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  • Количество слайдов: 33

City of ‘s-Hertogenbosch (Den Bosch) (in relation to ENCLOSE) Marc Pluijgers Dep. Environmental Affairs City of ‘s-Hertogenbosch (Den Bosch) (in relation to ENCLOSE) Marc Pluijgers Dep. Environmental Affairs Air Quality Control & Sustainable Transportation

‘s-Hertogenbosch in the “Euro region” ‘s-Hertogenbosch in the “Euro region”

Province of Noord Brabant ‘s-Hertogenbosch Province of Noord Brabant ‘s-Hertogenbosch

‘s-Hertogenbosch • Inhabitants: 140. 000 (in Dutch perspective a medium sized city) • Surface: ‘s-Hertogenbosch • Inhabitants: 140. 000 (in Dutch perspective a medium sized city) • Surface: 90 km 2 • Economics: trade & repair (21%) bussiness services (15%) health (14%) 5 mln visits / year • Tourism:

City of ‘s-Hertogebosch • 8% • 11% • 12% • 10% • 5% • City of ‘s-Hertogebosch • 8% • 11% • 12% • 10% • 5% • 1% • 9% • 16% Ci ty • 19% ce ntr e • 11% -

Historic inner city of ‘s-Hertogenbosch • 10% • 12% • 5% • 12% • Historic inner city of ‘s-Hertogenbosch • 10% • 12% • 5% • 12% • 7% • 6% • 11% • 25% -

500 “shops” in historic city centre 500 “shops” in historic city centre

Logistics ‘s-Hertogenbosch • Supply city-center Den Bosch – 5. 000 m 3 goods (weekly) Logistics ‘s-Hertogenbosch • Supply city-center Den Bosch – 5. 000 m 3 goods (weekly) – 5. 000 delivery's (weekly) – ± 2. 500 trucks/cars • Average per shop: 5 to 10 delivery's weekly, (departmentstores and supermarkets higher); • ± 50% delivery's are combined (professional transporters and wholesale) © Buck Consultants International, 2008

Some measures in place • Time windows (until 12: 00); • Exception for consolidated Some measures in place • Time windows (until 12: 00); • Exception for consolidated deliveries (Minimum 20 adresses per trip) • Fysical barriers • Low emission zone • Cycling schemes • Commerical city distribution • Park & ride facilities with clean vehicles • Clean vehicles • ……. .

Time windows logistics 10 Time windows logistics 10

Many exceptions • Logistics between 7 -12 AM and 6 -8 PM (shopping nights Many exceptions • Logistics between 7 -12 AM and 6 -8 PM (shopping nights 9 -10 PM) • Residents • Entrepeneurs (if needed) • Utility traffic • Fresh goods • ‘City distributor (60 addresses, 20 addresses per ride) • Taxi’s • Buses (P+R and 220 Xpress)

Fysical barriers (reinforcement) Fysical barriers (reinforcement)

Low Emission zone (LEZ) (air quality) Low Emission zone (LEZ) (air quality)

Low Emission zone (LEZ) • Most polluting vehicles are cannot enter the zone. (Milieuzones, Low Emission zone (LEZ) • Most polluting vehicles are cannot enter the zone. (Milieuzones, Environment Zones, Umweltzonen) • Effective measure that cities can take to reduce air pollution problems in their area. • Truckdrivers who do no comply are: – Fined for € 220, -– Sent back without unloading

LEZ area ‘s-Hertogenbosch LEZ area ‘s-Hertogenbosch

Effect LEZ Effect LEZ

Commercial city distribution & warehousing Commercial city distribution & warehousing

City Distribition biogas truck & Cargo bikes City Distribition biogas truck & Cargo bikes

Cycling & public transport: Integral approach Public Transport Bike Car | 19 | Cycling & public transport: Integral approach Public Transport Bike Car | 19 |

Cycling & public tranport: objectives Jaartal 2004 -2006 2010 -2011 Target 2015 % internal Cycling & public tranport: objectives Jaartal 2004 -2006 2010 -2011 Target 2015 % internal bicyle 33% 37% 44% % total public transport 7% 9% 10% % total car 70% 66% 60% Objectives: accessibility, quality of life and strong local economy | 20 |

Free and safe bicycle parking /bike sharing 1350 bicycle’s instead of 55 cars Free and safe bicycle parking /bike sharing 1350 bicycle’s instead of 55 cars

P+R and shuttles | 22 | P+R and shuttles | 22 |

Wireless electric P&R shuttle (Pilot) Wireless electric P&R shuttle (Pilot)

Electric inner city transport Electric inner city transport

Clean vehicles used in the inner city (Enclose partners in ‘s-Hertogenbosch, april 2013 ) Clean vehicles used in the inner city (Enclose partners in ‘s-Hertogenbosch, april 2013 )

WHAT GOES WELL? • High proportion of deliveries already consolidated (retail-chains up to 75%); WHAT GOES WELL? • High proportion of deliveries already consolidated (retail-chains up to 75%); • Transporters may enter outside time window if consolidated enough (enough deliviries per trip); • Bundling waste collecting (83%) © Buck Consultants International, 2008

What can be improved • Consolidation – 45% of the delivery’s still causes 80% What can be improved • Consolidation – 45% of the delivery’s still causes 80% traffic (Inefficient delivery’s for small shops) • Garbage collection could combine more • Less exceptions for time windows (like “fresh” food) © Buck Consultants International, 2008

Sustainable city logistics, ‘s-Hertogenbosch approach: Shopkeepers key players, because • “cause” the problem • Sustainable city logistics, ‘s-Hertogenbosch approach: Shopkeepers key players, because • “cause” the problem • Are problem-owners (attractiveness and accessibility) • Have a predominant role in solutions The role of the city council is mainly facilitating the proces korte puntstraat

Cooperation / proces is crucial • Common goals, ”more then profit alone”; • Create Cooperation / proces is crucial • Common goals, ”more then profit alone”; • Create multi solutions; (logistics, noise, waste collection, safety, cost savings) Korte Putstraat (restaurant street): • Collective agreements with the retailers; • Key sharing; • Practical agreements; • 100% participation!

Cooperation: City Centre-management (Since 1993) Enhance the economic functioning of the inner city. • Cooperation: City Centre-management (Since 1993) Enhance the economic functioning of the inner city. • Association of shopkeepers; • Horeca Netherlands, branch 's-Hertogenbosch; • Association of Market stalls; • Association of real estate owners; • City of 's-Hertogenbosch • Chamber of commerce (advisory role) Keep in mind: who do they really represent?

Local Climate charter : 2050 zero CO 2 emissions Local Climate charter : 2050 zero CO 2 emissions

Some lessons • Start pilots to: – Enhance network of shopkeepers; – To show Some lessons • Start pilots to: – Enhance network of shopkeepers; – To show that it can work; – Small group of willing shopkeepers; – Easy, simple and visible measures • Combine policy fields (economy, sustainability, innovation, traffic) • Start with an idea instead of money.

 • Thanks for your attention • Thanks for your attention