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Chapter 4 Storage Devices Maran Illustrated Computers CIS 102 1 Chapter 4 Storage Devices Maran Illustrated Computers CIS 102 1

Contents What is a hard drive? What is the difference between a CD-ROM drive Contents What is a hard drive? What is the difference between a CD-ROM drive and a CD-RW drive? Why would you use a flash drive? Learn about storage devices in this chapter. • • Hard Drive Floppy Drive CD-ROM Drive CD-RW Drive • DVD-ROM Drive • DVD+/-RW Drive • Memory Card Reader • Flash Drive • Tape Drive 2

Hard Drive Contents 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 3 3 Hard Drive Contents 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 3 3

Hard Drive/Fixed Disk 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 4 4 Hard Drive/Fixed Disk 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 4 4

Connector types PATA connector 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 5 SATA connector 5 Connector types PATA connector 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 5 SATA connector 5

Hard Disk Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 6 6 Hard Disk Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 6 6

Platters 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 7 7 Platters 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 7 7

Actuator 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 8 8 Actuator 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 8 8

Read/Write Head 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 9 9 Read/Write Head 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 9 9

Tracks 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 10 10 Tracks 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 10 10

Structure of a Master Boot Record Address Description Hex Dec 0000 0 01 B Structure of a Master Boot Record Address Description Hex Dec 0000 0 01 B 8 440 01 BC 444 01 BE 01 FF 3/19/2018 Code Area Optional Disk signature Usually Nulls; 0 x 0000 Table of primary partitions 446 (Four 16 -byte entries, IBM Partition Table scheme) 510 55 h MBR signature; 511 AAh 0 x. AA 55 MBR, total -size: 4446 + 64 + 2 = CIS 102 Chapter Size in bytes max. 446 4 2 64 2 11 51211

More Storage 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 12 12 More Storage 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 12 12

Back Up Data 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 13 13 Back Up Data 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 13 13

Hard Disk Failure 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 14 14 Hard Disk Failure 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 14 14

Archive Data 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 15 15 Archive Data 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 15 15

Internal Hard drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 16 16 Internal Hard drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 16 16

External Hard Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 17 17 External Hard Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 17 17

Storage Capacity 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 18 18 Storage Capacity 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 18 18

Speed 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 19 19 Speed 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 19 19

Cache 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 20 20 Cache 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 20 20

Remove Files & Programs 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 21 21 Remove Files & Programs 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 21 21

Archive Files 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 22 22 Archive Files 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 22 22

Tips for Backing Up 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 23 23 Tips for Backing Up 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 23 23

Protect Against Viruses 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 24 24 Protect Against Viruses 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 24 24

Defragment a Hard Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 25 25 Defragment a Hard Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 25 25

Repair Hard Drive Errors 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 26 26 Repair Hard Drive Errors 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 26 26

Efficiently Store Data 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 27 27 Efficiently Store Data 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 27 27

CD-ROM Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 28 28 CD-ROM Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 28 28

CD-ROM Drive Application Install Program 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 29 29 CD-ROM Drive Application Install Program 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 29 29

Play Music CDs 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 30 30 Play Music CDs 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 30 30

Play Reference CD-ROM Discs 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 31 31 Play Reference CD-ROM Discs 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 31 31

CD-ROM Drive Speed 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 32 32 CD-ROM Drive Speed 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 32 32

Storage Capacity 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 33 33 Storage Capacity 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 33 33

Handle and Protect a Disc 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 34 34 Handle and Protect a Disc 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 34 34

CD-RW Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 35 35 CD-RW Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 35 35

CD-RW Applications – Store & Transfer Files 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 36 CD-RW Applications – Store & Transfer Files 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 36 36

Internal CD-RW Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 37 37 Internal CD-RW Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 37 37

External CD-RW Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 38 38 External CD-RW Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 38 38

Drive Speed & Recordable CD 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 39 39 Drive Speed & Recordable CD 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 39 39

Combo Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 40 40 Combo Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 40 40

DVD-ROM Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 41 41 DVD-ROM Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 41 41

Play DVDs and CDs 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 42 42 Play DVDs and CDs 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 42 42

DVD-ROM Drive Speed 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 43 43 DVD-ROM Drive Speed 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 43 43

Recordable DVDs – Disc Speeds 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 44 44 Recordable DVDs – Disc Speeds 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 44 44

Types of Recordable Disc • DVD+/-RW records several types of recordable DVDs. • Can Types of Recordable Disc • DVD+/-RW records several types of recordable DVDs. • Can record: – DVD+R (recordable) – DVD-R records only once – DVD+RW (Re. Writable) or DVD-RW can erase and re-record hundreds of times • DVD+R and DVD-R less expensive than DVD+RW or DVD-RW 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 45 45

Disc Storage Capacity • DVD can be single or double-sided • All DVD+/-RW can Disc Storage Capacity • DVD can be single or double-sided • All DVD+/-RW can play and record on single and double-sided DVDs. • To record on double-sided you must flip over. • Can store 1 or 2 layers of data on each side • All DVD drive can play single and dual-layer discs, but need special dual-layer drive to record on dual-layer 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 46 46

Disc Storage (cont. ) • The capacity is determined by single, double, single-layer, or Disc Storage (cont. ) • The capacity is determined by single, double, single-layer, or dual-layer Single-Layer (SL) Single-sides (SS) 4. 7 GB 8. 5 GB Double-sided (DS) 3/19/2018 Dual-Layer (DL) 9. 4 GB 17 GB CIS 102 - Chapter 4 47 47

Protect a Disc 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 48 48 Protect a Disc 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 48 48

High-Definition Video 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 49 High-Definition Video 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 49

Blu-Ray 50 Blu-Ray 50

Memory Card Reader 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 51 Memory Card Reader 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 51

What is a Memory Card? 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 52 What is a Memory Card? 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 52

Types of Memory Cards 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 53 Types of Memory Cards 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 53

Sony Flash Memory Cards Lock 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 54 54 Sony Flash Memory Cards Lock 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 54 54

Microdrive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 55 55 Microdrive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 55 55

Hitachi Flash Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 56 56 Hitachi Flash Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 56 56

Multimedia Card (MMC) 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 57 57 Multimedia Card (MMC) 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 57 57

Secure Digital Memory Card Lock 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 58 58 Secure Digital Memory Card Lock 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 58 58

Smart Media Card 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 59 59 Smart Media Card 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 59 59

x. D card 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 60 60 x. D card 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 60 60

Care and Handling 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 61 61 Care and Handling 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 61 61

Data Transfer 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 62 62 Data Transfer 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 62 62

Data Storage 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 63 63 Data Storage 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 63 63

Memory Card Reader 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 64 64 Memory Card Reader 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 64 64

Flash Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 65 65 Flash Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 65 65

How does it work? 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 66 66 How does it work? 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 66 66

Flash Memory 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 67 67 Flash Memory 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 67 67

File Storage 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 68 68 File Storage 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 68 68

MP 3 capabilities 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 69 69 MP 3 capabilities 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 69 69

Security 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 70 70 Security 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 70 70

File Transfer 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 71 71 File Transfer 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 71 71

Tape Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 72 72 Tape Drive 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 72 72

Compress Data 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 73 73 Compress Data 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 73 73

Types of Tape Drives 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 74 74 Types of Tape Drives 3/19/2018 CIS 102 - Chapter 4 74 74