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Crime & Globalization Crime & Globalization

Introduction • 1. How do you think globalization has changed crime? • With the Introduction • 1. How do you think globalization has changed crime? • With the world becoming a smaller place through globalization, crimes have evolved as well. ▫ It’s not just the local crimes that used to happen, now crimes & criminal issues cross borders ▫ Nothing you do in the criminal world is in a vacuum, it’s interrelated

European Union European Union

European Union • What – if anything – do you know about the EU? European Union • What – if anything – do you know about the EU? What is a defining characteristic? • Has anyone traveled to Europe recently? Did you go to more than 1 country? Did you notice anything when traveling between countries? • Before the EU, you had to go through customs at each country (bags checked, etc). ▫ Now if you travel via air, they check your passport but when driving between countries, there is no check ▫ This development was one of the biggest kick-starters of global crime because it used to be country-based criminal operations but now it spans throughout Europe because travel is more free

Prostitution & Globalization • 2. What is human trafficking? • Trade in humans – Prostitution & Globalization • 2. What is human trafficking? • Trade in humans – most likely for sexual slavery, forced labor, or body parts ▫ Ex: Taken ▫ Many of the women who advertise prostitution services in the U. S. are here against their own free will; brought by human traffickers with false promises of marriage, modeling, nanny job, etc. ▫ Women have to pay back the money or work off the debt (which takes several years) ▫ Many are from Eastern Europe, Asia or Africa ▫ Many are underage (16 -17 years old)

 • -An estimated one million children are forced to work in the global • -An estimated one million children are forced to work in the global sex industry every year. -The global sex slavery market generates a $39 billion profit annually. -Selling young girls is more profitable than trafficking drugs or weapons.

Video Clips • 3. How do sporting events encourage the sex trafficking industry? ▫ Video Clips • 3. How do sporting events encourage the sex trafficking industry? ▫ https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=ffl. FSb. IHRlc • 4. How can you spot human trafficking? ▫ http: //www. ktvu. com/news/73030462 -story • 5. Which of these facts are most surprising to you? Why? ▫ https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=dq. CSg. CDGNT 8

Tier 1: gov’t has recognized the problem & met standards to address it Tier Tier 1: gov’t has recognized the problem & met standards to address it Tier 2: gov’t has not met standards but is making efforts Tier 3: no standards have been met or attempted

Cuba vs. Amsterdam Cuba Amsterdam • Similar to an escort service ▫ Women will Cuba vs. Amsterdam Cuba Amsterdam • Similar to an escort service ▫ Women will approach a single or wealthy-looking man, offering to show him local sites ▫ Accept money & gifts in exchange for week or month of work ▫ Relatively safe ▫ Culturally subtle • Visible places of business ▫ Men (mostly) approach women for their services ▫ Payment is a standard fee ▫ Workers receive gov’t health benefits ▫ Ironically male prostitutes are seen as distracting or uncomfortable

Prostitution in CA • Unfortunately prostitution in CA is more common than you think Prostitution in CA • Unfortunately prostitution in CA is more common than you think ▫ Scams lead to robbery ▫ Craigslist problems ▫ By the way, it is illegal to put someone’s name or contact info on craigslist (create a false persona with the intent to harass someone) – computer crime law

Drugs & Globalization • 6. Locally, you may know there is a big of Drugs & Globalization • 6. Locally, you may know there is a big of a drug problem. Where do these drugs come from? • Marijuana – Mexico or Northern CA ▫ National parks have become a big problem run by Mexican cartels ▫ Profits are used to buy guns which kill/intimidate people (border patrol, etc) • Hard drugs like cocaine or heroine are from Central or S. America (ex. Columbia)

Drugs continued • Middle East & Africa have more recently become a hot-bed for Drugs continued • Middle East & Africa have more recently become a hot-bed for drugs • Afghanistan ▫ 1 of biggest cash crops is poppies (used for opiates in heroine) ▫ Profits used to support Taliban which targets U. S. soldiers • Parts of Africa ▫ Some unstable, corrupt gov’t make it easy for drugs to set up shop ▫ Ex. Somalia (Black Hawk Down) with cot

Crossing Borders • 7. If drugs are grown in other countries, how do they Crossing Borders • 7. If drugs are grown in other countries, how do they get to the U. S. ? • Crossing borders via: (how do they get here? ) ▫ Smuggling in vehicles, suitcases, or in people’s bodies ▫ *Extremely dangerous!

Drugs & Violence • Mexican gang violence relates to drugs because they compete for Drugs & Violence • Mexican gang violence relates to drugs because they compete for power & control of turf ▫ Biggest Mexican gang is Los Zetas – an extremely violent gang ▫ http: //www. youtube. co m/watch? v=kc. W 1 u. Z 52 m. Yo

Street Racing & Globalization • 8. How does street racing relate to globalization? Where Street Racing & Globalization • 8. How does street racing relate to globalization? Where does this occur? • Have you ever seen the “soup”ed-up Honda Civics? ▫ Street racing is illegal in the U. S. (as is being a spectator at a street race) ▫ It happens a lot in Long Beach & parts of S. OC ▫ http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=LEHOGXkbvc I

Car Modifications • The modifications to cars impact globalization ▫ To try to make Car Modifications • The modifications to cars impact globalization ▫ To try to make the car faster, owners reduce the weight & take stuff out (like the back seat) but this makes the car structurally unstable so if there is an accident, it collapses like a tin can ▫ Engines, exhaust & other parts are also added to try to make the cars faster ▫ Many of these parts are illegal under U. S. environmental laws ▫ If you buy an engine in the U. S. , there is a 5 digit id number but in other countries, it’s only a 4 digit number ▫ CA law says if you’re stopped by a police officer who suspects your car has been illegally modified, s/he can look at your car without a warrant Hood with razor blades Engine digit code numbers If car doesn’t meet standards, it is seized then crushed

Cars continued • Environment continued ▫ Usually Japan & China supply these illegal parts Cars continued • Environment continued ▫ Usually Japan & China supply these illegal parts ▫ People try to buy the illegal car parts online then smuggle them into the U. S. ▫ The EPA regulates & investigates these car parts because they don’t have the admissions controls that legal U. S. motors have or the safety mechanisms that prevent cars from catching fire &/or emitting pollutants

Cars continued • How to spot an illegally modified car? ▫ 1 of the Cars continued • How to spot an illegally modified car? ▫ 1 of the biggest giveaways is a modified exhaust (loud) ▫ Stuffed animal or medallion hanging from rear bumper is also a sign ▫ Special detail officers catch racers by pulling up to cars at a stop light then inching up or revving the engine. As soon as cars take off, they get pulled over. ▫ http: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=zadq 9 us. A 2 SQ ▫ 9. List one unanswered question you have about crime & globalization.