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Commission of the European Union Joint Evaluation Unit Europe. Aid, DG Relex, DG Dev Commission of the European Union Joint Evaluation Unit Europe. Aid, DG Relex, DG Dev Focussing Evaluation Questions : Country Level Evaluations Ethiopia 2004 and 2010 Jean-Louis Chomel Susanne Wille Joanna Olechnowicz http: //ec. europa. eu/europeaid/how/evaluation/introduction_en. htm

Results Europe. Aid 2 Results Europe. Aid 2

Evaluation Ethiopia comparison: 2004 Europe. Aid 2010: 10 EQs: focus on sectors 2004: 9 Evaluation Ethiopia comparison: 2004 Europe. Aid 2010: 10 EQs: focus on sectors 2004: 9 EQs: Economic Reform 1 EQ Transport 1 EQ Food Security and Agriculture 1 EQ Institution building governance democracy 2 EQs Response to the War and 2010 1 EQ Cross-Cutting Issues 1 EQ Internal Coordination and Coherence 1 EQ 3 cs (Coordination, Complementarity 1 EQ and Coherence) Economic Reform 2 EQs Transport/Road 2 EQs Food Insecurity and Agriculture 2 EQs Governance at Decentralized Levels and Civil Society Empowerment 2 EQs Stability and Conflict Prevention 1 EQ Mix of aid modalities 1 EQ through specific JC/ indicators 3

e. Q on transport/road 2004 EQ 1. To what extent have Commissions strategies, programmes e. Q on transport/road 2004 EQ 1. To what extent have Commissions strategies, programmes and project interventions in the transport sector contributed to sector specific goals including (i) Sustainable roads network management and institutions (ii) a national network in good condition, linking productive regions and sectors, providing improved rural access and (iii) connectivity with foreign trade corridors? 2010 Europe. Aid EQ 3. To what extent have the EC interventions contributed to improve in a sustainable manner the institutional framework of road infrastructure management and road transport operations regulation? EQ 4. To what extent have EC interventions in the road sector contributed to improve the economic accessibility: locally (to marketing and inputs to agriculture products) and at country level (to external markets? 4

2004 Judgement criteria JC 1. 1 Road network development responding to economic and social 2004 Judgement criteria JC 1. 1 Road network development responding to economic and social demands for accessibility JC 1. 2 Adequately maintained road network JC 1. 3 Improved road condition and utilization of international transport corridors JC 1. 4 Adequate, affordable and sustainable funding of road network development and maintenance JC 1. 5 Improvement of institutional performance in road sector management JC 1. 6 Sector co-ordination and complementarity between funding agencies and GOE improved (including monitoring of GOE commitments) JC 1. 7 Non- state stakeholders involved to the greatest possible extent 2010 JC 1. 1 The road sub-sector policy and programming Europe. Aid framework has improved JC 1. 2 The financing framework for road network maintenance and expansion is viable and sustainable JC 1. 3 Institutional performances of road sector management have improved at all administrative levels JC 1. 4 Road sector agencies improved in a sustainable way the quality of their human resources JC 1. 5 EC has contributed to set donors coordination mechanisms in place in support to policy dialogue JC 1. 6 Cross-cutting issues mainstreaming has improved in the road sub-sector JC 2. 1 The maintenance and extension of road network (trunks and feeders) has improved JC 2. 2 The extension of road network (trucks and feeders) has improved its connectivity JC 2. 3 Access to rural areas and external markets has improved JC 2. 4 Passengers and goods transport has improved JC 2. 5 Transport operator’s benefits from EC road interventions were passed to customers 5 JC 2. 6 EC interventions has improved accessibility of remote and isolated areas

e. Q on economic reform 2004 To what extent have Commissionsupported interventions (particularly the e. Q on economic reform 2004 To what extent have Commissionsupported interventions (particularly the macro-economic support) contributed to reform of the Ethiopian economy including (i) creation of macro-economic stability (ii) an increasing share of the private sector in economic activity and iii) enhancement of social sector expenditure and iv) Improvement of public finance management ? Europe. Aid 2010 EQ 1 To what extent the pool funding through the PBS programme allowed the EC to achieve the usual output of general and sector budget support? EQ 2 To what extent has the EC financial contribution to PBS changed the volume and share of public expenditures for primary education and health care? 6

2004 JC 1 JC 2 JC 3 JC 4 JC 5 JC 6 Judgement 2004 JC 1 JC 2 JC 3 JC 4 JC 5 JC 6 Judgement criteria Macro-economic stability has been achieved and maintained Progress in creation of a business friendly environment, encouraging private sector investment and trade Public finance management has improved at all levels of government Expenditure allocations for the social sectors (pro-poor) have been enhanced on a sustainable basis Donors have harmonised approaches and procedures of macroeconomic support Use of EC financial instruments for macro-economic support are coherent and evolution of approach represents improvements in relevance, effectiveness and efficiency JC 1. JC 2. JC 3. JC 4. JC 5. 2010 Europe. Aid PBS induced an increase in size and share of EC funding subject to government’s budgetary process PBS improved predictability of aid flows overall and particularly EC contribution PBS facilitated the establishment of a framework of policy dialogue, focused on key government strategies and priorities. PBS facilitated the delivery of strategic and demand driven TA and capacity development initiatives that are aligned to government priorities PBS has facilitated harmonising and aligning of external assistance, thus reducing transaction costs over time JC 1. The level and composition of public expenditures improved for primary education (especially on key areas of concern for PBS programmes) JC 2. The level and composition of public expenditures improved for health care (especially on key areas of concern for PBS programmes) JC 3. PBS has assisted in improving core indicators for primary education JC 4. PBS has assisted in improving core indicators for health care delivery JC 5. Donors coordination mechanisms are in place at different levels JC 6. Cross-cutting issues mainstreaming has improved in primary education and health care 7

e. Q on stability& conflict prevention/ec response to war Europe. Aid 2004 To what e. Q on stability& conflict prevention/ec response to war Europe. Aid 2004 To what extent was the Commission’s response to the outbreak of war between Ethiopia and Eritrea, and the later cessation of hostilities, transparent, the measures relevant and the implementation effective? 2010 To what extent has the EC contributed to treat root causes of conflicts? To what extent has the Commission mainstreamed the cross-cutting themes of gender, environment, HIV/AIDS and conflict prevention into the design and implementation of its interventions? * *Cross-cutting issues question 8

Main principles to follow when asking evaluation questions Europe. Aid General concepts should be Main principles to follow when asking evaluation questions Europe. Aid General concepts should be avoided (define them!) The 7 evaluation criteria should not be present in the wordings of the EQs More than half of EQs should cover focal sectors and key themes and look at the various levels of the chain of results EQ should focus on the chain of results to outcomes (results) and specific impacts (in the answer the analyses should cover the chain of results preceding the level chosen) EQs must be accompanied by a limited number of JCs Limit the total number of EQs to 10 Cro s 3 Cs s-cutti sho and ng iss u k u as J ld be ey issu es, and C f put whe ormul es a into re p oss ted sec tor ible que stio ns Avo id o ver ly la rge stio with ns sub ( qu esti -questi ons à que Avoid EQs limited to outputs or aiming at tiro irs) global impact level 9