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Conference of international Network of Civil Society Organisations on Competition (INCSOC) Geneva, 29 January Conference of international Network of Civil Society Organisations on Competition (INCSOC) Geneva, 29 January 2004 The Role of Civil Society Organisations in Promoting a Healthy Competition Culture and Relevance of INCSOC By Philippe Bruisick Chief, Competition and Consumer Policies Branch, UNCTAD [email protected] org

Competition Policy is new in most Developing Countries From: -Administered prices -State Planning -State Competition Policy is new in most Developing Countries From: -Administered prices -State Planning -State Monopolies -Forex Controls -Trade Barriers -FDI Controls To: -Price Liberalisation -Deregulation -Privatisation -Floating Currencies -Trade Liberalisation -FDI Liberalisation

Market Oriented Reforms need the right accompanying Reforms • Failure of “shock treatment” • Market Oriented Reforms need the right accompanying Reforms • Failure of “shock treatment” • Failure of “laissez-faire” • Need for Competition Policy • Competition Law and Competition Authority • Need for Sectoral Regulators

Competition Advocacy Programmes • Step by step approach for introducing competition law • Educational Competition Advocacy Programmes • Step by step approach for introducing competition law • Educational and promotional efforts: -educating judges -creating a specailised press -policy of transparency in decision making of the Competition Authority • Creating a pro-competition culture through promotional ads, TV serials, seminars, diffusion: usually very costly exercise

The Role of the Civil Society • Looking for the “natural allies” of a The Role of the Civil Society • Looking for the “natural allies” of a healthy Competition Policy: -Consumer associations • Competition and transparency as a means of good corporate governance: -SMEs, Business associations • Competition policy as a means of ENSURING growth and employment: -Workers’ associations, Trade Unions

Concluding Remarks Today even more than ever, there is a need for cooperation with Concluding Remarks Today even more than ever, there is a need for cooperation with the Civil society to promote the following objectives of UNCTAD: 1. To contribute to a more efficient, but also a more equitable world economy through a competitionrules-based globalisation process at national, regional and multilateral levels;

2. 3. To boost competitiveness, and hence accelerate the development of developing countries, in 2. 3. To boost competitiveness, and hence accelerate the development of developing countries, in particular LDCs, and economies in transition by promoting a healthy competition culture; and To defend consumer interests by ensuring that applying competition rules results in lower prices of goods and services, better quality and choice and accelerated process of innovation.

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