Chinese Culture Introduction-Ван Юймэн.PPT
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Chinese Culture Introduction ДГЛ-141 М Ван Юймэн
Overview China, an ancient, mysterious and beautiful land , is proud of her 1. 36 billion people, five thousand years’ history, resplendent culture and distinctive customs. Chinese 'four great inventions' (paper, gunpowder, printing and the compass) are her greatest gifts to the world. Chinese arts and crafts, including painting, calligraphy, operas, embroidery and silk are distinctive and unique. Chinese Martial arts, which have only recently begun to enjoy popularity across the world, have been part of Chinese culture for centuries, Chinese cuisine has been exported to every corner of the globe.
Spring Festival There are many traditional festivals in China, such as Spring Festival, Lantern Festival, Dragon Boat Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival But Spring Festival, also known as Chinese new year, is the most important in our culture, just as important as Christmas Day in western culture.
Spring Festival Traditional The origin of Spring Festival—”Dumpling lunar Fireworks. Chinese Nian”, Festival -- are used to scare the most important the beast “Nian” and to get year. foods in Chinese New rid of ill luck Year 15 -day celebration—reunion and thanksgiving Ø Reflect the New Year's Eve Dinner best wishes to the upcoming year Ø Fireworks Ø Dui Lian upcoming year
Chinese Folk Arts Two special arts Chinese folk arts 业务 Beijing 流程 Traditional Festival Opera Martial Arts
Beijing Opera Beijing opera is the most influential opera in China and has a history of around 200 years. It synthesizes the arts of singing, dancing, recitation, martial arts, and instrumental music. Symbolism dominates the motions and stage designs.
Beijing Opera There are four main roles in Beijing Opera: Sheng Dan Jing Chou The facial painting is worth appreciating for its artistic value
Martial Arts (Wushu) Anyone who has seen classical Chinese Kung Fu movies will be deeply impressed by the Chinese Wushu, which is called Kung Fu or Chinese martial arts in the west.
Martial Arts (Wushu) Wushu is an important and unique component of Chinese cultural heritage with centuries of cultural history attached. Wushu not only includes physical exercise but also Chinese philosophy, meditation and aesthetics.
Chinese Architecture §A Chinese structure is based on the principle of balance and symmetry. §Office buildings, residences, temples, and palaces all follow the principle that the main structure is the axis. 业务 流程 §The secondary structures are positioned as two wings on either side to form the main room and yard. §The distribution of interior space reflects Chinese social and ethnical values.
The Forbidden City
The Great Wall of China was built mainly to protect the Chinese Empire from invaders from the Mongolians. This huge wall stretches over 1, 500 miles and extends from Kansu in the west to the Yellow sea in the east.
Chinese Eight Regional Cuisines Chinese cuisine includes a variety of different flavors due to China's vast geography and diverse 业务 nationalities. Local dishes with 流程 their own distinctiveness can be roughly divided into eight regional cuisines.
Beijing Roast Duck Beijing Roast duck is thought to be one of the most delicious dishes all over the world; most visitors coming to Beijing will never forget to have a try. First, the chef will show you the whole duck. Then, he will slice it into about one hundred and twenty pieces with both skin and meat for each. Usually the duck is served together with special pancakes, hollowed sesame bun, green onions and sweet sauce. Dinners can wrap duck slices, onion, and sauce in a pancake or a sesame bun with their bare hands. Sometimes people would like to put in mashed garlic and cucumber or carrot strips as well.
Chinese Religion and Philosophy The three main Chinese religions are § Buddhism § Taoism § Confucianism § These three main religions have interacted with one another throughout the two thousands years of Chinese history.
Buddhism § Buddhism was first introduced from India as early as 166 AD. It gained the support of the imperial court and since then it has been dominating China for many centuries.
Taoism § Taoism is the Chinese religion which believes in ghosts and spirits. It originated from a Chinese school of philosophy which emphasized cooperation with the natural forces.
Confucianism was originally the philosophy of Confucius who stressed the maintenance of a stable system of interpersonal relationships at different levels of society.
Confucianism The Confucian tradition has a long historical legacy in East Asia extending from China across Korea and Japan and into Vietnam. Despite the enormous historical variations, cultural particularities, and national differences in the region, there are certain central ideas and values which have spread across the area, and even have influenced our modern life.
Gift Giving § Do not give clocks. Clocks are associated with death. § Do not give knives, scissors, letter openers, etc. It implies the severing of a relationship § Do not expect that a gift will be opened immediately § Avoid giving things to people in groups of four, since the number four in Chinese is a homonym for the word 'death'. § Never give a Chinese gentleman a green hat. It is associated with adultery.
Dining Etiquette § If you are the guest, wait to be seated as hierarchy is involved § Eating usually begins once the host offers the first drink. § Use the serving chopsticks or turn your chopsticks around when use them to server others § Avoid dropping chopsticks as it is considered bad luck.
Modern Chinese culture Eastern culture Western culture
The Juxtaposition of Eastern Culture and Western Culture
Wish you all the best… probably have a good time in China some day…
北京交通大学经济管理学院 1队 Thank you!