India © 2015, ITER Organization IDM UID: XXXXXX Page 3

ITER I&C System The Control System is the system which functionally integrates the machine ITER I&C System The Control System is the system which functionally integrates the machine ITERA bit of interface problems in Agreementality project Island splits the Missing items procurement arrangements distributed among the seven members Ahhh, I forgot that I need that Ahhh, wein my system forgot there is Ahhh, I did not an interface know the between A others are and B doing the same thing in a different way That should be implemented We changed the do not care design so I in your system, the interface not what the doesmine I not do. others exist anymore build my system. 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for Fusion Research, Tuesday 21 st April 2015 Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India © 2015, ITER Organization IDM UID: XXXXXX Page 4

ITER I&C System 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote ITER I&C System 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for Fusion Research, Tuesday 21 st April 2015 Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India © 2015, ITER Organization IDM UID: XXXXXX Page 5

Interfaces with domestic agencies and suppliers 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Interfaces with domestic agencies and suppliers 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for Fusion Research, Tuesday 21 st April 2015 Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India © 2015, ITER Organization IDM UID: XXXXXX Page 6

ITER I&C System Mission Statement Ensure all ITER plant I&C systems are designed, implemented ITER I&C System Mission Statement Ensure all ITER plant I&C systems are designed, implemented and integrated such that ITER can be operated as a fully integrated and automated system. ü ü ü Successful integration = higher reliability Minimize required operators Minimize required maintenance crew Minimize operator human errors Operate from a single control room Use only standard equipment in control room 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for Fusion Research, Tuesday 21 st April 2015 Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India © 2015, ITER Organization IDM UID: XXXXXX Page 7

ITER I&C System How “BIG” is the ITER I&C? Measure ITER Comparison Central-Plant I&C ITER I&C System How “BIG” is the ITER I&C? Measure ITER Comparison Central-Plant I&C interfaces 330 I&C controllers and computers 1000 4500 (CERN) I&C cubicles 4800 1468 (APS) I&C components 100000 I&C cables 6000 km Buildings and plant areas 90 19 (APS) Nuclear safety I&C functions 143 533 (WWER-1000 “algorithms”) Machine protection I&C functions 150 Plant I&C signals 115000 200000 (NSLS-II) EPICS records 1 million 985000 (NSLS-II) EPICS IOCs 2000 887 (NSLS-II) Data rate 50 GB/s 775 GB/s (AT&T Global Ops) Surface area 0. 42 km 2 30. 4 km 2 (Reliance Jamnagar) 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for Fusion Research, Tuesday 21 st April 2015 Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India © 2015, ITER Organization IDM UID: XXXXXX Page 8

ITER I&C System Architecture 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and ITER I&C System Architecture 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for Fusion Research, Tuesday 21 st April 2015 Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India © 2015, ITER Organization IDM UID: XXXXXX Page 9

ITER I&C System Architecture 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and ITER I&C System Architecture 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for Fusion Research, Tuesday 21 st April 2015 Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India © 2015, ITER Organization IDM UID: XXXXXX Page 10

ITER I&C System Architecture CBS Level 1 CBS Level 2 • • ITER control ITER I&C System Architecture CBS Level 1 CBS Level 2 • • ITER control system is broken down in 18 ITER control groups (CBS level 1) An ITER control group contains many Plant System I&C (CBS level 2) A Plant System I&C is a deliverable from a procurement arrangement (IN-KIND) A procurement arrangement delivers a part, one or many Plant System I&C 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for Fusion Research, Tuesday 21 st April 2015 Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India © 2015, ITER Organization IDM UID: XXXXXX Page 11

Design maturity of I&C systems • All central I&C systems are in final design Design maturity of I&C systems • All central I&C systems are in final design phase • Final design reviews planned for 2016 and 2017 No. of Plant I&C Systems • Most plant I&C systems are less mature • Risks: e te na ai n n in tio ar O pe ra ep Pr nc n la an d M M an In uf st al ac t tio ur in ct uf a an m to g el Pr 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for Fusion Research, Tuesday 21 st April 2015 Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India © 2015, ITER Organization g e ur gn na l im in Fi ar y de de si si gn gn es i ua ld pt ce C on – I&C needs from other systems are not known until too late, – E. g. cabling, networks, power, environmental, structural 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 IDM UID: XXXXXX Page 12

Central Networks Infrastructure • • • Build-to-print design available Call for Nominations of supply Central Networks Infrastructure • • • Build-to-print design available Call for Nominations of supply and installation to be launched now Start of installation scheduled 2016 Bill of Material • • 177 cubicles 186 passive network panels 300 km multi-core single mode 100 km multi-pair copper cables Connecting thousands of plant system I&C client cubicles located in ~90 buildings and plant areas via network panels located in 25 buildings 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for Fusion Research, Tuesday 21 st April 2015 Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India © 2015, ITER Organization IDM UID: XXXXXX Page 13

Plant system I&C focus • Building services – Poloidal field coil fabrication building already Plant system I&C focus • Building services – Poloidal field coil fabrication building already monitored by CODAC – First operational building for site electrical supplies will be ready 2016 • Utilities – Construction electrical supplies already monitored by CODAC – Steady state electrical supplies start to operate in 2016 – Reactive power compensation system ready in 2017 • Cooling water system – Non-tokamak cooling will be installed from late 2016 • Coil power supplies – ACDC converters will be installed and commissioned in 2018 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for Fusion Research, Tuesday 21 st April 2015 Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India © 2015, ITER Organization IDM UID: XXXXXX Page 14

Location of plant I&C systems 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition Location of plant I&C systems 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for Fusion Research, Tuesday 21 st April 2015 Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India © 2015, ITER Organization IDM UID: XXXXXX Page 15

Risks with non-standard technologies • • Communication incompatibility Lack of diagnostic coverage and fault-tolerance Risks with non-standard technologies • • Communication incompatibility Lack of diagnostic coverage and fault-tolerance Absence of health and performance monitoring Unable to implement local/remote HMI switching • Examples of known non-standard technologies: – – Lab. VIEW-RT based controllers QNX-based controllers with custom made drivers Custom made PCBs without long-term manufacturer support Safety relays and logic without diagnostic capabilities • Every non-standard technology adds additional unnecessary difficulties – The challenge is great enough already! 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for Fusion Research, Tuesday 21 st April 2015 Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India © 2015, ITER Organization IDM UID: XXXXXX Page 16

The main challenge for ITER I&C System is INTEGRATION MITIGATION • • • Defined The main challenge for ITER I&C System is INTEGRATION MITIGATION • • • Defined standards, specifications and interfaces applicable to all plant systems instrumentation and control (PCDH) Develop and distribute a control system framework that implements standards defined in PCDH and guarantees the local control system can be integrated in the central system (CODAC Core System) Provide I&C Integration Kit free of charge (PSH, Mini-CODAC, switch) Provide catalogues of tested hardware (PLCs, industrial computers, safety logic controllers, I/O and network cards, network switches, cubicles and monitoring systems) Framework contracts and dedicated contacts for key hardware suppliers Provide User Support Organize Training (PCDH campaign, CODAC Core System hands-on training at IO and DA, videos on Online Learning Centre) Implement Pilot Projects to prove the solutions Organize User Meeting 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for Fusion Research, Tuesday 21 st April 2015 Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India © 2015, ITER Organization IDM UID: XXXXXX Page 17

Conclusions • The ITER I&C system is big, but it is also organisationally complicated Conclusions • The ITER I&C system is big, but it is also organisationally complicated • Integration of the ITER I&C system is essential to meet the project objectives • The project has taken many measures to mitigate risks • Non-standard technologies are a significant threat to successful integration • Central I&C systems are in final design • Central network infrastructure installation is planned for next year • Integration of plant I&C systems to central I&C systems has already started and will soon become our main activity 10 th IAEA Technical Meeting on Control, Data Acquisition and Remote Participation for Fusion Research, Tuesday 21 st April 2015 Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India © 2015, ITER Organization IDM UID: XXXXXX Page 18