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CNGI: China Next Generation Internet Jianping WU CERNET and Tsinghua Univ. Nov. 30, 2004 CNGI: China Next Generation Internet Jianping WU CERNET and Tsinghua Univ. Nov. 30, 2004

Contents Internet development in China Research Network in China IPv 6 and its development Contents Internet development in China Research Network in China IPv 6 and its development in China CNGI Project CERNET 2 and its progress

Internet development in China 10 years history from 1994-2004 Internet users in China: from Internet development in China 10 years history from 1994-2004 Internet users in China: from 78 Millions to 87 Millions within 6 months IP Addresses: >32 M(1 A+233 B+146 C) Backbone: 2. 5 -10 G DWDM+Router International links:>20 G Exchange Points:> 30 G(BJ,SH,GZ) Last Miles l Ethernet,WLAN,ADSL,Cable Modem,CDMA, GPRS,ISDN,Dial-up,

Research Networks in China CERNET: China Education and Research Network l 1994, Managed by Research Networks in China CERNET: China Education and Research Network l 1994, Managed by MOE, Nation wide backbone l 1300+ Universities and institutes, over 15 Millions users CSTNET: China Science and Technology Network l 1994, Managed by CAS, Nation wide connections l 100+ institutes, Users over 0. 8 Millions NSFCNET: l 2000, Supported by NSFC, 6 nodes in Beijing city

CERNET DWDM/SDH Network CERNET DWDM/SDH Network

哈尔滨 乌鲁木齐 长春 沈阳 呼和浩特 北京 唐山 天津 银川 兰州 石家庄 大连 济南 太原 哈尔滨 乌鲁木齐 长春 沈阳 呼和浩特 北京 唐山 天津 银川 兰州 石家庄 大连 济南 太原 烟台 西宁 青岛 郑州 西安 徐州 汉中 南京 成都 无锡 重庆 拉萨 宜昌 武汉 黄梅 九江 长沙 上海 合肥 杭州 南昌 福州 贵阳 台北 桂林 昆明 柳州 广州 百色 厦门 汕头 CERNET Backbone 南宁 湛江 徐闻 海口 三亚 惠州 深圳 珠海 深圳

CERNET Interconnections CERNET Interconnections

Some problems and challenging in Internet deployment Scale problem: IPv 4 address limit, IPv Some problems and challenging in Internet deployment Scale problem: IPv 4 address limit, IPv 6 needed l NAT is bad technology, we need more and more IP addresses for mobile, IPTV, home electronic devices End to end performance l At least 100 Mbps for end to end QOS and multicast l IPTV, high quality video conference Security l Authentication, identification and authorization Mobile communication: anytime and every where

What is the next generation Internet we needed Internet have been an important infrastructure What is the next generation Internet we needed Internet have been an important infrastructure today and still deploy very fast Major characteristics of next generation Internet: l l l Large scale network: IPv 6 address End to end high performance Security and trust network QOS control network Mobile There is not unify definition for next generation Internet but IPv 6 should be an important part of NGI

Why is IPv 6 needed? Much larger address space l. IPv 6 Addresses: 3. Why is IPv 6 needed? Much larger address space l. IPv 6 Addresses: 3. 4 X 1038 Trust network: real IP address access Improved routing l. Route aggregation reduces the size of routing tables l. Simplified header reduces router processing loads Enhanced security and Qo. S l. Mandatory devices IPsec support all fully IPv 6 compliant Improved support for mobile IP and mobile computing devices l. IP is everywhere l. Data, Voice, Audio and Video integration is a Reality l. Regional Registries apply a strict allocation control

Next Generation Internet and IPv 6 Activities in China IPv 6 Test bed and Next Generation Internet and IPv 6 Activities in China IPv 6 Test bed and 6 Bone in 1998 NSFCNET: 2000,First IPv 6 network in China MOU with UCAID: CERNET on March 2000, NSFCNET and CSTNET on May 2000 Peer Connection Agreement with Abilene: CERNET on March 2000 International Connections l 155 M to STAR TAP; 45 M to APAN(Japan), 155 M to Korea; 45 M to Janet 2003,CJ-IPv 6, CNGI Project, CNGI-CERNET 2

NGI and IPv 6 in China NGI and IPv 6 in China

Global IPv 6 Service Launch Event January 15 2004 Global IPv 6 Service Launch Event January 15 2004

China Next Generation Internet Development Planning 2002-2005 CNGI: China Next Generation Internet l Key China Next Generation Internet Development Planning 2002-2005 CNGI: China Next Generation Internet l Key technologies and applications l Delivery CNGI technologies to industry l 2006-2010 Largest Ipv 6 networks in the world l Contribute something to NGI: RFC’s l NGI application development l l As advanced foundations for Chinese innovation

CNGI Project Initiated from 2002 Approved by Chinese State Department in 2003 Leaded by CNGI Project Initiated from 2002 Approved by Chinese State Department in 2003 Leaded by National Reform and Development Committee, and Joint with MOST, MOE,CAS,MII,NSFC,CAE 170 M USD l l 75 M USD for backbone 95 M USD for technology dev. and applications All NSP’s will joint this project l CERNET, China telecom,Unicom, Netcom/CSTNET,China Mobile, Railcom

Main Contents of CNGI Backbone l l l 6 nation wide backbone and 30 Main Contents of CNGI Backbone l l l 6 nation wide backbone and 30 Giga. POPs 300 campus networks International links Network technology and applications l l l Development and experimentation on network technology Middleware Applications Delivery to information industry l l Major software and hardware Application

CNGI and Another Project 863 project Application and IT service CNGI Project Network and CNGI and Another Project 863 project Application and IT service CNGI Project Network and software 973 NSFC NGI and operation

CNGI Network 6 IX Beijing Shanghai Giga. Po. P IPv 4/6 Backbone 2 IPv CNGI Network 6 IX Beijing Shanghai Giga. Po. P IPv 4/6 Backbone 2 IPv 6 Backbone 1 IPv 4/6 Backbone 6 Giga. Po. P 城域网 接入网/驻地网 (CPN) 6 IX Giga. Po. P Internet 2 接入网/驻地网 (CPN) … Giga. Po. P 城域网 接入网/驻地网 (CPN)

CNGI Backbone and Nodes CNGI Backbone and Nodes

Applications SIP based on personal to personal communication Wireless and mobile applications l l Applications SIP based on personal to personal communication Wireless and mobile applications l l IPv 6 based on ITS IPv 6 based on home network Computing Grid and Data Grid Video conference and HDTV Environment measurement Remote control of instrument and virtual reality Advanced manufacture Remote education and digital library Remote medical treatment: IPv 6

CERNET 2 and Key Technologies CERNET 2: Next Generation Education and Research Network in CERNET 2 and Key Technologies CERNET 2: Next Generation Education and Research Network in China CERNET 2 Backbone connecting 15 -20 Giga. POPs at 2. 5 G-10 Gbps Connecting 200 Universities and 100+ Research Institutes at 1 Gbps-10 Gbps Native IPv 6 and Lambda Networking Support/Deployment of the following technologies: l l l Multicast E 2 E performance monitoring Middleware and Advanced Applications

CERNET 2: CNGI Backbone CERNET 2: CNGI Backbone

Dragon Light: CNGI-IX EU CNGI backbones US 155 M-2. 5 G KR 1 Gx. Dragon Light: CNGI-IX EU CNGI backbones US 155 M-2. 5 G KR 1 Gx. N 155 M CERNET CSTNET NSFCNET EU 155 M DL-BJ JP 1 Gx. N 622 M-2. 5 G DL-HK 622 M-2. 5 G TEIN 2 2. 5 G 155 M 1 G TANET HANET JP

Internet 2 Internet CERNET 2 Backbone CERNET backbone CERNET transmission Network CERNET和CERNE 2 Internet 2 Internet CERNET 2 Backbone CERNET backbone CERNET transmission Network CERNET和CERNE 2

IPv 6 Core Routers CNGI project will use a part of routers made in IPv 6 Core Routers CNGI project will use a part of routers made in China Bitway and Huawei have been selected for CERNET 2 backbone Juniper and CISCO also will be major partners for CERNET 2 backbone