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Colour Printing Kazushige HATORI IOF IT commission WOC 2005 mapper and so on. . Colour Printing Kazushige HATORI IOF IT commission WOC 2005 mapper and so on. .

Summary n n n Background Why is the colour specification needed ? What are Summary n n n Background Why is the colour specification needed ? What are the problems in colour printing ? How to solve them ? Consequences and proposal

Background in colour printing - Nowadays n 2004 latest model canon personal inkjet printer, Background in colour printing - Nowadays n 2004 latest model canon personal inkjet printer, best one for 300 euro, 35 sec/sheet (normal quality 70% A 4) n Over half of o-maps in competition use may be printed with course directly from OCAD 8 in 2005 (even woc 2005 public races)

Background in colour printing 2 - In near future n Double the speed with Background in colour printing 2 - In near future n Double the speed with same quality in a few years (20 sec/sheet, faster) n Pigment ink will be a standard in inkjet, any paper can be used

Summary 2 n n n Background Why is the colour specification needed ? What Summary 2 n n n Background Why is the colour specification needed ? What are the problems in colour printing ? How to solve them ? Consequences and proposal

General difficulties Why is the colour specification needed ? - Even if spot colour General difficulties Why is the colour specification needed ? - Even if spot colour printing used according to ISOM n Different colours and qualities, between World Championships 2001, 2003, 2004 and 2005 - Recently n Spot colour printing is going to be dead now in  printing market demand - In near future n 4 colour process printing and personal printer printing by computer will be needed definitely MUCH CHEAPER and USEFUL WAY!

ISOM 2000 Why is the colour specification needed ? n Each C, M, Y, ISOM 2000 Why is the colour specification needed ? n Each C, M, Y, K ink is quite different from other printing ink, methods…

ISOM 2010 draft Why is the colour specification needed ? - Secret draft Not ISOM 2010 draft Why is the colour specification needed ? - Secret draft Not uncovered even for MC members yet n 3. 5 Printing Accurate colour printing should be realized for IOF events. Any printing method, eg: spot colour printing, may be used, if colours and resolution have the same quality as the colour specification.

ISOM 2020 draft Why the colour specification needed ? - VERY secret draft Not ISOM 2020 draft Why the colour specification needed ? - VERY secret draft Not revealed (even for MC members yet) n 3. 5 Printing Electronic paper map must be used for IOF events. Other traditional methods, ex. map printing on paper, spotcolour ink printing, may be used, if colours and resolution have the same quality as the colour specification.

General difficulties 2 Why is the colour specification needed ? - colour matching to General difficulties 2 Why is the colour specification needed ? - colour matching to spot colour ink n It is very difficult to reproduce exactly the same colour as spot colour pantone ink in - 4 colours process printing (ISOM 2000) - personal printer printing (ISOM 2010? ) unless there is a more detailed colour specification

Summary 3 n n n Background Why the colour specification needed ? What are Summary 3 n n n Background Why the colour specification needed ? What are the problems in colour printing ? How to solve them ? Consequences and proposal

RGB value in OCAD ~ no sense What are the problems with colour printing RGB value in OCAD ~ no sense What are the problems with colour printing ? - RGB value in OCAD

RGB value in OCAD ~ no sense What are the problems in colour printing RGB value in OCAD ~ no sense What are the problems in colour printing ? - RGB value in OCAD RGB value is uncalibrated / uncertain n That RGB value only makes sense in relation to printer driver colour settings n eg. more vivid graphic, more perceptual image, more monitor-like colours… n Each printer may reproduce rgb colour as it wants (according to its colour design). Sometimes big differences between even Canon and EPSON

Colour blending What are the problems in colour printing ? Colour blending What are the problems in colour printing ?

Colour blending What are the problems in colour printing ? -Realizing overprinting effects in Colour blending What are the problems in colour printing ? -Realizing overprinting effects in 2 ways n Blended colours – difficult way only realized in high-level software same as real printing (subtractive colours) n Alpha channel blending – easier way transparency effect however different from real ink printing (additive colours) ~ OCAD goes with it now

Summary 4 n n n Background Why is the colour specification needed ? What Summary 4 n n n Background Why is the colour specification needed ? What are the problems in colour printing ? How to solve them ? Consequences and proposal

Colour space value specification How to solve them ? Colour space value spec. (ex. Colour space value specification How to solve them ? Colour space value spec. (ex. s. RGB, L*a*b*. . ) will help for exact colour reproduction n Use ICC colour matching system or n Next generation CMS on PC will be available soon - printing sample goes with ICC n The colour Specification + CMS on PC -> GOOD RESULT same as spot colour

Alpha blending colour needed How to solve them ? - Alpha blending differs from Alpha blending colour needed How to solve them ? - Alpha blending differs from real blending Real Blending Alpha blending HOWEVER, Alpha blending method may be used for common web, PDF, and easyprint -

Summary 5 n n n Background Why is the colour specification needed ? What Summary 5 n n n Background Why is the colour specification needed ? What are the problems in colour printing ? How to solve them ? Consequences and proposal

Consequences and proposal 1 - In order to realize colour printing by printer etc. Consequences and proposal 1 - In order to realize colour printing by printer etc. in future n Color space value specification of colors on omap will be needed for next ISOM For printing practically, You need to use ICC colour matching system for now or wait next CMS for a while

Consequences and proposal 2 - In order to realize overprint effects n Alpha blending Consequences and proposal 2 - In order to realize overprint effects n Alpha blending color specification may be needed in next ISOM More studies will be needed for both common use and high class print demand