Скачать презентацию Conditionals if 0 Conditional FORM If Скачать презентацию Conditionals if 0 Conditional FORM If

79f271e23f93f5d43b4b2008a5dfcc06.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 19

Conditionals if…. Conditionals if….

0 Conditional FORM If / When. . . Simple Present. . . , . 0 Conditional FORM If / When. . . Simple Present. . . , . . . Simple Present (and vice versa…) USE The Present Real Conditional is used to talk about: what you normally do in real-life situations General and scientific truths Examples: If I go to a friend's house for dinner, I usually take a bottle of wine or some flowers. When I have a day off from work, I often go to the beach. If the weather is nice, she walks to work.

1 st CONDITIONAL FORM If / When. . . Simple Present. . . , 1 st CONDITIONAL FORM If / When. . . Simple Present. . . , . . . Simple Future. . . (AND VICE VERSA…) Notice that there is no future in the if- or whenclause. USE The 1 st Conditional describes what you think you will do in a specific situation in the future - you do not know what will happen !!! you are usually imagining or guessing about the future. it is still possible that the action might occur in the future. Examples: If I go to my friend's house for dinner tonight, I will take a bottle of wine or some flowers. (I am still not sure if I will go to his house or not)

Filli in the dialogue – 0 -1 st Michael: Sharon, I am having some Filli in the dialogue – 0 -1 st Michael: Sharon, I am having some problems at work, and I was wondering if you might be able to give me some advice. Sharon: Sure, what's the problem? Michael: The computer sales business is more difficult than I thought. When customers 1. …. . . (come) in to look at the new computer models, they often 2. …………. (ask) me which model they should buy. If they 3…………. . (ask) me to suggest a model, I 4. …………. (be) usually quite honest with them. Most computer users don't need a very advanced computer; they just need a basic model which they can use for word-processing, bookkeeping and Internet access. If I am honest and I 5. ………………(recommend) one of the cheaper models, my boss 6. ……………. . (get) angry at me. He always says that a good salesperson can convince a customer to buy one of the more expensive advanced models. What would you do in my situation? Isn't it wrong to make them buy something which they don't need?

Sharon: If I were you, I would educate the customers. When a customer 7. Sharon: If I were you, I would educate the customers. When a customer 7. …………………. . (ask) a question, answer it honestly. You don't need to lie to the customer…. Michael: When I …………. . (sell) an inexpensive computer to a customer, my boss ……………(complain) that I am not trying hard enough. What would you tell him? Sharon: Tell him that you don't want to lie to honest people, and that you want to provide them with good service. Remind him that when customers………………… (get) good service, they …………(return) to a store and spend more money. Michael: I think that's a great idea. He ……………. . . (change) his mind if I………. . (say) that to him. Maybe he …………. (realize) that good service is the most important thing to consumers. And I ……………. (feel) much more comfortable if I …………. (be) able to be honest with the customers. Thanks for your advice.

 Jerry will help me with my homework when he has time. (I have Jerry will help me with my homework when he has time. (I have to wait until he has time) I am going to read if there is nothing on TV. (It depends on the TV schedule) A: What are you going to do if it rains? B: I am going to stay at home. When (if) I have a day off from work, I am going to go to the beach. (I have to wait until I have a day off ) If the weather is nice, she is going to walk to work. (It depends on the weather)

2 nd CONDITIONAL FORM If. . . Simple Past. . . , . . 2 nd CONDITIONAL FORM If. . . Simple Past. . . , . . . would + bare verb. . . USE The Present Unreal Conditional is used to talk about what you would generally do in imaginary situations. Examples: If I owned a car, I would drive to work. But I don't own a car. She would travel around the world if she had more money. But she doesn't have much money. I would read more if I didn't watch so much TV. Mary would move to Japan if she spoke Japanese. If they worked harder, they would earn more money. A: What would you do if you won the lottery? B: I would buy a house.

EXCEPTION If I were. . . In the Present Unreal Conditional, the form EXCEPTION If I were. . . In the Present Unreal Conditional, the form "was" is not considered grammatically correct. In written English or in testing situations, you should always use "were. " However, in everyday conversation, "was" is often used. Examples: If he were French, he would live in Paris. If she were rich, she would buy a yacht. I would play basketball if I were taller. I would buy that computer if it were cheaper. I would buy that computer if it was cheaper. (But often said in conversation. )

EXCEPTION : 2 nd Conditional with Modal Verbs There are some special conditional forms EXCEPTION : 2 nd Conditional with Modal Verbs There are some special conditional forms for modal verbs in English: would + can = could would + shall = should would + may = might Examples: If I went to Egypt, I could learn Arabic. If she had time, she might go to the party. If I had more time, I could exercise after work. If he invited you, you really should go.

Exercises… 1 st and 2 nd… 1. If I ____ you, I would apologize Exercises… 1 st and 2 nd… 1. If I ____ you, I would apologize to her right away. (to be) a)was b) were c) have been 2. If I run into her, I ____ her that you're looking for her. (to tell) a) would tell b) tell c) will tell 3. If you ____ that again, I will call the police. (to do) a) to do b) do c) will do 4. If you were her, what ____? (to do) a)would you do b) did you do c) do you do 5. If it doesn't start snowing, we ____ this evening. (to go skiing) a) won't go skiing b) wouldn't go skiing c) don't go skiing

6. If you buy one t-shirt, you ____ the second one free (to get). 6. If you buy one t-shirt, you ____ the second one free (to get). a) will have gotten b) would get c) get 7. If I lose my job, I ____ for a new one. (to look) a) will look b) would look c) look 8. If you come tonight, I ____ enchiladas. (to make) a) will make b) would make c) will have made 9. If I were him, I ____that job. (to take) a) would take b) did take c) will take 10. He will never speak to me again if he ____ what happened. (to find out) a) will have found out b) finds out c) would find out

3 rd CONDITIONAL last but not least… FORM If. . . Past Perfect. . 3 rd CONDITIONAL last but not least… FORM If. . . Past Perfect. . . , . . . would have + 3 rd column. . . USE The Past Unreal Conditional is used to talk about imaginary situations in the past. You can describe what you would have done differently or how something could have happened differently if circumstances had been different. Examples: If I had owned a car, I would have driven to work. (But I didn't own one, so I took the bus…) She would have traveled around the world if she had more money. (But she didn't have much money, so she never traveled)

 I would have read more as a child if I hadn't watched so I would have read more as a child if I hadn't watched so much TV. (Unfortunately, I did watch a lot of TV, so I never read for entertainment, not a single book…) Mary would have gotten the job and moved to Japan if she had studied Japanese in school instead of French. (But she didn’t…. Pity…. ) If Jack had worked harder, he would have earned more money. (Unfortunately, he was lazy and he didn't earn much – poor guy…) A: What would you have done if you had won the lottery last week? (but you didn’t, ha …) B: I would have bought a house. A: What city would you have chosen if you had decided to move to the United States? (but you decided not to go, thank God…. ) B: I would have chosen Seattle.

EXCEPTION: 3 rd Conditional with Modal Verbs would have + can = could have EXCEPTION: 3 rd Conditional with Modal Verbs would have + can = could have would have + shall = should have would have + may = might have Examples: If I had gone to Egypt, I could have learned Arabic. If she had time, she might have gone to the party. The words "could, " should, " "might" and "ought to" include Conditional, so you cannot combine them with "would have. " Examples: If I had more time, I could have exercised after work. If he had invited you, you might have gone.

And now …exercises… 2 nd-3 rd • If I……………. . (have) enough money, I And now …exercises… 2 nd-3 rd • If I……………. . (have) enough money, I ……………. . (backpack) around Europe. But, unfortunately, I am broke. • If I ……………. . (have) enough money in my twenties, I ……………. (backpack) around Europe. But, unfortunately, I was broke. • She would have been here earlier if she …………………. (miss, not) the train. • Thank you for helping me study. If you hadn't tutored me, I …………………. . (fail) the test. • If I exercised more, I …………………. (be) much more fit and I ……………………. . (have, not) so many health problems.

 • It's too bad Frank isn't with us. If he …………. . (be) • It's too bad Frank isn't with us. If he …………. . (be) here, he …………(can, translate) the letter for us. • Stop asking me what Joe bought you for your birthday. Even if I ………………. . (know) what he bought you, I …………. . (tell, not) you. • My business trip to California was only two days. If the trip …………………. . (be) longer, I ……………(visit) my friends in Los Angeles. • I'm sorry, I didn't know you were allergic to chocolate. If I …………………. . (know) , I ……………(make) you a vanilla birthday cake.

 • Did you hear that Margaret won $2, 000 in Las Vegas, and • Did you hear that Margaret won $2, 000 in Las Vegas, and she used the money to buy a new washing machine and dryer? How boring! If I…………… (win) that much money, I……………. . (go) to Tahiti for a couple of weeks. • Sally's alarm didn't go off, and she was almost late to the interview. If she…………………. (arrive) late, she ……………(might, not, get) the job. • Jane is polite and well mannered. She …………………. . (say, never) anything rude or insulting. That is just the kind of person she is.

IF. . . IF you can keep your head when all about you Are IF. . . IF you can keep your head when all about you Are losing theirs and blaming it on you, If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you, But make allowance for their doubting too; If you can wait and not be tired by waiting, Or being lied about, don't deal in lies, Or being hated, don't give way to hating, And yet don't look too good, nor talk too wise: If you can dream - and not make dreams your master; If you can think - and not make thoughts your aim; If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster And treat those two impostors just the same; If you can bear to hear the truth you've spoken Twisted by knaves to make a trap for fools, Or watch the things you gave your life to, broken, And stoop and build 'em up with worn-out tools:

If you can make one heap of all your winnings And risk it on If you can make one heap of all your winnings And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss, And lose, and start again at your beginnings And never breathe a word about your loss; If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew To serve your turn long after they are gone, And so hold on when there is nothing in you Except the Will which says to them: 'Hold on!' If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue, ' Or walk with Kings - nor lose the common touch, if neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you, If all men count with you, but none too much; If you can fill the unforgiving minute With sixty seconds' worth of distance run, Yours is the Earth and everything that's in it, And - which is more - you'll be a Man, my son! by Rudyard Kipling