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Construction site foreseen --- El-Dabaa, Egypt --- PPAS - NPTDS - S: LillyPPAS LatestPPAS Construction site foreseen --- El-Dabaa, Egypt --- PPAS - NPTDS - S: LillyPPAS LatestPPAS A 206. ppt 1

Current Activities in Member States (2) l l l March 2000 Republic of Korea: Current Activities in Member States (2) l l l March 2000 Republic of Korea: basic design of the Systemintegrated Modular Advanced Reactor (SMART) Morocco: demonstration plant plan (NHR 10, 8000 m 3/d-MED) being stopped Russian Federation: investigating the development concept of floating power units on KLT-40 reactors Indonesia, Tunisia: feasibility study ongoing France, Netherlands, South Africa, USA: new interest by HTGR people Pakistan: project under preparation with existing ‘Kanupp’ Reactor IAEA - T. Konishi 2

IAEA support activities (1) --- Coordinated Research Project (CRP) l Optimization of the coupling IAEA support activities (1) --- Coordinated Research Project (CRP) l Optimization of the coupling of nuclear reactors and desalination systems (19982003) n n l Nuclear reactor designs Optimization of thermal coupling Performance improvement of desalination systems Advance desalination technologies Economics of select site specific projects (2002 -2007) n n March 2000 Economic Competitiveness Innovative techniques for cost reduction IAEA - T. Konishi 3

IAEA Support Activities (2) --- Economic assessment --1. 2. A PC based spreadsheet program IAEA Support Activities (2) --- Economic assessment --1. 2. A PC based spreadsheet program DEEP: - Side-by-side comparison of a large number of design alternatives. - Quick identification of the lowest cost options at a given location. - An approximate cost of desalted water and power. Application to country-specific conditions for a comparative assessment - Two economic scenarios, “up” and “down” - Input: MED/MSF/RO, cost data, water plant capacities March 2000 IAEA - T. Konishi 4

INDAG Since 1997: International Nuclear Desalination Advisory Group (INDAG): Argentina, Canada, China, Egypt, France, INDAG Since 1997: International Nuclear Desalination Advisory Group (INDAG): Argentina, Canada, China, Egypt, France, India, Israel, Japan, Korea, Libya, Morocco, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Russia, Tunisia, USA. 2002 IAEA 5

Summary and Conclusions l l l 2002 21 st Century is the century of Summary and Conclusions l l l 2002 21 st Century is the century of water Freshwater is a key element of sustainable development Nuclear desalination of seawater is a viable option Interest in nuclear desalination is ever growing in IAEA Member States IAEA provides assistance for preparation of demonstration and deployment IAEA is coordinating international cooperation IAEA 6