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Counterterrorism vs. Anti-terrorism Counterterrorism vs. Anti-terrorism

►What are the goals of counterterrorism? ►What are the goals of counterterrorism?

Terrorist Necessities ►Political message ►Money ►People ►Organization Terrorist Necessities ►Political message ►Money ►People ►Organization

Goals ► 1. Ending Terrorism? ► 2. Containment ► 3. Disruption ► 4. Isolation Goals ► 1. Ending Terrorism? ► 2. Containment ► 3. Disruption ► 4. Isolation ► 5. Finance ► 6. Communication Dynamic ► 7. Political Support for Counterterrorism Policies ► 8. Root Causes and Support for Terrorist Cause

1. Ending Terrorism? ►Elimination of terrorist acts and terrorist organizations? ►Minimization of terrorist acts? 1. Ending Terrorism? ►Elimination of terrorist acts and terrorist organizations? ►Minimization of terrorist acts? ►Making terrorist organizations politically irrelevant?

2. Containment ► Preventing the spread of terrorist ideology ► Preventing the spread of 2. Containment ► Preventing the spread of terrorist ideology ► Preventing the spread of terrorist organizational capability geographically ► Preventing the spread of terrorist activity ► Preventing escalation of attack tempo and character (WMD)

3. Disruption ►Weakening and complicating terrorist ability to act coherently toward a political end 3. Disruption ►Weakening and complicating terrorist ability to act coherently toward a political end § Preventing attacks § Counter-leadership § Communication capability § Organizational infrastructure

4. Isolation ►Isolate a terrorist organization from the population it seeks to lead or 4. Isolation ►Isolate a terrorist organization from the population it seeks to lead or conquer?

5. Finance ►Destroying the terrorist organization’s financial networks § Degrades capability § Degrades recruiting 5. Finance ►Destroying the terrorist organization’s financial networks § Degrades capability § Degrades recruiting

6. Communication Dynamic ►Terrorism vs. Counterterrorism is negotiating through violence § Deterrence § Compellence 6. Communication Dynamic ►Terrorism vs. Counterterrorism is negotiating through violence § Deterrence § Compellence § Article on US use of Cold war strategies against terrorists

Influencing the PLO Decision to engage in major terrorist action against Israel 1967 -68 Influencing the PLO Decision to engage in major terrorist action against Israel 1967 -68 Decision to negotiate with Israel 1987 -88 Time Decision to accept Oslo Accords 1993 Decision to reject Camp David II agreement 2000

7. Political Support for Counterterrorism Policies ►Maintaining support at home ►Maintaining support among allies 7. Political Support for Counterterrorism Policies ►Maintaining support at home ►Maintaining support among allies § $$$$ § Intelligence § International legitimacy

8. Root Causes and Support for Terrorist Cause ►Why do terrorists gain active supporters? 8. Root Causes and Support for Terrorist Cause ►Why do terrorists gain active supporters? ►Why do terrorists gain passive supporters? ►Discouraging the next generation