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The Wasrag Model: An improved WASH Program for Delivery and Sustainability § § Ron The Wasrag Model: An improved WASH Program for Delivery and Sustainability § § Ron Denham, Chair Bob Wubbena, Vice-Chair Stew Martin, Regional Teams Dave Fox, PPP Teams

3 3 Ron Denham, Wasrag Chair 3 3 Ron Denham, Wasrag Chair

What do we mean by sustainability in Wa. SH? • Delivering water or sanitation What do we mean by sustainability in Wa. SH? • Delivering water or sanitation service indefinitely—for a lifetime • Essential elements of sustainability: – – technical issues social factors financial elements gender equity and empowerment

How do we achieve Sustainability? • Ensure appropriate institutional arrangements: – Water-users committee – How do we achieve Sustainability? • Ensure appropriate institutional arrangements: – Water-users committee – Support of local authorities – Encourage the private sector: create employment, supply chain, training programs • Community “Ownership” – Commitment to operate and maintain the service – Selecting the technology – Committing to appropriate funding arrangements Ron Denham

6 6 Bob Wubbena, Wasrag Vice Chair, Operations Team Leader 6 6 Bob Wubbena, Wasrag Vice Chair, Operations Team Leader

The challenge – and the opportunity • 1 to 2 billion people lack access The challenge – and the opportunity • 1 to 2 billion people lack access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation • Up to 50% of WASH projects fail within five years • The RI/TRF/Wasrag Future Vision “PEP” Program for WASH can change both issues

The Wasrag Model: a three-part program • Regional Teams (RT) - Host and international The Wasrag Model: a three-part program • Regional Teams (RT) - Host and international Rotarians and clubs - Organized to provide program planning and oversight • Program Planning and Performance Teams (PPP) – Rotarians and NGOs serving as "consultants/mentor“ to Village Leaders • Wasrag District and Club WASH Support System – Learning from failures and supporting success & sustainable projects

The Wasrag Model Process The Wasrag Model Process

The Wasrag Model Process The Wasrag Model Process

11 11 Stew Martin, Regional Teams 11 11 Stew Martin, Regional Teams

Haul Wood … & Boil Water ? Haul Wood … & Boil Water ?

Children drink bad water … and Children drink bad water … and

Adults need water for their souls … and income for a decent life Adults need water for their souls … and income for a decent life

Project - Part of Holistic Program? Best to treat each Project as integral part Project - Part of Holistic Program? Best to treat each Project as integral part of a broader, holistic Program: Project Extend time horizon Integrate complementary functions & groups • • • Community development Behavior change Training, skill development Capacity building Microlending Enterprise, Jobs Women NGOs Local authorities & National program • • • Vision for community Adapt to change, Learning Viable business plan covers Life Cycle Monitor & measurements Outcome & Design Evaluation Integrated Program!

Community Contribution, Volunteerism Examples: • Ask … what is their contribution? • Do all Community Contribution, Volunteerism Examples: • Ask … what is their contribution? • Do all agree - this is their Community Project? • Stake or Ownership Empowerment • Volunteer labor (skilled contractors paid) • Visit families – gather data, explain, get to “Yes” • Organize & assist with Hygiene training • Form or extend a RCC (Rotary Community Corps) • Form or strengthen a Water Committee • Note: Tailor volunteerism to Community & Culture

Water plus… stoves, reforestation, less contamination compost Water plus… stoves, reforestation, less contamination compost

Diversified business Self-Sufficiency Diversified business Self-Sufficiency

Water & Sanitation – Collaboration Rotary Clubs Schools People in the Communities NGOs Funders Water & Sanitation – Collaboration Rotary Clubs Schools People in the Communities NGOs Funders Government Agencies

Regional Team – What it is, what it isn’t … • Group of Rotarians Regional Team – What it is, what it isn’t … • Group of Rotarians doing Wa. SH proficiently • Long-term body guiding District & Clubs • Members typically serve 3 to 5+ years • Not a new “structure” or bureaucracy in Rotary • All-Volunteer: Rotarians & select non-Rotarians • Supports Clubs, Districts – and PPP Teams • the Kingpin of Rotary Wa. SH work in District

Assistanc e by Was Process to form a Regional Team rag • District leaders Assistanc e by Was Process to form a Regional Team rag • District leaders supportive? (DG, DGE, DGN, DRFC) • Discuss with Wa. SH Rotarians – Promote WASH & Wasrag model … willing to build strong Program? • Hold Organizational Meeting – Regional Conf. /”Water Summit”, Assembly, Conference, Institute etc. • Tell the Stories … show Rotary can improve • Identify Needy areas (watersheds, large similar areas) – – Check with Government Agencies, NGOs Make Community Visits Pair up - observe, listen to leaders, both men and women Catalog needs, talents, willing to learn/improve/volunteer – start on assessment

Assistanc e by Was Process to form a Regional Team • Questionnaires: Rotary and Assistanc e by Was Process to form a Regional Team • Questionnaires: Rotary and Wa. SH -- Experience, Skills, Background, Availability, Self-funding • Form the Team … Educate, Imagine, Collaborate … and begin to Plan! rag

Assistanc e by Was Leadership Roles & Background rag • District Governor(s) (DG, DGE, Assistanc e by Was Leadership Roles & Background rag • District Governor(s) (DG, DGE, DGN, DRFC) • District Water Committee & Projects Chair • Wasrag Convenor – starts, rallies, promotes • Regional Team Leader • Wasrag Liaison – connect to Wasrag resources & teams • Regional Team Members • … and all their Connections !

Assistanc e by Was Regional Team - Smaller Start Members, Rotarians rag Liaiso n Assistanc e by Was Regional Team - Smaller Start Members, Rotarians rag Liaiso n (from clubs) • Team Leader + Government contact – WASH Standards, data on needy areas, who Gov works with, opportunities • Club Liaison - Promote WASH & Wasrag model – List clubs doing WASH, contact Project chairs: visit/call, listen, explain • NGO Liaison – List NGOs, ask where working, staffing, use of volunteers, their needs, opportunity to expand, how might cooperate collaborate with Rotary • Community Visits – Identify needy areas, visit – pair (man & woman) - observe, listen to leaders, women & children – catalog needs, talents, willing to learn/improve/volunteer • Finder & Researcher (Optional or Partner) – Wiki’s, maps of watersheds & poor areas, area statistics, Akvo & similar sites

Assistance b y Wasrag Lia Regional Team - More Advanced ison Members – mostly Assistance b y Wasrag Lia Regional Team - More Advanced ison Members – mostly Rotarians, add a few Pros (from clubs +) • • • Team Leader – Government contact Club Liaison, Promoter (2? ) Potential Partners: NGO Liaison • Engineers Without Borders Water supply & Distribution • Peace Corps District/Volunteers Water Quality, Treat / Filter • NGO (1 or 2 to start) • Public Health official(s) Sanitation (toilets, composting) Hygiene (education & promotion) • USAID, CIDA, etc. • University WASH or Health Dept. Community Visits (2) Finder & Researcher Funding & Grants (TRF, Foundations, Corporate) Connect to International Partner Clubs & Districts

District or Cou ntry – the sma ll Regional Teams – Formed to date District or Cou ntry – the sma ll Regional Teams – Formed to date • Malawi (D 9210) • Uganda (D 9200) • Nigeria (D 9140) er • Honduras (D 4250) • Guatemala (D 4250) • India (Maharashtra)(D 3140) Coming Soon? • Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania (D 9200); Nigeria (D 9110) • Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan & Turkey (D 2430) • Belize (D 4250); Brazil (D 4651); Argentina (D 4915) • Philippines (D 3810); Thailand & Laos (D 3360) • Papua New Guinea, Solomon, Oz-Queensland (D 9600)

Assistance b Regional Team – First Steps y Wasrag Lia After formed, what do Assistance b Regional Team – First Steps y Wasrag Lia After formed, what do we do? • Oriented on Wasrag Model - your role • • • Everyone does questionnaire - Convenors, : Leaders & Members Identify large areas or watersheds of high needs Obtain statistics and baseline data – Governments or University Meet Communities - village leaders, leading women • Form Rotary Community Corp or Water Committee Engage clubs/district in Wa. SH projects – use Wasrag model • Counsel, advise, initiate (not take over) Evolve thinking … 1 -of projects to program, planning, scaled up & sustainable, measurement and evaluation • Connect to International Partner Clubs & Districts ison

Regional Team – Apply Now! • Do you live, work or are you connected Regional Team – Apply Now! • Do you live, work or are you connected with these Regions? • Apply for a Regional Team • Questionnaire: http: //bit. ly/w. G 0 SS 1 • More info: www. startwithwater. org

Dave Fox PPP Teams Dave Fox PPP Teams

What is the purpose of PPP? • Within a large area of a country What is the purpose of PPP? • Within a large area of a country § locate all water access points § locate all sanitation facilities § identify current hygiene practices • Assess local needs as identified by the community • Assess ability to meet government standards where applicable

What is the purpose of PPP (cont. ) • Identify programs and priorities to What is the purpose of PPP (cont. ) • Identify programs and priorities to address any needs • Continually evaluate performance of improved systems to: § assess function and sustainability § assess compliance with standards and § assure community needs are met

How will success be measured? • Effective Regional Teams • Baseline needs assessments undertaken How will success be measured? • Effective Regional Teams • Baseline needs assessments undertaken and completed • Number of projects monitored and evaluated • Confirmation that projects are identified and uploaded to the website • Implementation of programs that are technically, culturally and financially sound

What is Program Planning? (Baseline Assessment) • Regional Team selects area/watershed • Regional Team/Wasrag What is Program Planning? (Baseline Assessment) • Regional Team selects area/watershed • Regional Team/Wasrag select Team Leader and remainder of team (size based upon scope and logistics of assignment) • Field site visit scheduled & implemented (1 week +) § GPS all sites § Interview leaders and community members § Assess capability of existing facilities § Identify needs and desires of community members

What is Program Planning? (cont. ) • Summarize data and prepare report • Work What is Program Planning? (cont. ) • Summarize data and prepare report • Work with community and Regional Team to prioritize projects • Post report and project list on website

What tools are available to the ‘Team’? • • Equipment and materials required for What tools are available to the ‘Team’? • • Equipment and materials required for interviews and data collection Assistance in planning transportation to and from the field site Local arrangements in the field site for transportation, translators, food and lodging Access to experts who have been part of a similar assignment

What tools are available to the ‘Team’? • www. startwithwater. org which includes § What tools are available to the ‘Team’? • www. startwithwater. org which includes § § § A forum to exchange ideas and lessons learned Access to ‘ask an expert’ Consumer reports type technology review Program/project list with search capability A learning center Communication tools, such as brochures and presentations • Support from Wasrag leadership

How long does an assignment take? Each assignment is expected to take three months How long does an assignment take? Each assignment is expected to take three months or less, including § Team selection § Training § Travel arrangements § Field visit – one to two weeks § Preliminary and final report

Does the ‘Team’ have a budget? • Expected to be a ‘volunteer’ team • Does the ‘Team’ have a budget? • Expected to be a ‘volunteer’ team • Local transportation, lodging and meals may be furnished • May be site-specific

What is Performance Evaluation? • Local community members and/or “circuit riders” monitor completed projects What is Performance Evaluation? • Local community members and/or “circuit riders” monitor completed projects in exchange for access to training, spare parts, etc. ‘We furnish what they need in exchange for what we need. ’ • The monitors will use cell phone technology to link data on their projects to the ‘Start with Water’ web site in real time.

Wasrag – Your Project Listings Search …. Map of Projects Wasrag – Your Project Listings Search …. Map of Projects

What is the current schedule? Develop baseline on-site procedure format & interview questions Completed What is the current schedule? Develop baseline on-site procedure format & interview questions Completed & Tested Identify hardware and software for mapping and data June 2012 Identify up to three regions for pilot tests and select teams Completed Train teams and conduct site visits Completed Prepare and post reports June 2012 Revise and update process and protocols July 2012 Begin program planning and project work July 2012

PPP Team – why not apply NOW! • Do you live, work or are PPP Team – why not apply NOW! • Do you live, work or are you connected with these Regions? - Or willing to travel? - Professional or occupational fit? • Questionnaire: http: //bit. ly/w. G 0 SS 1 • More info: www. startwithwater. org

Summary … • Rotary is a leading humanitarian organization • Rotary RAGs, Clubs & Summary … • Rotary is a leading humanitarian organization • Rotary RAGs, Clubs & Districts need to collaborate …. ala Polio+ – Needs Assessment Expertise Local Resources & Methods – Share info, Talented Volunteers, Project Development & Results

Summary … • Set Goals, Measurement … design into the project • Fiscal Stewardship Summary … • Set Goals, Measurement … design into the project • Fiscal Stewardship includes “soft costs” − needs, repairs, replacement fund, training, behaviour change, monitoring A STRONG PROGRAM + COMMUNITY SELF RELIANCE = SUSTAINABILITY

Contact us: • Dave Fox, PPP Team Lead: dfox@foxeng. com • Stew Martin, RT Contact us: • Dave Fox, PPP Team Lead: [email protected] com • Stew Martin, RT Team Coordinator: stew. [email protected] org • Bob Wubbena, Vice-Chair & Operations Team: [email protected] com • Ron Denham, Chair & External Relations: Ron. [email protected] com • Jim Goodrich, Technology Team Coordinator jim. [email protected] org

Still have questions? • Contact us at info@wasrag. org And finally …. . Are Still have questions? • Contact us at [email protected] org And finally …. . Are you a member of Wasrag? If not – now is the time! A charter (5 -year membership is only $100; an Annual Membership just $25. 00. Go to www. wasrag. org to enroll!

Start with Water … Wasrag Model – 1 page summary: • Goal: Improve Life Start with Water … Wasrag Model – 1 page summary: • Goal: Improve Life & Livelihood • WASH Rotarians/Clubs + Partners = Regional Team (RT) • Program Planning & Performance Evaluation Teams (PPP) • Diversified Funding • Monitoring • Evaluation Listen/Assess – Collaborate – Plan – Scale Up Measure & Data Record – Feedback & Learn – Improve

Needs Assist Sustainability Community Needs. Water-Sanit Lending . Literacy etc ty Communi ent Developm Needs Assist Sustainability Community Needs. Water-Sanit Lending . Literacy etc ty Communi ent Developm Personal ility Sustainab Slow, Reduce: • “ 1 of” Projects • Donor-dependency • Supply- or Grant-driven Think, Identify & Use: • Community Solutions • Empowerment • Use alternatives with • Local materials, jobs, manufacture, skills • Vision & Path to Future • Monitor, Measure • Evaluate & Learn

WASH projects – in 5 years? 70% 50% 30% Wha t is y “Proj WASH projects – in 5 years? 70% 50% 30% Wha t is y “Proj our ect F ailure Rate ? ” Some of the reasons: • Wells and pumps fail • Parts are stolen • Water filters stop • People can’t fix them • Electricity unreliable • People stop using it

Why WASH Projects do not Last … • Community demand missing; less benefit • Why WASH Projects do not Last … • Community demand missing; less benefit • Feel “ownership” & responsibility for system? • Built on (fits with) local culture and values? • Poor design, construction • No business model for long-term continuity • Lack of tariffs/funds for parts, repair, maintenance • Inappropriate technology • Not integrated system: Water, Sanitation, Hygiene • Inadequate training, no responsible persons • No systematic Monitoring … Evaluation

Economies of Scale Do 12 v illage p …or one rojects? , for 12 Economies of Scale Do 12 v illage p …or one rojects? , for 12 villages ?

Projects Strong, Sustained Program More than “Big Projects” – Fundamentally Different – Pg 1 Projects Strong, Sustained Program More than “Big Projects” – Fundamentally Different – Pg 1 Programs Projects § Buy-Build Hardware, Get Grant Focus § Efficient execution § Consider Future Vision Strategy § A few months, or year Duration § Simple, linear § Few participants Structure § Minimal, defined scope, vary some with local activity § Short-term grants, donations * Rotary clubs * TRF (Rotary Foundation) § Special prices by suppliers? § Find new Partner clubs each time Flexibility Funding § Outcomes, community impact § Strategic Vision, Clear Goals, e. g. MDGs, empowerment, selfsufficiency, Cost-Effective System § Several Months to Decades § Collaborative Group (RT PPP) § Several disciplines & functions, acting in parallel or in sequence § Early - unclear, some risk § Definition evolves with Feedback § Planning -- Soft Costs are OK § Longer-term commitment § TRF + International agencies, corporations & foundations § Create, seek opportunities for viable private sector investment

Projects Strong, Sustained Program Teams + Collaborators = Long-term Program - Pg 2 Programs Projects Strong, Sustained Program Teams + Collaborators = Long-term Program - Pg 2 Programs Projects § Part-time, volunteer, 1 -2 Rotarians Management § Team with Professional approach § Train & leverage volunteers § Offer advice? § Brief discussions, seek “OK”, acquiesce Community Involvement § § § § § “Same as last time” Minimal knowledge Comparisons? Often driven by supply “One of” § § Central control of grant Defined protocols & procedures Financial Stewardship Club decision, no peer review Design Decision making & Control Empowered, Fully Involved “Own” the program, Volunteer Form & support WASH committee All Stakeholders work together § Review hydrology, terrain, culture, local materials & talents § Needs Assessment Alternatives § Seek Standardization, Economies of scale § § § Teamwork, Delegate to Field Flexible & Responsive to Needs Accountable to achieve Outcomes Use available Resources Peer review, “Endorsed Project”

Projects Strong, Sustained Program Empowerment, Satisfaction, Reputation - Pg 3 Programs Projects § Help Projects Strong, Sustained Program Empowerment, Satisfaction, Reputation - Pg 3 Programs Projects § Help for school or village § Each project has unique hurdles § A stretch - feel a “fish out of water” § May lead to “next new project” § Or burnout, and different role § Short-term single outcome § Unclear – each project is new start § Good … one Village at a time § Gradual, Hard-won § Fractured … Rotary = ? ? Community Impact Rotarian Involvement Longevity Collaboration & Reputation § Health, Joy, Self-Determination § Paves way for Follow-On Projects § Uses more or all Rotarian Talents § Turns Interest into Passion § Fulfillment Member Retention § § Teamwork Role becomes comfortable Long-term stronger relationships Ready for series of projects § § Team Spirit, Shared Roles Many Hands make light work Large-area, regional & national Sustained … Rotary = WASH + Community Development

Wasrag - Filter Comparisons (sample) Wasrag - Filter Comparisons (sample)

Sanitation Methods (Akvo Sanitation Portal) Sanitation Methods (Akvo Sanitation Portal)

Resources: Posters for Children about Hygiene Resources: Posters for Children about Hygiene

Diversified business self sufficiency Diversified business self sufficiency