Скачать презентацию Conducting Disability Research with People from Diversity Ethnic Скачать презентацию Conducting Disability Research with People from Diversity Ethnic

59f7f19a8ed9b6e2d6f99d61d52f27b6.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 27

Conducting Disability Research with People from Diversity Ethnic Groups: Challenges and Opportunities Fabricio E. Conducting Disability Research with People from Diversity Ethnic Groups: Challenges and Opportunities Fabricio E. Balcazar, Ph. D. Department of Disability and Human Development University of Illinois at Chicago Copyright © Department of Disability and Human Development University of Illinois at Chicago. Center for Capacity Building for Minorities with Disabilities Research. Project funded by the US Department of Education. National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, Award # H 133 A 040007)

Presentation Overview 1. Researcher-identified challenges and opportunities 2. Recommendations for Research and Practice 2 Presentation Overview 1. Researcher-identified challenges and opportunities 2. Recommendations for Research and Practice 2

What the literature indicates: Lack of access & poor outcomes 1. African American, Latino, What the literature indicates: Lack of access & poor outcomes 1. African American, Latino, and Native American individuals with disabilities often have poor access to disability and health-related services 3

2. Minority individuals with disabilities are less likely to achieve positive independent and rehabilitation 2. Minority individuals with disabilities are less likely to achieve positive independent and rehabilitation outcomes when compared with whites Obstacles include: • Lack of affordable services • Providers who do not speak their language and/or understand the cultural differences • Limited knowledge about community resources and services • Cultural mistrust • Limited family and community support 4

Need for Research • • The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (P. L. 93112) and Need for Research • • The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (P. L. 93112) and amendments have led the Federal Government to increasingly promote and fund research and services involving minorities with disabilities. Researchers often claim that it is hard to recruit minorities with disabilities. There are few minority researchers. Yet there has been little to no research on the specific challenges experienced by researchers in recruiting and involving ethnic minorities with disabilities in research activities. 5

Our Study Participants and Procedure • 79 NIDRR-funded researchers • Two stages of recruitment Our Study Participants and Procedure • 79 NIDRR-funded researchers • Two stages of recruitment • NIDRR Section 21 Conference attendees (n=23) • Mail & electronic mail survey sent to 115 center directors (n=56; 49% response rate) 6

Instrument • Survey about experiences with recruitment, research and dissemination with minorities with disabilities Instrument • Survey about experiences with recruitment, research and dissemination with minorities with disabilities • 20 Likert-type items • 2 open-ended questions • 2 Yes/No questions 7

Respondents • • • Director or Research Coordinator (66%) Professor (14%) Other professional (5%) Respondents • • • Director or Research Coordinator (66%) Professor (14%) Other professional (5%) 8

Research with Minorities • 72% conduct research with minorities with disabilities • African Americans Research with Minorities • 72% conduct research with minorities with disabilities • African Americans (54%) • Latinos (54%) • Asian Americans (42%) • Native Americans (40%) • Pacific Islanders (29%) 9

 • 60% of respondents conduct research with more than one ethnic minority group • 60% of respondents conduct research with more than one ethnic minority group African American Latino Asian American Native American Pacific Islander 23% Yes Yes Yes 10% Yes 8% Yes Yes 4% Yes Yes 10

Research Team Diversity At Least One Researcher Team Member African American Percent 34 Latino Research Team Diversity At Least One Researcher Team Member African American Percent 34 Latino Asian American Native American Pacific Islander Caucasians Only 35 30 11 4 45 11

Centers that provided ethnic data on staff and participants (n=41) Races Latinos Percent 80 Centers that provided ethnic data on staff and participants (n=41) Races Latinos Percent 80 Matches Staff & Participants African American Asian 78 Staff & Participants Pacific Islanders Native American 20 59 17 Staff & Participants 12

Centers that reported working with all ethnic groups (n=18) Races All Percentage 61 39 Centers that reported working with all ethnic groups (n=18) Races All Percentage 61 39 Matches Incomplete None 13

Most Significant Challenges* Recruitment: • Challenges related to recruiting and motivating minorities with disabilities Most Significant Challenges* Recruitment: • Challenges related to recruiting and motivating minorities with disabilities to participate in research • Establishing contacts and building trust in ethnic minority communities • Motivating participants to stay involved and successfully complete follow up contacts *Means greater than 3. 0 “to some extent” and more than 10% of respondents indicated a “very great challenge” 14

Most Significant Challenges Qualitative Responses Research: • • • Finding research protocols, surveys and Most Significant Challenges Qualitative Responses Research: • • • Finding research protocols, surveys and questionnaires developed or adapted for minorities with disabilities. Ensuring that the focus and methods of the research were relevant to their research participants with disabilities who were ethnic minorities. Recruiting research team members who are ethnic minorities or ethnic minorities with disabilities. 15

Research: (continued) • Findings someone who can translate materials into the preferred language (other Research: (continued) • Findings someone who can translate materials into the preferred language (other than English) of research participants. • The cost of translating materials into other languages, including Braille. • Having insufficient funding to provide the support that participants need to be involved in research activities (e. g. , transportation)

Most Significant Challenges Qualitative Responses Dissemination: • Disseminating findings to minorities with disabilities in Most Significant Challenges Qualitative Responses Dissemination: • Disseminating findings to minorities with disabilities in a language other than English. • Using dissemination outlets that reach minorities with disabilities and those serving them. • Translating research findings into practice 17

Least Significant Challenges* Recruitment • Identifying social and community settings attended by minorities with Least Significant Challenges* Recruitment • Identifying social and community settings attended by minorities with disabilities Research • Including the views of minorities with disabilities when conducting research and outreach Dissemination • Disseminating materials about their project *<3% of respondents reported challenges 18

Satisfaction • Participants reported being between “neutral” and “satisfied” with their: • outreach to Satisfaction • Participants reported being between “neutral” and “satisfied” with their: • outreach to minorities with disabilities (X=3. 19, SD=1. 09), • culturally competent research (X=3. 47, SD=. 84), • efforts to disseminate information and research findings to minorities with disabilities (X=3. 09, SD=. 94) • what they could offer to minorities with disabilities (X=3. 28, SD=. 99). 19

Significant Resources or Supports Qualitative Responses • • • Relationships with key community contacts Significant Resources or Supports Qualitative Responses • • • Relationships with key community contacts • Leaders within minority communities including tribal governments and translators Relationships with organizations • Independent living centers, community-based organizations, churches, schools and vocational rehabilitation offices Federal initiatives to increase and improve research with minorities with disabilities • NIDRR, the National Institute of Health, the Rehabilitation Services Administration and the National Science Foundation 20

Resources or Supports (continued) • Research partnerships within and across universities • Students with Resources or Supports (continued) • Research partnerships within and across universities • Students with disabilities from minority backgrounds • Ethnic minority center [in-house] staff • University offices related to minorities • Historically Black Colleges and Universities; Hispanic Colleges • Research partners from large urban areas

Researchers’ Need for Cultural Competence Training • 40% of NIDRR researchers reported needing cultural Researchers’ Need for Cultural Competence Training • 40% of NIDRR researchers reported needing cultural competence training for their staff and themselves • 13% believe that there is always an ongoing need for training • 10% want training to be tailored to their program and address research • 8% believe their staff lacks diversity or experience • 6% reported that they already provide ongoing cultural competence training to 22

Recommendations for outreach, research and dissemination • Partnerships with universities located in large urban Recommendations for outreach, research and dissemination • Partnerships with universities located in large urban cities and/or minority institutions of higher education. • Partnerships with CBOs serving minorities with disabilities. • Integrate outreach with local community events. 23

Recommendations (continued) • Recruit research team members who are ethnic minorities with disabilities from Recommendations (continued) • Recruit research team members who are ethnic minorities with disabilities from the target community. • Train community leaders. • Support participants’ needs that facilitate participation • Use Participatory Research approaches 24

Recommendations (continued) • The National Center for Dissemination of Disability Research is working to Recommendations (continued) • The National Center for Dissemination of Disability Research is working to create a forum where researchers can discuss strategies that work, learn about best practices, and about successful ways to increase minority participation in researcher efforts 25

Recommendations (continued) • Future research could examine types of initiatives and programs that agencies Recommendations (continued) • Future research could examine types of initiatives and programs that agencies like ADD and NIDRR may introduce in order to increase collaboration, and promote successful involvement of ethnic minorities with disabilities in research activities among grantees. 26

How are we at the Center examining issues of recruitment, research and dissemination? • How are we at the Center examining issues of recruitment, research and dissemination? • Development of standards for culturally competent and linguistically appropriate research (Glen Fujiura). • Racial identity and cultural mistrust as psychological cultural correlates of rehabilitation success (Reginald Alston). • Intersection of disability and race in self-views of Latinos and African Americans (Carol Gill). • Disability determination and provision of vocational rehabilitation services (Brigida Hernandez). • Building CBOs capacity for evaluating outcomes (Yolanda Suarez-Balcazar & Tina Taylor-Ritzler) • Training service providers, practitioners and researchers on cultural competence (Fabricio 27 Balcazar & Celestine Willis)