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Chapter 3 Section 2 World History Mrs. Deborah Thompson
The Israelites chose a king to unite them against their enemies.
Strongest people in Canaan in 1000 B. C. Knew how to make iron weapons and tools Philistines Built Strong cities Enemies of the 12 Tribes of Israel who fought them to save their religion and culture
Prophet and Judge Samuel was asked to choose a king in 1020 B. C. The people demanded warrior-farmer Saul to be named king. Saul won numerous battles but disobeyed God’s commands Samuel anointed Saul as King. God chose another king and told Samuel to anoint him in secret.
…And the New King would be DAVID! King David built an Israelite empire and made Jerusalem his capital city.
David’s defeat of Philistine giant Goliath caused fame to spread quickly. Saul put David in charge of the army but eventually grew envious of David hid in enemy territory until Saul and his 3 sons were killed.
• King David Kills Goliath
David became King about 1000 B. C. Drove out Philistines King David Conquered people paid tribute to the Israelites Made the Israelites pay heavy taxes to expand Jerusalem and build a temple.
King David’s Empire
Solomon’s Kingdom David wanted to build grand temple there but died before its completion. His son Solomon finished the project.
Solomon was known for his proverbs, or wise sayings. Proverbs 9: 10 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom: and the knowledge of the holy is understanding.
Solomon’s Proverbs 1. Wise children make their fathers proud of them; foolish ones bring their mothers grief. 2. Wealth you get by dishonesty will do you no good, but honesty can save your life. 3. The Lord will not let good people go hungry, but he will keep the wicked from getting what they want. 4. Being lazy will make you poor, but hard work will make you rich. 5. A sensible person gathers the crops when they are ready; it is a disgrace to
Solomon’s Proverbs 6. Good people will receive blessings. The words of the wicked hide a violent nature. 7. Good people will be remembered as a blessing, but the wicked will soon be forgotten. 8. Sensible people accept good advice. People who talk foolishly will come to ruin. 9. Honest people are safe and secure, but the dishonest will be caught. 10. Someone who holds back the truth
EFFECT #1 CAUSE Many Israelites Hated his rule due to: 1. high taxes for buildings 2. making young men work in armies of neighboring countries. After Solomon’s h death, 10 of 12 tribes set up their own nation in the north called The Kingdom of Israel, and the capital was Samaria. EFFECT #2 In South, 2 other tribes formed the smaller Kingdom of Judah with capital at Jerusalem.
King Solomon’s Temple Floor Plan Solomon’s temple became the symbol and center of the Jewish religion
Inside the Temple Tabernacle The Arc of the Covenant
Recreation of Ancient Jerusalem
The Temple Mount, Jerusalem Today Solomon’s Temple Wall: The “Wailing” Wall
A TROUBLED TIME The Israelites were conquered and forced to leave Israel and Judah.
Kingdoms of Judah & Israel Assyrians and Chaldeans were building their empires at the same time Israel and Judah were dividing.
Military Power They wanted the trade routes that ran through these kingdoms
What caused the fall of Israel? 722 B. C. Assyrians conquered 10 tribes of Israel and scattered them Many lost their heritage and are called the “lost tribes of Israel. ”
Assyrians settled the area and became known as Samaritans H (half Jew, half Assyrian) They read Torah and still offered sacrifices and followed laws The people of Judah looked down on them because they thought true sacrifices had to be offered at the temple in Jerusalem.
In 620 B. C. Egyptians conquered Judah. Chaldeans conquered Egypt in 605 B. C. and became new rulers of Judah (but allowed them to keep their king and pay tribute)
Jews united with Egyptians to rebel against the Chaldeans In 597 B. C. , Nebuchadnezzar of the Chaldeans captured Jerusalem and Punished the Jews harshly 10, 000 Jews forced to go to Babylon, the Chaldean capital The new appointed king of Judah planned rebellion Prophet Jeremiah warned that it was dangerous 586 B. C. , Chaldeans: 1. Crushed Jerusalem, 2. Destroyed the temple, 3. Forced the thousands to go to Babylon.
Israelites in Captivity The time that the Jews were in Babylon is known as the Babylonian Captivity.
Jewish Captives: Century B. C. th 8
WHO WERE THE PROPHETS? Many forgot the religion during this time of captivity. Prophets wanted to bring Israelites back to God’s laws. Message: being faithful meant more than going to temple to worship. Isaiah Scroll