- Количество слайдов: 9
Chemicals Controlled by the CCL Chemical and Biological Control Division
Reasons for Control · Australia Group (AG) dual-use chemical weapons precursors are controlled for CB (2) reasons; · CWC Schedule 2 and 3 chemicals that are not on the AG list are controlled for CW reasons; · Additional chemicals are controlled for Antiterrorism (AT) reasons.
ECCNS • ECCN 1 C 350: – 54 Chemicals and any mixtures containing 30 wt % or more ; 15 Chemicals Account for 80% of Cases. – About · ECCN 1 C 355: – CWC Schedule 2 & 3 Chemicals not in 1 C 350. · ECCN 1 C 995: – Mixtures containing below threshold AG chemicals; – Medical, Analytical, Diagnostic, and Food Testing Kits; – Implements CWC transfer rules for exports to States not Party to the CWC. · ECCN 1 C 997: – Explosive fertilizers
AG Precursors (ECCN 1 C 350) · Chemicals that may be used as precursors for toxic chemical agents; · Have been sought or acquired by State or non. State actors to support CW programs; · Typically have large industrial uses; · Dual-use.
• Schedule 2 CWC Chemicals – Chemicals which pose a significant risk because they posses such lethal or incapacitating toxicity that they could be used as chemical weapons; – Chemicals which may be used as a precursor in the final stage of formation of a chemical listed in Schedule 1 or Schedule 2 A; – Chemicals which pose a significant risk by virtue of their importance in the production of a chemical listed in Schedule 1 or Schedule 2 A; – Chemicals which are not produced in large commercial quantities for purposes not prohibited under the CWC.
• Schedule 3 CWC Chemicals (con’t) – Chemicals that have been produced, stockpiled, or used as chemical weapons; – Chemicals that pose a risk because they posses such lethal or incapacitating toxicity that they could be used as chemical weapons; – Chemicals which pose a risk by virtue of their importance in the production of a chemical listed in Schedule 1 or Schedule 2 B; – Chemicals that are produced in large commercial quantities for purposes not prohibited under the CWC.
CWC and Anti. Terrorism Controls • 1 C 355 and 1 C 395 impose license requirements for States not Party to the CWC: Egypt, Taiwan, Angola, North Korea, Somalia, Syria – Israel and Myanamar have not ratified the CWC 1 C 997 - Ammonium Nitrate – Ammonium nitrate mixtures, including fertilizers and fertilizer blends, containing more than 15% by weight ammonium nitrate. – Also exempts liquid fertilizers containing any amount of ammonium nitrate.
Some commonly exported AG chemicals Chemical Triethanolamine lubricants Hydrofluoric acid Sodium cyanide Thiodiglycol Ammonium bifluoride Sodium fluoride Dimethylamine Sodium sulfide Used In Cement additives, Integrated circuit fabrication Mining, electroplating Paints, inks Metal cleaning Toothpaste Agricultural chemicals Leather tanning
Conclusions When exporting a chemical: · Check the list of chemicals in 1 C 350, 1 C 355, 1 C 395, and 1 C 997 · Is your product a mixture containing one of the listed chemicals ? · Check your destination – is it a CWC signatory , does it require a license ?