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Congressional Leadership Chapter 5 Section 2, 3
Organization • Leadership in the House – Speaker of the House- the presiding officer of the House of Reps. Selected from the membership. Calls on people to speak during House Discussion. The Speaker is always a leader of the majority party. • John Boehener (R) – Floor Leaders- Spokesperson for a party in Congress; one who directs party decisions and strategy. Majority Leader: Eric Cantor (R) • Minority Leader: Nancy Pelosi (D)
Leadership in the House Cont. • The majority leader is second in charge to the Speaker of the House. • Whip- a senator or representative who works with party leaders to communicate views, solicit support before votes are taken, and keep track of how voting is likely to go. – Minority Whip: Stein Hoyer(D) – Majority Whip: Kevin Mc. Carthy (R)
Leadership in the Senate • President of the Senate: The Vice President of the United States – Only votes in case of a tie. – V. P: Joe Biden • President pro tempore- a member of the U. S. Senate chosen as leader in the absence of the Vice President. Has no real power. – Robert Byrd (D-WV) • Majority Leader is often most powerful member of the Senate and often speaks for the entire Senate. – Majority Leader: Harry Reid (D-NV) – Minority Leader: Mitch Mc. Connell (R-KY)
Caucuses • An informal group of congressmen with the purpose of discussing an issue or advocating a political ideology. • Their goal is to plan legislative strategy, not select candidates. • Made up of both Senators and Representatives. • Examples: – Congressional Black Caucus, Steel Caucus, Rural Caucus, Coastal Caucus, Portuguese Caucus
Privileges, Benefits and Penalties • Salary: $165, 200 • Perks: office, large expense account for staff and supplies, generous travel allowance and pension plans. • Franking Privilege: Free postal service • Censure: an official expression of blame or disapproval.