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Connect. Communicate. Collaborate GÉANT 2 International Activities I 2 International Task Force Meeting San Connect. Communicate. Collaborate GÉANT 2 International Activities I 2 International Task Force Meeting San Diego, 8 October 2007 Cathrin Stöver, DANTE ([email protected] org. uk)

Connect. Communicate. Collaborate GÉANT 2 Topology Connect. Communicate. Collaborate GÉANT 2 Topology

Connect. Communicate. Collaborate Connect. Communicate. Collaborate

DANTE • • Connect. Communicate. Collaborate Delivery of Advanced Network Technology to Europe Established DANTE • • Connect. Communicate. Collaborate Delivery of Advanced Network Technology to Europe Established in 1993 and based in Cambridge, UK Not for profit Organisation Created and Owned by Europe’s National Research and Education Networks (NRENs) • 38 Members of Staff (14 nationalities)

DANTE’s Role Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • DANTE operates GÉANT 2 and is actively involved DANTE’s Role Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • DANTE operates GÉANT 2 and is actively involved in developing new network services to support the European research and education community • DANTE also leads other projects developing new regional networks across the World: - EUMEDCONNECT (Mediterranean) - ALICE (Latin America) - TEIN 2 (Asia-Pacific)

Global Connectivity Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • Today Research is a GLOBAL Exercise • Important Global Connectivity Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • Today Research is a GLOBAL Exercise • Important Research is carried out among research institutions World-Wide (Astronomy, Physics, Biodiversity, Climatology (El Niño), etc. ) • Collaboration happens via the exchange of Data • For this you need – A National Research and Education Network (NREN) – Dedicated International Connectivity to other NRENs • www. global. dante. net

Connect. Communicate. Collaborate Global Connectivity Projects Connect. Communicate. Collaborate Global Connectivity Projects

Connect. Communicate. Collaborate Connect. Communicate. Collaborate

Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • 9 Asian countries and Australia connected since 2006 • Serving Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • 9 Asian countries and Australia connected since 2006 • Serving 30 M users in 3, 800 institutions • Major uses include: China/EU traffic Tele-medecine E-learning programmes • Strong co-operation between partners

The Future • • Connect. Communicate. Collaborate TEIN 2 recently extended from Dec 2007 The Future • • Connect. Communicate. Collaborate TEIN 2 recently extended from Dec 2007 to Sept 2008 TEIN 2 partners wish to sustain the programme EC approving further funding to 2011 for TEIN 3 plans to – Expand coverage to S Asia – Further stimulate applications deployment – Transfer project to Asian-lead organisation – Secure long term funding – Work co-operatively with other regional networks

ORIENTAL RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE TO EUROPEAN NETWORKS Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • A project linking academic ORIENTAL RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE TO EUROPEAN NETWORKS Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • A project linking academic networks in China (CERNET and CSTnet) and Europe (GÉANT 2 Partners) – Currently connects CERNET and now CSTNET (through a temporary peering – hopefully permanent soon) • Funded by the Chinese Government (Mo. ST and Mo. E ), the European Commission and the European NRENs • Partners: DANTE (Co-ordinator), CERNET (China), GARR (Italy), DFN (Germany), RENATER (France), UKERNA (UK), CESNET (Czech Rep), GRNET (Greece) • Aim is to provide a dedicated high-bandwidth link for the many projects involving collaboration between European and Chinese institutions – Achieved! 2. 5 Gbps circuit is now operational

The Advantages of ORIENT for e. VLBI and others…. • Latency. Trans-Siberian route UK-CN The Advantages of ORIENT for e. VLBI and others…. • Latency. Trans-Siberian route UK-CN = 170 ms Trans-Atlantic route UK-CN = 340 ms Connect. Communicate. Collaborate } A significant advantage! -particularly for TCP transfers APAN 2007 • Demonstrated e. VLBI on this route for the first time! • Hoping to connect more Chinese observatories soon Other Applications • EUChina. Grid • IN 2 P 3 -i. HEP (LHC collaborations) • Cosmic Ray Observations –hopefully soon!

Connect. Communicate. Collaborate Connect. Communicate. Collaborate

ALICE Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • ALICE funds the Latin American Red. CLARA network • ALICE Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • ALICE funds the Latin American Red. CLARA network • Project coordinated by DANTE and co-funded by European Commission, 10 MEuro/80% grant funding until March 2007 – Creation of Red. CLARA as the first regional Latin American research network – Creation of CLARA as the first regional Latin American research networking organisation – Red. CLARA interconnects over 750 universities and research institutions in 14 Latin American countries – Red. CLARA offers direct connectivity to GEANT 2 and Internet 2

Connect. Communicate. Collaborate The ALICE Project/ Red. CLARA Network Topology, October 2007 Connect. Communicate. Collaborate The ALICE Project/ Red. CLARA Network Topology, October 2007

ALICE Partners Latin American partners CLARA Argentina – RETINA Bolivia – ADSIB Brazil – ALICE Partners Latin American partners CLARA Argentina – RETINA Bolivia – ADSIB Brazil – RNP Chile – REUNA Colombia – RENATA Costa Rica – CR 2 NET Cuba – Red. Univ Ecuador – CEDIA El Salvador – RAICES Guatemala – RAGIE Honduras – UNITEC Mexico – CUDI Nicaragua – RENIA Panama – Red. Cy. T Paraguay - ARANDU Peru – RAP Uruguay – RAU Venezuela - REACCIUN Connect. Communicate. Collaborate European Partners: France – RENATER Italy – GARR Portugal - FCCN Spain - Red. IRIS Project co-ordinator: DANTE All URLs: www. dante. net/alice or www. redclara. net

New NRENs in LA Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • Creation of CLARA (www. redclara. net) New NRENs in LA Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • Creation of CLARA (www. redclara. net) • Creation of new National Research and Education Networks in six LA countries – RENATA in Colombia (www. renata. edu. co) – CEDIA in Ecuador (www. cedia. org. ec/) – RAICES in El Salvador (www. raices. org. sv) – RAGIE in Guatemala (www. ragie. org. gt) – RENIA in Nicaragua (www. unanleon. edu. ni/renia/) – RAP in Peru (www. rap. org. pe) • Complete List of LA-NRENs at: www. dante. net/alice

Exploiting the Advanced Network Technology of Red. CLARA Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • Creation of Exploiting the Advanced Network Technology of Red. CLARA Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • Creation of Latin American Telehealth Network (Brazil, interest Ecuador, Peru, Colombia) • Tele-consultation within Brazil and between Brazil and Germany ([email protected] Project, Fraunhofer Institute, Germany) • Cooperation between Vulcanologists (INFN, Italy, Tungurahua Centre, Ecuador) • Biodiversity cooperation within Latin America and towards Europe • Distance Learning in Environmental Studies (@LIS ELAC project, Denmark, Nicaragua, Costa Rica) • Red. CLARA supported first Ph. D student’s thesis sustentiation between Universidad Catholica de Peru and UPM, Spain

The Future Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • EC contract extended to March 2008, EC funding The Future Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • EC contract extended to March 2008, EC funding running out now! • ALICE 2 planned • Further EC funding possible from beginning 2009 • 2008 funding gap still not fully solved • Longer term: second external funding source sought • CLARA and LA NRENs to be coordinating partner in ALICE 2

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North Africa and Middle East - EUMEDCONNECT Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • 11 Mediterranean Countries North Africa and Middle East - EUMEDCONNECT Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • 11 Mediterranean Countries connected since 2004, 7 wholly reliant • serving 1. 4 M users in 400+ Institutions • Major users include EUMEDGRID Med. Ge. Net • Closely connected to GEANT 2

The Future Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • EC contract extended to Dec 2007, EC funding The Future Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • EC contract extended to Dec 2007, EC funding running out now! • EUMEDCONNECT 2 planned • Further EC funding possible from Summer 2008 • Short term funding gap still not fully solved • Longer term: second external funding source sought • Major stakeholder awareness raising event planned in Brussels Oct 2007 • Mediterranean NRENs in the process of forming CAMREN association

GÉANT 2 -India Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • First ever connection between European RENs and GÉANT 2 -India Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • First ever connection between European RENs and India • Operational at 45 Mbps between GÉANT 2 and ERnet – Procurement proved difficult: uncompetitive market • Upgrade already needed! • Hope to procure between 622 Mbps-2. 5 Gbps before the end of 2007 • Users– CERN/LHC – EUIndia. Grid

Sub-Saharan Africa Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • EU interest remains in supporting regional network for Sub-Saharan Africa Connect. Communicate. Collaborate • EU interest remains in supporting regional network for S and E Africa • Early preparatory work already conducted with potential local partners • Call for EU feasibility study in preparation • Also following W Africa developments • Ubuntu. Net interconnection with GEANT 2 agreed, Ubuntu. Net router being housed at GEANT 2 London Po. P

Connect. Communicate. Collaborate Thank You! cathrin@dante. org. uk Information Material available at: http: //www. Connect. Communicate. Collaborate Thank You! [email protected] org. uk Information Material available at: http: //www. dante. net/server/show/nav. 126