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Contents • Introduction • Types • Advantages • Disadvantages Contents • Introduction • Types • Advantages • Disadvantages

Introduction • Division of l a b o u r is a kind of Introduction • Division of l a b o u r is a kind of Specialization. As our resources are scare, to satisfy the largest possible number of wants, we have to organize them by division of labour ~~ a way that yields the greatest v o l u m e o f o u t p u t. .

Types of Division of labour • There are three types of division of labour Types of Division of labour • There are three types of division of labour : • Simple division of labour • Complex division of labour • Regional and international division of labour

Simple division of labour • A person specializes in producing a particular product or Simple division of labour • A person specializes in producing a particular product or service. • It is more common in a primitive society. • E. g. farming

Complex division of labour • A person specializes in a sub-process of the production Complex division of labour • A person specializes in a sub-process of the production of a good or service. • It is more common in modern society Click for examples

Regional and international division of labour • Different countries specialize in certain types of Regional and international division of labour • Different countries specialize in certain types of products. E. g. production of garments in HK Country B Country A

Practice makes perfect choosing the best person to do a job Economy of time Practice makes perfect choosing the best person to do a job Economy of time Economy of capital goods Possibility of mechanization

Repetition of the same task means practice makes perfect , it develops skills in Repetition of the same task means practice makes perfect , it develops skills in the particular job , it increases labour productivity

With different talent, workers perform different jobs. It can be able to handle the With different talent, workers perform different jobs. It can be able to handle the job more easily. • Efficiency of labour • total output

 • Save time in training workers • save time in changing tools from • Save time in training workers • save time in changing tools from one task to another increase labour productivity

 • Increase duplication of tools and equipment • increase capital goods needed • • Increase duplication of tools and equipment • increase capital goods needed • decrease average cost of production

Mass production means possible to employ machines to replace the workers • increase labour Mass production means possible to employ machines to replace the workers • increase labour productivity • increase total output

Disadvantages i. Work becomes dull & monotonous i. Greater degree of interdependence i. Greater Disadvantages i. Work becomes dull & monotonous i. Greater degree of interdependence i. Greater risk of unemployment i. Decline in the quality of craftsmanship

Work becomes dull and Monotonous ê Worker repeats the same job every day ê Work becomes dull and Monotonous ê Worker repeats the same job every day ê Work becomes dull and monotonous ê Worker lose interest ê Decline in productivity

Greater Degree of Interdependence • Different departments are more interdependent because the output of Greater Degree of Interdependence • Different departments are more interdependent because the output of one department is the input of another department

Greater Degree of Interdependence • Different industries are more dependent on each other for Greater Degree of Interdependence • Different industries are more dependent on each other for the raw materials produced rubber plantations automobile industry tyre-making industry

Greater Degree of Interdependence • Countries become more dependent on each other eg. HK Greater Degree of Interdependence • Countries become more dependent on each other eg. HK depends on Singapore for refined petroleum Singapore depends on imported crude oil for refining

Greater risk of unemployment • It is often difficult for a worker trained for Greater risk of unemployment • It is often difficult for a worker trained for a particular task or profession to change over to another job

Decline in the quality of craftsmanship íMass production method used in modern factories results Decline in the quality of craftsmanship íMass production method used in modern factories results in highly standardized products íFewer people will specialize in the hand-made products íOverall quality of craftsmanship will drop

Created by : 7 A Rambo Yip Fanny Wong Carmen Leung Created by : 7 A Rambo Yip Fanny Wong Carmen Leung