- Количество слайдов: 24
COSO and COBIT 4. 0 An Integrated Control Framework & Control Objectives for Information Technology – An IT Governance Framework
The Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission is a voluntary private not-forprofit organization dedicated to improving the quality of financial reporting through business ethics, internal controls and corporate governance. Originally formed in 1985 to sponsor the National Commission on Fraudulent Financial Reporting, COSO is jointly sponsored by five major professional associations in the United States, the American Accounting Association, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, Financial Executives International, The Institute of Internal Auditors, and the Institute of Management Accountants.
The new Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) COSO framework emphasizes the importance of identifying and managing risks across the enterprise. • The new COSO framework consists of eight components: • Internal control environment • Objective setting • Event identification • Risk assessment • Risk response • Control activities • Information and communication • Monitoring.
COBIT Strategic Alignment Performance Measureme nt Value Delivery IT Governance Risk Manageme nt Resource Manageme nt
What is COBIT supports IT governance by providing a framework to ensure: • Strategic Alignment: IT is aligned with the business • Value Delivery: IT delivers the promised benefits against the strategy • Resource Management: Optimal investment and management of IT resources • Risk Management: IT risks are managed appropriately • Performance Measurements: Track and monitor all areas of IT
Why COBIT? “Managers, Auditors, and users benefit from the development of COBIT because it helps them understand their IT systems and decide the level of security and control that is necessary to protect their companies’ assets through the development of an IT governance model. ”
Support Levels of COBIT organization falls into three areas or levels, each aimed a specific group: 1. Executive Management and Boards 2. Business and IT Management 3. Governance, assurance, control and security professionals
Benefits of implementing COBIT • A better alignment of business and IT strategies • A view, understandable to management, of what IT does • Clear ownership and responsibilities of processes • General acceptability with regulators and 3 rd parties • Shared understanding among all stakeholders, based on a common language • Fulfillment of the COSO requirements for the IT control environment
COBIT Defined IT Activities In a general process model, IT activities fall into four domains: 1. Plan & Organize IT Activities to support the business 2. Acquire & Implement IT resources and strategies 3. Deliver & Support those resources and strategies 4. Monitor & Evaluate IT resources and strategies
4 Domains 34 Processes Plan & Organize PO 1 Define a Strategic IT Plan PO 2 Define the Information Architecture PO 3 Determine Technological Direction PO 4 Define the IT Processes, Organization and Relationships PO 5 Manage the IT Investment PO 6 Communicate Management Aims and Direction PO 7 Manage IT Human Resources PO 8 Manage Quality PO 9 Assess and Manage IT Risks PO 10 Manage Projects Deliver & Support DS 1 Define and Manage Service Levels DS 2 Manage Third-party Services DS 3 Manage Performance and Capacity DS 4 Ensure Continuous Service DS 5 Ensure Systems Security DS 6 Identify and Allocate Costs DS 7 Educate and Train Users DS 8 Manage Service Desk and Incidents DS 9 Manage the Configuration DS 10 Manage Problems DS 11 Manage Data DS 12 Manage the Physical Environment DS 13 Manage Operations Acquire & Implement AI 1 Identify Automated Solutions AI 2 Acquire and Maintain Application Software AI 3 Acquire and Maintain Technology Infrastructure AI 4 Enable Operation and Use AI 5 Procure IT Resources AI 6 Manage Changes AI 7 Install and Accredit Solutions and Changes Monitor & Evaluate ME 1 Monitor and Evaluate IT Performance ME 2 Monitor and Evaluate Internal Control ME 3 Ensure Regulatory Compliance ME 4 Provide IT Governance
Plan and Organize (PO) • Are IT and the business strategy aligned? • Is the enterprise achieving optimum use of its resources? • Does everyone in the organization understand the IT objectives? • Are IT risks understood and being managed? • Is the quality of IT systems appropriate for business needs?
Acquire and Implement (AI) • Are new projects likely to deliver solutions that meet business needs? • Are new projects likely to be delivered on time and within budget? • Will the new systems work properly when implemented? • Will changes be made without upsetting current business operations?
Deliver and Support (DS) • Are IT services being delivered in line with business priorities? • Are IT costs optimized? • Is the workforce able to use the IT systems productively and safely? • Are adequate confidentiality, integrity and availability in place?
Monitor and Evaluate (ME) • Is ITs performance measured to detect problems before it is too late? • Does management ensure that internal controls are effective and efficient? • Can IT performance be linked back to business goals? • Are risk, control, compliance and performance measured and reported?
The COBIT Frame Work Section #1: High Level Control Objective Control over the IT process of Define a strategic IT plan that satisfies the business requirement for IT of sustaining or extending the business strategy and governance requirements while being transparent about benefits, costs and risks by focusing on incorporating IT and business management in the translation of business requirements into service offerings, and the development of strategies to deliver these services in a transparent and effective manner is achieved by l Engaging with business and senior management in aligning IT strategic planning with current and future business needs l Understanding current IT capabilities l Providing for a prioritization scheme for the business objectives that quantifies the business requirements and is measured by l Percent of IT objectives in the IT strategic plan that support the strategic business plan l Percent of IT projects in the IT project portfolio that can be directly traced back to the IT tactical plan l Delay between updates of IT strategic plan and updates of IT tactical plans
The COBIT Frame Work Section #2: Detail Control Objectives PO 1 Define a Strategic IT Plan PO 1. 1 IT Value Management Work with the business to ensure that the enterprise portfolio of IT-enabled investments contains programs that have solid business cases. Recognize that there are mandatory, sustaining and discretionary investments that differ in complexity and degree of freedom in allocating funds. IT processes should provide effective and efficient delivery of the IT components of programs and early warning of any deviations from plan, including cost, schedule or functionality, that might impact the expected outcomes of the programs. IT services should be executed against equitable and enforceable service level agreements. Accountability for achieving the benefits and controlling the costs is clearly assigned and monitored. Establish fair, transparent, repeatable and comparable evaluation of business cases including financial worth, the risk of not delivering a capability and the risk of not realizing he expected benefits. PO 1. 2 Business-IT Alignment Educate executives on current technology capabilities and future directions, the opportunities that IT provides, and what the business has to do to capitalize on those opportunities. Make sure the business direction to which IT is aligned is understood. The business and IT strategies should be integrated, clearly linking enterprise goals and IT goals and recognizing opportunities as well as current capability limitations, and broadly communicated. Identify where the business (strategy) is critically dependent on IT and mediate between imperatives of the business and the technology, so agreed priorities can be established. PO 1. 3 Assessment of Current Performance Assess the performance of the existing plans and information systems in terms of contribution to business objectives, functionality, stability, complexity, costs, strengths and weaknesses. PO 1. 4 IT Strategic Plan Create a strategic plan that defines, in co-operation with the relevant stakeholders, how IT will contribute to the enterprises strategic objectives (goals) and related costs and risks. It includes how IT will support IT-enabled investment programs and operational service delivery. It defines how the objectives will be met and measured and will receive formal sign-off from the stakeholders. The IT strategic plan should cover investment/operational budget, funding sources, sourcing strategy, acquisition strategy, and legal and regulatory requirements. The strategic plan should be sufficiently detailed to allow the definition of tactical IT plans.
The COBIT Frame Work Section #3: Management Guidelines • Process inputs are what the process owner needs from others • Outputs are what the process owner must deliver
The COBIT Frame Work Section #3: Management Guidelines • RACI Chart defines who is Responsible, Accountable, Consulted, and/or Informed
The COBIT Frame Work Section #3: Management Guidelines • Goals and Metrics show what should be measured and how
The COBIT Frame Work Section #4: Maturity Model The process is rated on 0 to 5 scale. These ratings show: • A relative measure of where the enterprise is • A manner to efficiently decide what needs to be done • A tool to measure progress