Скачать презентацию Chapter 1 1 Nature of Human Resource Скачать презентацию Chapter 1 1 Nature of Human Resource

647e8a92e0c65afcdbed42f87558aacf.ppt

  • Количество слайдов: 21

Chapter 1 1 Chapter 1 1

Nature of Human Resource Management • Human Resource (HR) Management Ø The design of Nature of Human Resource Management • Human Resource (HR) Management Ø The design of formal systems in an organization to ensure effective and efficient use of human talent to accomplish organizational goals. • Who is an HR Manager? Ø In the course of carrying out their duties, every operating manager is, in essence, an HR manager. Ø HR specialists design processes and systems that operating managers help implement. 2

HR Activities • • Strategic HR Management Equal Employment Opportunity Staffing HR Development Compensation HR Activities • • Strategic HR Management Equal Employment Opportunity Staffing HR Development Compensation and Benefits Health, Safety, and Security Employee and Labor Relations 3

Smaller Organizations and HR Management Shortage of Qualified Workers Compliance with Government Regulations Issues Smaller Organizations and HR Management Shortage of Qualified Workers Compliance with Government Regulations Issues of Greatest Concern Increasing Costs of Benefits Rising Taxes 4

Typical Division of HR Responsibilities: Training 5 Typical Division of HR Responsibilities: Training 5

Management of Human Capital In Organizations • Human Capital Ø The collective value of Management of Human Capital In Organizations • Human Capital Ø The collective value of the capabilities, knowledge, skills, life experiences, and motivation of an organizational workforce. v Also known as “intellectual capital” • Core Competency Ø A unique capability that creates high value and differentiates an organization from its competition. v HR competencies: a source of competitive advantage. 6

HR Management Challenges • Globalization of Business Ø Outsourcing and increased competition Ø The HR Management Challenges • Globalization of Business Ø Outsourcing and increased competition Ø The threat of terrorism • Economic and Technological Changes Ø Occupational shifts from manufacturing and agriculture to service industries and telecommunications. Ø Pressures of global competition causing firms to adapt by lowering costs and increasing productivity. • Technological Shifts and the Internet Ø Growth of information technology. 7

HR Management Challenges • Workforce Availability and Quality Concerns Ø Inadequate supply of workers HR Management Challenges • Workforce Availability and Quality Concerns Ø Inadequate supply of workers with needed skills for “knowledge jobs” Ø Education of workers in basic skills • Growth in Contingent Workforce Ø Increases in temporary workers, independent contractors, leased employees, and part-timers caused by: v Need for flexibility in staffing levels v Increased difficulty in firing regular employees. v Reduced legal liability from contract employees 8

HR Management Challenges • Workforce Demographics and Diversity Ø Increasing Racial/Ethnic Diversity Ø More HR Management Challenges • Workforce Demographics and Diversity Ø Increasing Racial/Ethnic Diversity Ø More Women in the Workforce v Single-parent v Dual-career v Domestic v Working households couples partners mothers and family/childcare Ø Significantly Aging Workforce 9

HR Management Challenges • Organizational Cost Pressures and Restructuring Ø Mergers and Acquisitions Ø HR Management Challenges • Organizational Cost Pressures and Restructuring Ø Mergers and Acquisitions Ø “Right-sizing”—eliminating of layers of management, closing facilities, merging with other organizations, and outplacing workers v Intended results are flatter organizations, increases in productivity, quality, service and lower costs. v Costs are “survivor mentality”, loss of employee loyalty, and turnover of valuable employees. Ø HR managers must work toward ensuring cultural compatibility in mergers. 10

HR Management Roles • Administrative Role Ø Clerical and administrative support operations (e. g. HR Management Roles • Administrative Role Ø Clerical and administrative support operations (e. g. , payroll and benefits work) v Technology is transforming how HR services are delivered. v Outsourcing HR services to reduce HR staffing costs • Operational and Employee Advocate Role Ø “Champion” for employee concerns v Employee crisis management v Responding to employee complaints 11

Changing Roles of HR Management Note: Example percentages are based on various surveys. 12 Changing Roles of HR Management Note: Example percentages are based on various surveys. 12

Strategic Role for HR • Strategic Role Ø “Contributing at the Table” to organizational Strategic Role for HR • Strategic Role Ø “Contributing at the Table” to organizational results Ø HR becomes a strategic business partner by: v Focusing on developing HR programs that enhance organizational performance. v Involving HR in strategic planning at the onset. v Participating in decision making on mergers, acquisitions, and downsizing. v Redesigning organizations and work processes v Accounting and documenting the financial results of HR activities. 13

Operational to Strategic Transformation of HR 14 Operational to Strategic Transformation of HR 14

HR Technology • Human Resource Management System (HRMS) Ø An integrated system providing information HR Technology • Human Resource Management System (HRMS) Ø An integrated system providing information used by HR management in decision making. Ø Purposes (Benefits) of HRMS v Administrative and operational efficiency in compiling HR data v Availability of data for effective HR strategic planning Ø Uses of HRMS v Automation of payroll and benefit activities v EEO/affirmative action tracking v HR Workflow: increased access to HR information – Employee self-service reduces HR costs. 15

Ethics and HR Management • Firms with High Ethical Standards Ø Are more likely Ethics and HR Management • Firms with High Ethical Standards Ø Are more likely to reach strategic goals. Ø Are viewed more positively by stakeholders Ø Are better able to attract and retain human resources. 16

Examples of Ethical Misconduct in HR Activities 17 Examples of Ethical Misconduct in HR Activities 17

HR Management Competencies and Careers • Important HR Competencies ØStrategic contribution to organizational success HR Management Competencies and Careers • Important HR Competencies ØStrategic contribution to organizational success ØBusiness knowledge of organization and its strategies ØEffective and effective delivery of HR services ØFamiliarity with HRMS technology ØPersonal credibility 18

HR Certification The Human Resource Certification Institute offers three types of professional certifications for HR Certification The Human Resource Certification Institute offers three types of professional certifications for HR generalists. Details on these certifications are available from the Human Resources Certification Institute, www. hrci. org. 19

GPHR Certification • Global Professional in Human Resources (GPHR) certification subject areas: Ø Strategic GPHR Certification • Global Professional in Human Resources (GPHR) certification subject areas: Ø Strategic international HR management Ø Organizational effectiveness and employee development Ø Global staffing Ø International assignment management Ø Global compensation and benefits Ø International employee relations and regulations 20

Other HR Certifications • Certified Compensation Professional (CCP), sponsored by the World at Work Other HR Certifications • Certified Compensation Professional (CCP), sponsored by the World at Work Association • Certified Employee Benefits Specialist (CEBS), sponsored by the International Foundation of Employee Benefits Plans • Certified Benefits Professional (CBP), sponsored by the Worldat. Work Association • Certified Performance Technologist (CPT), co- sponsored by the American Society for Training & Development and the International Society for Performance Improvement • Certified Safety Professional (CSP), sponsored by the Board of Certified Safety Professionals • Occupational Health and Safety Technologist (OHST), given by the American Board of Industrial Hygiene and the Board of Certified Safety Professionals • Certified Professional Outsourcing, provided by New York University and the Human Resource Outsourcing Association 21